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Ruby on Rails Pei-Ying Wang peiatw@sfsu.edu  <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is Ruby on Rails? </li></ul></ul>...
What is Ruby on Rails? <ul><li>Ruby    Ruby on Rails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An open source, interpreted scripting language...
What is Ruby on Rails?(2) <ul><li>Very short history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extracted from Basecamp(a project-management to...
Rails Frameworks(components)
Example: a simple web application After starting MySQL and Web server, Create a new web application called cookbook2: > Ra...
Example: a simple web application(2) class MyTestController < ApplicationController end > ruby scriptgenerate controller M...
Example: a simple web application(3) To make a simple Hello World application(2): class MyTestController < ApplicationCont...
Example: a simple web application(4) <ul><li>Online Recipe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First, create an database called cookbook...
Example: a simple web application(5) > ruby scriptgenerate model Recipe
Example: a simple web application(6) > ruby scriptgenerate controller Recipe Magic happens by simply adding this line to r...
Example: a simple web application(7) Now, you can start to populate the database http://localhost:3000/recipe/new http://l...
Example: a simple web application(8) http://localhost:3000/recipe/list   http://localhost:3000/recipe/show/1
Example: a simple web application(9) <ul><li>Add a list method in the file “recipe_controller.rb” </li></ul><ul><li>Take o...
Example: a simple web application(10) <ul><li>Add a new file called “ list.rhtml ” under app/views/receipe </li></ul><ul><...
Example: a simple web application(11) <ul><li>Ask the recipe class for a collection of all recipes from the DB and assign ...
Example: a simple web application(12) http://localhost:3000/recipe/list   Done!
Pros and Cons <ul><li>pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High productivity & reduced developm...
Reference <ul><li>Russel Kay: QUICK STUDY: Ruby on Rails.  Computerworld, 11/28/2005, Vol. 39 Issue 48, pg26-26  </li></ul...
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Ruby on Rails Pei-Ying Wang

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Transcript of "Ruby on Rails Pei-Ying Wang"

  1. 1. Ruby on Rails Pei-Ying Wang peiatw@sfsu.edu <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is Ruby on Rails? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rails frameworks (components) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: simple web application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros and Cons </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. What is Ruby on Rails? <ul><li>Ruby  Ruby on Rails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An open source, interpreted scripting language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by Yukihiro Matsumoto in the mid-1990s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ruby on Rails, ROR or Rails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An full-stack, open source web application framework written in Ruby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed for writing database-oriented real-world Web application quickly and easily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by David Heinemeier Hansson </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is Ruby on Rails?(2) <ul><li>Very short history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extracted from Basecamp(a project-management tool by 37Signals) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First released : July 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latest release: April 2006(Version 1.1.2) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles(DRY- D on’t R epeat Y ourself) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convention over Configuration </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rails Frameworks(components)
  5. 5. Example: a simple web application After starting MySQL and Web server, Create a new web application called cookbook2: > Rails cookbook2
  6. 6. Example: a simple web application(2) class MyTestController < ApplicationController end > ruby scriptgenerate controller MyTest To make a simple Hello World application:
  7. 7. Example: a simple web application(3) To make a simple Hello World application(2): class MyTestController < ApplicationController def index render_text &quot;Hello World&quot; end end http:// localhost :3000/My_Test/index http://localhost:3000//My_Test http://localhost:3000/MyTest
  8. 8. Example: a simple web application(4) <ul><li>Online Recipe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First, create an database called cookbook2 and a table called recipes </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Example: a simple web application(5) > ruby scriptgenerate model Recipe
  10. 10. Example: a simple web application(6) > ruby scriptgenerate controller Recipe Magic happens by simply adding this line to recipe_controller.rb !  Open browser and go to http:// localhost :3000/recipe/new
  11. 11. Example: a simple web application(7) Now, you can start to populate the database http://localhost:3000/recipe/new http://localhost:3000/recipe/new Click on the “create” button to add data
  12. 12. Example: a simple web application(8) http://localhost:3000/recipe/list http://localhost:3000/recipe/show/1
  13. 13. Example: a simple web application(9) <ul><li>Add a list method in the file “recipe_controller.rb” </li></ul><ul><li>Take over the handling of the list action from the scaffolding </li></ul>Step1:
  14. 14. Example: a simple web application(10) <ul><li>Add a new file called “ list.rhtml ” under app/views/receipe </li></ul><ul><li>.rhtml : an html file with Ruby code embedded within </li></ul><ul><li><% %> and </li></ul><ul><li><%= %> tags </li></ul>Step2: <html> <head> <title>All Recipes</title> </head> <body> <h1>Online Cookbook - All Recipes</h1> <table border=&quot;1&quot;> <tr> <td width=&quot;80%&quot;><p align=&quot;center&quot;><i><b>Recipe</b></i></td> <td width=&quot;20%&quot;><p align=&quot;center&quot;><i><b>Date</b></i></td> </tr> <% @recipes.each do |recipe| %> <tr> <td> <%= link_to recipe.title, :action => &quot;show&quot;, :id => recipe.id %> </td> <td> <%= recipe.date %> </td> </tr> <% end %> </table> <p> <%= link_to &quot;Create new recipe&quot;, :action => &quot;new&quot; %> </p> </body> </html>
  15. 15. Example: a simple web application(11) <ul><li>Ask the recipe class for a collection of all recipes from the DB and assign the collection to the instance variable @recipes </li></ul>Step3:
  16. 16. Example: a simple web application(12) http://localhost:3000/recipe/list Done!
  17. 17. Pros and Cons <ul><li>pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High productivity & reduced development time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>cons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>too young </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrades in foundational code may result in instability in Rails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relies on a foundation of numerous other applications </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Reference <ul><li>Russel Kay: QUICK STUDY: Ruby on Rails. Computerworld, 11/28/2005, Vol. 39 Issue 48, pg26-26 </li></ul><ul><li>David Geer: Will Software Developers Rid Ruby on Rails to Success? Computer, Feb2006, Vol. 39 Issue 2, pg18-20 </li></ul><ul><li>Stacy Cowley : Riding the ruby rails in a new direction  CRN. Jericho: Mar 13, 2006., Issue 1187;  pg. 43 </li></ul><ul><li>Grant Buckler : Application developers climb aboard Ruby on Rails  Computing Canada. Willowdale: Aug 19, 2005.Vol.31, Issue 11;  pg. 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Bogan: Get on track with ruby on rails http://www.sitepoint.com/article/ruby-on-rails </li></ul><ul><li>Curt Hibbs:What Is Ruby on Rails? http://www.onlamp.com/lpt/a/6251 </li></ul><ul><li>  Bill Walton :Rolling with Ruby on [Instant]Rails http:// instantrails . rubyforge .org/tutorial/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Curt Hibbs: Rolling with Ruby on Rails, Part 2 http://www.onlamp.com/lpt/a/5641 </li></ul><ul><li>Curt Hibbs: Ajax on Rails http://www.onlamp.com/lpt/a/5944 </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_On_Rails </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rubyonrails.com/ </li></ul>
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