jQuery
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jQuery Presentation Transcript

  • 1. jQuery + Ruby + Rails AppFolio - September 2007 Yehuda Katz (yehudakatz.com)
  • 2. What is jQuery? • An open source JavaScript library that simplifies the interaction between HTML and JavaScript.
  • 3. Why jQuery? • Fully documented • Great community • Tons of plugins • Small size (14kb) • Everything works in IE 6+, Firefox, Safari 2+, and Opera 9+
  • 4. Complete Focus: • Find some elements • Do something with them
  • 5. Find Some Elements... • CSS 1-3 Support • Basic XPath via a Plugin • Better CSS support than most browsers
  • 6. $(“div”) <div id=”body”> <h2>Some Header</h2> <div class=”contents”> <p>...</p> <p>...</p> </div> </div>
  • 7. $(“#body”) <div id=”body”> <h2>Some Header</h2> <div class=”contents”> <p>...</p> <p>...</p> </div> </div>
  • 8. $(“div > div”) <div id=”body”> <h2>Some Header</h2> <div class=”contents”> <p>...</p> <p>...</p> </div> </div>
  • 9. $(“div:has(div)”) <div id=”body”> <h2>Some Header</h2> <div class=”contents”> <p>...</p> <p>...</p> </div> </div>
  • 10. Features • Events (click, hover, toggle, namespaces) • DOM Manipulation (append, prepend, remove) • Effects%/em, colors) slideDown, fadeOut, stop, relative, queues, (hide, show, • AJAX (load, get, post, XD, JSONP)
  • 11. Events • $(“form input:last”).click(function(){ $(“#menu”).slideDown(“slow”); });
  • 12. Live Events • $(“form input:last”).livequery(“click, function(){ $(“#menu”).slideDown(“slow”); }); • With LiveQuery Official Plugin
  • 13. DOM Manipulation • $(“a[target]”) .append(“ (Opens in New Window)”); • $(“#body”).css({ border: “1px solid green”, height: “40px” });
  • 14. Effects • $(“#menu”).slideDown(“slow”); • $(“div”).hide(500,function(){ $(this).show(500); });
  • 15. Relative Animations • $(“#foo”).animate({ left: “+50px” top: “-50px” }, “slow”)
  • 16. AJAX • $(“#body”).load(“sample.html”); • $(“#body”).load(“sample.html #foo”); • $.getScript(“test.js”); • $.getScript(“http://jquery.com/jquery.js”);
  • 17. Chaining • $(“div”).hide(); • $(“div”).hide().color(”blue”); • $(“div”).hide().color(”blue”).slideDown();
  • 18. Live Demo
  • 19. Accordion Menu
  • 20. Plugins • Drag and Drop • Sortables • Tabbed Navigation • Sortable Tables • And hundreds more... • http://jquery.com/plugins
  • 21. Community • Very active mailing list • 140+ Posts/Day • 2500+ Members • Technorati: 22+ blog posts per day
  • 22. Who uses jQuery? • IBM • BBC • MSNBC • SourceForge • Amazon • Intuit • AOL • Salesforce • Technorati • FeedBurner • Drupal • WB Records • Wordpress • Linux.com • Digg • many others...
  • 23. Books • 4 Books in Progress: • Learning jQuery (Packt) • jQuery Reference (Packt) • jQuery Quickly (Manning) • Designing with jQuery (Manning)
  • 24. Future • “jQuery UI” - Next Sunday! • Themeing • Internationalization
  • 25. Using jQuery with Rails • Most jQuery use is not different than normal jQuery use • $(“div”).remove(); // works on any site • Considerations come mainly in with dealing with Ajax requests
  • 26. Ajax and Rails • Just another request to a controller/action • You might want to respond like so: respond_to do |format| format.js { # do stuff } end • jQuery sends the right headers so you can respond easily
  • 27. Ajax with jQuery • Typically, you’ll reply with an HTML chunk • jQuery handles this gracefully: $(“#stuff”).load(“/controller/action”);
  • 28. Reply with JSON • Sometimes you’ll want to reply with a data structure for further manipulation • ActiveRecord objects have to_json serialization built in: "{attributes:{foo: "bar", baz: "bat"}}" • Or you can get specific: "{foo: "bar", baz: "bat"}" @ar_object.attributes.to_json #=>
  • 29. Where does the JS go? • jQuery dictates good separation of content, style, and behavior • Put all your code in application.js (just like style.css) • jQuery and Prototype can play nicely together: jQuery.noConflict(); jQuery(function($){ /* your code */ });
  • 30. Where’s RJS? • RJS says that sending back code (from the server) is the best way to do things • This is overkill, simplify and extract what you’re trying to achieve
  • 31. RJS v. jQuery-style • With RJS: id=’myid’ onclick=”return someFunction <a href=”#” (‘myid’);”>text</a> <a href=”#” id=’myid2’ onclick=”return someFunction (‘myid2’);”>text</a> • With jQuery: <a href=”...” id=”myid”>text</a> <a href=”...” id=”myid2”>text</a> <script>$(“a”).click(someFunction);</script>
  • 32. jQuery & RJS • jQuery Doesn’t Agree with the philosophy that produced RJS • Send data, not code
  • 33. Helpers • Say you have a link that makes an Ajax call and updates some div with the response: <a href='/foo/bar' rel='#baz' class='remote'>Update Baz</a> • You might write a simple line of jQuery code to handle it: $("a.remote").click(function() { $(this.rel).load(this.href) })
  • 34. Helpers (cont.) • You could then write a Rails helper to reuse it: def remote_link text, url_hash, update = nil link_to(text, url_hash, :class => "remote", :rel => update) end • You could thenBaz", {:controller => "foo", remote_link "Update call it as: :action => "bar"}, "#baz"
  • 35. You still have your helpers :)
  • 36. jQuery on Rails • Mainly Proof-of-Concept • Uses Hpricot to select jQuery snippets • Includes (POC) helpers for • Tab field • Sortable table • More coming
  • 37. More info: • jQuery with Rails: • http://yehudakatz.com/2007/01/31/using-jquery-in-rails-part-i/ • http://yehudakatz.com/2007/05/18/railsconf-talk-recap/ • jQuery Rails Plugin: • http://yehudakatz.com/2007/05/17/jquery-on-rails-a-fresh-approach/ • http://yehudakatz.com/2007/05/25/10/ • http://yehudakatz.com/2007/05/26/jquery-on-rails-a-still-very-alpha-update/
  • 38. jquery.com docs.jquery.com - jquery.com/plugins More: visualjquery.com learningjquery.com