jMaki Overview jMaki Overview
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jMaki Overview jMaki Overview jMaki Overview jMaki Overview Presentation Transcript

  • jMaki Overview Sang Shin Java Technology Architect Sun Microsystems, Inc. sang.shin@sun.com www.javapassion.com
  • Agenda • What is and Why jMaki? • jMaki widgets • Using jMaki widget - List widget • What makes up a jMaki widget? • Using jMaki widget - Dojo Fisheye widget • jMaki application • jMaki plug-in for NetBeans IDE 5.5 • Resources 2
  • What is and Why jMaki? View slide
  • Motivations for jMaki • You want to leverage widgets from existing and future AJAX toolkits and frameworks > Dojo, Scriptaculus, Yahoo UI Widgets and DHTML Goodies • Today, there are multiple AJAX frameworks with their own widgets and with different syntax > There is a need for a common programming model to these various widgets • Too much of JavaScript code required for Java developers > There is a need for Java Language view of JavaScript- based widgets 4 View slide
  • What is jMaki? • Project jMaki is a wrapper framework that allows developers to take widgets from popular AJAX frameworks, and wrap them into a JSP or JSF tag > Provides a common programming model to developers > Leverages the widgets from popular frameworks > Familiar to Java EE application developers • JavaScript Wrapper framework for the Java platform > The name, jMaki, was derived from "j," for Java, and "Maki," a Japanese word for wrap 5
  • Why jMaki? • Project jMaki makes it easier to use popular AJAX frameworks within the Java EE Platform • It provides a base set of wrappers around some of the widgets from the more popular frameworks (such as Dojo, Prototype and Yahoo Widgets) • Project jMaki is easily extensible, allowing developers to use the latest and most useful widgets as they appear 6
  • Why jMaki? • Enables Java developers to use JavaScript in their Java based applications as either a JSP tag library or a JSF component • Uses the best parts of Java and the best parts of JavaScript to deliver a rich AJAX style widgets • Promotes a program methodology that cleanly separates behavior (JavaScript), from Styles (CSS), from template HTML 7
  • jMaki Widgets Available Now
  • jMaki Widgets • jMaki currently provides bootstrap widgets for many components from Dojo, Scriptaculus, Yahoo UI Widgets and DHTML Goodies • Also includes a set of AJAX widgets with a focus on Web 2.0 such as a RSS widget, a del.icio.us Bookmark widget, a Chat widget, and many more to come 9
  • Using jMaki Widgets: Using a List Widget
  • Usage Example of jMaki Widget (List) in a JSP page <%@ taglib prefix="a" uri="http://java.sun.com/jmaki" %> Declare JMaki Tag Lib <%@ taglib prefix="a" uri="http://java.sun.com/jmaki" %> <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd"> <html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"> <title>JSP Page</title> </head> <body> Place a jMaki Widget <h1>JSP Page</h1> <a:ajax name="list" service="listService.jsp" /> </body> </html> 11
  • HTML that is Rendered by jMaki <html> ... <body> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://localhost:8080/jMakiList/jmaki.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript">jmaki.webRoot='http://localhost:8080/jMakiList';</script> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="http://localhost:8080/jMakiList/resources/list/component.css"></link> <div id="list0" class="listContainer"> CSS <form onsubmit="jmaki.attributes.get('list0').submitData(); return false;"> <input id="list0_entryField" type="text" size="20" value="Enter new Value"> <input type="button" onclick="jmaki.attributes.get('list0').submitData(); return false;" value="Add to List"></from> <div id="list0_list" class="listDiv"></div> </div> HTML <script type="text/javascript"> jmaki.addWidget ({service:'listService.jsp',script:'http://localhost:8080/jMakiList/resources/list/component.js',uuid:'list0', name:'list'});</script> </body> JavaScript 12
  • How Does jMaki Know Which HTML Template to use for Rendering? • jMaki (actually jMaki tag handler) takes the value from the name attribute - list in the example below > <a:ajax name="list" service="listService.jsp" /> • jMaki then finds the widget named as list • list widget has the following 3 files associated with it - these files are parameterized > HTML template: list/component.html > CSS template: list/component.css > JavaScript code: list/component.js • When rendered, the parameters are set with values 13
  • 14
  • Demo: Build & Run a simple app that uses a List Widget 15
  • Demo Scenario • Build and run a simple app that uses a List widget • Observe the HTML page rendered by the jMaki • Use FireBug JavaScript debugger to step through code to understand the internal flow of jMaki operations > You are going to try this yourself in your jMaki hands-on lab 16
  • Build & Run 17
  • Observe HTML Page Rendered 18
  • Make a Breakpoint using Firebug 19
  • What Makes Up a jMaki Widget?
  • What Makes Up a jMaki Widget? 21
  • What Makes up a Widget? • HTML template > Defines the page layout • JavaScript file > Defines behavior • CSS file > Defines style In-pace parameters of these files such as ${uuid} will be replaced by the real values by the jMaki during runtime. 22
  • HTML Template of List Widget <div id="${uuid}" class="listContainer"> <form onsubmit="jmaki.attributes.get('${uuid}').submitData(); return false;"> <input id="${uuid}_entryField" type="text" size="20" value="Enter new Value"> <input type="button" onclick="jmaki.attributes.get('${uuid}').submitData(); return false;" value="Add to List"> </from> <div id="${uuid}_list" class="listDiv"></div> Parameter that will be </div> replaced by real value by jMaki during runtime 23
  • JavaScript File of List Widget function List() { var uuid = widget.uuid; jMaki creates widget var service = widget.service; JavaScript object which function getXHR(url) { captures all the values of if (window.XMLHttpRequest) { the parameters before this return new XMLHttpRequest(); JavaScript code - List() } else if (window.ActiveXObject) { return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP"); function - is invoked. } } this.submitData = function() { var list = document.getElementById(uuid + "_list"); var req = getXHR(service); req.onreadystatechange = function() { if (req.readyState == 4) { if (req.status == 200) { list.innerHTML = req.responseText; } } }; req.open("POST", service, true); var entryField = document.getElementById(uuid + "_entryField"); req.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"); req.send("command=add&entry=" + entryField.value + "&uuid=" + uuid); } 24
  • CSS File of List Widget .plain { color: black; height:25; font-size:18px; font-weight: bold; font-family: Arial; background: white; } .over { color: white; height:25; font-size:18px; font-weight: bold; font-family: Arial; background: blue; cursor: pointer; } .listDiv { position: relative; width: 400px; height: 300px; overflow: auto; } .listContainer { width: 400px; height: 350px; } 25
  • How Does jMaki Work?
  • How Does jMaki Work • jMaki puts the right pieces together using Java to render the initial page > HTML template, CSS template, JavaScript file • In the case of both the JSF component and the JSP tag the inputs are the same and the output should be the same > Output is HTML page • The service behind the widget may differ if there is one • Under the covers jMaki widgets are re-usable parameterized JavaScript widgets 27
  • How Does jMaki Work • jMaki makes sure the proper parameters passed to individual widget code using a JavaScript bootrapper that initializes the widgets in a page • In the case of both JSP tags and JSF the inputs (a JavaScript/CSS/Template HTML file) produce the same resulting widget • jMaki's design makes it very easy to create widgets and support upcoming JavaScript libraries • These widgets are fully configurable in a running web application. 28
  • Using jMaki Widgets: Using a FishEye Widget from Dojo Toolkit
  • Fisheye From Dojo Toolkit • This is an example jMaki widget which is built over existing widget from a popular 3rd-party framework - Dojo toolkit • jMaki version of HTML template, CSS template, and JavaScript file from the corresponding files of the Fisheye widget of the Dojo toolkit are created 30
  • FishEye Widget 31
  • FishEye jMaki Widget 32
  • FishEye's component.htm <div class="outerbar"> <div dojoType="FisheyeList" itemWidth="50" itemHeight="50" itemMaxWidth="200" itemMaxHeight="200" orientation="horizontal" effectUnits="2" itemPadding="10" attachEdge="top" labelEdge="bottom" enableCrappySvgSupport="false" id="${uuid}" > <div dojoType="FisheyeListItem" onClick="load_app(1);" iconsrc="images/icon_browser.png" caption="Web Browser"> </div> <div dojoType="FisheyeListItem" onClick="load_app(2);" iconsrc="images/icon_calendar.png" caption="Calendar"> </div> ... 33
  • FishEye's component.css .dojoHtmlFisheyeListBar { margin: 0 auto; text-align: center; } .outerbar { background-color: #666; text-align: center; position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; width: 100%; } 34
  • FishEye's component.js dojo.require("dojo.widget.FisheyeList"); dojo.widget.createWidget(widget.uuid); 35
  • jMaki Application
  • Examples of jMaki Applications • Basic jMaki Application • Using a 3rd-party library • Resource resolution with jMaki 37
  • Basic jMaki Sample Application • The most basic web application contains a single jMaki widget declared in the index.jsp page with the name "delicious" which will display a set of bookmarks maintained by the Delicious website • The index.jsp file containing a tag library defined as: <a:ajax name="delicious"/> 38
  • Application Structure of the Basic jMaki Sample Application • 'delicious' directory contains component.js, component.css, and component.htm files • jmaki.js JavaScript file should be located at the top directory • jmaki.jar needs to be placed in the /WEB-INF/lib directory 39
  • Application Structure of the “Using 3rd- party Lib (Dojo)” Sample Application • dojo.js and the src directory which contains the Dojo source needed by the client 40
  • jMaki Runtime • jMaki is written as a JSP 2.0/JSF 1.1 tag library and should run on earlier containers that support JSP 2.0 and/or JSF 1.1 specfications 41
  • jMaki Plug-in for NetBeans IDE 5.5 & GlassFish
  • jMaki Widgets from The Plug-in 43
  • Demo: Building an AJAX App using jMaki NetBeans Plug-in 44
  • Demo Scenario • Use various jMaki widgets to build a Web application through NetBeans jMaki plug-in > https://ajax.dev.java.net/screencast/jMakiDemo.html 45
  • jMaki Overview Sang Shin Java Technology Architect Sun Microsystems, Inc. sang.shin@sun.com www.javapassion.com