AJAX in ASP.NET
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AJAX in ASP.NET

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  • Javascript client code creating XML HTTP object…
  • Bad enough for able users…
  • I trust you’ve seen just how much AJAX can make your applications more interactive. So please, go away, experiment and see how you can use AJAX in your web applications, and let me know how it goes – good and bad! AJAX enables you to dramatically improve your user experience – and as web developers one of our main priorities. What’s the point?!?! More responsive Enhanced functionaity and ultimately Creating a richer user experience

AJAX in ASP.NET AJAX in ASP.NET Presentation Transcript

  • AJAX in ASP.NET James Crowley Developer Fusion http://www.developerfusion.co.uk/
  • Overview
    • What is AJAX?
    • How does it work?
    • Using it in ASP.NET 1.x
    • Using it in ASP.NET 2.0
    • Challenges
  • What is AJAX (and who cares?)
    • Current postback solutions can be slow and confusing to users
    • AJAX allows server-side processing to occur without a postback, and therefore...
    • a more interactive & responsive UI
    • Nothing new, but all the rage thanks to Google Maps, Flickr, and A9 to name a few
  • How it works Client Browser JavaScript DHTML XML HTTP Object 1 Async HTTP Request Parameters Server Web Server Database
  • How it works Server Web Server Database Client Browser JavaScript DHTML XML HTTP Object 2
  • How it works Client Browser JavaScript DHTML XML HTTP Object 3 Async HTTP Response Text, XML, HTML, etc Server Web Server Database
  • AJAX in ASP.NET 1.x
    • Either we deal with the XML HTTP request ourselves
    • or we can use an existing library, such as
      • AJAX.NET wrapper http://ajax.schwarz-interactive.de/
      • “ My AJAX.NET” http:// jason.diamond.name/weblog /
  • Demo
    • “Colourizing” Code
  • Complex Data Types
    • Need to either reproduce (a subset of) the .NET type system within JavaScript or vice-versa
    • Need to serialize for transfer via HTTP
    • Serializable return types dealt with automatically
    • Parameters are harder
  • Demo
    • “Google Suggest”
  • AJAX in ASP.NET 2.0
    • Known as “Script Callbacks”
    • Call ClientScript.GetCallBackEventReference to get the string for a javascript call to trigger a callback
    • Implement the ICallbackEventHandler interface
    public interface ICallbackEventHandler { void RaiseCallbackEvent(string eventArgument); String GetCallbackResult (); } public string GetCallbackEventReference ( System.Web.UI.Control control , string argument , string clientCallback , string context , string clientErrorCallback , bool useAsync )
  • ASP.NET 2.0 vs AJAX.NET
    • No dynamic mapping of parameters using reflection
    • More complicated with multiple callbacks
    • No JavaScript objects corresponding to server-side types (only returning strings)
    • Executes within the page lifecycle
  • Things to note
    • ViewState not updated during a callback because of allowance for parallel callbacks
    • Page.IsPostBack is true for callbacks and postbacks. Use Page.IsCallback
    • Request.Browser.SupportsCallback
  • Demo
    • AJAX in ASP.NET 2.0
  • Atlas
    • New library from Microsoft to plug-in to ASP.NET 2.0
    • Preview available from http://atlas.asp.net/
    • Warning: pre-Alpha quality!
    • But Microsoft wants your feedback…
  • Atlas
    • Cross-browser script libraries, bringing namespaces, inheritance, and plenty more
    • Callbacks triggered in similar way to AJAX.NET library
    • Web Services integration
    • Declarative data binding
    • New AJAX-enabled server controls
  • Things to watch out for…
    • Debugging is a pain
    • Response timeouts and server exceptions
    • Non-JavaScript/non-ActiveX scenarios
  • Things to watch out for…
    • Accessibility, page flow, scroll position
    • Can break layered architectures
    • Inability to access by URL, and breaking back/forward browser buttons
    • No search indexing for AJAX’ed data
  • Wrapping Up
    • Go away and experiment!
    • Email me: [email_address]
    AJAX enables you to create web apps that are… more responsive with enhanced functionality … and a great user experience
  • References
    • ASP.NET AJAX Libraries
      • http://ajax.schwarz-interactive.de/ (AJAX.NET)
        • Tutorial @ http://www.developerfusion.co.uk/show/4704/
      • http://jason.diamond.name/weblog/ (My AJAX.NET)
      • http://atlas.asp.net/ (Atlas)
    • My Contact Details
      • Web : http://www.developerfusion.co.uk/
      • Email : james@developerfusion.co.uk