On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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UPDATE from Humanities Resources
For years now, Mac users have could become very unhappy and
been patiently waiting for an freeze, unexpectedly quit, etc.
to OSX: operating system that was both
robust and stable, something we
Preemptive means that all open
applications get a fair share of the
Now’s the Time haven’t seen since pre-OS8. Even processor’s time, so applications
the lastest version of 9 leaves much get along better. If one crashes, the
to be desired. others aren’t affected.
The reason for this is that the Dynamic Memory Allocation
foundation on which the Mac OS is Programs no longer have fixed
OSX is now almost 2 years old. Why built— even 9.2.2— hasn’t sizes in memory (RAM). The
have we waited to switch and is now
changed since it’s introduction in operating system will actually give
the time? An emphatic YES!
1984. As users expected more of to or take away memory from
their Macs, Apple kept trying to applications as needed. For
tweak it to keep up with the times, instance, we no longer have to
but the foundation was cracking— increase the memory allocation for
badly. large documents with many
graphics such as PowerPoint
In the 1990’s Apple began presentations.
developing a new OS from the
ground up, using UNIX as its Memory Protection
foundation. UNIX is an old Each application resides in its own
operating system developed in the space in memory so if that
early ‘70s. Its claim to fame is its application crashes, it doesn’t
stability and it is a favorite among affect the memory being used by
Carson Grant 2002-2005 programmers and users alike. other applications or the operating
There are three characteristics that system itself.
Dialup Alternatives make it so stable:
Preemptive Multi-tasking The ability to use two processors at
iPods to Go! Multi-tasking, which has been the same time is called
around since OS7, allows you to multiprocessing. Macs with more
Bookmarks and Favorites do more than one task than one processor have been
simultaneously. For example, you around for while, but only
can print and download a file specially written programs, like
New Workstations in LRC while editing a Word doc. But if PhotoShop’s Filters could take
one of these applications hogged advantage of two processors. OSX
processor resources, the others
Futuristic LRC? (continued on page 2)
(continued from page 1) Carson Grant 2002-2005
In July 2002, the third round of the bundle a far better choice. As
is smart enough to automatically Carson Grant became available models are discontinued or new
share the workload of multiple and it’s been a resounding success. models become available for the
To date, 85 faculty in the same price, these bundles may
programs between the processors,
Humanities Division have received change.
or even more than one task in a their free computer.
single program, making every OSX To order your system, complete a
application faster. The Carson Grant consists of pre- Computer Equipment Purchase
configured “bundles” of computer Form 2002-03. You can find this
equipment—two Mac bundles and form on line at http://
Why did we wait?! two Windows bundles. All are www.dartmouth.edu/~store. Bring
Why didn’t we recommend OSX worth over $3,200, with large the form to Chris Strenta for a
right away? First, a new version of capacity hard drives and plenty of signature, then bring the form to the
RAM. If you decide to buy Computer Store.
BlitzMail had to be written so that
something other than one of these
it would run native in OSX. Then bundles, the cash value of the If you have any questions, please
there were other important pieces grant is only $2,000, making the contact Susan Bibeau.
of Dartmouth software such as
Kerberos and KeyAccess. Kerberos Windows Bundles Macintosh Bundles
is the authentication software that
12" D400 Dell Latitude Laptop 12" Macintosh PowerBook Laptop
ensures that only valid Dartmouth Pentium M 1.4 GHz 867 MHz PowerPC G4 Processor
users have access to many of the 19" External Flat Panel Monitor 640MB Memory
Digital Library databases. And
KeyAccess allows networked or or
computers to run keyserved 15" D800 Dell Latitude Laptop 15" Macintosh PowerBook Laptop
versions of some software. All Pentium M 1.6 GHzDell M782 1 GHz PowerPC G4
these pieces are now in place. 17" External CRT Monitor 512MB Memory
Both bundles include: Both bundles include:
Second, many of us with older
computers cannot run OSX. Apple 512 MB Memory 60 GB Hard Drive
officially supports OSX on the 60 GB Hard Drive 17" External Flat Panel Monitor
following systems: Dell TrueMobile 1300 Wireless Airport Wireless
10/100/1000 Ethernet 10/100 Ethernet
56K Modem 56K Modem
PowerMac G3 and G4
DVD/CD-RW Drive DVD-R/CD-RW Super Drive
G4 Cube Floppy Drive Macintosh OS X
iMac Docking Station External Apple Keyboard
PowerBook G3 and G4 Windows XP Professional External Apple Mouse
External USB Keyboard 3 year Warranty
External USB Optical Mouse Video Adapter
eMac External Speakers Spare Battery
3 Year Warranty Microsoft Office
The recommended minimum for Spare Battery Symantec AntiVirus
OSX is a 400MHz processor and
(continued on page 8)
Dialup Woes? offices in the Montshire Museum
or you can go to http://
Double-click on Blitzmail or a web
www.verizon.com, fill out some browser. They’ll work! (If not, you
—Otmar Foelsche forms, provide your credit card probably forgot to turn on the
number and sign up for various power on the modem!)
contract lengths. Once the
paperwork is done, you will be If you have several computers in
given or sent a DSL modem, a the house which are being used
power supply for the modem, a simultaneously, you need to have
CD, a manual (useless in case of an ethernet switch that allows 4 or
Verizon), a short ethernet cable, eight simultaneous users. These
and a few line filters for the switches were available in the local
phones in your house. If you have stores for about $50 each, but now
offspring that have successfully Verizon offers them free.
installed games on your
computers, you can entrust them A good idea for multiple computer
with the installation of all of this! households is a wireless
Recently, Verizon and ValleyNet
distribution point and wireless
began to offer DSL services in
Step 1 cards in all computers. Apple’s
some areas of the Upper Valley.
Connect your phone line to the upscale solution, “Airport
The lowest level of service will
DSL modem. All phones in the Extreme,” connects directly to the
definitely double, if not triple,
house need to have filters (without DSL modem, has a port for a
uploading speeds and quadruple
the filter you would hear a strong networked printer (ethernet or
hiss), which are easily installed by USB) and can connect all members
compared with Dartmouth’s
unplugging the phone line from of a large family to the internet.
traditional dialup service.
the phone, plugging the phone line Low-cost solutions from Linksys
Obviously there is a hitch: the
into the filter, and the line from the perform similarly well but do not
monthly cost for the basic service
filter back into the phone. (Note: look as good as the UFO-like
is $29.95 and up.
phone and fax services remain Airport Extreme. Both solutions
You can find out if any of these available, while the DSL can handle PCs and Macs
services are available in your area connection is running—you can simultaneously.
by going to the provider’s web give up your second phone line!)
pages. Simpy enter your phone What about the neighbors? The
number and you will be told wireless network is password
Connect your computer to the DSL
whether the service is available for protected. Your neighbors may be
modem using the ethernet cable .
your line and if not, you can able to see your network, but they
request automatic notification cannot get in. In addition, your
when it does become available. contract will probably say that you
Install the software from the CD
are not allowed to provide your
into your computer (basically a
If service is available, you will neighborhood with wireless access
one click process!)
need to go over to the ValleyNet utilitzing your DSL connection. s
iPods to Go! can take most of the language lab
with them on a hiking trip or on
movies to be displayed on a 160 by
120 pixel screen.
athletic trips to other institutions,
—Otmar Foelsche in fact anywhere. Another important aspect is sound
quality. The iPods produce sound
Practicing Chinese pronunciation worthy of your stereo system at
The Language Resource Center in
the palm of your hand! is now possible by putting on the home. They are as easy to plug in
head phones (or smaller ear as an external CD Player. And may
plugs), by selecting the exercise accessories are available—even for
number on the screen of the iPod cars!
and pushing a button to make it
play. The capacity of the smallest iPods store MP3 files, a type of file
iPod is big enough to hold all that can be produced in low,
audio materials for several medium, and high quality on PCs
languages. and on Macintoshes. Even classical
music can be reproduced in high
The Language Resource Center has quality. iPods come in both Mac or
what we call a "filling station" for PC versions.
downloading large groups of
audio files to the iPods. This We encourage faculty members in
With the financial help of process takes only a few minutes. the languages to borrow an iPod
Computing Services’ Director The check-out is simple. Student for a weekend and familiarize
Larry Levin (Thank you, Larry!), ID and a signed loan agreement is themselves with the enormous
the Language Resource Center was all that's needed. capabilities of these little wonders.
able to obtain 30 iPods to provide a s
new type of service for language The future for the iPod looks
students. bright. Despite the fact the Apple
keeps a tight lid, both literally and
Throughout history, language New
figuratively, on what's inside the
students at Dartmouth and Color
iPod and what is planned, the
elsewhere depended on their Printer!
internet rumors about a mini
instructors, then on a language lab computer screen—in color, of
with audio tape stations for course—phone capabilities, and There’s a
listening to authentic language or more are fascinating. new color
practicing pronunciation. During printer in the Faculty Lab: an
Epson Stylus Photo 2200. The
the last decade, as digital solutions On the other hand, we have made best feature about this printer is
became available and with a few calculations here and that it can print on paper as
improvements in networking, determined that even the smallest large as tabloid (11” x 17”).
students could access most version of the iPod, with a storage In fact, this newsletter was
language learning materials on capacity of 5 gigabytes, could hold printed on the new printer!
their computers in their dorm more than 20 (twenty!) 90 minute
rooms. Now Dartmouth students
Bookmarks folders. You can also separate these
groups with lines that will appear The Future of Web
and Favorites in the menu. And with some
browsers you can actually sort
your list in several ways. Mac users are in for the biggest
—Susan Bibeau changes when it comes to web
How you actually accomplish this browsers. Microsoft recently
announced that it is no longer
organization is different from web
Is your list of bookmarks or favorites supporting Internet Explorer for
a mile long? Here’s how to get them browser to web browser and may the Macintosh.
under control. also differ somewhat depending
on what operating system you are And not long after Microsoft’s
announcement, AOL said that it
is no longer supporting
Netscape for either Macintosh
Your web browser’s bookmarks or
Internet Explorer 5.2.2 -Macintosh or Windows.
favorites make it easy and fast to
The organization options in
get to web sites you use often. But Apple’s new web browser
Internet Explorer are very limited.
over time, your lists can become “Safari” is showing promise, but
You can create folders and there are still kinks to be
dividing lines, but to rearrange the worked out.
favorites you must drag them to
When you add a new bookmark or But never fear, Netscape lovers!
favorite, it appears at the end of Enter “Son of Netscape”—
Mozilla—although to be
the list so scrolling to the newly
Internet Explorer 6.0-Windows accurate, Netscape was actually
added sites takes forever. And if “Son of Mozilla.” Mozilla was
Same as for the Macintosh version,
you’re like me, you’re looking at the basis for Netscape and now
except the Organize options
the list and thinking, “What was I with Netscape’s demise, we
appear in a window with buttons expect to be seeing and hearing
thinking?!” Why would I have
for creating folders, moving more of Mozilla.
ever saved that web site?
favorites to folders, renaming and
You can download Mozilla from:
So at some point, we’ve all thought http://www.mozilla.org
there’s got to be a way to delete Netscape 7.1-Macintosh/Windows
some of these. And wouldn’t it be Netscape has by far the most built-
nice to group them together in in features for organizing
catagories. Well, there’s ways to do bookmarks. You can sort by name, Mozilla, so it’s not surprising to
it. Here’s some tips on how to location, keyword, description, find all of the organizing features
manage your Bookmarks and date added, modified or visted. of Netscape 7 in Mozilla 1.4. This
Favorites. You can also list them in A-Z or Z- applies to both the Mac and
A orders and there’s a search Windows versions.
Let’s Get Organized feature.
Your bookmarks and favorites can Safari-Macintosh
not only be deleted when no Mozilla 1.4-Macintosh/Windows Disappointing. Similar to Internet
longer needed, or rearranged and Netscape was actually developed Explorer. You can group similar
grouped together by category into by the same organization as bookmarks into “collections.” s
Workstations During the past year we have seen
increasing pressure on the
tapes from camcorders, so there is
no need to bring in the camcorder
for Faculty in workstations in the downstairs
faculty lab. Numerous faculty
for downloading. Appropriate
software (iMovie, iDVD, Final Cut
the LRC projects, the need to provide
legacy operating systems, slide
Pro, DVD Studio) is installed.
scanners, flatbed scanners, video Audio Digitizing
—Otmar Foelsche equipment, have all taken their toll This workstation is equipped with
on extremely limited space. It’s an audio cassette deck.
We’re bursting at the seams in the
Faculty Lab! It’s getting so getting too crowded in here! Appropriate software (SoundEdit,
cramped, we’ve set up new and Peak) is available.
specialized workstations in the To help solve this problem, we
Language Resource Center. have set up several workstations in All four workstations have high-
the Language Resource Center that speed connections to the network
are dedicated to certain tasks. In and have installed the entire suite
most cases, these are new of core Dartmouth software,
workstations and do not replace including Blitzmail, Microsoft
what has been available in the Office, internet browsers, and
Faculty Lab. various utilities.
Slide Scanning As with the computers in the
This workstation is configured for Faculty Lab, it is not recommended
scanning 35mm slides or to store your important projects on
negatives. It has a high resolution the LRC computers. It’s just too
Polaroid scanner that can do up to risky since there are so many
6 slides in one batch. (Our Nikon people using each computer. We
50 slide batch scanner will remain recommend setting up accounts on
in the faculty lab downstairs.) one of our file servers for the
duration of your projects. Here,
Flatbed Scanning your project is in a safe place and
An Epson high resolution scanner gets backed up regularly.
that can scan images and text is
available. Graphics software Our hope is to reduce the
(PhotoShop) and Optical Character congestions in the Faculty Lab
Recognition (OCR) software such downstairs and provide better
as OmniPage is available. assistance to our savvy users with
dedicated workstations in a quiet,
Video Digitizing air-conditioned space in the
This workstation is equipped with Language Resource Center. s
a VHS deck, a DV deck, and a
multi-region DVD player. The DV
deck can handle the small DV
Futuristic claimed that it would take him less
than 15 minutes to pick up the
communication device, caused
languages to be eradicated forever.
LRC? main points of a language while He equated the loss of a language
listening to a native speaker. At with the loss of cultural and
that point he would be able to intellectual wealth.
make himself understood. Besides
the more common languages, he For the rest of us, who today keep
In today’s world, learning foreign tackled native American and struggling to learn languages,
languages is more important than Australian aborigines languages, there are fellow sufferers in other
ever, if only to keep them alive. and various versions of European spheres of life and strife. Soldiers
celtic languages. are no longer sent willy nilly into
enemy territory but have to
His advice to beginners was to talk assimilate a modicum of the native
to a native speaker, starting with tongue before they are let loose
Sitting in the middle of the the body parts, and common trying to find the enemy, or the
Language Resource Center, objects. Using these nouns as a bathroom. No longer are soldiers
watching students practice basis, he could form sentences and considered to be immune to
speaking, composing and typing in get used to the sounds and language and culture, both verbal
foreign languages, and struggling intonations. and body language. Taboos in
with every word, it seems almost behavior are part of the language
impossible to believe that some Mr. Hale was able to carry on curriculum.
folks can master a language a lot conversations in some 50
quicker than our students. languages, speaking some with Uzbek and Croatian, Farsi, Pashto
which he could no longer converse and Dari are not yet on our roster
Kenneth Hale, a teacher of because the natives had died out. of languages available at the LRC.
linguistics at M.I.T., who died on It saddened him that many areas Will that day come? s
October 8th last year at the age of of the world, having chosen
67, was one of those people. He English as their main
More on the Language Resource Center
Both the physical and the virtual Language Resource Center
are constantly updated. Our physical plant, the facility in 201
Bartlett Hall, has only ten of the original 50 audio cassette
stations left. We have 16 stations constisting of eMacs,
Pentium III PCs, and G4 towers for the general public. As of
this month, we have established three dedicated stations for
faculty project work to take some of the pressure off the
tight quarters of the faculty lab.
The Humanities OSX
(continued from page 2)
support the graphics accelerators The End of OS9
There is a wealth of valuable and found in some of the earlier To ease the transition to OSX and
timely information available to versions of the PowerMac G3, due to the wait for OSX-native
you via the BlitzMail Bulletins. By
“monitoring” these bulletins, you PowerBook G3 and iBook so the applications, until recently all new
receive a notification when new graphics performance on these Macs were capable of starting up
information is posted. systems may be slower. If your in either OSX and OS9.2.2. But now
There are several bulletins about computer is not listed here, you that most mainstream applications
computing that are good choices must purchase a new computer in such as Microsoft Office,
for monitoring. Humanities order to run OSX. The latest round FileMaker, and PhotoShop are
Computing has its own bulletin
of the Carson grant has enabled available for OSX, many new
Computing) where information many faculty to upgrade and to models from Apple can no longer
important to the Humanities use OSX. start up in OS9. They can, however,
division is posted. still run in Classic mode, allowing
To monitor a bulletin, click on Those of you who received your you to continue to use OS9
the Bulletins icon in the BlitzMail Carson computer last summer or applications. At some point in the
window. Scroll until you see the fall may still be running OS9. If near future, though, even Classic
bulletin you want to monitor,
then click on the Monitor you’re ready to ugrade, call or mode will disappear. s
button. email me to make an appointment
for an upgrade.
That’s all there is to it!