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  • 1. Unicode Cree Syllabic Fonts for Windows and Macintosh Updated Appendix for a paper originally presented at the 37th Algonquian Conference, Ottawa 2005 Bill Jancewicz SIL International and Naskapi Development Corporation Updated May 2008 This Appendix lists the current resources and availability for Unicode Cree Syllabic Fonts. It is important to remember that two things are required in either operating system in order to type in Cree syllabics: both a font (for the different character shapes) and a keyboard (providing a method of typing those shapes). Since Unicode fonts all share the same encoding, any Unicode syllabic font that contains all of the appropriate characters for the language intended may be used with the keyboards described in this paper. Also, any document typed in one Unicode syllabic font may be formatted in a different Unicode syllabic font. Users are encouraged to try out a variety of fonts in order to attain the clarity or visual effect intended. For the Windows operating system, Tavultesoft Keyman remains the most practical keyboarding method. However, in the past few years several important changes to the program should be noted for users. Keyman Developer version 5.0 had very few keyboard creation and distribution limitations on the licence. A licensed user could produce keyboard "packages" that contained the run-time distributable version of Keyman 5.0, and any number of fonts and keyboards could be installed by the end user without charge. Keyman Developer version 6.0 came with licensing restrictions that limited the rights of the end-user. It also automatically (and irreversibly) "upgraded" a users version 5.0 keyboards to version 6.0. Keyman Developer version 7.0 has even more likening restrictions, limiting the number of keyboards that the end- user may install without cost (end-users may purchase licences to permit the installation of additional keyboards). Other limits were placed on the developer with regard to the distribution of the program. While a considerable improvement for keyboarding world scripts has been incorporated into the design of Keyman version 7.0, version 5.0 remains more than adequate for the keyboarding of Cree syllabics. To date, testing has been performed on the Windows 2000, XP and Vista platforms, and the current version of Keyman 5.0 still appears to function adequately. Users may choose to upgrade to version 7.0 for the additional features offered, but it must be remembered that the software is not without cost. For this reason, the producers of the CreeKeysPRO keyboard package for Windows has chosen to remain with Keyman 5.0. Other keyboard developers, such as Chris Harvey at LanguageGeek.com, have chosen to upgrade their keyboard releases to version 6 and 7. Remember that any Unicode syllabic font may be used with any Unicode keyboard, regardless of the keyman version installed. For Macintosh, the McCree 3 East OSX installation package provides a customized Macintosh system-level Unicode entry method, installed under the "international" section of, installed under the "international" section of "System Preferences". Again, any of the fonts described below can be used with this keyboard entry method. The electronic version of this document grew to be far too unwieldy size (over 6 MB) with the sample fonts embedded. Therefore the editable electronic version (a MS Word document file) depends on the fonts being installed in the host computer to display the samples adequately. BJCree UNI The BJCree UNI font contains glyphs for East and West Cree and Naskapi, in both Bold and Regular weights. As with any other fonts used in computing, texts produced using one Cree Unicode font may be re-formatted using glyphs in other styles, found in other syllabic font designs. The BJCree UNI font has been designed in consultation with readers of syllabics for clarity, smooth reading with a robust accompanying bold weight face. BJCree UNI comes with the Windows and Macintosh packages described in this paper (http://eastcree.org/en/resources.html). BJCreeUNI BJCr eU B Cr Cr eU I C U I c r e e . o g / e C I c r e . o g / e n r e s o r e s . h t m p a c k a C I r e o g 1930 s r e . h t m p a k a g e s Unicode Cree Syllabics for Windows and Macintosh - 37th Algonquian Conference, Ottawa 2005 1 <bill_jancewicz@sil.org>
  • 2. q º œ 4 · I ¸ © S ç © r M g d ° i ¯ I U © ¢ i ¯ q º œ 4 A new version of BJCree UNI has been developed to address differing preferences for the “sh” series character. BJCree2 UNI is identical in every other way to BJCree UNI except in the orientation of this series of characters. BJCree UNI style: B C e N t l B e N t : n t i c a BJCree2 UNI style: l : e 2 U I s y l e 2 U I s : n t i c a Users will recognise BJCree2 UNI as more closely matching the style of the traditional Cree religious literature, especially the Walton and Horden Bibles and Prayer Books. LanguageGeek One of the most important sources for Cree Unicode fonts is the LanguageGeek website by Chris Harvey. Chris Harvey developed “Aboriginal Serif Unicode”, which has gone through some changes and improvements. His current strategy is to serve logical regions of syllabic users with fonts that contain subsets of the UCAS block, rather than one font that contains them all. His work is very impressive and professional but some readers may find it difficult to read because of somewhat close letter- and especially word-spacing. (http://www.languagegeek.com/font/fontdownload.html - Full_Unicode) He has also begun to develop some creative font designs that every user of Unicode syllabics should have installed in their fonts folder for variety: Aboriginal Serif b o r g i or or gi al o i a l Se r i f s gns t ha t e o i a l Se r i s gn h a t e v r y u s r o f Un i c o d s y l a b 1930 o o i a S r i s g h t e v r y s r o f Un i o d sy l a o i a Aboriginal Sans Abor  gi  A or      or   gi   al   o l Sn s g   h t e  r   s   o f  o id y    i a as U n  l 1 9 u lh a v e l e idn  t a  0 o   ins 1930    a n   g   h t e  r   s   o  U  o  d y l  as   f n i  l  0 u h a v  e i ns    MASINAHIKAN SI N HI IN I N HI AN i œ4 a n s           i œ4 a n           h t     r   s o   U i œ4 a n     1930 t   r   s o   U n   o i œ4 a   9 3 0 t   r   i œ4 KAYASES Y A S SAº S A S Sº œ ¢4 i Õ º œ4 · a   ¢ i Õ œ4 · a   t   r   o   U ¢ i Õ œ4 a   t   r   o   U n   o ¢ i œ4 a   t   r   ¢ i œ4 Oski East Os k i Ea O k i k i Ea t k a t a   30 t r k a t a 30 r   o   U n  o   y 1930 9 0   u k a t a 30 r o   U n  o y 1930 9 0   Unicode Cree Syllabics for Windows and Macintosh - 37th Algonquian Conference, Ottawa 2005 2 <bill_jancewicz@sil.org>
  • 3. Oski West Os k i We O k i ki We t k e t U ¿ Ð M g 3 ø k e t ¿ Ð g 3 ø p ñ ê © € á ï · A¢ P ¼ q ß h â ï 1930 ¹ O k e t ¿ Ð g 3 ø ñ ê € á ï A¢ P ¼ q ß h ï 1930 ¹ O Kisiska Ki si k a K s i K s i a œ ¢ i Õ º œ 4 · ¿ Ð g ¢ i œ 4 · ¿ Ð g 3 ø ñ ê € á ï 1930 a ¢ i œ · ¿ g 3 ø ê € ï 9 3 0 ¢ i œ ¿ Pitabek P i t a k P t a P t a e k œ t k œ ¿ g t œ ¿ g 3 ø ê € ï 1930 a t œ ¿ g 3 ø ê € ï 9 3 0 t œ ¿ Rotinonhsonni Sans Ro t i o n R t i R t i n s t n s o n i Sa n ¿ t n so n an ¿ g 3 ø ê € ï 9 3 a ß 1930 9 ¹ O n s n an ¿ g 3 € ï 93 q 1930 9 Other Unicode Cree Syllabic Fonts Ron Ogawa's “Ballymun RO” Unicode font is an interesting variation that uses an unorthodox treatment of the glyph stems (varying stroke width, as with a quill pen. http://www.multedata.ca/p20.htm) Ballymun RO Bal l  m u B l l    B  l l     u      l   u   u  ta. a   R lted  m  a  w i  t q   h  t i  o t  1930 s a n o u  t h h r      u  ta. a p  h , a  w i  q         u l ed   th t  i h Another font that contains a huge number of glyphs is “Code2000”, used to test browser compatibility with Unicode. But the glyph shapes (for Canadian Syllabics, anyway) tend to be boxy, and not well-formed for legibility. It is a shareware font designed by James Kass: he asks for a $5.00 fee for those who choose to use this font. (http://www.code2000.net/#dn) Still, we recommend this site for many resources for people who are working with Unicode fonts on the web. It has many tools for testing font display, and web technicians will find that it is worth checking out. Code2000 Code 00 C de C d e 0 ¢ i Õ º œ 6 · . o n h ¢ i Õ º 6 · n h e h a s o f 1930 œ 6 n h e h a m l s o t 9 3 0 œ n h The Canadian Bible Society’s Jeff Klassen has produced CBSUCAS, (also available as an OpenType font) another full set. It is better looking than some but the version that I have has some proportional and spacing issues with the “dots”. In a recent (April 2008) communication with Jeff Klassen, he notes that he has been unable to work on improvements to the font since 2006, and apologizes that the link to the source may be broken, but still plans to fix this when he gets the chance. (http://confluence.ubs-icap.org/display/~jklassen/Home) CBSUCAS CBSUAS C SU C SU S o ¢ i Õ º œ 6 · u e n c e u ¢ i Õ º œ 6 · e c e u i r g / d j s 1930 œ 6 e c u s i r g / i s k l s / 9 3 0 œ e c u s Michael Everson created Everson Mono Unicode. He says on his website: “Everson Mono is a simple, elegant, monowidth font.” (http://www.evertype.com/emono/) Unicode Cree Syllabics for Windows and Macintosh - 37th Algonquian Conference, Ottawa 2005 3 <bill_jancewicz@sil.org>
  • 4. EVERSON MONO UNICODE EVER ON E ER E ER N M E N MO O UNIC DE E N MO O U IC DE Ð M g d ° ¯ ì † ¶ © D¢ ß ? h ° 1930 ÿ ÿ î ¹ E V ¹ E MO U IC DE M g d ° ì † ¶ © D¢ ? h ° 1930 ÿ The Tiro Typeworks website notes that they have developed a new Unicode syllabic font Canadian Syllabics & Latin Scripts named “Euphemia”: We are very pleased that a professional type foundry has been involved in the design of a Canadian syllabic script. This is another fine font that should be on every syllabics users system: Euphemia UCAS ᐁᑯᑦᐦ ᒫᒃ ᑳ ᐅᐦᒋ ᒋᔅᒉᔨᐦᑖᑯᐦᒡ ᑖᓐ ᐁ ᐃᔥᐱᔥ ᒪᔥᑯᐧᐋᒡ ᐄᔨᔫ ᐄᔨᐦᑐᐧᐃᓐ ᒣᐧᑳᒡ ᑳ ᐲᐦᒉᐧᑖᐤ ᐊᐧᐋᔑᒡ ᒋᔅᑯᑕᒫᑑᑲᒥᑯᐦᒡ ᐆᑌᐦ ᐅᐦᒋ 1930 ᐁ ᐱᐳᐦᒡ ᐊᓂᑌᐦ ᐄᔑ ᓃᔥᑖᒥᐦᒡ ᒣᐧᑳᒡ ᐲᐦᐧᒑᐦᑲᔔᒡ ᑲᔦᐦ ᐊᓐ ᑯᑕᒃ ᐊᔨᒥᐦᐁᐅᑲᒥᒄ ᑳ ᐱᒥᐸᔨᐦᑖᐧᑖᐤ᙮ “...Euphemia covers most languages which use the Canadian Syllabic script including various Cree orthographies, Inuktitut and the historical Carrier script. Three fonts are available with free end-user licenses in TrueType- OpenType format. (Quoted 15 Oct 2005 http://www.tiro.com/syllabics/resources/syllabic_resources.html)” Euphemia now comes as part of the Macintosh Operating system since Mac OS X.4, and it is also part of the Windows Vista operating system. This font is also freely downloadable from the Tiro Typeworks website (for end- users only, see the License Agreement on their site) (http://www.tiro.com/) Tiro Typeworks website also indicates that they are currently developing another font (not yet ready as of April 2008) called “Wawatay”. Visit their website for a sample. Other Syllabic Unicode fonts (not yet available for Cree) Tiro Typeworks, in its work for the Nunavut government, has developed some fine Inuktitut syllabic fonts. Unfortunately, some of their work (as of this writing, April 2008) still does not contain many common Cree syllabic glyphs. Samples of Pigiarniq and Uquammaq are shown below for comparison with the other available Unicode syllabic fonts. Omitted Cree characters are indicated by the question mark in a box s. Pigiarniq o n t s O i Pi g i g i a r n i q i g a n i q n t s O i t d Cr e e Pi g i a r n i q Li g h t O i d P gi aᒋᔅᒉᔨᐦᑖᑯᐦᒡ ᔅᒉ ᐦ ᑯᐦᒡ ig O i ht d C ee r Pigiarniq Heavy O i d P gi a gi a r ni q g a ni q e a v y O i g a Uqu a m m a q ea y U uam u a mma q ¢ Õ º · a y i ¢ Õ Uqu a m m a q Li g h t i U uam ᒋᔅᒉᔨᐦᑖᑯᐦᒡ ᔅᒉ ᐦ ᑯᐦᒡL g t h i C Uqu a m m a q Heavy i U uam uam aq H u maq Havy m i C AiPaiNutaaq is another Inuktitut syllabic font that lacks many common Cree syllabic characters. It is available from http://www.wats.ca/downloads/. AiPaiNutaaq Ai Pa Nu A Pa A Pa u a P u aa a t s . c / do nl oa ds / P aa a s . c / o n l o a d s / t u s y l a b 1930 t t h a t l a c k m P aa a s . c / nl ad / t u s y l ab 1 3 t t hat l a Wazu Japan’s (originally created by David McCreedy and Mimi Weiss) Gallery of Unicode Fonts (http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Cree.html) appears to be a somewhat up-to-date inventory of Unicode fonts available on-line. Also, Alan Wood’s Unicode Resources (http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/fonts.html). NOTES AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: The syllabic fonts named BJCree UNI were designed by the author. They were originally developed to meet local (Naskapi) needs, and later expanded as needed to suit East Cree, West (Plains) Cree, and TH- (Woods) Cree. It also covers Moose Cree, Severn Cree, Oji-Cree and Ojibwe. The font was developed with extensive reader testing to arrive at the basic shapes, stroke weight and spacing. As noted above there are other Unicode fonts available that have a more complete inventory. The font name is “BJCree UNI” (BJCRUS.TTF) and it contains (in the UCAS block) 351 syllabic glyphs. The glyph shapes were originally laid out using a font editing application named Unicode Cree Syllabics for Windows and Macintosh - 37th Algonquian Conference, Ottawa 2005 4 <bill_jancewicz@sil.org>
  • 5. “Fontmonger”, and later refined using both “Fontographer” and “FontLab” They conform to the TrueType outline standard. Earlier (legacy) fonts were named “BJECree” and “BJWCree” (for east and west respectively). These earlier fonts are not Unicode, but come with the font package with accompanying keyboards for use in earlier systems. http://eastcree.org/en/resources.html Tavultesoft Keyboard Manager was written by Marc Durdin. See “About Keyman” in the Keyman configuration menu. Ukelele (keyboard author for Mac) was written by John Brownie, SIL International. KeyLayoutMaker (keyboard author for Mac) was written by Jonathan Kew, SIL International Non-Roman Script Initiative. http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&item_id=ukelele http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&item_id=keylayoutmaker Cree Programs and the Cree Regional Authority provided part of the funding for the development of the BJCree (east) and Creeboard keyboard layouts, originally for the Windows operating system and then for the Macintosh OS. The packages may be freely downloaded for non-governmental and non-commercial use. The URLs included in the text above (active as of April 2008) are recommended as important resources for anyone using Cree syllabics... Especially: Chris Harvey’s “LanguageGeek” (http://www.languagegeek.com/font/fontdownload.html#Full_Unicode), Wazu Japan’s “Gallery of Unicode Fonts” (http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Cree.html), Alan Wood’s “Unicode Resources” (http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/), SIL Internationals Non-Roman Script Initiative (NRSI) (http://scripts.sil.org/), and Tiro Typeworks (http://www.tiro.com/syllabics/resources/syllabic_resources.html). I gratefully acknowledge the fine work of these individuals and organizations: Canadian Aboriginal language speakers and their supporters owe a debt of gratitude to them all, and they are to be commended. Bill Jancewicz, Preston, Connecticut, May 2008 860-889-1798 <bill_jancewicz@sil.org> Unicode Cree Syllabics for Windows and Macintosh - 37th Algonquian Conference, Ottawa 2005 5 <bill_jancewicz@sil.org>