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  •  Chapter 15, Implementing Network Clients  Chapter 15, Lesson 1 Windows NT Server 4.0 Licensing  1. What Is a Client Access License? A. Each client that accesses any file and print service requires a CAL (provides the legal right for a computer to access a computer running Windows NT Server). B. CALs are purchased separately from operating systems. C. CALs are managed by the Licensing program in Control Panel and by License Manager on the Administrative Tools (Common) menu. D. Licensing is based upon the number of client connections to computers running Windows NT Server. Instructor Note: With the Microsoft BackOffice licensing model, Windows NT Server and client computers are licensed separately.  2. The Licensing Modes A. Per Seat licensing is required for each client computer to access any Windows NT server. 1. It will not stop clients from connecting if the maximum number of connections is reached. B. In Per Server licensing, if the number of simultaneous connections has exceeded the license limit, no additional computers can connect to the server. C. If clients need access to more than one server, use Per Seat licensing. 1. You can perform a one-way, one-time switch from Per Server to Per Seat licensing. D. If you have multiple servers and the total number of CALs needed for access is equal to or greater than the number of clients, choose Per Seat licensing.  3. Licensing Administration  A. Use the Licensing program in Control Panel to change the licensing mode (Per Server vs. Per Seat). B. Administrative tools to track licenses: 1. Licensing program in Control Panel. 2. License Manager program on the Administrative Tools (Common) menu. C. You can select any Microsoft BackOffice product, not just Windows NT. 1. For Per Server licensing, use the Add licenses option to add concurrent connections. D. The Replication option allows you to manage replication to other servers.
  • Instructor Note: Replication allows licensing information to be stored on a master server. E. If you select Per Seat licensing, use License Manager in the Administrative Tools (Common) group.  4. License Replication A. Provides a centralized database for licensing information.  B. To configure licensing replication, start the Licensing program in Control Panel, and then click the Replication button. C. You determine who will hold the replication database and how often it will be updated.  5. License Manager Instructor Note: Access License Manager through the Administrative Tools (Common) menu of Programs on the Start menu. A. License Manager is used to manage Per Seat licensing and usage and perform the one-time, one-way change from Per Server to Per Seat mode for qualifying BackOffice products. B. You can view clients by: 1. Products View tab to view just their licenses. 2. Clients tab to survey both licensed and unlicensed product usage. 3. Purchase History tab to view the product purchasing date, product quantity, and identify the product administrator. 4. Server Browser tab to view servers in a domain or organization.  C. You can add CALs in License Manager.  D. License groups should be used when many people use one computer or when one person uses multiple computers. 1. The license group has CALs assigned to it (based on the number of computers used). 2. Users in the group share the licenses.  Chapter 15, Lesson 2 Clients Included with Windows NT Server 6. Clients Included with Windows NT Server A. Windows NT Server includes the following:  1. Microsoft Network Client 3.0 for MS-DOS and Windows.  2. Microsoft LAN Manager 2.2c Client. 3. Microsoft LAN Manager 2.2c for OS/2.  4. Microsoft Windows 95 operating system. B. It supports Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.11 with Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)-32 add-on. 2 Microsoft Windows NT Technical Support, Chapter 15
  • Instructor Note: You have to pay for the clients you use. They are not free just because the client software is on the installation compact disc. 7. Microsoft Network Client 3.0 for MS-DOS and Windows A. Provides connectivity to 16-bit operating systems. B. Supports NetBEUI, Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX), TCP/IP, and data link control (DLC) protocols. C. Does not support WINS or DHCP. D. Has a full redirector. Instructor Note: The full redirector lets clients log on to a domain and utilize logon scripts, use Remote Access Service (RAS) version 1.1, use messaging, and use interprocess communication mechanisms such as named pipes, remote process calls (RPC), and Windows Sockets (WinSock). E. Cannot browse. F. Requires a Windows for Workgroups-based or a Windows NT-based computer on the same workgroup to help with resource location. 8. LAN Manager 2.2c Clients A. Supports 16-bit operating systems. B. Supports NetBEUI, TCP/IP, and DLC, but not IPX. C. Does not support WINS or DHCP. D. LAN Manager for MS-DOS supports the Remoteboot service. 9. Microsoft Windows 95 A. Supports NetBEUI, IPX/SPX, and TCP/IP protocols. B. Provides WINS, DHCP, and DNS support. C. Uses 32-bit protected mode drivers with the WinNet32 application programming interface (API).  Chapter 15, Lesson 3 Network Client Administrator 10. Network Client Administrator A. What is Network Client Administrator? 1. Installs network client software by creating a network installation startup disk or an installation disk set. 2. Shares the installation files contained on the Windows NT Server 4.0 compact disk. 3. Copies the folders and files contained on the Windows NT Server 4.0 compact disc to a network server and shares them.  B. Network Client Administrator is located on the Administrative Tools (Common) menu, which you access by clicking the Start menu and then pointing to Programs. The following options appear: 1. Make Network Installation Startup Disk. Microsoft Windows NT Technical Support, Chapter 15 3
  • (a) This disk connects and automatically installs any of the clients mentioned earlier. 2. Make Installation Disk Set. (a) Set manually installs MS-DOS, LAN Manager, and OS/2. 3. Use the network installation startup disk to share files from the Windows NT compact disc. 4. Copy Client-based Network Administration Tools. 5. View Remoteboot Client Information. (a) Remoteboot is a Windows NT service. (b) It is used to start a Windows 3.x, Windows 95, or MS-DOS computer over the network. (c) It is installed through the Network program in Control Panel. 0 Instructor Note: Remoteboot is used for security reasons in current networks: without a hard drive, employees can’t electronically remove information. As a cost consideration in early networking days, Remoteboot was also used to limit the number of disk drives needed.  11. Network Installation Startup Disks Instructor Note: To create a network installation startup disk, choose Make Network Installation Startup Disk in the Network Client Administrator dialog box. A. Specify the path of the client files. 1. Copy the files to a share or share the files directly from the compact disc. B. Configure the target workstations. 1. Specify the type of client and the network adapter settings.  12. Configuring a Network Startup Disk A. Specify the computer name and user name. B. Supply the domain name. C. Specify the network protocol, and if using TCP/IP, the addressing configuration. D. Provide the destination path where the files should be copied, such as A:  13. Creating an Installation Disk Set A. An installation disk is used to manually install the following client software: Microsoft Network Client 3.0 for MS-DOS and Windows, LAN Manager for MS-DOS and OS/2; RAS for MS-DOS; TCP/IP-32 for Windows for Workgroups. B. You must make separate disk sets for each network client or service. 4 Microsoft Windows NT Technical Support, Chapter 15
  •  Chapter 15, Lesson 4 Client-based Network Administration Tools 14. Client-based Network Administration Tools A. Allow you to manage Windows NT Server from a computer running either Windows 95 or Windows NT Workstation. B. Many of the tools are the same, but there are differences between the tools installed on Windows NT and those installed on Windows 95. Instructor Note: It is often inconvenient to administer a Windows NT server from the domain controller. Windows NT Server tools on Windows NT and Windows 95 workstations will help.  15. Installing Administration Tools on Windows NT Workstations A. 486DX/33 CPU or higher, 12 MB of RAM, and 2.5 MB of free disk space are required. B. Workstation and Server services must be running.  C. The tools installed are: 1. Server Manager: Manages Windows NT-based domains and computers. 2. User Manager for Domains: Manages users, groups, and security policies for Windows NT-based domains and computers. 3. DHCP Manager: Manages the DHCP service on a computer running Windows NT Server. 4. WINS Manager: Administers the Windows Internet Name Service on a computer running Windows NT Server. 5. DNS Manager: Manages the Microsoft DNS Server service and database. 6. Remote Access Administrator: Administers the Remote Access Service on a computer running Windows NT. 7. Remoteboot Manager: Configures the Remoteboot service on a computer running Windows NT Server. 8. System Policy Editor: Controls and changes user and system configuration settings.  16. Using Administration Tools on Windows 95 A. The computer must have a 486/33 CPU, 8 MB of RAM, and 3 MB of free disk space; a computer running Windows 95 must have Microsoft Network Client installed.  B. The tools that are installed are: 1. Event Viewer: Views, accesses, manages, and archives event logs. 2. File Security tab: Establishes file and folder permissions, and Print Security tab on files and printer Properties dialog boxes. Establishes print permissions. 3. Server Manager: Manages shared folders and printers on computers running Windows NT. Microsoft Windows NT Technical Support, Chapter 15 5
  • 4. User Manager for Domains: Creates and manages users, groups, and security policies for domains. 5. User Manager Extensions: For NetWare if File and Print Services for NetWare FPNW is installed. Creates and enables a NetWare client user account, configures account properties, creates NetWare home directories, and sets restrictions. 6. File and Print for NetWare if FPNW is installed: Creates and manages FPNW services, user accounts, volumes, printers and queues, and sends messages. 7. No WINS or DHCP Managers are installed. 1 Instructor Note: You must restart the computer for the path to the tools to take effect.  Chapter 15, Lesson 5 Services for Macintosh  17. Client Services for Macintosh A. Services for Macintosh is supported for Windows NT Server only and requires a Windows NT File System (NTFS) partition. B. It allows you to connect a Macintosh client on the Windows NT network. C. Windows NT and Macintosh clients can work on the same documents. D. Windows NT and Macintosh clients can share printers. E. Windows NT Server can manage mixed networks with both Windows- based or MS-DOS-based computers and Macintosh clients F. Services for Macintosh allows you to route through an AppleTalk network.  18. Services for Macintosh Requirements A. Requires a computer running Windows NT Server, with a NTFS partition of no more than 2 GB. Instructor Note: Remember that the Macintosh computer has a maximum partition size of 2 GB; stress that 0 bytes will be available if a Macintosh client accesses a Windows NT server with an NTFS partition larger than 2 GB. B. Install Services for Macintosh on Windows NT Server. C. The client computer must have the Macintosh operating system version 6.0.7 or later. Instructor Note: Use the MacFile menu in Server Manager to create Macintosh-accessible volumes.  19. Installing Services for Macintosh A. To start installation, double-click the Network program in Control Panel, and then click the Services tab. 6 Microsoft Windows NT Technical Support, Chapter 15
  • B. The AppleTalk protocol is automatically installed. C. File Service for Macintosh is automatically installed. D. Print Server for Macintosh is automatically installed. Instructor Note: You can remove Services for Macintosh at any time by using the Remove option on the Services tab in the Network program in Control Panel.  20. Summary A. Windows NT servers and clients must be licensed separately. B. Client Access Licenses are offered in Per Server and Per Seat licensing modes. C. Windows NT Server includes two administrative tools for tracking licenses: 1. The Licensing program in Control Panel. 2. The License Manager program on the Administrative Tools menu. D. Windows NT Server includes the Network Client Administrator tool to install client software. E. You can install client-based server administration tools on Windows NT Workstation and Windows 95. F. Windows NT Server also supports Services for Macintosh. Microsoft Windows NT Technical Support, Chapter 15 7