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Lecture 7


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  • 1. Green Procurement at the City of Santa Barbara
  • 2. Everything matters…
    • From hydraulic oil to hand cleaners, motor oil to paint, every product we purchase can have multiple and extensive impacts on human health and the environment
  • 3. Green Purchasing – What is it?
    • The selection and acquisition of products and services that most effectively minimize negative environmental impacts over their life cycle of manufacturing, transportation, use and, ultimately, recycling or disposal
    • Not just products, services too
  • 4. Why Buy Green?
    • Life-Cycle Perspective
    • - Looking beyond purchase price. Consider costs and environmental impacts over the lifetime of a product or service (manufacturing, packaging, transport, energy consumption, maintenance, disposal)
  • 5. Why Buy Green?
    • Pollution Prevention
    • - From the start of a process reducing or eliminating toxicity, air and water emissions.
  • 6. Why Buy Green?
    • Natural Resource Protection
    • - Giving preference to sustainable, reusable, and/or recycled materials over virgin
    • - Conserve water and energy
  • 7. Buying “Green” Also Helps To:
    • Improve safety and health of buildings and occupants
    • Develop new, more environmentally friendly products
    • Stimulate new markets for recycled materials and create jobs Improve awareness of environmental stewardship
    • Provide potential cost savings
    • Reduce liabilities
    • Comply with environmental laws and regulations
    • Reduce waste generation
  • 8. What Is the “Cost” of Buying Green?
    • Myth? Green items cost more than conventional items.
    • Green items may cost more to purchase initially, but many are designed to last much longer than their “non-green” counterparts.
  • 9. Life Cycle Analysis
    • Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is the investigation and the evaluation of the environmental impacts of a given product or service caused by its existence
    • Life cycle cost is a combination of the economic, social and environmental costs set against the offsetting benefits associated with each choice that we make
  • 10. Long-lasting Light Bulb
    • Compact fluorescent light bulbs often cost 3-10 times more than incandescent light bulbs
    • The average life of a CFL is 8-15 times that of an incandescent bulb
    • Up to $30 saved over the life of the bulb due to lower energy use
    • Can save 2,000 times its own weight in greenhouse gases
  • 11.  
  • 12. Cradle to Grave
    • The full Life Cycle Assessment from manufacture ('cradle') to use by consumer and disposal ('grave')
    • Goes beyond price tag…
  • 13. The “Cost” of Green
    • Considering green criteria in the procurement process gives the power to reduce or even eliminate waste and environmental impacts while potentially reducing costs
    • Supply and demand
  • 14. The “Cost” of Green
    • Focusing on green criteria early in the procurement process improves an organization's environmental performance, while addressing ethics, social regeneration and economic concerns
  • 15. Cost continued…
    • If environmental impacts are addressed as early as possible, overall costs likely will be lower than pollution abatement later on
    • Downstream corrections are more costly in terms of many resources, including dollars, labor, technical complexity, as well as adverse publicity
    • Rule of thumb: when a problem goes unchecked, it will cost roughly 10 times more to fix later on
  • 16. How Do You Know If An Item Is Green?
  • 17. Helpful Advice: Third party certifications
    • Leadership for Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)
    • Green Seal Certification
    • EPEAT – electronics
    • Forest Stewardship Council
    • And so many more!
  • 18. Green Purchase Criteria (per LEED):
    • contains recycled content
    • salvaged material
    • rapidly renewable materials
    • materials harvested and extracted from within 500 miles
    • Forest Stewardship Council-certified wood
  • 19. City of Santa Barbara’s Going Green
    • Infrastructure-wide push for green within City organization
    • Initiative includes energy policy, LEED-certification, water-bottle ban, purchasing policy
    • In order to certify buildings LEED- Existing Buildings Operations & Maintenance, must have purchasing policy in place (main motivator to establish policy)
  • 20. Where Did We Start From?
    • All purchases purely cost-based. Lowest bid won contract
    • Some departments were trying to buy green, but on their own initiative
    • City Council began pushing to be green in all areas of City organization
  • 21. Purchasing Policy Process
    • Several drafts of purchasing policies circulated for a few years, before one was accepted by City Council
    • The City’s Green Team weighed in on the policy to ensure that it would be practical for each department
    • In December 2008, the Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Policy was adopted by City Council
  • 22. After the Process, the Prize
    • The policy and the procedure were divided into two documents
    • Policy: outlines the rules
    • i.e., when a green alternative has to be considered
    • Procedure: outlines the actions
    • i.e., who is responsible for reporting on green purchasing and justifications for non-green items
  • 23. Success?
    • The policy was drafted with many purposeful loopholes
    • Few employees familiar with the policy, it is not advertised
    • There are no repercussions for not following the policy
    • Hard economy, people worried about green items being more expensive
  • 24. The Biggest Issues?
    • Accountability – who’s making sure we’re buying green?
    • How do we know which items ARE green?
    • Myth busting
    • Making green the only option
  • 25. What the Future Holds…
    • Goal: to make green standard, not special
    • Drive the market; greater demand for green products = cheaper, better designed selections
  • 26. Questions?