Introduction to the Linux OS Ohio SchoolNet Conference March 28, 2000
What Is Linux? <ul><li>Linus Torvalds released his version of the UNIX kernel in 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>A “free” product t...
Linux Distributions I <ul><li>Linux distributions are complete releases of the OS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>most offer special...
Linux Distributions II <ul><li>Caldera </li></ul><ul><li>Corel </li></ul><ul><li>Debian  (BESS) </li></ul><ul><li>Mandrake...
Linux Strengths <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient & Powerful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Works well on “low power” machin...
Linux Weaknesses <ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>True for any of the “Unices” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardware compa...
Linux GUI <ul><li>Xwindow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyword - “clunky” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GNOME </li></ul><ul><li>KDE </li...
First Installations <ul><li>Check hardware compatibility list for your distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Do an “everything” i...
Application Installation And Configuration <ul><li>Most software is installed by compiling the source code </li></ul><ul><...
Linux As A Network Server Integration and Applications
Network Integration I <ul><li>Standalone Server </li></ul><ul><ul><li>web, email, nntp, ftp, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>M...
Network Integration II <ul><li>SAMBA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses SMB over NetBios to talk to Windows or OS2 servers and wor...
Internetwork Applications <ul><li>sendmail </li></ul><ul><li>dhcp </li></ul><ul><li>dns </li></ul><ul><li>squid </li></ul>...
Applications for SCOCA <ul><li>Sendmail </li></ul><ul><li>SAMBA </li></ul><ul><li>DNS (Backup server) </li></ul><ul><li>Ap...
Web Applications for SCOCA I <ul><li>TWIG - The Web Information Gateway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>web-based email/groupware ap...
Web Applications for SCOCA II <ul><li>Event Calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Keystone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware ticketing/r...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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  1. 1. Introduction to the Linux OS Ohio SchoolNet Conference March 28, 2000
  2. 2. What Is Linux? <ul><li>Linus Torvalds released his version of the UNIX kernel in 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>A “free” product that people from around the world contribute to make a complete OS </li></ul><ul><li>In the past two years, the OS has grown tremendously as a viable platform </li></ul>
  3. 3. Linux Distributions I <ul><li>Linux distributions are complete releases of the OS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>most offer special extra features such as installation “wizards” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributions differ from one another in the features they include, and the emphasis on server or workstation features </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Linux Distributions II <ul><li>Caldera </li></ul><ul><li>Corel </li></ul><ul><li>Debian (BESS) </li></ul><ul><li>Mandrake </li></ul><ul><li>Red Hat (SCOCA) </li></ul><ul><li>Slackware </li></ul><ul><li>S.u.S.E. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Linux Strengths <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient & Powerful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Works well on “low power” machines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multitasks well </li></ul><ul><li>Stable </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of free and very powerful software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially for Internetworking </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Linux Weaknesses <ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>True for any of the “Unices” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardware compatibility </li></ul><ul><li>Desktop Workstation </li></ul><ul><li>Finding documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Learning curve </li></ul>
  7. 7. Linux GUI <ul><li>Xwindow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyword - “clunky” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GNOME </li></ul><ul><li>KDE </li></ul><ul><li>WINE and other projects do allow you to run Windows apps </li></ul>
  8. 8. First Installations <ul><li>Check hardware compatibility list for your distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Do an “everything” install </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Familiarize yourself with the command line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check out the GUI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second installation – Develop a plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Install only what you need </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Application Installation And Configuration <ul><li>Most software is installed by compiling the source code </li></ul><ul><li>RedHat Package Manager (RPM) allows for automatic installation of apps </li></ul><ul><li>Most programs are configured after installation by editing text files </li></ul>
  10. 10. Linux As A Network Server Integration and Applications
  11. 11. Network Integration I <ul><li>Standalone Server </li></ul><ul><ul><li>web, email, nntp, ftp, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MarsNWE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>emulates NetWare 3.12 server </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Caldera NetWare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NDS and NetWare 4.10b compatible file services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Network Integration II <ul><li>SAMBA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses SMB over NetBios to talk to Windows or OS2 servers and workstations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can authenticate through an NT PDC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can act as a PDC or BDC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Netatalk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>File & print services for Macintosh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports Appleshare IP & classic Appletalk </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Internetwork Applications <ul><li>sendmail </li></ul><ul><li>dhcp </li></ul><ul><li>dns </li></ul><ul><li>squid </li></ul><ul><li>Apache </li></ul><ul><li>INN </li></ul><ul><li>FTP </li></ul>
  14. 14. Applications for SCOCA <ul><li>Sendmail </li></ul><ul><li>SAMBA </li></ul><ul><li>DNS (Backup server) </li></ul><ul><li>Apache – web server </li></ul><ul><li>FTP </li></ul><ul><li>MySQL – database server </li></ul><ul><li>PHP – server-side scripting </li></ul><ul><li>DNews </li></ul>
  15. 15. Web Applications for SCOCA I <ul><li>TWIG - The Web Information Gateway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>web-based email/groupware app </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Netsaint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Network monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mailman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>email listserv w/web interface for users </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Web Applications for SCOCA II <ul><li>Event Calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Keystone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware ticketing/repair management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IRM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware/software tracking application </li></ul></ul>
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