Laurie Shteir Temple University CIS Dept. Fasttrack to Computers
What do Computers Do??? <ul><li>A recipe following machine </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a program in English - 6 instructi...
Personal Computer
Computer System <ul><li>Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Categories </li><...
Information <ul><li>Information Technology(IT) is defined as a set of tools that helps you work with information and perfo...
Software <ul><li>Application Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written to solve a particular problem or perform a specific op...
Categories of Computers <ul><li>Personal Computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop, tower model, workstation, laptop </li></u...
Categories of Computers <ul><li>Mid Range Server (mini computers) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can support several thousand users...
How are Computers Used <ul><li>Home Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop Computers, PDAs, Productivity Software, Browser So...
Personal Computer System <ul><li>Input Hardware : Keyboard & Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Processing & Memory Hardware : Case, ...
Software
Software <ul><li>Copyrighted Software </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed Software </li></ul><ul><li>Licenses for more than one per...
Copyright Debate <ul><li>MP3 Digital music (Moving Picture Expert  Group Layer 3) Issues File size Mobility Piracy Record ...
Gift of Fire <ul><li>Automates tasks to be more accurate, easier and faster </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances communication </li>...
Using the Internet <ul><li>Getting an account </li></ul><ul><li>Accessing Course Material on the WWW </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
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Course Introduction

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  • How have PCs changed Definition of a PC has changed Bulky not user friendly Cost Not geared towards the networked world Faster, smaller, storage capacity
  • Course Introduction

    1. 1. Laurie Shteir Temple University CIS Dept. Fasttrack to Computers
    2. 2. What do Computers Do??? <ul><li>A recipe following machine </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a program in English - 6 instructions (the program), with 2 variables (J and K - the data). </li></ul><ul><li>1. move the number 1 into box J </li></ul><ul><li>2. move the number 1 into box K </li></ul><ul><li>3. output (print) the number in box J </li></ul><ul><li>4. add 2 to the number in box K </li></ul><ul><li>5. add the number in box K to the number in box J </li></ul><ul><li>6. go to step 3 </li></ul>
    3. 3. Personal Computer
    4. 4. Computer System <ul><li>Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Computers and mobile devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-range server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainframe computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Super computer </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Information <ul><li>Information Technology(IT) is defined as a set of tools that helps you work with information and perform tasks related to information processing </li></ul><ul><li>What are some important qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul><ul><li>Relevancy </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul>
    6. 6. Software <ul><li>Application Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written to solve a particular problem or perform a specific operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mac Write, EXCEL, FoxPro </li></ul></ul><ul><li>System Software </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to coordinate the computers operations. It manages the activities and allows us to utilize its capabilities. A large portion of system software is called the Operating System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOS, Windows (Windows 3.0, 3.1, 3.11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows95, Windows 98, Windows Me </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows NT, Windows 2000 Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows XP (new look, redesigned start menu, multiple user accounts, more networking features built in) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Categories of Computers <ul><li>Personal Computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop, tower model, workstation, laptop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geared towards one user or connected to a network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Around a 1,000.00 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In October, average price without monitor = $750 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basic building block is called the processor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PC(Windows) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apple Macintosh (Mac OS) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laptop Computer (notebook), tablet PC, PDAs, smartphones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Mobile Computer:Personal Computer that you carry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Device: Device small enough to fit in your hand </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Categories of Computers <ul><li>Mid Range Server (mini computers) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can support several thousand users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessed via a PC or terminal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$5,000 - $150,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mainframe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large, Powerful, expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partial room to a full room </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can support hundreds to thousands of users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$300,000 – several million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supercomputer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fastest and most powerful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full room of equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Several Million Dollars and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>up (more than $85 million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of Users </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. How are Computers Used <ul><li>Home Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop Computers, PDAs, Productivity Software, Browser Software, Entertainment, email </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small Office/Home Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop Computer, PDAs, Shared Network Printer, Productivity Software, Personal information manager, Company specific software, Browser software and email </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notebook computer + modem or a Tablet PC, Video Projector, Web-enabled PDA/smart phone, presentation software, Personal information Manager, Browser software, E-Mail, company specific software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large Business Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Midrange server or mainframe, desktop or notebook computer, PDA,Productivity software, Personal information manager, Network software, Web Browser, Email, Company specific software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workstations to design plans, produce applications, create graphic art and multimedia, WEB based products, Desktop Publilshing, Multimedia authoring, computer aided design, Photo editing, Personal information Manager, Browser Software, E-Mail </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Personal Computer System <ul><li>Input Hardware : Keyboard & Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Processing & Memory Hardware : Case, Power Supply, Processor Chip, Memory Chips, Motherboard, Expansion Slots </li></ul><ul><li>Storage Hardware: Floppy Drive, </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Drive, CD/DVD Drive </li></ul><ul><li>Output Hardware : Monitor, Speakers, Printer, Video and Sound Cards </li></ul><ul><li>Communications Hardware : Modem </li></ul>
    11. 11. Software
    12. 12. Software <ul><li>Copyrighted Software </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed Software </li></ul><ul><li>Licenses for more than one person </li></ul><ul><li>Site License </li></ul><ul><li>Shareware </li></ul><ul><li>Freeware </li></ul><ul><li>Public-Domain Software </li></ul><ul><li>Rental Software </li></ul>
    13. 13. Copyright Debate <ul><li>MP3 Digital music (Moving Picture Expert Group Layer 3) Issues File size Mobility Piracy Record Industry </li></ul>
    14. 14. Gift of Fire <ul><li>Automates tasks to be more accurate, easier and faster </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances communication </li></ul><ul><li>Changes the way we live and do business </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency on large systems </li></ul>
    15. 15. Using the Internet <ul><li>Getting an account </li></ul><ul><li>Accessing Course Material on the WWW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ww2.cis.temple.edu/laurie </li></ul></ul>
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