Page 1

1.   Briefly list and define the three major categories of software.

2.   Briefly discuss the importance of an al...
Page 2

11. The process of storing the programs and data in memory is called the
    _____ concept.
    a. CPU
    b. fixe...
Page 3

17. The process of finding and correcting programming errors is known as
    ________.
    a. error-trapping
    b...
Page 4

23. "Natural language" to a programmer refers   to ________.
    a. the language we speak and write
    b. the nat...
Page 5

29. Matching hardware and software so that they will work together properly
    is known as ________.
    a. funct...
Page 6

35. Most successful software applications ________.
    a. are built around visual metaphors of real-world tools
 ...
Page 7

41. The most widely used application suite is ________.
    a. Microsoft Office
    b. Microsoft Works
    c. Clar...
Page 8

47. The category of software that keeps the hardware running efficiently and
    facilitates communication with th...
Page 9

53. Typical utility programs perform services like ________.
    a. repair damaged files
    b. translate files
  ...
Page 10

59. A command-line interface
    a. requires the user to type commands, then the computer responds to
       thos...
Page 11

65. _____________ provide instant one-click access to open applications,
    making it easy to switch back and fo...
Page 12

71. At    its heart, UNIX is a _____ operating system.
    a.    graphics-based
    b.    character-based
    c. ...
Page 13

77. In the future, applications like word processing and spreadsheets may
    ________.
    a. be more expensive
...
Page 14

84. What is meant by the stored program concept?

85. List the three main categories of software.

86. What is a ...
Page 15

102. What is a "window"?

103. How do users interact with a dialog box?

104. What is the origin of the term "WIM...
Page 16

114. Compilers and translator programs is a major category of software.
     a. True
     b. False

115. A softwa...
Page 17

124. Software that is free, with no strings attached, is called shareware.
     a. True
     b. False

125. Try b...
Page 18

133. The category of software that keeps the hardware running efficiently and
     facilitates communication with...
Page 19

142. The portion of the operating system that provides the look and feel of
     the software from the human poin...
Page 20

151. The UNIX operating system was developed by Microsoft.
     a. True
     b. False

152. The UNIX operating sy...
Page 1

1.    The three major categories of software are compilers and translator
      programs, software applications, a...
Page 2

26.   e
27.   a
28.   d
29.   b
30.   c
31.   c
32.   a
33.   c
34.   b
35.   d
36.   b
37.   d
38.   d
39.   d
40...
80. c
Page 3

81. e
82. b
83. Open source software is code that can be given away, modified, or even
     sold, as long as the s...
Page 4

110. False
111. False
112. True
113. False
114. True
115. False
116. True
117. True
118. False
119. True
120. Fals...
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  1. 1. Page 1 1. Briefly list and define the three major categories of software. 2. Briefly discuss the importance of an algorithm. 3. Differentiate between public domain software and shareware. 4. Identify four of the six technical operations performed by the operating system. 5. Define user interface, menu-driven interface, command-line interface, character-based interface, and graphical user interface. 6. Describe the five advantages of graphical user interfaces with WIMP. 7. Describe the two types of emulation that allow Windows software applications to run on a Macintosh computer. 8. Linus Torvalds is credited with the foundation work on the operating system called ________. a. Unix b. Linux c. Minix d. Both a and b e. All of the above 9. Since Linux was made available under General Public License, it became possibly the best known example of _____ software. a. Internet distributed b. operating system c. open source d. both a and b e. all of the above 10. A set of computer instructions designed to solve problems is known as a(n) ________. a. program b. instruction code c. computer instruction set d. procedure e. code set
  2. 2. Page 2 11. The process of storing the programs and data in memory is called the _____ concept. a. CPU b. fixed disk c. data processing d. stored-program e. recycle data 12. The idea of storing a program in memory was suggested in a paper written by ________. a. John von Neumann b. J. Presper Eckert c. John Machly d. All of the above are correct e. None of the above is correct 13. A major category of software is ________. a. compilers and translator programs b. software applications c. system software d. both a and b are correct e. all of the above are correct 14. Which of the following is not a major category of software? a. system software b. automation software c. software applications d. compilers and other translator programs e. all of the above are correct 15. Which of the following serve as productivity tools to help users solve problems? a. translator software b. system software c. productivity software d. software applications e. automation software 16. The term commonly used to refer to software or program errors is a ________. a. crash b. short circuit c. down d. bug e. lights out
  3. 3. Page 3 17. The process of finding and correcting programming errors is known as ________. a. error-trapping b. hammering c. debugging d. fixing e. patching 18. A set of step-by-step procedures for accomplishing a task is called a(n) ________. a. instruction set b. algorithm c. job description d. task set e. none of the above is correct 19. A translator program that translates an entire program into machine language before the program is run for the first time is called a(n) ________. a. compiler b. LCD c. interpreter d. converter e. none of the above is correct 20. A current high-level language is ________. a. C++ b. JAVA c. Visual Basic d. Both a and c are correct e. All of the above are correct 21. Writing programs in machine language is ________. a. tedious b. relatively straightforward c. time consuming d. both a and c are correct e. all of the above are correct 22. Writing programs in high-level languages is _____ than writing them in machine language. a. less time consuming b. more time consuming c. less tedious d. both a and c are correct e. both b and c are correct
  4. 4. Page 4 23. "Natural language" to a programmer refers to ________. a. the language we speak and write b. the native language of the computer c. the language of the particular machine being programmed d. the firmware programs that are natural to the hardware e. high-level languages designed to write programs 24. Which of the following is a true statement? a. New versions of popular programs are released every year or two. b. Most companies use decimals to indicate minor revisions and whole numbers to indicate major revisions. c. It is possible to pay an upgrade fee to the software manufacturer to upgrade a program to a new version. d. Program names are generally followed by version numbers. e. All of the above are true statements. 25. The instructions for installing a computer software package are referred to as the _____. a. rules of use b. documentation c. license agreement d. owner manual e. purchase agreement 26. Printed user documentation of software packages has commonly been replaced by on-screen ________. a. reference materials b. help files c. tutorials d. both a and c are correct e. all of the above are correct 27. The ability to access a company's Web site as an additional resource of documentation is called ________. a. online help b. interactive processing c. open access processing d. teamwork e. full support 28. When you install a newer version of a software package you are said to be _____ your programs. a. replacing b. renewing c. trading d. upgrading e. enhancing
  5. 5. Page 5 29. Matching hardware and software so that they will work together properly is known as ________. a. functionality b. compatibility c. companionability d. open system e. synergy 30. An agreement establishing the conditions allowing a user to use software is called a ________. a. user agreement b. usage bond c. software license d. licensing agreement e. software contract 31. A special license for entire companies, schools, or government institutions is called a ________. a. shareware license b. freeware license c. site license d. corporate agreement e. public domain contract 32. To legally protect software from being copied and given away or sold by the user, commercially marketed software is ________. a. copyrighted b. time-controlled c. deadlocked d. not distributed e. virus-loaded 33. Software that is not copyrighted and is free for the taking is called ________ software. a. freeware b. shareware c. public domain d. user friendly e. flexible 34. Software that is "free for the trying," with a "send-payment-if-you- keep-it" honor system, is called ________. a. freeware b. shareware c. public domain d. user friendly e. flexible
  6. 6. Page 6 35. Most successful software applications ________. a. are built around visual metaphors of real-world tools b. are cheaper than alternative applications c. extend human capabilities in some way d. both a and c are correct e. all of the above are correct 36. Packages that include several applications such as word processing, spreadsheets, and database are called ________. a. merged software b. integrated software c. grouped software d. groupware e. redundant 37. An advantage of using integrated software over individual applications is ________. a. the applications are designed to work well together b. they have all the features of their separately packaged counterparts c. they apply a similar look and feel to all of their applications d. both a and c are correct e. all of the above are correct 38. An application suite is a. a set of programs developed specifically for the client. b. a specific stand-alone program. c. an application designed specifically for a particular business or industry. d. several application programs bundled together, which are also sold separately. e. a program that includes several applications designed to work well together. 39. The ability to automatically transfer data among applications is called ________. a. cross-registration b. universal coding c. autoXfer d. interapplication communication e. data compatibility 40. Which of the following is an application suite? a. Microsoft Office Professional b. Microsoft Word c. Excel d. Microsoft Works e. ClarisWorks
  7. 7. Page 7 41. The most widely used application suite is ________. a. Microsoft Office b. Microsoft Works c. ClarisWorks d. Corel Suite e. AppleWorks 42. Access is what type of application? a. spreadsheet b. presentation c. database d. communications e. word processing 43. Applications designed for a particular industry, like restaurants or libraries, are called _______. a. vertical market applications b. retail applications c. integrated applications d. horizontal-market applications e. off-the-shelf software 44. Vertical-market or custom applications are a. bundles of several application programs; however, these programs can also be sold separately. b. applications with a similar look and feel. c. applications designed specifically for a particular industry. d. programs that include several applications designed to work well together. e. none of the above is correct. 45. Vertical market or custom applications generally ________. a. cost more b. are less specialized c. serve a relatively small number of clients d. both a and b are correct e. both a and c are correct 46. System software includes ________. a. operating systems b. application programs c. utility programs d. both a and b are correct e. both a and c are correct
  8. 8. Page 8 47. The category of software that keeps the hardware running efficiently and facilitates communication with that hardware is the ________. a. language translator b. compiler c. utility software d. operating system e. application software 48. A computer's operating system transparently communicates with peripherals such as ________. a. screens b. disk drives c. printers d. both a and c are correct e. all of the above are correct 49. Concurrent processing of jobs is generally coordinated by _____. a. the operating system b. utility programs c. application programs d. the user interface e. the language translator 50. The ability of a user to issue a command and continue working while the command is executed is called ________. a. multitasking b. concurrent processing c. batch processing d. multithreading e. multiprocessing 51. Using hard disk storage to supplement memory shortages is known as ________. a. disk extension b. concurrent memory c. memory sharing d. virtual memory e. none of the above is correct 52. Programs that serve as tools for system maintenance and repairs not handled by the operating system are called _____ programs. a. utility b. translation c. application d. compiler e. user interface
  9. 9. Page 9 53. Typical utility programs perform services like ________. a. repair damaged files b. translate files c. play musical CDs d. a and b are correct e. all of the above are correct 54. The small programs that allow I/O devices to communicate with a computer are called ________. a. I/O connectors b. device drivers c. installers d. communicators e. setups 55. The process of loading the operating system into memory is called _____ it. a. storing b. saving c. booting d. entering e. retrieving 56. The portion of the operating system that provides the look and feel of the software from a human point of view is called the ________. a. translator b. user interface c. compiler d. application program e. conversion program 57. MS-DOS was designed to use a ________. a. graphical user interface b. character-based interface c. natural language interface d. both b and c are correct e. all of the above are correct 58. The typical way of having dialog with MS-DOS is through ________. a. a command line b. a menu c. an icon d. both a and c are correct e. all of the above are correct
  10. 10. Page 10 59. A command-line interface a. requires the user to type commands, then the computer responds to those commands. b. is based on numerical images. c. is based on graphical images rather than characters. d. is a user interface based on characters rather than graphics. e. allows users to choose commands from on-screen lists. 60. The Macintosh operating system was the first low-cost operating system to use a _____. a. natural language interface b. graphics user interface c. command line interface d. text based interface e. menu-based interface 61. A menu-driven interface a. is a user interface based on characters rather than graphics. b. allows users to choose commands from on-screen lists. c. is based on numerical images. d. is based on graphical images rather than characters. e. requires the user to type commands; then the computer responds to those commands. 62. A GUI a. is a user interface based on characters rather than graphics. b. requires the user to type commands; then the computer responds to those commands. c. allows users to choose commands from on-screen lists. d. is based on graphical images rather than characters. e. is based on numerical images. 63. Framed areas that can be opened, closed, and rearranged with the mouse are called ________. a. viewing screens b. menus c. templates d. windows e. desktops 64. In terms of a computer, a folder is ________. a. another term for a file b. another term for an icon c. a collection of disks d. a collection of files e. none of the above is correct
  11. 11. Page 11 65. _____________ provide instant one-click access to open applications, making it easy to switch back and forth between different tasks. a. Pop-up menus b. Hierarchical menus c. Drop down menus d. Shells e. None of the above is correct 66. Which of the following is not a WIMP advantage? a. They are forgiving. b. They use a command-line interface. c. They are protective. d. They are consistent. e. They are flexible. 67. The UNIX operating system originally had its roots in _____. a. research settings b. academic settings c. business settings d. both a and b are correct e. both a and c are correct 68. The UNIX operating system was developed at ________. a. Sun Microsystems b. Microsoft c. UCLA d. Department of Defense (DOD) e. None of the above is correct 69. The most widely available multiuser operating system today is still considered to be ________. a. PC-DOS b. UNIX c. IBM d. Macintosh e. Sprint 70. A form of the UNIX operating system is available for _____. a. personal computers b. servers c. mainframes d. both b and c are correct e. all of the above are correct
  12. 12. Page 12 71. At its heart, UNIX is a _____ operating system. a. graphics-based b. character-based c. menu-based d. translator-based e. natural language 72. An operating system more commonly installed on networks is _____. a. MS Windows 3x b. MS Windows 9x c. MS Windows NT/2000/XP d. Macintosh e. IBM OS/2 73. The combination of hardware and operating system on which application software is built is sometimes called the _____. a. machine b. equipment c. base d. platform e. cornerstone 74. Hardware emulation involves _____. a. using a one piece chassis for the system b. having a circuit board used in one system to function as though it were a different system c. making the motherboard smaller d. making the motherboard bigger e. replacing a desktop machine with a handheld machine 75. Software emulation involves a. having one program operating with a look and feel as though it were another program. b. using software to replace hardware. c. using a prototype or test version of a program. d. placing a program on firmware. e. storing a program on disk. 76. To allow a Macintosh system to handle Windows applications, a _____ program is used. a. software substitution b. software emulation c. software processing d. firmware program e. portable disk
  13. 13. Page 13 77. In the future, applications like word processing and spreadsheets may ________. a. be more expensive b. not be distinguished in those categories at all c. not run as smoothly as they do today d. be updated less often e. become more and more unique 78. ________ is a platform-neutral computer language developed by Sun Microsystems for use on multiplatform networks. a. Fortran b. Cobol c. C d. Ada e. Java 79. Miniature application pieces written in Java and commonly communicated over the Internet with Web pages are called ________. a. big macs b. applets c. boosters d. piggy backs e. rasters 80. Interfaces in the future are more likely to be ________. a. less versatile b. GUI c. natural language d. not as accessible e. language dependent 81. In the future, an "agent" inside the computer may be able to ________. a. anticipate our requests b. search networks for critical information c. act as digital secretaries d. both b and c are correct e. all of the above are correct 82. In the future maybe it is possible that the inside of the computer will appear integrated with the world outside the computer through the concept called ________. a. synergy b. virtual reality c. surround sound d. interleaving e. meltdown 83. What is meant by open source software?
  14. 14. Page 14 84. What is meant by the stored program concept? 85. List the three main categories of software. 86. What is a program? 87. What is an algorithm? 88. What does debugging mean? 89. The numeric codes used in machine language are composed of what? 90. List two higher-level programming languages. 91. What is compiler? 92. What does the term upgrade mean? 93. What types of organizations purchase site licenses? 94. What are integrated software packages? 95. What is purpose of interapplication communication? 96. What is an application suite? 97. What are vertical-market applications? 98. How is virtual memory used? 99. What is the purpose of utility programs? 100. What are device drivers? 101. What type of user interface do Macintosh and Windows operating systems use?
  15. 15. Page 15 102. What is a "window"? 103. How do users interact with a dialog box? 104. What is the origin of the term "WIMP"? 105. What is a platform? 106. Why is Java becoming a very popular programming language? 107. Name an activity that intelligent agents are expected to perform. 108. Linus Torvalds is credited with the foundation work on the operating system called UNIX. a. True b. False 109. Linux is widely used in third-world countries because it is free. a. True b. False 110. The process of storing programs and data in memory is called the canned- program concept. a. True b. False 111. The fixed data concept refers to storing programs and data in memory. a. True b. False 112. A program is a set of computer instructions designed to solve problems. a. True b. False 113. Utility software serves as productivity tools that help computer users solve problems. a. True b. False
  16. 16. Page 16 114. Compilers and translator programs is a major category of software. a. True b. False 115. A software or program error is called a glitch. a. True b. False 116. An algorithm is a set of step-by-step procedures for accomplishing a task. a. True b. False 117. Machine language consists of numeric instructions written in zeros and ones. a. True b. False 118. Writing programs in machine language takes less time then writing them in high level language. a. True b. False 119. High level language is less cryptic than machine language. a. True b. False 120. The language that the computer actually processes instructions in is called assembly language. a. True b. False 121. The language that we speak and write every day is called natural language. a. True b. False 122. The term upgrading refers to getting a newer version of the software. a. True b. False 123. The instructions for installing a software package are called the license agreement. a. True b. False
  17. 17. Page 17 124. Software that is free, with no strings attached, is called shareware. a. True b. False 125. Try before you buy software is called public domain software. a. True b. False 126. Most successful software applications are built around a metaphor of real-world tools. a. True b. False 127. Integrated packages can be purchased and used collectively and separately as desired. a. True b. False 128. Packages that include several applications such as word processing and spreadsheets are called groupware. a. True b. False 129. One advantage of using integrated software over separate packages is that the applications included have a similar look and feel. a. True b. False 130. One advantage of using integrated software is that the applications have more features. a. True b. False 131. The parts of an integrated package have all the features of their separately packaged counterparts. a. True b. False 132. Applications designed for a specific industry like retail clothing stores or restaurants are called horizontal market applications. a. True b. False
  18. 18. Page 18 133. The category of software that keeps the hardware running efficiently and facilitates communication with the hardware is the operating system. a. True b. False 134. The operating system and utility software are both categories of system software. a. True b. False 135. The operating system does many things, including memory management and communication with peripherals. a. True b. False 136. The category of system software that coordinates communications is the operating system. a. True b. False 137. The system software that monitors resources to ensure the privacy and security of data is the operating system. a. True b. False 138. Programs that serve as tools for system maintenance and repairs not handled by the operating system are utility programs. a. True b. False 139. Device drivers are small programs that allow I/O devicesÄÄkeyboard, mouse, printer, and othersÄÄto communicate with the computer. a. True b. False 140. The process of loading the operating system into memory is called kicking it. a. True b. False 141. The portion of the operating system that provides the look and feel of the software from the human point of view is called the application program. a. True b. False
  19. 19. Page 19 142. The portion of the operating system that provides the look and feel of the software from the human point of view is called the user interface. a. True b. False 143. MS-DOS was designed to use a character-based interface. a. True b. False 144. The typical way of having dialog with MS-DOS is through a GUI. a. True b. False 145. The Macintosh operating system was the first low-cost operating system to use a natural language interface. a. True b. False 146. A menu-driven interface allows users to choose commands from on-screen lists. a. True b. False 147. Pull-down menus allow users to specify preferences by simply filling in on-screen blanks and clicking check boxes and buttons. a. True b. False 148. The WIMP failed because of the difficulty of using it. a. True b. False 149. Some of the successful attributes of the WIMP include being consistent, being intuitive, and being flexible. a. True b. False 150. The UNIX operating system was originally used more in business than in research or education. a. True b. False
  20. 20. Page 20 151. The UNIX operating system was developed by Microsoft. a. True b. False 152. The UNIX operating system is owned exclusively by Sun Microsystems. a. True b. False 153. At its heart, UNIX is a character-based system. a. True b. False 154. Current versions of UNIX are sometimes GUI based. a. True b. False 155. UNIX can be found on PCs, workstations, mainframes, and supercomputers. a. True b. False 156. The term "platform" refers to the combination of hardware and software that the application program is running on. a. True b. False 157. Java is a platform-neutral computer language commonly used on Internet applications to provide the ability to communicate and execute applications at different Web sites. a. True b. False
  21. 21. Page 1 1. The three major categories of software are compilers and translator programs, software applications, and system software. Compilers allow programmers to create other software. Software applications serve as productivity tools to help computer users solve problems. System software coordinates hardware operations and does behind-the-scenes work the computer user seldom sees. 2. An algorithm is a set of step-by-step procedures for accomplishing a task. As mentioned in the text, a computer program generally starts as an algorithm written in English or some other human language. A programmer will turn an algorithm into a program by adding details, hammering out rough spots, testing procedures, and correcting errors. 3. Public domain software is "free for the taking," and shareware is "free for the trying," with a "send-payment-if-you-keep-it" honor system. After a specified time period, if the shareware application is not purchased, then it must be removed from your computer. 4. Technical operations include: communicating with peripherals; coordinating concurrent processing of jobs; memory management; resource monitoring, accounting, and security; program and data management; and coordinating network communications. 5. The look and feel of the computing experience from a human point of view is the user interface. The text mentions four types of interfaces: menu- driven, command-line, character-based, and graphical user interface. The menu-driven interface allows users to choose commands from on-screen lists. The command-line interface requires the user to type commands, and the computer responds to these commands. The character-based interface is a user interface based on characters rather than graphics. The graphical user interface uses graphical images rather than characters. 6. They're intuitive, consistent, forgiving, protective, and flexible. 7. The two types are: software emulation uses a program that creates a simulated Windows machine in the Mac, translating all Windows-related instructions into signals the Mac's operating system and CPU can understand. hardware emulation involves adding a circuit board containing an Intel-compatible CPU and additional PC hardware. This board effectively puts a second computer in the Mac's system unit. 8. b 9. c 10. a 11. d 12. d 13. e 14. b 15. d 16. d 17. c 18. b 19. a 20. e 21. d 22. d 23. a 24. e 25. b
  22. 22. Page 2 26. e 27. a 28. d 29. b 30. c 31. c 32. a 33. c 34. b 35. d 36. b 37. d 38. d 39. d 40. a 41. a 42. c 43. a 44. c 45. e 46. e 47. d 48. e 49. a 50. a 51. d 52. a 53. d 54. b 55. c 56. b 57. b 58. a 59. a 60. b 61. b 62. d 63. d 64. d 65. e 66. b 67. d 68. e 69. b 70. e 71. b 72. c 73. d 74. b 75. a 76. b 77. b 78. e 79. b
  23. 23. 80. c
  24. 24. Page 3 81. e 82. b 83. Open source software is code that can be given away, modified, or even sold, as long as the source code remains freely available for others to improve. 84. This means that program instructions are stored with the data in memory. 85. The categories are system, application, compilers and other translator programs. 86. A program is a set of computer instructions designed to solve a problem. 87. An algorithm is a set of step by step procedures for accomplishing a task. 88. Debugging is finding and correcting errors. 89. They consist of zeros and ones. 90. Examples are: C/C++, Java, Visual Basic, COBOL, etc. 91. A program that makes a complete translation of a program written in a high-level computer language before the program is run for the first time. 92. Upgrading is purchasing a newer version of an existing application. 93. Organizations that purchase site licenses are businesses, schools, government institutions. 94. Integrated software packages are several applications that are designed to work well together. 95. Interapplication communication allows automatic transfer of data among applications. 96. An application suite is several application programs that are bundled together. These applications may also be sold as separate programs. 97. Vertical-market applications are designed specifically for a particular business or industry. 98. If a computer does not have sufficient memory, then hard drive space is used to supplement memory. 99. Utility programs serve as tools for doing system maintenance and repairs that are not automatically handled by the operating system. 100. They are small programs that allow I/O devicesÄÄkeyboard, mouse, printer, and othersÄÄto communicate with the computer. 101. Both use a Graphical User Interface (GUI). 102. It is a framed area that can be opened, closed, and rearranged with the mouse. 103. They indicate their preferences by filling in on-screen blanks and clicking check boxes and buttons. 104. It is an acronym to describe GUI interfaces and is derived from windows, icons, menus, and pointing devices. 105. A platform is the combination of hardware and operating system software on which application software is built. 106. Java is a platform-neutral computer language for use on multiplatform networks. Programs written in Java can run on computers running Windows, Macintosh, UNIX, and other operating systems. Additionally, Java applets can run in browsers. 107. Intelligent agents act as digital secretaries, anticipating our requests, filling in details in our work, searching networks for critical information, and adjusting the computerized workspace to fit our needs. 108. False 109. True
  25. 25. Page 4 110. False 111. False 112. True 113. False 114. True 115. False 116. True 117. True 118. False 119. True 120. False 121. True 122. True 123. False 124. False 125. False 126. True 127. False 128. False 129. True 130. False 131. False 132. False 133. True 134. True 135. True 136. True 137. True 138. True 139. True 140. False 141. False 142. True 143. True 144. False 145. False 146. True 147. False 148. False 149. True 150. False 151. False 152. False 153. True 154. True 155. True 156. True 157. True

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