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Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers
 

Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers

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    Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers
    • OBJECTIVES
      • Recognize the importance of computer literacy
      • Identify the components of a computer
      • Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web
      • Identify the categories of software
      • Describe the categories of computers
      • Identify the types of computer users
      • Discuss various computer applications in society
    • A World of Computers
      • What is computer literacy?
        • Knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses
    • What Is a Computer?
      • Electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory
      Processes data into information Data that is organized, meaningful, and useful Produces and stores results Accepts data Raw facts, figures, and symbols
    • Advantages of Using Computers
      • Speed
      • Reliability
      • Consistency
      • Storage
      • Communications
    • Disadvantages of U sing Computers
      • Violation of Privacy
      • Impact on Labor Force
      • Health Risks
      • Impact on Environment
    • Information processing cycle
      • What is the information processing cycle?
        • Input
        • Process
        • Output
        • Storage
        • Communication
    • The Components of a Computer
      • Input Devices
      • Output Devices
      • System Unit
      • Storage Devices
      • Communication Devices
    • 1. Input Devices
      • Hardware used to enter data and instructions
      • Widely used input devices:
          • Keyboard
          • Mouse
          • Microphone
          • Scanner
          • Digital Camera
          • PC Video Camera
    • 2. Output Devices
      • Hardware that conveys information to one or more people
      • Common output devices:
          • Printer
          • Monitor
          • Speakers
    • 3. System Unit
      • Case containing electronic components used to process data.
      • Motherboard or Circuit Board.
      • 2 Components of Motherboard:
          • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
          • Memory
    • CPU & Memory
      • Processor
        • The electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer.
      • Memory
        • Consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions
    • 4. Storage
      • Holds data, instructions, and information for future use
      • Storage media
          • Physical material on which data, instructions, and information are stored
      • Storage device
          • Records and retrieves items to and from a storage medium
      • Examples
        • Hard Disks
        • USB Flash Drives
        • CD
        • DVD
    • 5. Communications device
      • Hardware component that enables a computer to send and receive data, instructions, and information
      • E.g.: Modem
      • Occurs over cables, telephone lines, cellular radio networks (wireless), satellites (wireless), and other transmission media.
    • Networks and the Internet
      • A network is a collection of computers and devices connected together.
      • Allow computers to share resources:
            • Hardware
            • Software
            • Data
            • Information
    • Internet
      • Worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.
      • Web
        • Billions of documents, called Web pages, available to anyone connected to the Internet
    • Internet Uses?
      • Communications
      • Information
      • Shopping
      • Banking & Investing
      • Education
      • Entertainment
      • Sharing information
    • Software
      • Also called Program
      • Consists of a series of instructions that tells the computer what to do.
      • 2 Types:
          • System Software
          • Application Software
    • System Software
      • Programs that control or maintain the operations of the computer and its devices
      • Serve as interface between user, the application software & computer’s hardware
      • 2 Types:
          • Operating System
          • Utility Program
    • Operating System
      • is a set of programs that coordinates all activities among computer hardware devices and allows users to run application software.
      • Examples of operating systems for personal computers include Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac OS , and Unix.
    • Utility Program
      • allow the user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices or its programs
      • Control Panel
          • ISS
          • Computer Management
    • Application Software
      • Programs that perform specific tasks for users
      • Example:
        • Web browsers
        • Word Processors
        • Database Management
        • Project management
        • DTP
        • Web Design
    • Computer Software System Software Application Software Operating System Utility Programs
    • Categories of Computers
      • Personal Computers
      • Mobile Computers/Devices
      • Game Consoles
      • Servers
      • Mainframes
      • Supercomputers
      • Embedded Computers
    • Personal Computers
      • What are the two most popular series of personal computers?
      • PC and compatibles use the Windows operating system
      • Apple Macintosh uses the Macintosh operating system (Mac OS)
    • Mobile Computers
      • Notebooks/Laptops
      • Tablet PC
      • PDA
      • Smart Phones
    • Game Consoles Mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games
    • Servers
      • What types of servers are there?
      • Mainframe Very powerful, expensive computer that supports thousands of computers
      • Supercomputer The fastest, most powerful, most expensive computer. Used for applications requiring complex mathematical calculations
      • A server controls access to network resources and provides centralized storage
    • Embedded Computers
        • A special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product
    • Computer Usage
      • What are five categories of computer users?
        • Home User
        • Small Office/Home Office User
        • Mobile User
        • Power User
        • Large Business User
    • Home User
      • What software is available for a home user?
      • Personal Finance Management
      • Web access
      • Communications
      • Entertainment
    • Small Office User
      • What software is available for a small office/home office (SOHO) user?
        • Productivity software
        • Specialty software
        • Web usage
        • E-mail
    • Mobile User
        • Hardware
          • Notebook computers
          • PDAs
          • Smart phones
          • Tablet PCs
        • Software
          • Word processing
          • Spreadsheet
          • Presentation graphics software
    • Power User
      • What are the needs of a power user?
        • Speed and large amounts of storage
        • Types of power users
          • Engineers
          • Architects
          • Desktop publishers
          • Graphic artists
    • Large Business Users
      • What are the needs of the large business user?
        • Payroll
        • Inventory
        • E-commerce
        • Desktop publishing
    • Computer Applications in Society
      • Education
      • Finance
      • Government
      • Health Care
      • Science
      • Publishing
      • Travel
      • Manufacturing
    • Chapter Summary The computer and its components What is a network? The Internet and the World Wide Web Types of software Categories of computers Types of computer users
    • Questions?