Launch Boot Camp Assistant
1. Launch Boot Camp Assistant by double-clicking the 'Boot Camp Assistant' application
located at /Applications/Utilities/.
2. Print a copy of the Installation & Setup Guide by clicking the ‘Print Installation &
Setup Guide' button.
3. Click the 'Continue' button.
4. Select the ‘Create or remove a Windows partition’ option.
5. Click the 'Continue' button.
Select a Hard Drive to Partition for Windows
1. Click the icon for the hard drive that will be the new home for Windows.
2. Select the ‘Create a second partition for Windows’ option.
3. Click the 'Continue' button.
Set Your Partition Sizes
1. Adjust your partition sizes
A Use the nub to select a custom size
U Use the buttons to select the pre-defined sizes
2. Click the ‘Partition’ button when ready.
Partitioning a drive usually takes some time, so be patient.
When Boot Camp Assistant finishes partitioning your hard drive, the Mac partition will have the same
name as the original unpartitioned hard drive; the Windows partition will be called BOOTCAMP.
At this point, you can quit Boot Camp Assistant or click the 'Start Installation' button, and follow the
onscreen instructions to install Windows on the BOOTCAMP partition.
• Dual Boot
Dual Boot Mac OS X and Windows
XP/Vista with Boot Camp
Last edited: 12/5/2008
You can have both a Mac and a PC on a single computer, using Apple's new Boot Camp
software. Boot Camp lets you install Windows on your Mac in addition to Mac OS X.
With Boot Camp set up, when you start your Mac, you can choose whether to use OS X
or Windows. Boot Camp is a great way to consolidate the computers in your life and to
run essential Windows programs that aren't available on the Mac. Here's how to set up
Boot Camp to get a Mac and PC all rolled into one.
Note: Setting up Boot Camp is not a trivial task because it involves repartitioning your
Mac's hard drive and installing another operating system and drivers. Block out a couple
of hours for this project.
What You Need
Getting Boot Camp and Windows up and running on your Mac requires specific
hardware and software. Here's what you need:
o An Intel-based Mac running OS 10.5 (Leopard) with all software updates
o At least 10GB of free space on your Mac's hard drive.
o A working printer connected to your Mac (Not necessary if you have previously
printed Apple’s BootCamp guide
o A genuine Windows XP installation disk, which includes Service Pack 2 (Full
installation, not upgrade software such as the one offered at e-academy).
A genuine Windows Vista Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, or Ultimate
installation disk (32-bit version only.)
Set Up Boot Camp
Before you get started, free up as much space on your Mac's hard drive as possible. Then
back up all your important data, just in case. Do not skip this step! Finally, log on to your
Mac as an administrative user (and log off any other users), quit all running applications,
and if you're using a portable Mac, make sure it's plugged into a power source. Now it's
time to get Boot Camp going.
Step 1: Launch the Boot Camp Assistant
The Boot Camp Assistant is a step-by-step wizard, located in
/Applications/Utilities/, but it can help you only as long as you're in Mac OS X,
which you are not throughout this entire process. So the first thing the Assistant does is
prompt you to print the 26-page user guide [PDF]. Experienced users may be annoyed by
this seemingly unnecessary step, but because you'll be rebooting your system and making
major changes, a paper copy of the guide is a comforting help along the way when the
on-screen Assistant isn't available.
In fact, Apple's user guide printout is more complete than any instructions I could include
here, so rather than repeat the instructions it already contains, I offer additional
information not included in the official instructions.
Step 2: Partition Your Mac's Hard Drive
After you've told the Boot Camp Assistant that you want to set up Windows on your
Mac, you come to the scary (and fun!) part: splitting your Mac's hard drive into pieces
and setting Windows to install on one of those partitions. The Assistant will show you a
map of your Mac's hard drive. Click the divider to drag it and set the size of your
Windows partition (which will take space away from the Mac partition). Alternatively,
using the buttons, you can split the drive equally, or use exactly 32GB for Windows, as
What size should your Windows partition be? Good question. This decision is difficult to
undo later, so do consider a couple of questions before you decide:
o What will you use Windows to do and how much how much hard drive space will
that take up?
o If you're using Windows just to play PC games, for example, you won't need
much space (10-20GB will do.) But if you want to manage your photo library in
Windows (which I do, with Picasa, because I prefer it over iPhoto), you'll need
enough space to accommodate all your photos. It's impossible to know in advance
exactly how much space you'll need, but guesstimate as best as you can. Also,
keep in mind that you can attach external drives to add space in Windows. But
remember: Files stored in the Mac OS cannot be accessed from within Windows
without software such as MacDrive 7, so make sure you have enough space for all
the programs and files you'll want in Windows.
o What format will the Windows partition be, FAT or NTFS?
If your Windows partition is larger than 32GB, you will have to format it as
NTFS, not FAT. Mac OS X cannot write to NTFS-formatted drives, but it can
write to FAT drives. That means that a Windows partition greater than 32GB will
be read-only in Mac OS. In general, FAT is considered less reliable than NTFS.
(Windows Vista uses only NTFS, so the 32GB threshold isn't a factor if you're
After you've chosen how to split your hard drive between Mac and Windows, click the
Step 3: Start the Windows Installation
With your partition created, insert your Windows installation disk and click the Start
Installation button in the Boot Camp Assistant. Your Mac will reboot from the Windows
installation disk and begin working. Two things to know when you're installing
o When it comes time to select the partition to format, be absolutely sure to choose
the partition labeled C:Partition3 . Vista will list it as Disk 0 Partition 3
BOOTCAMP. One false move here and you could wipe out your entire Mac, so
o If your partition is less than 32GB and you're installing Windows XP, you'll have
a choice between the NTFS or FAT Windows format. NTFS is recommended,
although FAT is okay, too. Whatever you do, don't select Leave The Current File
System Intact—make sure you format the partition to NTFS or FAT.
Even though Boot Camp pre-formats the Windows partition, this partition can’t be used
to boot the computer. You must reformat the new Windows partition using the Windows
installer. To format the partition for Windows XP: Select an NTFS or FAT format:
NTFS—Provides better reliability and security, but you will not be able to save files to
the Windows volume from Mac OS X.
FAT—Provides better compatibility, allowing you to read and write files on the
Windows volume from Mac OS X. This option is available only if the Windows partition
you created in Step 2 is 32 GB or smaller.
• Important: Do not select “Leave the current file system intact.” To successfully install
Windows XP, you must select one of the other options.
To format the partition for Windows Vista:
Click “Drive options (advanced).” Next, click Format, and then click OK.
The Windows Vista partition is formatted using the NTFS file system.
Complete the rest of the Windows XP installation per the installation disk's instructions.
Step 4. Install the Windows Drivers for Your Mac's Hardware
After you're completely booted into your new Windows installation, eject the installation
disk and insert your Mac OS 10.5 installation CD. Let Autorun launch Setup.exe, and
follow the on-screen instructions.
If the installer doesn’t start automatically, browse the disc using Windows Explorer and
double-click the setup.exe file in the Boot Camp directory. Follow the onscreen
If a message appears that says the software you are installing has not passed Windows
Logo testing, click Continue Anyway. Windows that appear only briefly during the
installation don’t require your input. If nothing appears to be happening, there may be a
hidden window that you must respond to. Check the taskbar and look behind open
Important: Do not click the Cancel button in any of the installer dialogs.
After your computer restarts, follow the instructions in the Found New Hardware
Wizard to update your software drivers (Windows XP only).
Follow the instructions for any other wizards that appear. Then you’re done!
Now you have the choice to start either Mac OS X or Windows on your Mac. To make
that choice when you turn on your computer, hold down the Option key and you'll see the
two partitions you set up, as shown. Click the one that has the operating system you want
Alternatively, if the computer is already running, use the Boot Camp software to restart in
a particular operating system. In Windows XP, click the Boot Camp icon in the system
tray, and in the Startup Disk tab, select Macintosh HD or Windows and click the Restart
button to move into that operating system, as shown.
To set the default operating system in Mac OS X:
In Mac OS X, choose Apple () > System Preferences. Next, click Startup Disk.
Select the startup disk with the operating system you want to use by default. If you want
to start up that operating system now, click Restart.
Using a Mac Keyboard in Windows
When you first start using Windows on your Mac, one of the first things you'll notice is
that the Mac keyboard is different from Windows keyboards. It has a Command key but
no Windows key; on MacBooks and iBooks, the keyboard has a Delete key but no
Backspace key; it also has no Print Screen Key. The Boot Camp user guide you printed
includes a complete table of Mac keyboard Windows action mappings, but the most
important ones to know are the following:
o The Option key is the Windows Alt key.
o The Command key is the Windows key.
o The Delete key is the equivalent of Backspace. To forward delete with it on built-
in Apple keyboards (on your Mac notebook), use Fn-Delete. (External Apple
keyboards have a forward Delete key.)
o The Windows Print Screen key is F14 on an external Apple keyboard.
For more documentation, user discussions, troubleshooting, and frequently asked
questions about Boot Camp, see Apple's Boot Camp support section. Or Apple’s Boot
Camp Manual: http://manuals.info.apple.com/en/Boot_Camp_Install-Setup.pdf