Glossary of Educational Technology Terms


           This Glossary should be used by sales people to familiarize
     the...
Glossary of Educational Technology Terms

Backup Copy
A copy of a computer’s data, programs and information that is usuall...
Glossary of Educational Technology Terms

A message given by a web server to a web browser, which then stores the message ...
Glossary of Educational Technology Terms



G
GB (gigabyte)
Just over one billion bytes. 1,000 megabytes. Usually refers t...
Glossary of Educational Technology Terms

J
JavaScript
A programming language that allows web developers to give functiona...
Glossary of Educational Technology Terms

applications work in most modern operating systems including “Macs.” Some older
...
Glossary of Educational Technology Terms


Streaming media (streaming audio or video)
Audio or video files played as they ...
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  1. 1. Glossary of Educational Technology Terms This Glossary should be used by sales people to familiarize themselves with common technology vocabulary, acronyms, and phrases. A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z A Adobe Reader Document exchange software from Adobe Systems, Inc. Adobe Acrobat* provides a platform-independent means of creating, viewing, and printing documents. Acrobat can convert a DOS, Windows*, UNIX* or Macintosh* document into a Portable Document Format (PDF), which can be displayed on any computer with Acrobat Reader. Acrobat Reader can be downloaded free from the Internet. Learning Today provides multiple reports in PDF format which require an Acrobat Reader installed. Application This is a term that is often used to describe the program. The Learning Today Smart Tutor program is often called the Smart Tutor Application. The various user web tools are also called applications e.g. the Administrator Application, the teacher Application, etc. ASP - an acronym There are two definitions for this acronym: 1. Application Service Provider This is a delivery model for web applications where the application is provided to users by the provider from a centralized location. This is as opposed to the user having to host and maintain the application themselves. It is much like the central electric company providing electricity to everyone rather than everyone having to generate their own electricity via generators at home. Smart Tutor is hosted by Learning Today at a central location and is served up to users across the US – it is delivered in an “ASP model.” 2. Active Server Pages These are web pages that are dynamically run by scripts and programming language as opposed to pages that are static and not dynamic (static pages generally use HyperText Markup Language or HTML) Smart Tutor uses Active Server Pages in many of its applications. B 100 NW 70th Ave., Plantation, FL 33317 Phone: 954.584.5250 Fax: 954.584.5273 www.learningtoday.com
  2. 2. Glossary of Educational Technology Terms Backup Copy A copy of a computer’s data, programs and information that is usually stored electronically outside the computer and usually stored in a safe location in the event of a system failure. All of the Smart Tutor information is backed up (copied) and stored in a safe location every day. Bandwidth In computer networks, bandwidth is often used as a synonym for data transfer rate - the amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second). This kind of bandwidth is usually expressed in bits (of data) per second (bps). Occasionally, it's expressed as bytes per second (Bps). In general, a link with a high bandwidth is one that may be able to carry enough information to sustain the succession of images in a video presentation. • DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) is a technology for bringing high-bandwidth information to homes and small businesses over ordinary copper telephone lines. • T1 - Type of broadband internet connection at an overall rate of 1.544 Mbps. Many businesses also use T1 lines to connect to an Internet access provider. Bookmark A web page link stored in a browser for quick and easy retrieval. We recommend that users bookmark the login address in the Favorites area of their browser for easy access or set up a desk top icon (See Desk Top Icon). Breadcrumb trail On a Web site, a breadcrumb trail is a navigation tool that allows a user to see where the current page is in relation to the Web site's hierarchy. The term breadcrumb trail comes from the story of Hansel and Gretel, who left a trail of breadcrumbs as they walked through the forest so they could trace their way back home. Broadband A type of data transmission in which a single medium (wire) can carry several channels at once. Cable TV, for example, uses broadband transmission. It offers high speed internet access. Browser A software application used to locate and display web pages. We recommend Internet Explorer as the browser of choice. Other Browsers out there are Netscape and Safari. You will also run into Mozilla or Firefox and these are not compatible with Smart Tutor. C Cookie 100 NW 70th Ave., Plantation, FL 33317 Phone: 954.584.5250 Fax: 954.584.5273 www.learningtoday.com
  3. 3. Glossary of Educational Technology Terms A message given by a web server to a web browser, which then stores the message in a text file. The main purpose of cookies is to identify users and possibly prepare customized Web pages for them. Learning Today does not use or require the use of cookies. This is also a privacy issue, so we do not store user data in cookies. D Desk Top The opening screen on a computer that is used to allow quick access to everything on the computer Desk Top Icon A graphic symbol that is placed on the desk top and serves as a quick access link to programs. We recommend that our users set up a Learning Today or Smart Tutor Icon on the desk top that will link them automatically to the Login web page using Internet Explorer. DSL DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) is a technology for bringing high-bandwidth information to homes and small businesses over ordinary copper telephone lines. E End user The person for whom a particular technology is designed; the individual who uses the technology for its designated purpose. With Smart Tutor, the end users are the student, the teacher and the administrator Excel A spreadsheet program from Microsoft that is used by Smart Tutor to electronically load student data into the system to make it easier, faster and more reliable than entering it manually. F Firewall A system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network Firewalls are frequently used to prevent unauthorized internet users from accessing private networks connected to the Internet. Learning Today’s programs are hosted behind a Firewall to prevent intruders from entering the system and to protect the privacy and integrity of our users. 100 NW 70th Ave., Plantation, FL 33317 Phone: 954.584.5250 Fax: 954.584.5273 www.learningtoday.com
  4. 4. Glossary of Educational Technology Terms G GB (gigabyte) Just over one billion bytes. 1,000 megabytes. Usually refers to the size of the computer memory (RAM) or the size of the computer’s hard drive that stores all the programs and data. GUI (Graphical User Interface) A computer interface using icons or pictures. For example, Windows. H Home page The main page of a web site. Typically, the home page serves as an index or table of contents to other documents stored at the site. HTML (HyperText Markup Language) The programming language used to create pages and documents for display on the World Wide Web. Hub A common connection point for devices in a network. Hubs are commonly used to connect segments of a local area network (LAN). I Importing Student Data into the System Learning Today provides a service of uploading a list of more than 200 new students and students’ data into the system. A custom excel sheet needs to be created to be uploaded into the system automatically. Please, contact Learning Today’s Customer Support for a template. Internet Explorer Microsoft's browser software that enables users to view web pages. This is the browser that Learning Today recommends to run the Smart Tutor applications ISP (Internet Service Provider) A hosting company that provides end user access to such internet services as e-mail, the World Wide Web, FTP, newsgroups, and so forth. 100 NW 70th Ave., Plantation, FL 33317 Phone: 954.584.5250 Fax: 954.584.5273 www.learningtoday.com
  5. 5. Glossary of Educational Technology Terms J JavaScript A programming language that allows web developers to give functionality to web pages. Common functions created with JavaScript are image rollovers (an image that changes when you scroll your mouse over it), browser detection, and pop-up windows. We use JavaScript throughout the Learning Today applications. L Load Test An analysis that shows how many users can be on the system at the same time . Log in/log on Screen A web screen that is used to establish the connection to the Smart Tutor program and applications. Log off To terminate a connection to a computer or network. M Macromedia / Flash Macromedia Flash is an application for developing rich content, user interfaces, and web applications. The Macromedia Flash Player is a multiple-platform client. Web users must download and install the player in order to view and interact with Macromedia Flash content. All Learning Today’s lessons are created in Flash and require Macromedia Flash Player installed. N Netscape Navigator Browser software that enables users to view web pages – similar to Internet Explorer. O Operating system A set of routines and programs that control a computer’s resources and provide access to its services, e.g. Windows XP, Linux, Macintosh OS “X”. The Smart Tutor 100 NW 70th Ave., Plantation, FL 33317 Phone: 954.584.5250 Fax: 954.584.5273 www.learningtoday.com
  6. 6. Glossary of Educational Technology Terms applications work in most modern operating systems including “Macs.” Some older operating systems (e.g. Windows 95) do not support the latest versions of the internet browsers that Smart Tutor requires. P PDF (Portable Document Format) File format developed by Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat) to enable users of any hardware or software platform to view documents exactly as they were created — with fonts, images, links, and layouts as they were originally designed. Smart Tutor has some PDF reports and training manuals in PDF format, but Adobe Acrobat it is not required to operate the system. Plug-in An accessory program that allows certain functions to be performed. Plug-ins are usually free and are able to be downloaded instantly via the internet. Smart Tutor requires the use of the latest Flash plug-in. Flash is the language that we use to develop the Smart Tutor program and the Flash plug-in is required for any computer that will be using the Smart Tutor applications Pop Up (Window) A web page that appears in a new window. Smart Tutor instruction (lessons) is presented in a separate pop up window to maximize the size of the screen for students. R RAM (Random Access Memory) Temporary storage built into a computer system that functions as a "workspace" for data and program instructions. S Safari The latest web browser used by Macintosh computers. It works with Smart Tutor applications. Search Engine A remotely accessible program that lets you do keyword searches for information on the Internet. There are several types of search engines; the search may cover titles of documents, URLs, headers, or the full text. Google, Yahoo, MSN are 3 most commonly used search engines. 100 NW 70th Ave., Plantation, FL 33317 Phone: 954.584.5250 Fax: 954.584.5273 www.learningtoday.com
  7. 7. Glossary of Educational Technology Terms Streaming media (streaming audio or video) Audio or video files played as they are being downloaded over the Internet instead of users having to wait for the entire file to download first. Smart Tutor uses this technology to deliver the lessons to users so they don’t have to wait for the entire file to load before being able to view it. T T1 Type of broadband internet connection at an overall rate of 1.544 Mbps. Many businesses also use T1 lines to connect to an Internet access provider. U URL (uniform resource locator) The global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web. AKA your web address, it usually appears as http://www.(then the name).com or org or net. Resources: http://foldoc.org/ http://whatis.techtarget.com/ http://web.mit.edu/teachtech/glossary.html http://intel.com/education/techglossary/index.htm 100 NW 70th Ave., Plantation, FL 33317 Phone: 954.584.5250 Fax: 954.584.5273 www.learningtoday.com

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