10 October 28, 2012 John 18, 21 & Acts 4 From Failure To Action

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  • 1. FROM FAILURE TO ACTION John 18, 21 & Acts 4 OCTOBER 28, 2012FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI USA
  • 2. Cathy Jeffcoats
  • 3. As Cathy Jeffcoatsmentioned in herCaringBridge page she isgaining her strengthback and taking severalshort walks each day.
  • 4. *She enjoys hearingfrom you whether it is anote or card in the mail oron the CaringBridgepage.  *It is most uplifting to her.
  • 5. Sunday, November 4 th 5:00-5:50 p.m. Fellowship Hall East
  • 6. *Several classes andindividuals have signedup to compete for the titleof the best chef!  *There will be a trophy for1st, 2nd and 3rd placewinners!
  • 7. Date Night for ParentsFriday, November 9th5:30 - 9:30 p.m.For Infants - 6th grade  Cost is $10.00 per child. Call Connie Foreman at(601) 949-1995
  • 8. or email Connie at: cforeman@fbcj.org  DEADLINE toregister isSunday, November 4th!
  • 9. There will be no OneGreat Lunch Break orMens Stories this Mondayor Tuesday due to theMississippi BaptistConvention being heldhere at the FBCJ.
  • 10. Begin now praying forWorld Mission Week,November 7-11.  There will be an AdultSunday School Rally forYoung Married andMedian Adults on Nov 11
  • 11. at both the 9:00 and 10:30Sunday School hours.*Breakfast foods will beprovided.  *You will hear testimoniesfrom three missionarycouples.
  • 12. The lessons this monthdeal with the question:Is there life after failure?
  • 13. On October 7th, in John 4we studied how Jesusmoved the Samaritanwoman at the well fromfailure to her salvation andthen how that resulted insalvation for others .
  • 14. *On October 14th we sawAbraham gettingimpatient with God andfailing to wait on Him.
  • 15. *Today we will study thattender passage of howJesus restored Peter afterhe had failed Christ somiserably by denyingHim three times.
  • 16. *All of these people hadlife after their failuresbecause God worked intheir lives to move thembeyond those failures.
  • 17. Focal Passages:Do You Deny Christ?(John 18:15-18, 25b-27)Do You Really LoveChrist? (John 21:15-19)Do You Stand Up forChrist? (Acts 4:13, 18-20)
  • 18. Many of us have goodintentions to do the rightthing, but we falter whenthe time comes.
  • 19. *Jesus forgives, restores,and desires to use us.*Like Peter, we can learnto rely on God’s powerand boldly serve Him.
  • 20. We can be restored tousefulness in God’sservice regardless ofprevious failure.
  • 21. *All of us can relate tostarting out with goodintentions to take a stepfor Christ, but then weretreat.*Failure makes us thinkwe’ve been shelved from
  • 22. the Lord’s service.*Peter’s experience withfailure shows us what theLord has in mind for uswhen we let Him down.*He loves us and wants torestore us so we can serve.
  • 23. Do You Deny Christ?John 18:15-18, 25b-2715 “Meanwhile, SimonPeter was followingJesus, as was anotherdisciple. That disciplewas an acquaintance of
  • 24. the high priest; so hewent with Jesus into thehigh priest’s courtyard.16 But Peter remainedstanding outside by thedoor. So the otherdisciple, the one known
  • 25. to the high priest, wentout and spoke to the girlwho was the doorkeeperand brought Peter in.17 Then the slave girlwho was the doorkeepersaid to Peter, “You aren’t
  • 26. one of this man’sdisciples too, are you?”“I am not!” he said.18 Now the slaves andthe temple police hadmade a charcoal fire,because it was cold.
  • 27. They were standing therewarming themselves, andPeter was standing withthem, warming himself.25b They said to him,“You aren’t one of Hisdisciples too, are you?”
  • 28. He denied it and said, “Iam not!”26 One of the highpriest’s slaves, a relativeof the man whose earPeter had cut off, said,“Didn’t I see you with
  • 29. Him in the garden?”27 Peter then denied itagain. Immediately arooster crowed.” John 18:15-18, 25b-27
  • 30. *Peter is the mostfrequently mentioneddisciple in the Gospels.*He was born in Bethsaidawhich had many Gentilesand this may haveprepared him for his later
  • 31. involvement in thechurch’s outreach to theGentiles.*Peter was a spokesmanfor and the leader of thedisciples.
  • 32. *He is only one of twopeople who have walkedon water and that passagein Matthew 14 provides aportrait of the sincerestruggle of every believer:impetuous, attempting
  • 33. great things, diving in butthen doubting, groping,sinking – faith inundated.*He represented the otherdisciples when heconfessed that Jesus was“the Christ, the Son of the
  • 34. living God!”*As we heard from JimShaddix last week, thatwas the correct answerbut it was not yet acomplete faith.
  • 35. Dr. Jim Shaddix
  • 36. *At that point, it was across-less gospel and wastherefore, no Gospel at all.*When Jesus responded toPeter’s confession byspeaking with Hisdisciples for the first time
  • 37. about the necessity of Hisdeath, Peter rebuked Him.*Peter wanted to see Jesusas a conquering,victorious Messiah inaccordance with theJewish messianic
  • 38. expectation of his day.*Peter neither couldfathom nor stomach asuffering, dying Messiah.*He could not trust thewords of Jesus and forsuch, he received Jesus’
  • 39. sternest rebuke, “Getbehind me, Satan! For youare not on the side of God,but of men” (Mark 8:33).*The same can be said forthe incident at thetransfiguration.
  • 40. *Peter was the one tosuggest that three tents beprovided so they couldbask in the heavenlysplendor forever (Mark 9),thus attempting to bypassthe crucifixion again and
  • 41. go straight to theresurrection glory.*In Mark 14, when theywere on their way toGethsemane, Jesuspredicted that all thedisciples would fall away
  • 42. and that is when Petersaid, “Even though theyall fall away, I will not”.*It was then that Jesuspredicted Peter’s denial towhich Peter vehementlyprotested, “I will not deny
  • 43. You”.*Peter did take a stand forChrist in the Gardenwhen he drew his swordand cut off the ear of thehigh priest’s servant (John18:10-11).
  • 44. *What a stark contrast ispresented shortly thereafterwhen this valiant warriorwho shortly before wasready to singly take on anarmed host now shrinksbefore the
  • 45. idle babbling of a servantgirl and denies his Master(Mark 14:69).
  • 46. *Today’s passage,John 21:15-19, gives us thefullest description ofPeter’s rehabilitation.
  • 47. *Here we are told howJesus drew from Peter athreefold affirmation ofhis love and directed himthree times to “feed Mysheep”.
  • 48. *Not only does this serveto redeem Peter from histhreefold denial, it alsoprepares for his pastoralrole of shepherding theyoung Christian church.
  • 49. *In this passage, Peter isdepicted in more than arepresentative role for thedisciples and is given adegree of preeminenceand leadership amongthem.
  • 50. *Along with James andJohn, Peter belonged tothat “inner circle” of threewhom Jesus took along toparticipate in suchsignificant events as theraising of Jairus’ daughter,
  • 51. the transfiguration, andthe agony of Gethsemane.*In my opinion, those whoseek to be closest to theLord here on earth will berewarded with beingclosest to Him in Heaven.
  • 52. *In the lists of disciplesPeter is always namedfirst and Matthew addsthat Peter was protos, aGreek work which impliesfirst in prominence as wellas in order(Matthew 10:2).
  • 53. *In the sermon last week,Peter was singled out forspecial words from Jesuswhen He designatedPeter’s confession as therock upon which Hewould build His church.
  • 54. *Peter was also given thekeys of admittance toHeaven, which is closelyconnected with theauthority to bind and toloose.
  • 55. *It is so encouraging tonote that Jesus told Peterat the Last Supper that“when you have turnedagain, strengthen yourbrethren” (Luke 22:31-32).
  • 56. *The ultimate fulfillmentof Jesus’ restoring Peter tousefulness occurs after theresurrection when Peterbecomes the leader of theyoung church.
  • 57. *The first twelve chaptersof the book of Actsunmistakably depict Peterin this role.*He directed thereplacement of Judas, hepreached the sermon
  • 58. which led to theconversion of 3,000 souls,he directed the judgmentof Ananias and Sapphira,and it was Peter who putthe stamp of approval onPhilip’s Samaritan mission.
  • 59. *Then, there is a clear shiftin Peter’s role from churchleader/administrator tomissionary.*Acts 12:1-6 describesPeter’s imprisonment andmiraculous escape from
  • 60. the grip of HerodAgrippa.
  • 61. *After escaping, Peter saidfarewell to the Jerusalemcongregation, turned theleadership over to James(the half brother of Jesus)and departed “to anotherplace”.
  • 62. *Peter appeared again onlyonce, at the JerusalemCouncil, and even then hespoke as a missionary.
  • 63. *After that, the NTconsistently depicts Peterin the role of missionary:that is what being anapostle implies – one towhom the risen Lord hadappeared and given a
  • 64. special commission formissionary witness.*Paul confronted Peter for“insincerity” becausePeter had been enjoyingfellowship with theGentile Christians but
  • 65. withdrew when James putpressure on him.*Paul and Peter hadshared the same acceptingattitude toward Gentilesand it was thiswithdrawal that made
  • 66. Peter appear soinconsistent.
  • 67. *In 1 Peter 5:1-5, Peterexhorts the elders of thechurches to serve as goodshepherds under theGreat Shepherd becausethat is what Peter hadbecome in carrying out his
  • 68. Master’s charge, “feed mysheep”.*When Peter calls himselfa witness (martus) of thesufferings of Christ in1 Peter 5:1, he isreferring to his own
  • 69. impending death sinceour English word“martyr” comes from thatsame Greek word“martus”.
  • 70. By the end of his life,Peter understood that theGospel has to include thecross.
  • 71. He requested to becrucified upside downbecause he did not feelworthy to be crucified inthe same manner as hisLord.
  • 72. Dr. Polhill is professor ofNT interpretation atSouthern BaptistTheological Seminary inLouisville, Kentucky.
  • 73. Do You Really LoveChrist?John 21:15-1915 “When they had eatenbreakfast, Jesus askedSimon Peter, “Simon, sonof John, do you love Me
  • 74. more than these?”“Yes, Lord,” he said toHim, “You know that Ilove You.”“Feed My lambs,” Hetold him.
  • 75. 16 A second time Heasked him, “Simon, sonof John, do you loveMe?”“Yes, Lord,” he said toHim, “You know that Ilove You.”
  • 76. “Shepherd My sheep,”He told him.17 He asked him thethird time, “Simon, sonof John, do you loveMe?”
  • 77. Peter was grieved that Heasked him the third time,“Do you love Me?” Hesaid, “Lord, You knoweverything! You knowthat I love You.”
  • 78. “Feed My sheep,” Jesussaid.18 “I assure you: Whenyou were young, youwould tie your belt andwalk wherever youwanted. But when you
  • 79. grow old, you will stretchout your hands andsomeone else will tie youand carry you where youdon’t want to go.”19 He said this to signifyby what kind of death he
  • 80. would glorify God. Aftersaying this, He told him,“Follow Me!” John 21:15-19
  • 81. After His crucifixion andresurrection, Jesusappeared to some of Hisdisciples who had gonefishing on the Sea ofGalilee, and He preparedbreakfast for them.
  • 82. There He initiated aconversation with Peterthat reflected His love forHis disciple who hadfailed (18:28–21:14).
  • 83. *On the night of Jesus’arrest, Peter answeredthree questions bydenying Him 3 times.*Now in the conversationafter breakfast, Jesus alsoasked him 3 questions.
  • 84. *Each of them had to dowith Peter’s love for Jesus.*Also, they emphasizedJesus’ love for Peter andHis willingness to restorehim.
  • 85. The issue that Jesus raisedwith Peter involved loveand the way He wantedthe failed disciple toexpress it in the future.
  • 86. *What did Jesus have inmind when He mentionedthese in His question toPeter?
  • 87. If He pointed to the fish inthe net, He was askingPeter if he loved Himenough to leave his netsand serve full-time inkingdom service.
  • 88. Jesus could have beenasking Peter whether heloved Him more than theother disciples who hadgone fishing with him did(21:2).
  • 89. *The question got to thepriority of Peter’sdevotion to Christ.
  • 90. Peter recognized thatJesus knew what was inhis heart. For that reason,Peter didn’t try to deceiveJesus or keep anythingfrom Him.
  • 91. *He told Jesus theabsolute truth about hislove for Him.*Jesus responded toPeter’s answer by callinghim to ministry.
  • 92. *Peter had been afisherman all of his life.*Now Jesus directed himto be a shepherd.*In his role as a shepherd,Peter wouldn’t tend to hisown sheep.
  • 93. *Instead, he would befeeding the Lord’s lambs.*In other words, Christcommissioned Peter todevote himself exclusivelyto ministering to peoplewho would belong to Him.
  • 94. *Simon Peter could bothsoar to great heights andsink to great depths; hecould either hit a homerun or strike out.*When Jesus had firstcalled Peter to be His
  • 95. disciple, He had givenhim a miraculous haul offish (Luke 5:1-10) andthen called him to be afisher of men.*Now, three years later,Jesus gave him another
  • 96. miraculous haul of fish(John 21:4-6, 10-11).*Peter knew from thismiracle that Jesus was theOne along the shorelineand he jumped out of theboat in his eagerness to
  • 97. see Jesus again (John 21:7-8, 12).*Jesus asked Peter threetimes if he loved Him(one for each denial) andeach time He addressedhim as “Simon, son of
  • 98. John” instead of “Peter”,the name Jesus Himselfhad given Peter after hisaffirmation of Jesus’divinity.*Jesus was offering Peter asecond chance to live like
  • 99. the Peter whose faith waslike a rock.*The first two times Jesusused the word agapaoand Peter replied withphileo.
  • 100. *On the third question,they both used the wordphileo.
  • 101. *When Jesus told Peter to“feed My lambs” or “tendMy sheep” He was usingfour different words.*The three commandsalternate four words – twodifferent words regarding
  • 102. the task to be done andtwo different wordsregarding those to whomthe ministry was to beperformed.
  • 103. *The two words regardingthe ministry Peter was tohave are boske (feed in vv.15-17) and poimaine (tendor shepherd in v. 16).*The ministry was to beperformed for Jesus’ arnia
  • 104. (lambs in v 15) and forHis probata (sheep in vv.16-17).*In v 15 He said “feed Mylambs” and after the thirdquestion, “feed Mysheep” in v 17.
  • 105. *Feed = providing theflock with spiritualnourishment.*Jesus instructed Peter toprovide spiritualsustenance for both theyoung lambs in v 15 and
  • 106. the older sheep in v 17.*Jesus second commandwas “tend my sheep”which includes feeding,guiding, protecting andcaring for them.
  • 107. In an interesting play onwords in the book ofRevelation, the Lamb ofGod will Himself becomethe Great Shepherd (Rev7:17).
  • 108. Peter took Jesus’command to heart to bean under-shepherdbecause in 1 Peter 5:2-4 heurged his fellow elders toshepherd the flock of Godlovingly until the Chief
  • 109. Shepherd returned.Steve Lemke is provost atNOBTS.
  • 110. *Jesus’ response to Peter’sreply made Hiscommission to His faileddisciple perfectly clear.*From that moment on,Peter would devotehimself to ministry.
  • 111. *Peter didn’t need to seehimself as a disciple whofailed to live up to hiscommitment to Christ.*Now he could seehimself as a restoreddisciple who had a
  • 112. renewed call from hisLord to minister to peoplewho would belong toHim.
  • 113. Like Peter, we can restassured that when wereturn to Christ afterhaving failed Him, we canexpect Him to respond tous with love andwillingness to restore us.
  • 114. *When we falter asbelievers, we cannot allowourselves to concludewe’re useless to Him now.*Because He loves us, theLord wants to work in ourhearts to restore us.
  • 115. *In response to Him, wedo well to do what He’scalling us to do.*We display our love forHim by living out whatwe believe about Him.
  • 116. *In due time, otherswould take control of hislife and bring it to an end.*At the same time, Jesusassured Peter that Godwould be glorified in theway he would die.
  • 117. *Then Jesus commandedPeter to follow Him.*Following Jesus into thefuture would exhibitPeter’s love for Him.
  • 118. Despite any fears Petercould have had that hemight have disqualifiedhimself from Jesus’service, Jesus still hadplans for Peter.
  • 119. If you have failed Jesusbut stand ready toearnestly, sincerely affirmyour love for Him, Hestands ready to use you,too.
  • 120. Do You Stand Up forChrist?Acts 4:13, 18-2013 When they observedthe boldness of Peter andJohn and realized thatthey were uneducated
  • 121. and untrained men, theywere amazed andrecognized that they hadbeen with Jesus.18 So they called forthem and ordered themnot to preach or teach at
  • 122. all in the name of Jesus.19 But Peter and Johnanswered them,“Whether it’s right in thesight of God for us tolisten to you rather thanto God, you decide;
  • 123. 20 for we are unable tostop speaking about whatwe have seen and heard.”
  • 124. At the festival calledPentecost, the Holy Spiritcame, and Peterproclaimed a dynamicChrist-centered messagein His power.
  • 125. As a result of the Spirit’swork through Peter’smessage, 3000 peoplewere saved (Acts 1:4–2:42).
  • 126. *Soon afterward, Peterpreached again, andmany more peoplereceived Christ.*The religious leaderstried to put a stop toPeter’s preaching.
  • 127. *They arrested him andJohn and threw them intojail.*After spending the nightthere, the religious leaderscalled the two disciples toappear before them and
  • 128. explain why theypreached about Christ(4:1-12).
  • 129. Peter spoke up with suchboldness about Jesus thereligious leaders reactedwith astonishment toPeter’s defense of hismessage (v. 13).
  • 130. *Obviously, Peter’sboldness had surprisedthem.*His courageousproclamation about Christin the presence of thereligious leaders stood in
  • 131. stark contrast to hisdenials of Christ on thenight of His arrest.*Then he had behavedlike a coward, denying heeven knew Jesus.
  • 132. Now he stood up for Jesusand caught his accusersoff guard with hisconfidence.
  • 133. *Peter’s life was differentbecause of Jesus.*When Jesus confrontedPeter in love at breakfastwith a desire to restorehim, things began tochange for the faltering
  • 134. disciple.*He became a loyalapostle who would neveragain deny Jesus.*He personifiedfearlessness in the face ofopposition.
  • 135. When the Holy Spiritcame, He empoweredPeter to preach withconfidence the message ofsalvation through Christthe Lord, whom he lovedwith his whole heart.
  • 136. *The dynamic change inPeter’s life serves as anencouraging example tous.*When we find ourselvesdefeated by our failures tolive out our convictions
  • 137. about Christ, we don’thave to settle for beingsidelined.*Neither should ourfailures force us into theshadows of shyness whenit comes to letting others
  • 138. see Christ in us.*Like Peter, we can gofrom timidity to boldnesswhen we turn to the Lordfor help.*We can trust Him tostrengthen us with His
  • 139. presence so we can serveHim with confidence.*And like Peter and John,people will see ourboldness and recognizethat we have been withJesus.
  • 140. The Holy Spirit who hadempowered them topreach made them bold asthey took their stand forChrist in the presence ofthe religious leaders.
  • 141. *Notice in particular thekind of information Peterand John would declare intheir message about Jesus.*They did not intend tospeak about Him usingsecond-hand information.
  • 142. *Instead, they wouldpreach Christ basedsimply on their personalencounters with Him.*They would sharewithout restraint whatthey had seen and heard
  • 143. for themselves.*In doing so, they wouldgive first-hand, vibranttestimony of Christ.*Incidentally, that’s thekind of information Jesuswanted them to share
  • 144. when He instructed themto bear witness of Himonce the Holy Spirit came(Acts 1:6-8).
  • 145. Acts 1:6-86 “So when they hadcome together, they askedHim, “Lord, are Yourestoring the kingdom toIsrael at this time?”
  • 146. 7 He said to them, “It isnot for you to know timesor periods that the Fatherhas set by His ownauthority. 8 But you will receivepower when the Holy
  • 147. Spirit has come on you,and you will be Mywitnesses in Jerusalem, inall Judea and Samaria,and to the ends of theearth.” Acts 1:6-8
  • 148. *Boldness in proclaimingChrist continues to be theorder of our day.*No matter how badly wemay have failed Jesus inthe past, we can count onHis Spirit to enable us to
  • 149. take our stand for Himnow.*Of course, taking a standfor Him means speakingup for Him and bearingwitness of His presenceand power.
  • 150. *However, it also meansliving according to Hisways even when it’s notpopular.*Likewise, we take a standfor Him when we makedecisions that please Him
  • 151. in our families,friendships, andother relationships.*In the same way, westand up for Him when wereflect His character in ourinteractions with others.
  • 152. *If you consider yourselfuseless to Christ becauseyou failed Him in thepast, think again.*Peter shows that theLord loves us and wantsto restore us to usefulness.
  • 153. *He’s more than willing tohelp us go from failure toaction for His glory.*Perhaps He’s nudgingyou right now about aconversation with Himthat could change your life.
  • 154. Truths of This Lesson• We may surpriseourselves with ourtimidity and our failure totake advantage ofopportunities to stand upfor Christ.
  • 155. • When we fail, we canlive in the assurance thatJesus knows how torestore us by helping usfocus on love for Him andwillingness to followHim.
  • 156. • Christ’s working in usthrough His Spirit cantransform us from beingtimid to being confidentand courageous as weserve Him.
  • 157. • No matter how badlywe have failed, Jesusstands ready to love usback into usefulness inHis service.
  • 158. Next week:Pray with dependency on God to transform lives. Acts 4