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08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History
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08 August 10, 2014, Daniel 4-5, God's Control of History

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Sunday School Lesson

Sunday School Lesson

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  • 1. Daniel 4-5 Examples of God’s Sovereignty Is God in control of history? August 10, 2014 FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI USA ANNOUNCEMENTS  LITTLE FEET FALL CHILDREN’S CONSIGNMENT SALE FOR MISSIONS – August 22-23  CASTING CROWNS – August 21  LADIES CONNECTIONS DINNER – September 4 August Memory Verse 1 Corinthians 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labor is not in vain in the Lord. THE BOOK OF DANIEL • Theological Theme: God’s Sovereignty Daniel 5:21 21 … the Most High God is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and sets over them anyone he wishes. God controls the destinies of both pagan empires and His exiled people. REFERENCES Daniel: God’s Pattern For The Future, A Study Guide by Charles R. Swindoll, 1992 Daniel: Lives of Integrity, Words of Prophecy by Beth Moore, 2006 Lessons In Daniel, YouTube Videos, Chuck Missler Knowing God by J. I. Packer, InterVarsity Press, 1973
  • 2. The Book of Daniel • Chapters 1-6 – Historical narrative of experiences of Daniel and his friends in Babylon • Chapters 7-12 – Apocalyptic (futuristic) visions and revelations of future events Language: Daniel 1:1-2:4; 8-12 in Hebrew Daniel 2:5-7:28 written in Aramaic Chapters are not in chronological order. Summary of Daniel 1 & 2 • Daniel 1 – Nebuchadnezzar becomes King of Babylon in 605 B.C. – Daniel & friends deported to Babylon – They become advisors to the King • Daniel 2 – Daniel interprets dream of the King – Dreamed of large statue struck by a rock and it crumbles – God reveals the future of Nebuchadnezzar’s kingdom and also kingdoms to follow Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream 604 B.C.
  • 3. Summary of Daniel 3 • Daniel 3 – The fiery furnace episode – Daniel is probably out of country – Nebuchadnezzar makes a statue for all to bow down and worship – Shadrach, Meshach, & Abednego refuse to bow and God saves them in the fire – “They wouldn’t bend, they wouldn’t bow, they wouldn’t burn!” (The Fourth Man In The Fire - The Statler Brothers) Daniel 4 • Written by King Nebuchadnezzar in Aramaic • Affidavit – a written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation for use as evidence • Posted throughout the Babylonian world • Is Daniel 4 a statement of Nebuchadnezzar’s faith? • Did Nebuchadnezzar become a believer in Daniel’s God? Daniel 4:1-6 1 King Nebuchadnezzar, To the nations and peoples of every language, who live in all the earth: May you prosper greatly! 2 It is my pleasure to tell you about the miraculous signs and wonders that the Most High God has performed for me. 3 How great are his signs, how mighty his wonders! His kingdom is an eternal kingdom; his dominion endures from generation to generation. (Words of Nebuchadnezzar about Daniel’s God) 4 I, Nebuchadnezzar, was at home in my palace, contented and prosperous. 5 I had a dream that made me afraid. As I was lying in bed, the images and visions that passed through my mind terrified me. 6 So I commanded that all the wise men of Babylon be brought before me to interpret the dream for me.
  • 4. Summary of Daniel 4:7-15 • Daniel was called to interpret Nebuchadnezzar’s dream again • Large beautiful fruit tree that touched the sky • Animals & birds lived & fed from the tree • Voice calls down from heaven for tree to be cut down & stump covered with iron & bronze • Voice announces a 7 year mental problem Tree Dream Daniel 4:15-17 The Voice says… 15 …"'Let him be drenched with the dew of heaven, and let him live with the animals among the plants of the earth. 16 Let his mind be changed from that of a man and let him be given the mind of an animal, till seven times pass by for him. 17 "'The decision is announced by messengers, the holy ones declare the verdict, so that the living may know that the Most High is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and gives them to anyone he wishes and sets over them the lowliest of people.
  • 5. Summary of Daniel 4:18-24 • Daniel interprets the dream with hesitation • The good news: – The tree represents Nebuchadnezzar and his greatness and dominion on the earth • The bad news: – “You will be driven away from people and will live with the wild animals; you will eat grass like cattle and be drenched with dew……for 7 years” Daniel 4:28-30 28 All this happened to King Nebuchadnezzar. 29 Twelve months later, as the king was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon, 30 he said, "Is not this the great Babylon I have built as the royal residence, by my mighty power and for the glory of my majesty?“ (The dream comes true immediately after this statement) The great Babylon I have built…
  • 6. Clinical Lycanthropy Clinical Lycanthropy • Clinical lycanthropy – a psychosis in which the patient has delusions of being a wild animal (usually a wolf). • Werewolf – (Human-wolf) – a mythological creature that can change from a human form into a wolf-human form.
  • 7. Daniel 4:34, 36-37 34 At the end of that time, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven, and my sanity was restored. Then I praised the Most High; I honored and glorified him who lives forever. 36 At the same time that my sanity was restored, my honor and splendor were returned to me for the glory of my kingdom. My advisers and nobles sought me out, and I was restored to my throne and became even greater than before. 37 Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and exalt and glorify the King of heaven, because everything he does is right and all his ways are just. And those who walk in pride he is able to humble. Why Does God Hate Pride? 1. Pride makes us blind to the work of God. 2. We forget His sovereignty (supreme power). 3. Pride blinds us to our own need for a Savior, and we withhold grace from those we feel do not deserve it. 4. Charles Spurgeon: “None are more unjust in their judgments of others than those who have a high opinion of themselves.” Comments on Daniel 4 • Daniel is reported to have been the care giver for Nebuchadnezzar for those 7 years. • Daniel lived out his faith in God by serving his captor. The time between Daniel 4 and 5 • Nebuchadnezzar dies in 562 B.C. – Served as King of Babylon 43 years – 3 sons; 1 daughter • Evil-Merodach (Amel-Marduk) 562-560 B.C. • Nergal-shar-usur 560-556 B.C. • Nabonidus 556-539 B.C. – Very unpopular and lived outside Babylon – Allowed his son Belshazzar to rule Babylon as King in his place. (No Aramaic word for grandfather) The Setting For Daniel 5 • Belshazzar is serving as King of Babylon • The date is October 12, 539 B.C. • Persian army is on the move and conquered areas around Babylon led by Cyrus the Great • Belshazzar throws a party with 1000 nobles • Gold & Silver goblets brought from Temple in Jerusalem & used as expression of pride
  • 8. Sayings from Daniel 5 • “Your number is up!” • “Saw the handwriting on the wall!” Belshazzar’s Wine Festival Daniel 5:5-6 NIV 5 Suddenly the fingers of a human hand appeared and wrote on the plaster of the wall, near the lampstand in the royal palace. The king watched the hand as it wrote. 6 His face turned pale and he was so frightened that his legs became weak and his knees were knocking. Daniel 5:5-6 NKJV 5 In the same hour the fingers of a man's hand appeared and wrote opposite the lampstand on the plaster of the wall of the king's palace; and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote. 6 Then the king's countenance changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his hips were loosened and his knees knocked against each other. Daniel 5:5-6 ISV 5 While the king watched the back of the hand as it was writing, his facial expression changed. 6 Utterly frightened, he lost control of his own bowels and his knees knocked together.
  • 9. Rembrandt Painting of Handwriting Summary of Daniel 5:7-24 • Wise men could not interpret the handwriting • Daniel is called in to read the writing at the recommendation of Belshazzar’s grandmother • Daniel preaches a sermon to Belshazzar before interpreting the encrypted handwriting – “You are no King Nebuchadnezzar like your grandfather.” – “You have set yourself up against the Lord of heaven.” Daniel 5:25-31 25 "This is the inscription that was written: MENE, MENE, TEKEL, PARSIN 26 "Here is what these words mean: Mene: God has numbered the days of your reign and brought it to an end. 27 Tekel: You have been weighed on the scales and found wanting. 28 Peres: Your kingdom is divided and given to the Medes and Persians." 29 Then at Belshazzar's command, Daniel was clothed in purple, a gold chain was placed around his neck, and he was proclaimed the third highest ruler in the kingdom. 30 That very night Belshazzar, king of the Babylonians, was slain, 31 and Darius the Mede took over the kingdom, at the age of sixty-two.
  • 10. • The historical events around this night…… That very night, Belshazzar was slain • King Cyrus diverts the Euphrates River upstream to drop the water level in Babylon • The Medo-Persian army waded through the moat and under the city walls to conquer it • Darius the Mede, Cyrus the Great and Gubaru may be the same person (Throne names?) • Nebuchadnezzar’s statue – Head of gold kingdom ended; Silver next (Medo-Persians) October 12, 539 B.C. Cyrus The Great Enters Babylon Daniel Meets Cyrus The Great • Daniel presented Cyrus with a scroll of Isaiah 44 and 45 showing fulfillment of prophecy • The prophecy was written almost 150 years earlier (681 B.C) and described events precisely and called him by name – Cyrus! • It was a letter from God to Cyrus written 150 years earlier Isaiah 44:24; 27-28 24 …. I am the Lord, the Maker of all things, who stretches out the heavens, who spreads out the earth by myself,…
  • 11. 27 who says to the watery deep, 'Be dry, and I will dry up your streams,‘ 28 who says of Cyrus, 'He is my shepherd and will accomplish all that I please; he will say of Jerusalem, "Let it be rebuilt,“ and of the temple, "Let its foundations be laid."' Isaiah 45:1, 4 1 "This is what the Lord says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of to subdue nations before him and to strip kings of their armor, to open doors before him so that gates will not be shut: 4 For the sake of Jacob my servant, of Israel my chosen, I summon you by name and bestow on you a title of honor, though you do not acknowledge me. Cyrus’ Response • 40,000 Jewish captives allowed to return to Judah • Gave significant finances to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem • Allowed Temple objects taken by Nebuchadnezzar to be returned. • Alexander the Great conquered Medo-Persian empire in 331 B.C. (208 years later) Cyrus’ Conquests
  • 12. Lessons From Daniel What evidence do you see in a person who knows their God? Evidence of Knowing God 1. Those who know God have great energy & motivation for God. - Daniel & friends resolve not to defile themselves with royal food and wine - Daniel interprets Nebuchadnezzar’s & Belshazzar’s dreams at risk of rage from the king of delivering bad news - Daniel scolds Belshazzar about his pride 2. Those who know God have great thoughts of God. Daniel 2:28 28 …but there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries. He has shown King Nebuchadnezzar what will happen in days to come. 3. Those who know God show great boldness for God. Daniel 3:16 16 Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego replied to him, "King Nebuchadnezzar, we do not need to defend ourselves before you in this matter. 4. Those who know God have great contentment in God. Daniel 3:17-18 17 If we are thrown into the blazing furnace, the God we serve is able to deliver us from it, and he will deliver us from Your Majesty's hand. 18 But even if he does not, we want you to know, Your Majesty, that we will not serve your gods or worship the image of gold you have set up." Opening Question? Is God in control of history? Daniel 4:32 32 … the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever He chooses." Daniel 5:21 21 …the Most High God rules in the kingdom of men, and appoints over it whomever He chooses.
  • 13. The Plan of Hope & Salvation Romans 3:23 NKJV 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, Romans 6:23a NKJV 23a For the wages of sin is death, Death in this life (the first death) is 100%. Even Jesus, the only one who doesn’t deserve death, died in this life to pay the penalty for our sins. The death referred to in Romans 6:23a is the second death explained in Revelation 21:8. Revelation 21:8 NKJV 8 “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.” Romans 6:23b NKJV 23b but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. Romans 5:8 NKJV 8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Revelation 21:7 NKJV 7 “He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son.” Romans 10:9-10 explains to us how to accept Jesus as our Savior. Romans 10:9-10 NKJV 9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. Romans 10:13 NKJV 13 For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” If you have questions or would like to know more. Please, contact First Baptist Church Jackson at 601-979-1900 or http://firstbaptistjackson.org/contact/

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