04 April 8, 2012 Matthew, Chapter 28, Verses 1-10


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04 April 8, 2012 Matthew, Chapter 28, Verses 1-10

  2. 2. Artist:Caravaggio Title: Thomas
  3. 3. "Praying For Our Jerusalem" Acts 1:8 Any testimonies?
  5. 5. Mens Conference Life of ValorMadison Campus Friday, April 206:00 - 10:00 p.m.
  6. 6. COST: $10.00 each (includessupper)All men (age 13 and older)Register online atwww.fbcj.org or call601.949.1948
  7. 7. Thank You for Servingbanquet to honor waiters &waitresses at: The South, 627 East Silas Brown Jackson, MS 39201Monday, April 23rd 6-8 pm
  8. 8. Next Generation Leader Luncheon(For Young Professionalsages 20-39) Thursday, April 26, 2012 11:45 a.m.
  9. 9. Christian Life Center Auditorium Chris Maddux, Speaker"Are You A Contributor or Consumer"
  10. 10. Reservations - $10.00 perpersonCall (601) 949-1941 oronline at www.fbcj.org
  11. 11. FRIEND DAY SUNDAY, APRIL 29thGoal: 2,500 in SS Offering warm fellowship and refreshments!
  12. 12. Going Deeper with God Conference3) Allowing God to cleanse us?4) Praying through the fruit of the Spirit daily?
  13. 13. The MacArthur NewTestament Commentary,Copyright © Moody Pressand John MacArthur, Jr.,1983-2007.
  14. 14. So what?What difference does theResurrection make in mylife today and tomorrow?
  15. 15. 1. My past can be forgiven.2. My present problemscan be managed.3. My future can be secure.
  16. 16. Matthew 28:1-101 “Now after the Sabbath, asit began to dawn toward thefirst day of the week, MaryMagdalene and the otherMary came to look at the
  17. 17. Grave. 2 And behold, asevere earthquake hadoccurred, for an angel of theLord descended from heavenand came and rolled awaythe stone and sat upon it.
  18. 18. 3 And his appearance waslike lightning, and hisclothing as white assnow. 4 The guards shookfor fear of him and becamelike dead men.
  19. 19. 5 The angel said to thewomen, “Do not be afraid;for I know that you arelooking for Jesus Who hasbeen crucified.6 He is not here, for He has
  20. 20. risen, just as He said. Come,see the place where He waslying.7 Go quickly and tell Hisdisciples that He has risenfrom the dead; and behold,
  21. 21. He is going ahead ofyou into Galilee, there youwill see Him; behold, I havetold you.”8 And they left the tombquickly with fear and great
  22. 22. joy and ran to report it toHis disciples.9 And behold, Jesus metthem and greeted them.And they came up and tookhold of His feet and
  23. 23. worshiped Him.10 Then Jesus said to them,“Do not be afraid; go andtake word to My brethren toleave for Galilee, and therethey will see Me.” (Matt 28)
  24. 24. Matthew 28:1-10Like every piece of goodliterature, Matthews gospelis not a random collection offacts or ideas or stories buthas a specific plan and
  25. 25. purpose.Chapter 28 is the powerfulclimax of everything elseMatthew had written aboutChrist under the guidance ofthe Holy Spirit.
  26. 26. The central event of thatclimax, the resurrection ofJesus Christ, is also thecentral event of Godsredemptive history.
  27. 27. The resurrection is thecornerstone of the Christianfaith, and everything thatwe are and have and hopeto be is predicated on itsreality.
  28. 28. There would be noChristianity if there were noresurrection.The message of Scripturehas always been a messageof resurrection hope,
  29. 29. a message that death is notthe end for those whobelong to God.For the believer, death hasnever been an end butrather a doorway that leads
  30. 30. to eternity with God.Abraham willingly obeyedGods command to sacrificehis only son, Isaac, because,in faith, "he considered thatGod is able to raise men
  31. 31. even from the dead" (Heb11:19). ).The psalmists declared,"God will redeem my soulfrom the power of Sheol; forHe will receive me" Ps49:15
  32. 32. and that "with Thy counselThou wilt guide me, andafterward receive me toglory" (Ps 73:24).Isaiah proclaimed, "Yourdead will live; their corpses
  33. 33. will rise" (Isa 26:19).Through Daniel the Lordassures His people that,although they die, one daythey "will awake... toeverlasting life" (Dan 12:2).
  34. 34. Hosea assures believers thatthe Lord will raise up allbelievers to live before Him(Hos 6:2).Job asked rhetorically, "If aman dies, will he live again?"
  35. 35. and then declared, "All thedays of my struggle I willwait, until my changecomes" (Job 14:14).That ancient man of Godeven foresaw the reality of
  36. 36. resurrection, proclaiming tohis three friends, Bildad inparticular: "I know that myRedeemer lives, and at thelast He will take His stand onthe earth.
  37. 37. Even after my skin isdestroyed, yet from myflesh I shall see God"(Job 19:25-26).
  38. 38. Such has been the promisedhope of Gods peoplethroughout history, a hopepredicated on theresurrection of Jesus Christ.It is His resurrection that
  39. 39. guarantees ours."Now Christ has been raisedfrom the dead," Pauldeclares, "the first fruits ofthose who are asleep.For since by a man came
  40. 40. death, by a man also camethe resurrection of the dead.For as in Adam all die, soalso in Christ all shall bemade alive" (1 Cor15:20-22).
  41. 41. The resurrection of JesusChrist is the single greatestevent in the history of theworld!It is so foundational toChristianity that no one who
  42. 42. denies it can be a trueChristian.Without resurrection thereis no Christian faith, nosalvation, and no hope.
  43. 43. “If there is no resurrection ofthe dead," Paul explains,"not even Christ has beenraised; and if Christ has notbeen raised, then ourpreaching is vain, your faith
  44. 44. also is vain" (1 Cor 15:13-14).A person who believes in aChrist who was not raisedbelieves in a powerlessChrist, a dead Christ.
  45. 45. If Christ did not rise from thedead, then no redemptionwas accomplished at thecross and "your faith isworthless," Paul goes on tosay; "you are still in your
  46. 46. sins" (v. 17).The foundation of all ourhope is expressed in Jesusown words: "I am theresurrection and the life; hewho believes in Me shall live
  47. 47. even if he dies" (John 11:25),and, "Because I live, youshall live also" (14:19).Although they reveal thesame divine truths in perfectharmony with one another,
  48. 48. each of the gospel writerspresents the resurrectionfrom a distinctiveperspective.Matthew does not approachthe resurrection from a
  49. 49. scholarly, historical,analytical, or evidentialperspective but focusesrather on the emotionalreaction of a some womenwho loved Jesus deeply.
  50. 50. Because Jews consideredreference to "a day" asmeaning any part of thatday, Sunday was the thirdday of Jesus interment, theday which He had
  51. 51. repeatedly predicted wouldbe the day of Hisresurrection.
  52. 52. It is because of theresurrection that Christiansworship on Sunday ratherthan on the Sabbath.
  53. 53. Matthew 28:11“Now after the Sabbath, asit began to dawn toward thefirst day of the week, MaryMagdalene and the otherMary came to look at the
  54. 54. grave.” Matthew 28:1
  55. 55. Although they hadwitnessed Josephs andNicodemus wrapping ofJesus body in the linencloths and spices, thewomen had secured and
  56. 56. prepared their own spices(probably a small amount incomparison to that broughtby Nicodemus) with whichthey would personallyanoint the Lord.
  57. 57. Although Salome, themother of James and Johnand the wife of Zebedee andJoanna were also there,Matthew focuses only onthe two Marys.
  58. 58. The other Mary was themother of James and Josephand the wife of Clopas.
  59. 59. The women obviouslythought Jesus would still bein the grave and wouldremain there, or else theywould not have brought theanointing spices.
  60. 60. They had not come to seeJesus risen but to look at thegrave where they expectedHis body to still be lying.They had been among thewomen who ministered to
  61. 61. Jesus in Galilee and who hadstood with Him at the cross.Now they came to thegarden hoping thatsomehow the great stonecould be removed so they
  62. 62. could minister to Him onelast time.But despite their lack offaith in Jesus promises torise on the third day, theycame to the tomb out of
  63. 63. deep affection for theirLord.Jewish tradition wronglyheld that the spirit of a deadperson left the body fourdays after death because by
  64. 64. that time the body hadbecome so disfigured bydecay that the spirit couldno longer recognize it.That tradition may bereflected in Marthas
  65. 65. comment to Jesus about herbrother, Lazarus: "Lord, bythis time there will be astench, for he has beendead four days”.
  66. 66. Perhaps the two Marys andthe other women came toJesus grave with the intentof anointing His body onemore time before His spiritdeparted from it.
  67. 67. 2 And behold, a severeearthquake had occurred,for an angel of the Lorddescended from heaven andcame and rolled away thestone and sat upon it.”(28:2)
  68. 68. This was the secondsupernaturally causedearthquake in connectionwith Jesus death and burial,the first one havingoccurred at the moment of
  69. 69. His death.God caused an earthquakeon Mount Sinai just beforeHe revealed the law toMoses (Ex 19:18) and onMount Horeb when He
  70. 70. revealed Himself to Elijah (1Kings 19:11).In the end times He will alsosend numerous earthquakes(Joel 2:10; Matt 24:7; Rev6:12; 8:5; 11:13-19).
  71. 71. Now, within three days, Hecaused two earthquakes justoutside Jerusalem.The angel did not move thestone in order to let Jesusout of the tomb.
  72. 72. If Jesus had the power toraise Himself from the dead,which He did (John 10:18), Hecertainly had the relativelyminor power required toescape a sealed grave.
  73. 73. As He demonstrated duringseveral post resurrectionappearances, just as He wasno longer bound by death,He was no longer bound by
  74. 74. the limitations of thephysical world or of time.In His glorified form Hecould escape a closed gravejust as easily as He couldenter a closed room.
  75. 75. In comparing the gospelaccounts, it becomes clearthat Jesus had already leftthe tomb when the stonewas rolled away.
  76. 76. The angel moved the stonenot to let Jesus out but to letthe women and the apostlesin.
  77. 77. Matthew 28:33 “And his appearance waslike lightning, and hisclothing as white as snow.”
  78. 78. The description suggeststhat God transmitted someof His own Shekinah gloryto the angel, just as He hadtransmitted a measure of itto Moses on Sinai when the
  79. 79. covenant was renewed (Ex34:29).In a similar way, the angelsglistening garment that wasas white as snow suggestsGods purity and holiness.
  80. 80. The angel bore the verycharacter of God in order tomake clear to the observersnot only that he was asupernatural messenger butthat he was an agent of God
  81. 81. and not Satan.Matthew 28:44 “The guards shook for fearof him and became likedead men.”
  82. 82. Shook translates a Greekterm that has the same rootas "earthquake" in verse 2,indicating that the soldiersexperienced personalearthquakes of both mind
  83. 83. and body.But after a brief moment ofshaking, they then becamelike dead men, paralyzedwith fear.
  84. 84. The idea seems to be thatthey not only became rigidbut unconscious, completelytraumatized by what theysaw.
  85. 85. The soldiers had goodreason to be afraid.Not only was the angelsappearance terrifying initself but, because they hadbeen charged with
  86. 86. protecting the grave, anempty tomb could spelltheir death.
  87. 87. Matthew 28:55 “The angel said to thewomen, “Do not be afraid;for I know that you arelooking for Jesus Who hasbeen crucified.”
  88. 88. Unlike the soldiers, thewomen had no reason tofear, and the angels firstwords were meant to givethem comfort andassurance.
  89. 89. They had not comeexpecting to find Jesusraised, but in His graciousmercy God overlooked theirweak faith and their lack ofunderstanding.
  90. 90. Acknowledging their greatlove, God responded withgreat love, notcondemnation.
  91. 91. Matthew 28:66 “He is not here, for He hasrisen, just as He said. Come,see the place where He waslying.”
  92. 92. "He is not here, for He hasrisen, just as He said."Has risen translates a Greekaorist passive and can alsobe rendered, "has beenraised."
  93. 93. Jesus Himself had power togive up His life and to take itup again (John 10:18).But Scripture makes clearthat He also was raised bythe power of the Father
  94. 94. (Rom 6:4; Gal 1:1; 1 Peter1:3) and of the Holy Spirit(Rom 8:11).The entire Trinityparticipated in theresurrection of Jesus!
  95. 95. When Peter and Johnentered the tomb a shortwhile later, they "beheld thelinen wrappings lying there,and the face-cloth, whichhad been on His head, not
  96. 96. lying with the linenwrappings, but rolled up in aplace by itself"(John 20:6-7).
  97. 97. The burial clothes were justas they were when Josephand Nicodemus laid thebody to rest, except for theface-cloth, which was set toone side.
  98. 98. Jesus did not have to beunwrapped any more thanHe had to have the stoneremoved.
  99. 99. At one moment He wasencased in the linen, and thenext He was free, leavingthe wrappings unchanged.
  100. 100. While the women were inthe tomb, another angeljoined the first, "one at thehead, and one at the feet,where the body of Jesus hadbeen lying" (John 20:12).
  101. 101. Their positions arereminiscent of the twogolden cherubim who wereon either side of the MercySeat on the Ark of theCovenant (Ex 25:18).
  102. 102. The two angels in thegarden were posted ateither end of the tomb ofJesus, Who, by the sacrificeHe had just made of His ownlife, became the true and
  103. 103. eternal Mercy Seat for sinfulmankind.
  104. 104. Matthew 28:77 “Go quickly and tell Hisdisciples that He has risenfrom the dead; and behold,He is going ahead of youinto Galilee, there you will
  105. 105. see Him; behold, I have toldyou.”
  106. 106. The womens fascinationmust quickly turn toproclamation.They did not have time torevel in the marvelousreality of the Good News
  107. 107. but were to go immediatelyand announce it to thecowering disciples, whowere still hiding inJerusalem.
  108. 108. It would seem more thanjustified for the Lord to haveallowed the disciples tosuffer in fear, despair, andagony for a week or sobefore telling them the
  109. 109. Good News.They had stubbornlyrefused to believe that Jesuswould die and be raised,although He had told themof His death and
  110. 110. resurrection many times.*God is not interested inbeating you up (Jesus tookyour beating for you) sodon’t beat yourself upeither.
  111. 111. But in His gracious mercyGod sent the women to tellthe disciples as soon aspossible, so they would nothave to experience anothermoment of misery and grief.
  112. 112. He did not rebuke them fortheir lack of faith and fortheir cowardice but rathersent them messengers witha gracious word of hope andcomfort.
  113. 113. One wonders why Godchose to reveal the truth ofthe resurrection first tothose women rather than tothe disciples.
  114. 114. One commentator suggeststhat it was because Godchooses the weak toconfound the strong.Another suggests thewomen were rewarded for
  115. 115. their faithful service to theLord in Galilee.Another holds that, becausedeath came by a woman in agarden, so new life was firstannounced to a woman in a
  116. 116. garden.Others propose that it wasbecause the deepest sorrowdeserves the deepest joy orthat supreme love deservessupreme privilege.
  117. 117. But Scripture offers no suchexplanations.It seems obvious that thewomen were the first tohear the angelicannouncement of the
  118. 118. resurrection simply becausethey were there.Had the disciples beenthere, they, too, would haveheard the Good Newsdirectly from the angel
  119. 119. rather than indirectlythrough the women.This is analogous to thereality that the closer abeliever stays to the Lordand to His work, the more
  120. 120. he is going to witness andexperience the Lordspower.Those who are there whenthe Lords people gather forworship and prayer, who are
  121. 121. there when His Word isbeing taught, who are therewhen the lost are being wonto Christ, who are therewhen others are beingserved in His name, who are
  122. 122. regular in their times ofprivate prayer— those arethe ones who will mostoften experience firsthandthe work of God.
  123. 123. Matthew 28:7b7b “He is going ahead ofyou into Galilee, there youwill see Him; behold, I havetold you.” Matthew 28:7b
  124. 124. The angels furtherinstruction to the womenwas to tell Jesus disciplesthat "He is going before youinto Galilee,"
  125. 125. Earlier in the week Jesus hadtold the eleven remainingdisciples,"After I have been raised, Iwill go before you toGalilee" (Matt 26:32).
  126. 126. Being both Jewish andGentile, Galilee representedthe world at large.
  127. 127. It was there that Jesusbegan His ministry, in"Galilee of the Gentiles, "where "the people who weresitting in darkness saw agreat light" (Matt 4:15-16).
  128. 128. It would also be in Galileethat the disciples wouldreceive the GreatCommission from the Lordto "go therefore and makedisciples of all the nations”.
  129. 129. It was not that Jesus wouldfirst appear to the disciplesin Galilee, because Hemanifested Himself to themseveral times before that.
  130. 130. He appeared to Peter, to thetwo disciples on the road toEmmaus, to ten of thedisciples as they wereassembled on resurrectionevening, to all eleven
  131. 131. disciples eight days later,and to seven of the disciplesas they were fishing in theSea of Galilee.
  132. 132. But Jesus supremeappearance to the discipleswas to be in Galilee, whereHe "appeared to more thanfive hundred brethren atone time" (1 Cor 15:6) and
  133. 133. where He wouldcommission the eleven toapostolic ministry.
  134. 134. Matthew 28:8-9And they departed quicklyfrom the tomb with fear andgreat joy and ran to report itto His disciples. (Matt 28:8)
  135. 135. 9 And behold, Jesus metthem and greeted them.And they came up and tookhold of His feet andworshiped Him. Matthew 28:8-9
  136. 136. As the women were on theirway to report the angelsmessage to the disciples,Jesus met them and greetedthem.
  137. 137. Greeted translateschairete, a commongreeting that looselyrendered means somethinglike “Hello" or “Goodmorning."
  138. 138. It was the ordinarysalutation of themarketplace and oftravelers who passed eachother on the road.
  139. 139. In other words the greetingwas casual and ordinary,seemingly too mundane tobe appropriate for such amomentous occasion.
  140. 140. Yet the glorified Christ, Whohad just finished conqueringsin and death, greeted thosefaithful women with warm,informal tenderness.
  141. 141. As the writer of Hebrewsassures us,"We do not have a highpriest who cannotsympathize with ourweaknesses" (Heb 4:15).
  142. 142. They now knew withcertainty that He was therisen Messiah, the divineSon of God, and thatadoration and praise werethe only proper responses to
  143. 143. His presence.
  144. 144. They did what every person,unbeliever as well asbeliever, will do one daywhen He comes again,"every knee will bow andevery tongue will confess
  145. 145. that Jesus Christ is Lord, tothe glory of God the Father"(Phil 2:10-11).
  146. 146. Matthew 28:10Then Jesus said to them,"Do not be afraid; go andtake word to My brethren toleave for Galilee, and therethey shall see Me." (28:10)
  147. 147. Despite the disciples lack offaith, their cowardice, andtheir defection, the Lordgraciously spoke of them asHis brethren.
  148. 148. When they arrived inGalilee, they would see Himagain, and there they wouldexperience a greatconvocation andcommissioning by the Lord.
  149. 149. The basic truth of theresurrection under-girds anumber of other truths.
  150. 150. First, it gives evidence thatthe Word of God is totallytrue and reliable.Jesus rose from the deadprecisely when and in theway He had predicted.
  151. 151. Second, the resurrectionmeans that Jesus Christ isthe Son of God, as Heclaimed to be, and that Hehas power over life anddeath.
  152. 152. Third, the resurrectionproves that salvation iscomplete, that on the crossChrist conquered sin, death,and Hell and rose victorious.
  153. 153. Fourth, the resurrectionproves that the church hasbeen established.Jesus had declared, "I willbuild My church; and thegates of Hades shall not
  154. 154. overpower it" (Matt 16:18)."The gates of Hades" was aJewish colloquialism thatrepresented death.Jesus’ resurrection provedthat death itself could not
  155. 155. prevent Him fromestablishing His church.
  156. 156. Fifth, the resurrectionproves that judgment iscoming.Jesus declared that theheavenly Father "has givenall judgment to the Son"
  157. 157. (John 5:22), and since theSon is now risen and alive,His judgment is certain.
  158. 158. Sixth, the resurrection ofChrist proves that Heaven iswaiting.Jesus promised, "In Myhouse are many dwellingplaces; if it were not so, I
  159. 159. would have told you; for I goto prepare a place for you"(John 14:2).Because Christ is alive bythe resurrection, we havethe assurance that He is
  160. 160. is now preparing a heavenlydwelling for us.(from The MacArthur NewTestament Commentary,Copyright © Moody Pressand John MacArthur, Jr.)