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04 April 13, 2014, Mark 14;22-31 The Lord's Supper
 

04 April 13, 2014, Mark 14;22-31 The Lord's Supper

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    04 April 13, 2014, Mark 14;22-31 The Lord's Supper 04 April 13, 2014, Mark 14;22-31 The Lord's Supper Document Transcript

    • THE LORD’S SUPPER Mark 14:22-26 APRIL 13, 2014 FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI USA APRIL MEMORY VERSE: Galatians 2:20 NKJV “I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.” Galatians 2:20 NKJV Sunday, May 04, 2014 4:00 PM - 7:00 PM Next week, Easter Sunday, Dr. Joe Young teaches: Mark 14:32 – 16:8 The Prayer in the Garden through The Resurrection What’s the number one thing? http://ts4.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608004121792417659&pid=1.7
    • 1 Corinthians 10:31 NKJV 31 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 1 Corinthians 10:31 NKJV THE LORD’S SUPPER Mark 14:22-26 http://providencepresbyterian.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Communion1.jpg Jesus Institutes the Lord’s Supper Mark 14:22-26 NKJV 22 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 23 Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. 24 And He said to them, “This is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many. 25 Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” 26 And when they had sung a hymn (Psalm 136), they went out to the Mount of Olives. Mark 14:22-26 NKJV http://www.chosenpeople.org.uk/wp-content/themes/siteexpert2/images/logo.jpg
    • William Barclay's Daily Study Bible (NT) http://e-sword-users.org/users/sites/default/files/resource_sample_images/barclay_william.jpg Gotquestions.org At the close of the Passover meal, Jesus took the bread and wine and gave them new meanings as He instituted the Lord's Supper / Communion / the Eucharist. Eucharist means - “to give thanks”. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-3Sc223lNsj4/TWg-actgKMI/AAAAAAAAAPA/swBWzoqLfg0/s1600/ConsecrationJesus.jpg Luke 22:19 NKJV 19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” Luke 22:19 NKJV 1 Corinthians 11:24 NKJV 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 1 Corinthians 11:24 NKJV
    • 1 Corinthians 11:25 NKJV 25 He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.” 1 Corinthians 11:25 NKJV The world drinks to forget, we drink to remember! http://www.barbdahlgren.com/wp-content/uploads/Do-in-Rembrance-cropped2.jpg We remember people for their lives, but Jesus wants us to remember Him also for His death; the spiritual blessings we have as children of God come through His death.  Studying the Passover Feast (Passover Seder) helps us to follow what Jesus and His disciples were doing in Mark 14.  Passover is all about redemption. Each year, in Jewish homes across the globe, Jewish people gather together to celebrate the holiday during a traditional feast, which is called the Passover Seder. Seder means “order or arrangement”. The Seder commemorates God's redemption of Israel and retells the story of their liberation from Egypt. It not only recounts Israel's escape from their harsh enslavement under Pharaoh, but also presents a clear picture of Christ as our Redemption. Jesus celebrated this feast with His disciples on the evening before His death (Matthew 26, Mark 14, Luke 22, and 1 Corinthians 11). During the celebration, Jesus used the elements - the bread and the wine of Passover - to explain how His death & resurrection would offer redemption from enslavement to sin.
    • Enslavement is a prerequisite for redemption. http://mudpreacher.files.wordpress.com/2010/04/redeemed-from-the-slave-market-of-sin.jpg If Pharaoh had not oppressed Israel in Egypt, the story of Passover would not have been necessary. Israel's enslavement prepared the way for the Exodus (Ex. 1:11-12; 6:6). http://www.covenanteyes.com/lemonade/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/breakfree.jpg Just as the Jewish people were slaves under Pharaoh, so too has all of humanity been enslaved to sin and alienated from God (Isa. 59:2; Rom. 6:15-23; Eph. 2:1- 3). The story of Passover reminds the Jewish people of their bitter oppression. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_AW6skA94IQQ/S31KwOU- MOI/AAAAAAAAAuw/DRZp_MpPA_o/s400/hebrew_slaves%281%29.jpg
    • EXODUS 12:1-27 NKJV The Passover Instituted 3b every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 5a Your lamb shall be without blemish. 6b Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7 And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. http://finalfrontier.org.uk/includes/phpThumb/phpThumb.php/q=90;200;/images/archeology/09_35_01.jpg 8 Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 11 And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 13 Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. http://ts4.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608027413419986043&pid=1.7 14 ‘So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.
    • 15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. http://ts2.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608049781606516737&pid=1.7 A little leaven leavens the whole lump! (1 Cor & Gal) http://electsister777.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/before-and-after.jpg 17 So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. 19 For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’” 21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb. 22 And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel (the top) and the two (sides) doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. 23 For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you. 24 And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever. 25 It will come to pass when you come to the land which the Lord
    • will give you, just as He promised, that you shall keep this service. 26 And it shall be, when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27 that you shall say, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord, Who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.’” So the people bowed their heads and worshiped. EXODUS 12:1-27 NKJV Passover 2014 begins the evening of Monday, April 14 and ends the evening of Tuesday, April 22. The Seder illustrates the bitterness of the Hebrew oppression through both salt water and bitter herbs, typically horseradish.  Both elements encourage the participants to recall the tears the nation shed in Egypt.  This bitterness leads God's people to look for their Redeemer. God did not design creation to be full of suffering - and just as in the time of the Exodus, our affliction and the brokenness in creation cries out for a Redeemer. REDEMPTION: God poured out ten plagues upon Egypt, but redeemed Israel through the tenth plague. God instructed the people to kill a flawless lamb and spread its blood upon the doorposts (two sides) and lintels (across the top) of their homes with hyssop (Exodus 12:5, 21-22). Hyssop is commonly used as an aromatic herb and medicinal plant.  The leaves have a lightly bitter taste due to its tannins, and an intense minty aroma. Hyssop http://ts3.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.607993302789261324&w=424&h=366&c=7&rs=1&qlt=80&pid=1.7
    • http://ts3.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608015885722715998&pid=1.7 http://www.thefaithfulword.org/image-four-doorway-cross.jpg http://newparadigmthinkers.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/gods-love-for-us-jesus-on-cross1.jpg
    • http://laycanossians.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/christ-crucified.jpg?w=604 http://newine.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/cross-blood-on-door.jpg John 10:9 NKJV 9 I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved John 10:9 NKJV http://ts3.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608037437868543075&pid=1.7  God redeemed Israel through the death of the lamb.  John introduced Jesus as the "Lamb of God, Who takes away the sin of the world" (John 1:29). Jesus is the Passover lamb, Who not only redeems Israel, but the entire world through His sacrificial death (1 Corinthians 5:7).
    • 1 Corinthians 5:7b NKJV 7b Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. 1 Corinthians 5:7b NKJV MATZAH: No Seder is complete without Matzah, the unleavened bread (Exodus 12:19-20). MATZAH http://i134.photobucket.com/albums/q82/rockblog/matzah.jpg http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/9f/6b/27/9f6b279f5ff63e0af03981f3c2b5b3f3.jpg Since the children of Israel left Egypt hastily, they did not have time for the bread to rise, so it was made on that very first Passover without leaven, also known as yeast. The term "unleavened bread" is derived from the word matzoh (or matzah), which means "bread or cake without leaven (yeast)." Matzoh is in turn derived from a word which means "to drain out or suck in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness." So it is quite possible that unleavened bread, while it may have been heavy and flat, may also have been sweet to the taste.
    • In the Bible, leaven is almost always symbolic of sin. http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTO9E7h7YPxgHLczo-yc7rA-JYxNQ-YkUKNhmsg7WMh0rNjk0dW 1 Corinthians 5:6-8 NKJV 6 Your glorying is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? 7 Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. 1 Corinthians 5:6-8 NKJV Before the beginning of the Passover Seder, all leaven, which is a symbol of sin (1 Cor. 5:6-8), must be removed from the Jewish home. The house is cleaned from top to bottom and anything containing leaven is removed. Then, the evening before the Passover, the father of the house takes the traditional cleaning implements: a candle, a feather, a wooden spoon, and a bag, and searches the house for any specks of leaven which might have been missed. Like leaven which permeates the whole lump of dough, sin will spread in a person, a church or a nation, eventually overwhelming and bringing its participants into its bondage and eventually to death. http://ts2.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608019218623040686&w=250&h=117&c=7&rs=1&pid=1.7
    • Romans 6:23 tell us that “the wages of sin is death,” which is God's judgment for sin, and this is the reason that Christ died — to provide a way out of this judgment for sin if man will repent of his sins, accept Christ as his Passover sacrifice (1 Cor 5:7), and have his heart changed so that he can conform his life to what God commands. Whenever a little bit of sin in a person or a church is permitted, overlooked, and compromised, it works much like leaven in bread. It will eventually leaven the whole lump, affecting the whole church or the whole nation as stated in Galatians 5:9 - 9 A little leaven leavens the whole lump. This permitted sin will lead to other sins and will eventually draw a person or church completely outside of the will and favor of our Father, and our Savior, Jesus Christ. The Jewish community refers to the matzah as the bread of affliction. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-B9urPcMynQo/TyMMsq-wtGI/AAAAAAAAARY/shvi9T5tqf0/s1600/15-Bread-of-Affliction.gif It reminds the nation that they had to leave Egypt in haste. http://frmilovan.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/exodus-moses-desert-people-drawing.jpg  During the Seder, each family places three special pieces of matzah in the center of the table.  The leader breaks the middle matzah & hides it until after the meal.
    • At the Last Supper, Jesus handed each of His disciples a broken piece of matzah and told them that it symbolized His brokenness (Luke 22:19).  Yet Jesus did not remain broken; He rose from the dead.  The return of the broken matzah during the Seder is an illustration of Jesus' resurrection. The broken body (bread) of Christ was hidden in the earth for three days and three nights. Then came the Resurrection! http://scottwoodward.org/Resurrection.jpg THE CUPS: During the Seder, each participant drinks from four cups, reminding Israel of the four expressions of redemption (Exodus 6:6-7). Exodus 6:6-7 NKJV 6 Therefore say to the children of Israel: ‘I am the Lord; a) I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, b) I will rescue you from their bondage, and c) I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. d) 7 I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God Who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. Exodus 6:6-7 NKJV The first cup of wine The Seder begins with a blessing recited over the first of four cups of wine: "Blessed art Thou, Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who hast created the fruit of the vine." Jesus Himself blessed the first cup in Luke 22:17-18.
    • The second cup of wine The second cup is to remind them of the Ten Plagues and the suffering of the Egyptians when they hardened their heart to the Lord. In order not to rejoice over the suffering of their enemies (Prov. 24:17), they spill a drop of wine (which is a symbol of joy) as they recite each of the Ten Plagues, thus remembering that their joy is diminished at the suffering of others. The third cup of wine is: "the Cup of Redemption." https://ci6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/0cDS7cKNqGUVJrOgrVyfbvzjoTFgL85x5U82nDCVmcsCI-5Te8Zm- dxZcfvdpt10uQG4te6IZTrXWVf8efb_285xgalPs2Cp9Ps=s0-d-e1- ft#http://www.chosenpeople.com/main/images/14aprnl4.jpg Jesus handed this cup to His disciples and said it represents the New Covenant (Lk. 22:20; Jer. 31:31-34), which promises both redemption and the forgiveness of sin. Jeremiah 31:31-34 NKJV A New Covenant 31 “Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah— 32 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the Lord. 33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.” Jeremiah 31:31-34 NKJV Washing the hands Once the leaven is removed, the family sits around the table and ceremonially washes their hands with a special laver and towel.
    • Jesus also took part in this tradition, but rather than wash His hands, He got up from the table and washed the feet of His disciples, giving us a vivid lesson in humility (Jn 13). http://alaskapastor.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/004-jesus-washes-feet.jpg Lighting the candles Once the house and the participants are ceremonially clean, the Passover Seder can begin.  The woman of the house says a blessing and lights the Passover candles.  It is appropriate that the woman brings light into the home, because it was through the woman that the light of the world, Messiah Jesus, came into the world (Genesis 3:15 – her Seed). http://ci5.googleusercontent.com/proxy/lvjTfaan99cLhIr17ziJA6dfWKJtq4I3U5deEshKTc00TfQtDFztdfunZRO8VKDWMHzqU7 n4JEzcQCeRZeMfRfMGKLuvUeU8YZtxh7nX8VGguU3-yNBH-tjeM0r2A5yVmY4a=s0-d-e1- ft#http://www.chosenpeople.com/main/images/stories/holidays_ministry/candles.jpg Haggadah Haggadah means "the telling" - the telling of the story of Passover.  The story is told in response to four questions asked by the children: The first question is – why is this night different from all other nights?  The father proceeds to tell the story of the Exodus from Egypt, reading from a book called "The Haggadah" and using symbols and object lessons in order to keep the attention of the little ones.
    • http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/dd/e4/eb/dde4eb252bf61af37fdd000a5a27b736.jpg Afikomen A very curious tradition now takes place. At the table is a bag with three compartments and three pieces of motza. http://www.messianicseder.com/matzoh_pocket_side_view.jpg The middle piece of motza is taken out, broken, and half is put back into the bag. The other half is wrapped in a linen napkin and hidden in the home prior to Seder. http://eteacherhebrew.com/sites/eteachergroup.com/files/images/afikoman.jpg
    • The Search for the Afikomen After the meal is finished, the leader of the Seder lets the children loose to hunt for the Afikomen, which was wrapped in a napkin and hidden before the meal began. The house is in a ruckus as everyone rushes around to be the first to find the Afikomen and claim the prize as grandpa redeems it from the fortunate locator. http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608030097773496747&pid=1.7 http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608051722935403588&pid=1.7 The going rate is $5.00!  Once the leader has retrieved the Afikomen, he breaks it up into pieces and distributes a small piece to everyone seated around the table. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_kzEYsF-_pQk/Sd1Bap7HYkI/AAAAAAAAADI/ki-qpUETgYA/s320/Afikomen3s.jpg
    • The tradition perhaps dates back to the time of Jesus and if this is the case, then Luke 22:19 takes on a greater meaning: "And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, 'This is My body given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.'" For Jesus the Messiah would have taken the middle one of the three pieces of motza, the piece that stood for the priest or mediator between God and the people, broken it as His body would be broken, wrapped half in a linen napkin as He would be wrapped in linen for burial, hidden it as He would be buried (hidden in the earth), brought it back as He would be resurrected, and distributed it to everyone seated with Him, as He would distribute His life to all who believe. As He did this, He was conscious that this middle piece of motza represented His own, spotless body given for the redemption of His people. As the motza is striped and pierced, His own body would be striped and pierced, and it is by His stripes that we are healed (Isaiah 53:5). This middle piece of motza, or the Afikomen, is our Communion Bread. http://rlv.zcache.com/afikomen_post_cards-rc48901f05feb45f8a8e9896c8b52339b_vgbaq_8byvr_324.jpg John 6:35 NKJV 35 And Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst. John 6:35 NKJV
    • https://ci3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/hxfP- aEfkrq0XDF9wWfQSiJ5SM8BKAsTHNAPWTMJciqJcJIRKX3QBQ9eRIB5MsUOGWMkFyNJbyzOgYNHacPR4KpOBpDeCM7g5- 6HmiaNEJNjPVmWGjWF6iMjcRbYQ8NorfN6YvQ=s0-d-e1- ft#http://www.chosenpeople.com/main/images/stories/holidays_ministry/elijahcup.jpg Elijah's Cup A place setting remains empty for Elijah the prophet, the honored guest at every Passover table. The Jewish people expect Elijah to come at Passover and announce the coming of the Messiah (Malachi 4:5). Malachi 4:5 NKJV 5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet Before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. Malachi 4:5 NKJV So a place is set, a cup is filled with wine, and hearts are expectant for Elijah to come and announce the Good News. At the end of the Seder meal, a child is sent to the door to open it and see if Elijah is there. Every year, the child returns, disappointed, and the wine is poured out without being touched. My people wait and hope for Messiah - they do not realize that Messiah has already come. But those of us who believe in Yeshua know that He is the One the prophets spoke of. He is the spotless, unblemished Passover Lamb, Whose body was broken for us, Whose blood was shed, and Who now lives to distribute His life to all of us who apply His blood to the doorpost of our hearts and have passed from death into His eternal life.
    • The fourth cup of wine was drunk, and Ps 136, known as the great Hallel, was sung.  This is the hymn Jesus sang with the disciples as they went out to the Mount of Olives. Thanksgiving to God for His Enduring Mercy Psalm 136:1-26 NKJV 1 Oh, give thanks to the Lord, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever. 2 Oh, give thanks to the God of gods! For His mercy endures forever. 3 Oh, give thanks to the Lord of lords! For His mercy endures forever: 4 To Him Who alone does great wonders, For His mercy endures forever; 5 To Him who by wisdom made the heavens, For His mercy endures forever; 6 To Him who laid out the earth above the waters, For His mercy endures forever; 7 To Him who made great lights, For His mercy endures forever - 8 The sun to rule by day, For His mercy endures forever; 9 The moon and stars to rule by night, For His mercy endures forever. 10 To Him who struck Egypt in their firstborn, For His mercy endures forever; 11 And brought out Israel from among them, For His mercy endures forever; 12 With a strong hand, and with an outstretched arm, For His mercy endures forever; 13 To Him who divided the Red Sea in two, For His mercy endures forever; 14 And made Israel pass through the midst of it, For His mercy endures forever; 15 But overthrew Pharaoh and his army in the Red Sea, For His mercy endures forever; 16 To Him who led His people through the wilderness, For His mercy endures forever; 17 To Him who struck down great kings, For His mercy endures forever;
    • 18 And slew famous kings, For His mercy endures forever - 19 Sihon king of the Amorites, For His mercy endures forever; 20 And Og king of Bashan, For His mercy endures forever - 21 And gave their land as a heritage, For His mercy endures forever; 22 A heritage to Israel His servant, For His mercy endures forever. 23 Who remembered us in our lowly state, For His mercy endures forever; 24 And rescued us from our enemies, For His mercy endures forever; 25 Who gives food to all flesh, For His mercy endures forever. 26 Oh, give thanks to the God of heaven! For His mercy endures forever. Psalm 136:1-26 NKJV