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Samir rafla principles of cardiology title and contents

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  • 1. Principles of CardiologySamir M. Rafla, MD, FESC Professor of Cardiology Alexandria University
  • 2. Title: Principles of Cardiology. 2008Author: Prof. Samir Rafla, MD, FACC, FESC Head of the Cardiology Dept. Alexandria Univ. from 1 Aug 2004 to 30 Aug 2007 MBChB (Honor) June 1970Printed by: Delta Center for Printing: 24 Delta street, Sporting, T. 035901923Computer work: Mr. Haytham Abdel-MoneimDistributed by: El-Sherok Library. T 03 484 8673Address for correspondence: Prof. Samir Rafla smrafla@hotmail.com 01001495577 03 5910170First edition: 2008Cover drawing by Dr. Marilyn Samir National Number 2008/16131Previous books by the author:- Differential Diagnosis in Clinical Medicine. Vol. one: Heart and Chest. 1998- Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Management of Arrhythmias. 2000- Alexandria Book of Cardiology. Co-author with the staff of the cardiology dept. Alexandria Univ., and co-editor with Prof. Tarek El-Badawy. 2004
  • 3. - CONTENTS - Subject PageElectrocardiography 1Rheumatic Fever 3Valvular Heart DiseaseMitral stenosis 6The cardiac cycle 7Mitral Regurgitation 13Mitral valve prolapse 15Aortic stenosis 16Aortic Regurgitation 19Tricuspid Stenosis 21Tricuspid Regurgitation 22Congenital Heart Disease 24Atrial septal defect 25Ventricular septal defect 27Patent ductus arteriosus 28Fallot’s tetralogy 30Coarctation of the aorta 33Pulmonary stenosis 34Syncope and hypotension 36Sudden cardiac death 39Cardiac Arrhythmias 41Sick Sinus Syndrome 42Premature beats (Extrasystoles) 43Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmias 44Atrial flutter 44AV nodal reentrant tachycardia 46Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome 47Atrial fibrillation 48Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation 51Anticoagulation for Atrial Fibrillation 53Ventricular tachycardia 54Long QT syndrome 55Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) 56AV heart block 56Electrophysiologic study 58Cardiac pacemakers 59Antiarrhythmic drugs 60Heart Failure 62Right heart failure 67Management 69Pharmacological therapy 70Ventricular Resynchronization Therapy 74Acute left ventricular failure 75
  • 4. Cardiogenic shock 77Refractory heart failure 80Infective Endocarditis 81Treatment 86Ischemic Heart Disease 87Risk factors for atherosclerosis 88Stable angina pectoris 89Chest pain algorithm 92Unstable angina and NSTEMI 95Myocardial infarction 97Shock algorithm 103Treatment of STEMI 106Anticoagulants 110Hypertension 112Phaeochromocytoma 117Investigation of the Hypertensive Patient 119Treatment 123Hypertensive emergencies 128Aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection 129Aortic dissection 129Aortic dissection classification 132Diseases of the peripheral arteries and veins 134Deep vein thrombosis 135The Lungs and Pulmonary Circulation 137Pulmonary Embolism 137Pulmonary Hypertension 143Pulmonary Hypertension algorithm 144Primary pulmonary hypertension 146Cor pulmonale 147Schistosomal corpulmonale 148Diseases of The Pericardium 149Acute pericarditis 149Pericardial effusion 151Pericardial tamponade 152Constrictive pericarditis 152Cardiomyopathy and myocarditis 154Cardiomyopathy 155Dilated cardiomyopathy 156Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 156Restrictive cardiomyopathy 158Cardiac tumors 158Question of the medical rounds 159