RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT Ms. Rosamie P. Cabural
Official name: Republic of the Philippines ( in Filipino, Republika ng Pilipinas)Capital: ManilaArea: 300, 000 sq km 116, 000 sq miPopulation: 97.6 million as of January 2012Official languages: Filipino (based on Tagalog), EnglishCoastlines: 36, 000 kilometers, the longest coastlines in the world. Bounded by three large bodies of water: On the west and north > South China Sea (West Philippine Sea) On the east > Pacific Ocean On the south > Celebes Sea and the Coastal waters of BorneoThe Philippines is an archipelagic nation located in Southeast Asia, comprising 7, 107islands, spanning 1, 840 kms. from north to south.
TOPOGRAPHYLarge mountainous terrain, narrow coastalplains and interior valleys and plains make up the country’s topography.Three major island groups: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao
LuzonLargest island group with 141, 000 sq. kms.the most mountainous with extensive valleys and plainsrunning through its interiorsThree major mountain ranges in the area: the Sierra Madre,the Central Cordillera and the Caraballo MountainsThe southern portion of the island has a dominantlyvolcanic topography with ridges and valleys of gentle slopeand generally accordant drainageActive volcanoes such as Mt Pinatubo, Mayon Volcano andMt Bulusan are found in this group of islands
Visayasthird largest island with 57,000 sq. kms.located in the central Philippines, has a severedissection of topography due to its exposure to typhoons from Pacific andtorrential rainscharacterized by mountains and hills (wherepeaks reach 900m), river basins, floodplains, plateaus and valleys
Mindanaosecond largest island with 102,000 sq. kms.has diverse structural elements and different formsof physiographic development including fault blockmountains, volcanic peaks, uplifted plateaus, low flatbasins, a notable fault zone which also cuts throughLuzon and Visayas, fissure low masses, and incisedvalleys and canyons.Major mountain ranges: the Eastern or PacificCordillera, the Bukidnon- Davao Range.
ClimateThe Philippines has a tropical climateTag-init or Tag-araw (the hot season or summer from March to May),Tag-ulan (the rainy season from June to November), andTaglamig (the cold season from December to February)Mean annual temperature is 26.6ºC28.3ºC during summer months25.5ºC during rainy monthsRainfall is the most important climatic element in the Philippines.Rainfall distribution throughout the country varies from one region toanother, depending upon the direction of the moisture-bearing windsand the location of the mountain systems.Mean annual rainfall varies from 965 to 4,064 millimeters annually
The Philippine Islands are part of the so-called Ring of Fire, an area encircling the Pacific Ocean where earthquakes and volcanic activity result from the movements of tectonic plates, or segments of Earth’s crust. Surrounded by two major plates: Eurasian and Pacific 300 volcanoes, 22 as active average of 20 quakes per day average of 20 typhoons a year, five (5) of these are destructive 36, 289 kms of coastline vulnerable to tsunami From 1970-2006, annual average direct damage to disasters ranged from PHP 5 Billion to PHP 15 Billion, indirect and secondary affect further increase this cost. Cost of direct damage is equivalent to more than 0.5 % of the national GDP Annual average casualties due to natural disasters – 972
Drought• Food scarcity• Increased crime rates• Malnutrition• Health problems
OVERVIEW OF PHILIPPINE DISASTERMANAGEMENT SYSTEM
PD 1566 (June 11, 1978)Strengthening the PhilippineDisaster Control Capability and Establishing the National Program on Community Disaster Preparedness
Sec. 1. Declaration of Policies• Responsibility for leadership rests on the provincial governor, city mayors, and municipal mayors, (and barangay chairman), each according to his area of responsibility.• The primary responsibility rests on the government agencies in the affected areas in coordination with the people themselves.• Self-reliance shall developed by promoting and encouraging the spirit of self-help and mutual assistance among the local officials and their constituents.• The national government exists to support the local governments in times of emergencies and according to their level of assignment; all national government offices in the field shall support the operations of the local government.• It is responsibility of all government departments, bureaus, agencies and instrumentalities to have documented plans of their emergency functions and activities.
Republic Act No. 10121An act strengthening the Philippinedisaster risk reduction and managementsystem, providing for the nationaldisaster risk reduction and managementframework and institutionalizing thenational disaster risk reduction andmanagement plan, appropriating fundstherefore and for other purposes.
National Disaster Coordinating CouncilDND – ChairmanMembers:Interior and Local Government Public Works and HighwaysHealth Social WelfareAgriculture EducationFinance Labor and EmploymentTrade and Industry Transportation and CommunicationScience and Technology BudgetJustice Environment and Natural ResourcesPhilippine Information Agency Sec. Gen., Philippine National Red CrossChief Staff, Armed Forces of the Philippines
Department of Science and Technology (DOST)Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)Department of Tourism (DOT)Director-General, National Economic and Development Administration (NEDA)Office of the Press SecretaryPresidential Management Staff
DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND TRENDS
Principles• Disaster management is the responsibility of all spheres of government.• Disaster management should use resources that exist for a day-to-day purpose.• Organizations should function as an extension of their core business.• Individuals are responsible for their own safety.• Disaster management planning should focus on large-scale events.
• Disaster management planning should recognize the difference between incidents and disasters.• Disaster management operational arrangements are additional to and do not replace incident management operational arrangements.• Disaster management planning must take account of the type of physical environment and the structure of the population.• Disaster management arrangements must recognize the involvement and potential role of non- government agencies.
Trends• The Overall Number of People Affected by Disasters Is Rising• The Number of People Killed in Disasters Worldwide is falling• Overall, Disasters Are Becoming More Costly• Poor Countries Are Disproportionately Affected by Disaster Consequences• The Number of Disasters Is Increasing Each Year