Community planning


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Community planning

  1. 1. Community Planning Rosamie P. Cabural1/14/2012 NSTP 2 1
  2. 2. Community Planning Development in the community does not happen by chance. It is the result of deliberate and concerned efforts by denizens who see the need for planned changes. Unless the community residents are united in this endeavor, little or no progress can be seen.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 2
  3. 3. PLANNING: ITS MEANING AND NATUREPlanning is a process of determining what is to be done, when and where it should be done, who should do it and how it should be done.IN SHORT, IT IS DETERMINING THE OBJECTIVES AND HOW TO ACCOMPLISH THEM. 1/14/2012 NSTP 2 3
  4. 4. Obviously, planning is futuristic or proactive, never retroactive.Although a planner may look back to past events as he needs to have a sound bases for his plan, such action does not make planning retroactive.Planning is basically, a looking-ahead process.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 4
  5. 5. As a function of the community worker or any manager/leader for that matter, planning is continuous.Even while the plan is being implemented, the implementer keeps on planning/strategizing as he seeks to correct/improve certain aspects of the projects/activity-implementation.In effect, is cyclical.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 5
  6. 6. A method of doing Examin PLAN/REPLAN something that is worked e and out in advance. judge the plan EVALUATE IMPLEMENT Planning in effect is cyclical. THE PLAN To put the plan into effect Check the or progress of the MONITOR action. plan.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 6
  7. 7. The Rationale of Planning The following lines connote thenecessity/advantage of planning and the urge to have staunch determination in undertaking any endeavor.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 7
  8. 8. “ The world steps aside For the one who knowsWHERE HE IS GOING, WHY HE IS GOING And HOW TO GET THERE. It is not the number of times You have fallen in defeat But the number of times You have RISEN AFTER EACH FALL. If defeat won’t get you down There is but one other way..”1/14/2012 NSTP 2 8
  9. 9.  People who succeed in their chosen field of endeavor are, by and large, those who have a plan in life.Be it on paper or simply in the mind of the individual, such plan spells out the difference between failure and success.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 9
  10. 10. People should undertake planning for three basic reasons:1) Planning provides direction.2) Planning ensures economy of time, effort and money.3) Planning reduces risks.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 10
  11. 11.  Basically, planning is adhered to because it gives one a sense of direction.If a person has a plan, he knows just where he is heading and rarely gets lost or confused in the rough-and-tumble of everyday life.With a plan, the future is charted and it is just a matter of coping with unforeseen circumstances before one is able to realize what he wants to happen.“Make things happen is certainly the motto of one who has gotten used to planning.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 11
  12. 12. Planning proves to be economical as it helps save time, effort and financial resources.The more effective people are in planning, the more economical they become in terms of the three factors – time, effort and money.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 12
  13. 13. STEPS IN PLANNING1/14/2012 NSTP 2 13
  14. 14. 1) Formulation/statement of vision, mission, philosophy, goals and objectives. A VISION is the picture of what we want to realize…The primordial task which we “carry upon our shoulders” is what we call our MISSION. This serves as the focus of all our activities in the organization.PHILOSOPHY serves to unify the members and in most instances, rationalizes the actions and decisions they make for the organization.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 14
  15. 15. GOALS are broad statements of aims for the organization. They are long-range purposes and may not be attained within a year or so.OBJECTIVES, on the other hand, are specific, immediate aims the attainment of which will redound to the fulfillment of the organizational goals.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 15
  16. 16. 2) Scan the environment.Two kinds of environment to be scanned:1) Internal environment > existing conditions within the community/organization.2) External environment > conditions outside of the community/organization.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 16
  17. 17. Four Important Planning Considerations should be identified:1) Strengths2) Weaknesses3) Opportunities4) Threats1/14/2012 NSTP 2 17
  18. 18. 3) Identify needs/problems Environmental scanning inevitable results in the identification of needs/problems/constraints. Identified needs should be prioritized on the bases of the degree of seriousness of the problem (or extent of need) availability of financial resources, and magnitude of benefits to be derived from the activity/project. It should be borne in the mind that the1/14/2012 NSTP 2 18 community residents should be actively
  19. 19. 4) Formulate alternative courses of action.There is, definitely, a need to brainstorm on the suggested alternatives for certainly, each proponent would want to have his suggestion/solution be adopted.At any rate, discussions on suggested solutions should focus on how workable and practical are such alternatives.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 19
  20. 20. 5) Undertake a contingency planning.A contingency plan is a substitute plan just in case the original plan fails.Basically, it answers the question: “If this activity or strategy fails, what shall we do?1/14/2012 NSTP 2 20
  21. 21. 6) Implement the plan.It is to be noted that there are key personnel who are tasked to carry out activities or projects.The planners should refer to their schedule of activities and should, as much as possible, implement the strategies formulated earlier.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 21
  22. 22. 7) Monitor and evaluate the plan implementation.In this stage, progress or project status reports should be submitted to the overall coordinator (manager) of the development project1/14/2012 NSTP 2 22
  23. 23. 8) Replan, if necessary.It is important that the planners go over the formulated goals/objectives as well as the identified needs/problems as they attempt to revise their plan.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 23
  24. 24. ACTION PLANNINGACTION-ORIENTEDSHORT-RANGEMEANT TO ADDRESS THE IMMEDIATE PROBLEMS OF THE LOCALITY.It highlights very specific activities and strategies, hence, it is expected that outputs desired will be accomplished.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 24
  25. 25. Parts of Action Plan1/14/2012 NSTP 2 25
  26. 26. 1) Objectives• These are the immediate aims which the organization seeks to attain.• These purposes should be aligned with the goals set in the comprehensive plan.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 26
  27. 27. 2) Projects/Activities• Likewise be supportive of the comprehensive plan for the barangay.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 27
  28. 28. 3) Target Outputs• Very specific aims expressed in quantitative terms.• With the targets properly stated, it is easy to monitor and evaluate accomplishments.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 28
  29. 29. 4) Strategies• It is important that strategies be spelled out so that success in plan implementation can be realized.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 29
  30. 30. 5) Funding Requirements and Sources• Hardly can there be a plan which does not involve finances.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 30
  31. 31. 6) Persons Involved/Responsible• People involved in the performance of tasks/activities should be informed beforehand to ensure that these tasks are carried out later.• With this part of the action plan, it is easy to pinpoint responsible/accountable people.1/14/2012 NSTP 2 31
  32. 32. 7) Timetable• A plan should be time-bounded in order to avoid waste of time. Time is an irreplaceable resource: therefore, it should be effectively managed.• A Gantt Chart may be used. “To choose time is to save time.” – Francis Bacon1/14/2012 NSTP 2 32
  33. 33. 8) Remarks• Statements or explanations which cannot be indicated elsewhere in the plan will be reflected.References:• Cornista, Aleli and Tito Rocaberte. 2003.Civic Welfare Training Service I.• Dela Cruz Sonia.2005. National Service Training Program (Literacy Training Service 1)1/14/2012 NSTP 2 33
  34. 34. “Chance favors only the prepared minds.” Louis Pasteur1/14/2012 NSTP 2 34
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