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Christmas and new year in great britain and
 

Christmas and new year in great britain and

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Christmas and new year in great britain

Christmas and new year in great britain

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    Christmas and new year in great britain and Christmas and new year in great britain and Presentation Transcript

    • Christmas in Great Britain 
    • Advent – Christian Festival  Advent is a term from the Latin word adventus which means "arrival". It is a time of waiting for the arrival of Christmas, the coming of Jesus to earth when he was born as a baby at Bethlehem about two thousand years ago.
    • Boxing Day   Interesting Christmas Fact The Christmas boxes were made from clay and were necessarily made in the shape of a box. They were often hollow clay balls with a slit in the top.
    • Boxing Day TeaBoxing Day Hunts
    • Christmas in an English homeChristmas in an English Home
    • Christmas Cards  Interesting Christmas Card Facts In 1846 1000 cards, with the same design as the first Christmas cards, were sold to the public at1 shilling each by Felix Summerlys Treasure House in Bond street. Postmen in Victorian England were popularly called "robins" because their uniforms were red.Victorian Christmas cards often showed a robin delivering Christmas mail.In the nineteenth century, the British Post Office used to deliver cards on Christmas morning.The first Christmas stamp was released in Canada in 1898.The average person in Britain sends 50 Christmas cards each year.
    • The Story of the Silent Night The Story of the Silent NightFrank Sinatra - .mp3 Carol Carol The carol Silent Night was The carol Silent Night was written in 1818, by an Austrian written in 1818, by an Austrian  priest Joseph Mohr. He was told priest Joseph Mohr. He was told the day before Christmas that the the day before Christmas that the church organ was broken and church organ was broken and would not be prepared in time for would not be prepared in time for Christmas Eve. He was saddened Christmas Eve. He was saddened by this and could not think of by this and could not think of Christmas without music, so he Christmas without music, so he wanted to write aacarol that could wanted to write carol that could be sung by choir to guitar music. be sung by choir to guitar music. He sat down and wrote three He sat down and wrote three stanzas. Later that night the stanzas. Later that night the people in the little Austrian people in the little Austrian Church sang "Stille Nacht" for Church sang "Stille Nacht" for the first time. the first time. The first instrument on which the The first instrument on which the carol "Silent Night" was played carol "Silent Night" was played was aaguitar. was guitar.
    • How to pull a cracker?   Christmas Cracker on a plate The traditional way to pull a cracker is crossing your arms and ..
    • Everyone holds their cracker in their right hand and pulls their neighbours cracker with the free left hand.... pulling a whole circle of crackersaround the table.
    • Interesting FactsUp until the 1960s is was compulsory for all Roman Catholics to attend a Mass onChristmas Day. The law for this compulsory attendance was passed during the 16th century.In 1551, playing sport on Christmas Day was made illegal. This law was later ignored.In 1834, Christmas Day became one of only four days on which banks closed. The BankHoliday Act of 1871 extended the official Christmas holiday to include the following day(Boxing Day).
    • The Christmas Dinner is the main Christmasmeal and is traditionally eaten at mid-day orearly afternoon on Christmas Day in England,and also in the rest of Britain.
    • An English Christmas TeaThey eat Christmas tea about 6 pm.
    • Most houses in Britain, will have a tree of some sort or other which they will decorate and will place the presents under.Interesting Fact Interesting Fact Trees were decorated with apples, cakes and Trees were decorated with apples, cakes andsweets for many centuries. sweets for many centuries.
    • To celebrate Jesus birthdayon Christmas Day manypeople decorate their homes.
    • What are the different names of Father Christmas/ Santa Claus? Father Christmas is called different names around the world. Themost popular name now-a-days is Santa Claus.Austria: Christkind ("Christ child")Belgium: Sinterklaas (Santa Claus) and De Kerstman ("FatherChristmas")Canada: Santa Claus; Père Noël ("Father Christmas")Denmark: JulemandenEstonia: JõuluvanaFinland: JoulupukkiUnited States: Santa ClausFrance: Père Noël ("Father Christmas");
    •  Germany: Weihnachtsmann ("Christmas Man"); Christkind in southern Germany Hungary: Mikulás ("Nicholas"); Jézuska or Kis Jézus ("child Jesus") Italy: Babbo Natale ("Father Christmas"); La Befana Netherlands & Flanders: Sinterklaas Norway: Julenissen Poland: Swiety Mikolaj Portugal: Pai Natal ("Father Christmas") Russia: Ded Moroz, "Grandfather Frost Spain: Papa Noel Sweden: Jultomten Switzerland: Samichlaus United Kingdom: Father Christmas; Santa Claus
    • An old-fashioned Santa suit
    • Mummers Plays Did you know? The word pantomime comes from the Greek words Pan,which means all, and mimos, which translates as imitator. Mumming is best described as early pantomime. The plays are based loosely on the legend of St. George and the dragon. The plays are intended to show the struggle between good and evil.
    • Queen’s speech  The Christmas Broadcast, 1957.flv
    • Christmas in Russia 
    • Christmas Traditions Christmas Traditions in Russia revolve around several special days:December 25 an unofficial holidayJanuary 7 celebrated by the orthodox churchNew Years Eve - 31 DecemberThe original gift-giver in Russia was Saint NicholasGrandfather Frost, Dyed Moroz who travels in a magical decorated sleighdrawn by three white horses and delivers gifts on New Years Day assisted bySnegurochka the Snow Maiden
    • The Food! A special dish called kutya is served on Christmas Eve made of berries, walnuts, sugar and poppy seedsOn Christmas Eve the meal is called “The "Holy Supper" and consists of twelve servings in honor of the 12apostles. The 12 servings typically consist of:SoupLenten bread called "pagach"Grated garlicHoneyBaked codFresh fruit including Apricots, Oranges, Figs and Dates or Stewed fruit including prunes and apricotsNutsA meal of Kidney beans with shredded garlic potatoes with peasParsley PotatoesKapusta (sauerkraut)Bobalki which are small biscuits combined with poppy seed - Some bobalki are served with sweet cabbageor sauerkrautRed Wine
    • Ded Moroz and yolka 
    • Snyegurochka 
    • Kolyadki 
    • Severnoe trehgolose - V .mp3
    • President’s speech  Novogodnee obraschenie prezidenta .flv
    • About Jesus Christ:14% do not know who he is.Less than 50% "believe in Christ". This probably means that they do not believe that he is the sonof God; the exact meaning of the question was not defined22% believe that he is "just a story."Church affiliation:49% identify themselves as affiliated with a religious group.27% belong to the Church of England (Episcopalian, Anglican). This is a drop from 40% in 1990.9% are Roman Catholics, unchanged since 1990.Church attendance:3% of the population goes to church only at Easter and Christmas.46% say that they have never gone to church at all.A 2005 survey of Church of England members and clergy found a phenomenon that hasbeen often observed in other denominations on both sides of the big pond: the clergy ismore liberal than the congregations.97% of both clergy and laity believe in God.80% of both clergy and laity believe in the resurrection of Jesus62% of the laity and 60% of the clergy believe in the virgin birth of Jesus.65% of the laity and 61% of the clergy believe that Jesus converted water into wine.One in three clergy and one in four laity favor the ordination of "practicing homosexuals."56% of the laity and 48% of the clergy believe that same-sex behavior is wrong.