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Practical Steps To Ensure Women’S Need Are Met And Women Human Rights Are Respected & Protected

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Practical Steps To Ensure Women’S Need Are Met And Women Human Rights Are Respected  & Protected Practical Steps To Ensure Women’S Need Are Met And Women Human Rights Are Respected & Protected Presentation Transcript

  • "The connection between women's human rights, gender equality, socioeconomic development and peace is increasingly apparent."
    MahnazAfkhami
    Founder and President of
    Women's Learning Partnership (WLP)
  • PRACTICAL STEPS TO ENSURE WOMEN’S NEED ARE MET AND WOMEN HUMAN RIGHTS ARE RESPECTED & PROTECTED
  • PRESENTED
    BY
    SAMREEN ANWARPAKISTAN PRESS FOUNDATION
  • INTRODUCTION
    This presentation is based on the earthquake, which stroked in Northern Pakistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir in October 2005
    • 73,000 people died
    • More than 70,000 people injured
    • Around 400,000 houses damaged
    • 33,0000 people became homeless
    • UNFPA – women affected (age 15 to 49) 80,000
  • GENERAL PERCEPTION
    “Women and men experience the same hardships in a disaster”
    Kofi Anan – Press Conference I Jakarta 2005
    • A lot of people around the world including aid workers believe that disaster such as earthquake in Pakistan, affect everyone equally – and there is no need to focus on vulnerable groups.
  • RESULT ???
    • Malnourished infants because their malnourished mothers cannot breast feed them
    • women giving birth in unsafe conditions
    • widows and women headed households are unable to access food and other aid supplies because of the restriction of their movements
    (like parda)
    • Sexual abuse of women
  • Challenges for women in disaster
    • Loss of family members
    • Loss of home – living in camps
    • Cultural values may even hinder women’s
    rescue as males may not be allowed to touch
    women and rescue them.
    • Access to information
    • Cultural and religious obligations (e.g. women cannot see men other then her relatives)
  • ISSUES FACED BY WOMEN AFTER DISASTER
    • Housing
    • Transportation
    • Income & employment
    • Dependant care
    • Physical & mental health
    • Violence
    • Access to relief resources
    • Full participation in disaster decision - making
  • Move forward from ‘Gender Blindness’ to ‘Gender Sensitivity’ in helping the victims of natural disaster. Gender perspective is included in all disaster management programAll relief efforts are able to address women’s need and prevent violation of women’s human rights
  • GENDER SENSITIVE DISASTER MANAGMENT
    FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
  • STEPS TO BE TAKEN DURING RELIEF WORK
    • Women’s reliable and regular access to the food and clean water
    • Adequate shelter and housing
    • Psycho- social consultation
    • Access to gynecological services by female health workers
    • Separate toilets and bathrooms for women
    • Special care of pregnant and breast feeding women and women with young children
    • Sanitary pads and under wears in relief supplies
  • Access to adequate food
    • Ensure that women have easy and reliable access to food and drinking water
    • Quantity of the food should be enough for a single human consumption
    • Ensure the good quality of the food
    • Basic food aid should include milk and sugar
    • Breast milk substitute should be included
    • Women should be consulted for necessary food items for distribution
    • Basic cooking facilities such as cooking utensils, stoves etc must be provided
    • Food distribution mechanism should respect dignity of disaster affected women without making them fight for it and feeling like baggers
    • Women should be include in aid/relief team
    • distribution of sanitary napkins and under garments should be by women
    • Women should distribute food to women on food distribution points
    • other relief packages should be delivered by women
    • female doctors and nurses should take care of affected women
  • Adequate Shelter
    Many cases were reported of women harassment during their stay in camps and shelter houses.
    Reasons:
    • Lack of privacy
    • No separate premises for women who were left alone
    • Common bathrooms and toilets
  • Adequate Shelter
    • Tents should be comfortable and habitable
    (as women stay inside most of the time)
    • There should be adequate privacy and space
    • Structure should be durable
    • Roofs must not leak during rain
    • Tents should not be very close to each other
    Tents need to be designed with better secure fastenings so that it would provide a sense of security to women.
    In tent distribution, priority should be given to widows, women headed households
    Tents should have ventilation facility and should have proper cooling and heating systems
  • Adequate Toilet and Bathing Facilities
    • Access to sufficient and regular supply of water for both drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
    • water points should be located near to the camps
    • Provision of separate toilet for women
    • Toilets and bathrooms should be properly build to prevent men from making peep holes
    • Bathrooms and toilets should have proper locks
    • Pathways to and from camp should have proper lights
    • Bathrooms and toilets should not be far away from the camps
    • Private laundry areas should be available to women
    • arrangements should be made for sanitary disposal of solid waste.
  • Health Care Services
    • Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, access to health services should be provided to all disaster affected people
    • Pregnant women and women with young children should be provided with free medical post natal and maternity care
    necessary vitamins and other supplements should be provided to pregnant and lactating mothers.
    • Free psycho- social counseling
    • a conducive, sanitary and safe environment is set up for childbirth purposes.
    easy access to different forms of contraception is facilitated as soon as possible
    female health workers are included in medical teams servicing camps and affected communities.
  • Security Measures For Women Safety
    ‘vigilance committees are formed in the communities consisting of women to act as monitoring officers to ensure maximum security and safety for women
    written and verbal safety guidelines are provided to be further developed by committees themselves against possible violations against women and children.
    women are trained to raise immediate alarms against violations in the camp sites.
    women police officers provide security in the camps.
    women police officers are stationed within the camps to record and address safety complaints made by women in the camps and monitor women’s rights violations in the camps.
    night security is maintained at camp sites.
    security guards (male and female) should be trained to be sensitive to women’s apprehensions and problems in order to facilitate assistance seeking by women
    Additional security measures need to be taken in camps and communities to prevent abductions of women and girls for forced prostitution, sex trafficking and trade in human internal organs.
  • Security and Safety of Women
    Accessible counseling services for women victims of violence and other abuses
    That free legal services are provided for women survivors of violence
    Full protection of victims of violence and witnesses from reprisals
    Accessible medical examinations on reporting of violence
    Accessible reporting procedures when violence against women is committed
    That women are made aware of their right to be free from physical, emotional and sexual violence
    That women are made aware of the redress available when affected by violence (e.g. court process, police complaint, medical treatment, counseling, support groups)
    That self help groups consisting of women are established within the camps to give emotional and other forms of support to women affected by violence
    Protect Women from Violence and Abuse
    That ‘vigilant’ groups consisting of men and women are set up to respond to violent incidents
    That police, government officials and non governmental workers take women’s complaints of violence and harassment seriously and take measures to assist women access redress mechanisms
    A ban on sale of alcohol within camp sites
    Improve lighting and transport facilities to and from the camp to other community locations such as schools, bus stands, markets and shops.
  • References taken from:Report on earthquake by Pakistan Press FoundationERRA – report on gender equality during disasterGUIDELINES FOR GENDER SENSITIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT by (APWLD)
  • THANK YOU