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Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
Different types of galaxies
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Different types of galaxies

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um...different types of galaxies?

um...different types of galaxies?

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  • 1. Different types of galaxies<br />By: Samantha Derzay<br />
  • 2. Classifying Galaxies<br />Spiral galaxies<br />Elliptical galaxies<br />Irregular galaxies <br />Lenticular<br />
  • 3. Spiral Galaxies <br />A flattened disk of gas, and dust-rich material that orbits the nucleus of old red and yellow stars<br />Stars occur throughout the galaxy, but the brightest cluster of young blue and white stars are found in the arms<br />The stars and space objects rotate faster closer to the center than the ones father away<br />
  • 4. Spiral Galaxies Classification <br />They are classified for how tightly together the arms of the galaxy are <br />The scale is Sa- Sd <br />Sa, is the most tight <br />Sd, is very loose <br />If the galaxy has a bar through the galaxy, the scale is SBa-SBd <br />
  • 5. Elliptical Galaxies <br />They range from being the biggest to smallest galaxies <br />Scientist believe that there must be a lot of Dark Matter holding the stars together <br />Show little structure other than a simple sphere <br />Almost all of the stars yellow and red <br />Rarely any sign of star-forming gas and dust <br />
  • 6. Elliptical Galaxies Classification <br />They are classified according to their shape <br />The scale is E0- E7 <br />E0 having the shape of a sphere <br />E7 having the shape of an oval <br />They are also classifies by their size<br />Giant Elliptical: located at the center of a galaxy clusters<br />Intermediate Galaxy<br />Dwarf Elliptical <br />
  • 7. Lenticular Galaxies <br />At first they look like Elliptical, however around the nucleus there is gas<br />The gas would link them to Spiral galaxies, but the nucleus is considerably larger <br />The overall shape looks like a lens, which is the root word for Lenticular <br />If you were to look at a Lenticular galaxy face on, it could be mistakenly classified as a Elliptical galaxy <br />If you look at a Spiral galaxy with a large nucleus edge on, it could look like a Lenticular galaxy <br />
  • 8. Irregular Galaxies <br />Galaxies that do not fit into Spiral, Elliptical, or Lenticular<br />These galaxies contain a lot of gas, dust, and blue stars<br />Many Irregular galaxies typically have great waves of star formation sweeping through the galaxy called “starbursts”<br />They frequently have vast, pink, hydrogen-emission nebulae where star formation is taking place<br />Some Irregular galaxies are colliding with other galaxies or being pulled apart by neighboring galaxies gravity<br />
  • 9. The Milky Way Comparison<br />Classified as a SBc (barred spiral galaxy) <br />Diameter: 100,000 light years <br />Thickness: 1,000 light years <br />Mass: 700,000,000,000 M (M= solar mass) <br />Number of Stars: 100-400 billion <br />Oldest known star: 13.2 billion years <br />Andromeda is classified as a SAb <br />Number of stars: 1 trillion <br />Larger than the Milky Way<br />
  • 10. Andromeda Galaxy <br />Classified as a SAb <br />

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