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PART 2: CANADA IN AFGHANISTAN – WHATSHOULD OUR ROLE BE? Who Are Our Troops Struggling Against in Our Efforts to Help Afghanistan? Is this a fight worth fighting? Key Questions: - What is an insurgency? - Who are the Taliban? By Samantha Lesyk
INSTRUCTIONS: WHO ARE THE TALIBAN?• Fill in the following slides which ask questions about the Taliban in Afghanistan by clicking on the following Wikipedia link.• You will also be asked to find school appropriate photos to illustrate the information you will be asked to find. You will have to create hyperlinks to the pages where you h"p://info‐wars.org/2009/04/26/american‐taxpayers‐ﬁnance‐the‐taliban/ found your photos.
WHO ARE THE TALIBAN? Read the first paragraph on the Wikipedia page 4. The Taliban as a social and political about the Taliban and then answer the following “movement” (group) is made up of questions. “volunteers” from which Afghan tribe and people of what neighboring countries to 1. What does the word Taliban actually mean? Afghanistan? The word Taliban actually means “students” in The Taliban as a social and political Arabic. “movement” is made up of “volunteers” primarily from the Pashtun tribes and of 2. When did they form the government of people from the neighboring countries Afghanistan and who forced them from power? including the Pakistani army, Arab, and Central Asian militants. The Taliban formed the government of Afghanistan in September of 1996 and the person who forced them from power was the Operation Enduring Freedom after the attacks of 5. Where does the US government believe September 11,2001. that the Taliban’s headquarters is (city and country). 3. Click on the links for the following concepts The US government believes the Taliban’s and then define them in your own words: headquarters is in or near Quetta, Pakistan. Insurgency Insurgency is when there is an attempt at overthrowing a constituted government by an organized rebellion through the use of subversion and armed conflict. Guerilla War A type of warfare, in which conflicts regarding small groups of combatants use military tactics and extraordinary mobility to harass a larger and less-mobile traditional army.
TALIBAN LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATION 1. Who is considered by many as the Explain why it is not an easy current “leader” of the Taliban? process to do. Considered by many, the Taliban’s current “leader” is Mohammed Omar. It is not an easy process to put up a photo of the man because not much is publicly known about him. Also, the most recent picture is 2. Follow the link to his page and then from the year 2002. Since he is on the most answer the following questions: wanted list, it isn’t safe for him to just This man is on the US government’s most wanted wander about and allow pictures to be taken list for what 3 activities? of himself. He has to keep a low profile. This man is on the US government’s most wanted list for sheltering Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda militants in the years prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks, and believed to be in Pakistan directing the Taliban insurgency against NATO forces and the Karzai administration in Afghanistan. What is one of the only physical details really known about this man? One of the only physical details really known about this man is the fact he is said to be very tall and missing one eye. How did he get this physical feature? He obtained this physical feature through the wound of a piece of shrapnel, which he independently removed from his eye and sowed shut.
ORIGINS OF THE TALIBANScroll down the main Taliban Wikipedia page THINKING QUESTION: until you find the heading Origins in order Of the 2 stories a supporter would choose to to answer the following questions: believe which one? Of the two stories, a supporter would likely choose the first one because it portrays how they grew to gain their1. What are the two competing stories about beliefs and values as a whole and allows them to seem the creation of the Taliban? triumphant.The two competing stories about the creation of the Taliban are: Of the 2 stories an opponent would probably- That when there was this war going on in choose to believe which one? Afghanistan, not all of the people were in Of the two stories an opponent would probably choose favor or concurred with one side of the the second one to believe in because it portrays the war. In turn, they then formed their own Taliban as being weak and a last resort to free themselves, rather than a huge voluntary movement. party to present their own beliefs, which was dubbed the Taliban.- In the year 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan and held power over the country for roughly a decade. In order to free themselves, the CIA funded Islamic extremist groups to try and overcome the Soviets with the Muslims. http://counterterrorismblog.org/2009/12/talibans_counter_strategy_is_b.php
TALIBAN TREATMENT OF WOMEN For the following slides Under the Gender Policies heading, please follow this link summarize the 8 points about the treatment of women by the Taliban provided: Taliban Treatment of - without accompaniment by a blood Women relative, women are not allowed to wander 1. Read the very first paragraph and the streets and should not be seen without a Burqa. then summarize the Taliban’s quotation about its reasons for - high-heeled shoes are forbidden for woman harsh treatment of women below: since a woman’s footsteps should not be heard. The reasonings for harsh treatment of - no stranger should hear a woman’s voice, women according to the Taliban so they must speak in quiet tones. was so that they could keep the women under control from - woman aren’t allowed to be visible from the street through windows. becoming or feeling equal in comparison to men and instead - woman are not allowed to appear in remain holy. photography or film. - the name of a place must not contain the word “woman” in it. - woman aren’t allowed to go on the balconies of their home. - woman are prohibited from appearing in media.
DRESS CODE AND MOBILITY 1. Scroll back up the page to find the definition of Dress code stuff: “mahram”. What is the name for the traditional The definition of “mahram” is an unmarriageable outfit that women had to wear in kin with whom sexual intercourse would be Taliban Afghanistan? considered incestuous, a punishable taboo. The name for the traditional outﬁt that women had to wear in the What are some other restrictions that women faced Taliban Afghanistan is called a regarding moving around the cities and countryside “burqa” and was a dress that covered in Afghanistan under the Taliban? (3) the entire body except for a small Some other restrictions that women faced regarding screen to see out of. moving around the cities and countryside in Afghanistan under the Taliban included a ban on women riding their bikes or motorcycles even with What was the main reason for this a mahram, being forbidden to ride in taxis without strict control of womens’ dress? a mahram, and the introducing of segregation of The main reason for this strict control bus services to prevent men and women from traveling on the same bus. of women’s dress was to cover them from the sight of men. Why would an all girls’ orphanage be practically a prison under this system? An all girls’ orphanage would practically be a prison under this system because they wouldn’t have the privilege to travel among the men in the streets and have those civil liberties. They’d be conﬁned to their home seeing as it’s an all girls orphanage, there are no men to accompany them in their travels. http://newsjunkiepost.com/2010/04/01/belgium-to-ban-burqa/
EMPLOYMENT AND EDUCATION Were women allowed to work at all Were women allowed to be educated under the Taliban rules (tricky under Taliban law? What age did they question)? have to stop going to school? Not all women were allowed to work at all Under the Taliban law, girls were allowed under the Taliban rules. Exceptions to attend school until the age of 8. included humanitarian services, and female health professionals. Find the quote that illustrates that the Taliban actually thought that they had What industries were particularly hit increased women’s rights in hard by the Taliban’s work policies for Afghanistan. women? Pick 2. “no other country has given women the Industries that were particularly hit hard rights we have given them. We have given by the Taliban’s work policies for women women the rights that God and His were the education system, in which in Messenger have instructed, that is to stay some schools, all of the teachers were in their homes and to gain religious women and government employees, instruction in hijab.” where roughly 25% of the employees were female.
HEALTH CARE AND FORCED CONFINEMENT Give 2 reasons it was really tough for A study done in 1991 concluded that roughly women to receive health care when the what percentage of Afghan women they Taliban ruled Afghanistan. surveyed were showing signs of mental distress and depression? Two reasons why it was really tough for women to receive health care when the A study done in 1991 concluded that Taliban ruled Afghanistan were because roughly 97% of Afghan women showed the Taliban made it a rule that women signs of mental distress and depression. were not allowed to be treated or touched be men doctors, so they would have to Describe 3 other cultural prohibitions that travel great distances to receive attention were imposed on women or about women if by the few female professionals there Taliban ruled Afghanistan were and in October of 1996, women were forbidden from accessing the traditional Three other cultural prohibitions that were hammam. In turn, it denied women imposed on women or about women if methods of hygiene as well as access to Taliban ruled Afghanistan were that place health care, which had the possibility to names were altered if they had the word make for a rise in scabies and vaginal “women” in them, women were forbidden to infections. laugh loudly seeing as no stranger is supposed to hear a woman’s voice, and women were prohibited from participating in sports or even entering a sports bar.
PUNISHMENTS FOR BREAKING TALIBAN LAWS Read the information about the types Who is the woman in the photo on this part of the web-page? of punishments women (and men) were subjected to in Afghanistan The woman in the photo on this part of the web- page is known as Zarmina. during the Taliban’s rule and summarize 2 extreme examples below: What is happening to her? In this photo, Zarmina is being publicly Two extreme examples of punishment executed. of women during Taliban’s rule include Where is it happening? back in the month of October in 1996 when a women had the tip of her It is happening in the Ghazi Sports Stadium. thumb cut off as punishment for What crime is she accused of? wearing nail varnish. Another example She is being accused of killing her husband in is when in December of 1996, the his sleep after being allegedly beaten by him. women would be lashed on their legs What happened to her for 3 years before this and backs for violating the sharia code event? of dress. Three years before this event, she had been imprisoned and extensively tortured. What organization took the film this photo is a screenshot from? The organization that took the film is the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan.
WOMEN’S RESISTANCE TO THE TALIBAN What is RAWA? Explain what the Golden Needle Sewing School was. RAWA is the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan and is a women’s The Golden Needle Sewing School was an organization based in Quetta, Pakistan, that underground school for women in Herat, promotes women’s rights and secular Afghanistan, during the rule of the democracy. Taliban. Who was the founder of RAWA and what How did women “sneak in” 2 details. happened to her? Women snuck in by going three times a The founder of RAWA was an Afghan week and pretending to sew, but would student activist by the name of Meena instead hear lectures given by professors Keshwar Kamal in 1977. She was of literature from Herat University. assassiated in February of 1987 for her political activities. Why was the area that this school was in one of the most oppressed by the Taliban? What does RAWA work for? 3 main things. 2 reasons. RAWA works towards the involvement of The area that this school was in was one of women of Afghanistan in both political and the most oppressed by the Taliban because social activities, acquiring human rights for it was a cultured city and mostly Shi’a, women, and continuing the struggle against both of which the Taliban opposed. the government of Afghanistan based on democratic and secular, in which women can participate fully.
NOW THAT YOU KNOW … Write a personal reaction on this slide (3-4 sentences) in which you express your opinion about the treatment of women in Afghanistan by the Taliban. How does it make you feel? Why? Now that I know and understand the treatment of women in Afghanistan by the Taliban, it makes me feel uneasy. Just the thought of all the terrible punishments hits me first. How on Earth could they commit such over the edge punishments. I understand it’s because they broke the law, but where’s the equality in that? Women should have all the equal rights as men do. We should be able to laugh as loud as we want in public and not have to worry about strangers hearing our voice. It’s wrong.
DO WE … As citizens of a country in which we are relatively free, safe, and equal do we have the responsibility to help places like Afghanistan become more like us? Why or why not? Explain your answer in 3 – 4 sentences. I believe we do have a type of responsibility to help places like Afghanistan become more like us. If they are unwilling as a whole to change, then we shouldn’t force this type of thing upon them. However, if they wish for change, a well rounded and advanced country like ours should be responsible for helping countries like Afghanistan to move on. What’s happening there is wrong on so many levels, and I don’t think we should stand by and watch if it’s causing the death of woman after woman. We need equality.