Sammi Lesyk Humanities 20-1March 14, 2011UNITED NATIONS – Background Information – HOW DOES THE UNWORK?Instructions: Use the links provided to answer the questions which follow. Type youranswers directly into the space after the questions. Answer all parts of the question inzyour own words. It will be easy to see if you have just copied and pasted information.Due – Tuesday.Link for the following questionsUN AT A GLANCEhttp://www.un.org/en/aboutun/index.shtml 1. When was the UN created and by how many member states? /1The UN was created in the year 1945, and officially came into existence on October 24 of thatyear by 51 nations. 2. What were the 3 main goals of the original members of the UN as a group? /3The three main goals of the original members of the UN as a group were: 1) maintaininternational peace and security, 2) developing friendly relations among nations, and 3)promoting social progress, better living standards, and human rights. 3. How many member nation-states does the present day UN have? /1There are 192 member nation-states in the present day UN. 4. List 6 of the “wide range” of world issues that that modern UN works on with its member states./3Only 6 of the "wide range" world issues that modern UN works on with its member statesinlcludes:- promoting democracy- economic and social development and international health- clearing landmines- environment and refugee protection- disaster relief- counter terrorism 5. Look in the bullet box on the right side of this page and list the 4 main goals of the modern UN. /2The four main goals of the modern UN include:- To keep peace throughout the world- To develope friendly relations among nations- To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, diseaseand illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms- To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goalsThe Secretary General of the UNhttp://www.un.org/sg/priority.shtml
Sammi Lesyk Humanities 20-1March 14, 2011 6. What is his name and where is he from? Paste a picture of him below. /3 The name of theSecretary General of the UN is Ban Ki-moon, and he is from South Korea. 7. What are four of his resolutions as General secretary of the UN? /2Four of his resolutions as General secretary of the UN are: 1) lead by example, 2) seekexcellence in humility, 3) set the highest ethical standard, and 4) pursue dialogue andengagement. 8. What are the Secretary Generals 8 categories of priorities for action? /4The Secretary Generals eight categories of priorities for action consist of: climate change,disarmament, combating the financial crisis and poverty, global health, peace and security,women, responsibility to protect, and UN reform and accountability.Structure and Organization – an overviewhttp://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/index.shtml 9. Looking at the blue underlined headings on this page, what are the 6 main structural parts of the UN? /3]Looking at the blue underlined headings on this page, the six main structural parts of the UNconsist of: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trustee Council,International Court of Justice, Secretariat, and Specialized Agents, Related Organizations,Funds, and other UN Entities. General Assembly http://www.un.org/en/ga/about/background.shtml 10. Under the heading “forum for multilateral negotiation” explain in your own words the 2 main functions of the General Assembly. /2The main functions of the General Assembly basically are to gather all 192 members andprovide them an opportunity to discuss issues of the world. Also, every year from September toDecember, the General Assembly help to establish international laws.
Sammi Lesyk Humanities 20-1March 14, 2011 11. Summarize the 8 main functions and powers of the General Assembly in your own words (look at the bullet points). /4The main functions and powers of the General Assembly are to:- make suggestions regarding the general principles of collaberation for keeping internationalpeace, security, and disarment.- make conversation relating to world wide peace and security and unless their is convtroversyabout the subject by the Security Council, can they make suggestions about it.- unless there is a dispute or situation being currently discussed by the Security Council, suggestions by any organ of the United Nations can be made regarding their powers and functions.- in the areas of international political cooperation, the development and codification of international law, the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and international collaboration in the economic, social, humanitarian, cultural, educational, and health fields, the General Assembly may commence studies and suggestions to promote them.- when there are any situations that have the ability to ruin relations between nations, the General Assembly can make suggests to resolve and initiate peace.- take the Security Council and other UN organs’ reports into consideration.- in regards to the budget, the General Assembly takes into consideration and approves the UN’s budget and they create the financial assessments of Member States.- with recommendations from the Security Council and appointments from the Secretary General, the General Assembly can elect the non-permanent members of the Security Council and the members of other UN councils and organs. 12. The Search for Consensus – Read the final 2 paragraphs on the General Assembly Page and explain their gist in your own words. /2In the General Assembly, receiving a perfect or near perfect consensus when deciding onimportant issues is rare. Nowadays, they have a sort of democratic system to make quite fairchoices, but it still requires a two-thirds majority of Member States.Security Councilhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council#Members 13. Who are 5 permanent members and the current 10 non-permanent members of the Security Council? /5Five permanent members of the Security Council are China, France, Russia, United Kingdom,and the United States. However, the current ten non-permanent members of the SecurityCouncil consist of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Gabon, Lebanon, Nigeria, Colombia,Germany, India, Portugal, and South Africa. 14. How do the non-permanent members get a position on the Security Council and how long do their terms last? /2The non-permanent members get a position on the Security Council being chosen by regionalgroups, then confirmed by the United Nations General Assembly. Their terms usually last for twoyears starting on January 1st, with five members replaces each year.Functions and Powers of the Security Councilhttp://www.un.org/Docs/sc/unsc_functions.html
Sammi Lesyk Humanities 20-1March 14, 2011 15. In your own words type out the meaning of the 10 functions and powers of the UN Security Council. /5The meanings of the ten functions and powers of the UN Security Council are:- With the principles and purposes of the United Nations, they maintain international peace and security.- When there is a possibility a international dispute may occur, they may investigate to help prevention.- At times of disagreement, they can suggest solutions to help establish settlement.- When creating systems to help regulate armaments, they can formulate plans.- To realize when a threat is about against the peace or there is an act of violence, and take action.- To not use measures such as force to get Members to prevent/stop aggression, but instead ask them to apply economic sanctions or other such measures.- When there is an aggressor, to initiate military action against them.- To suggest new Members’ admission.- In “strategic areas”, exercise the UN’s trusteeship functions.- To appoint the Secretary-General to the General Assembly and together, elect Judges of the International Court of Justice.Economic and Social Councilhttp://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/about/index.shtml 16. What is this council responsible for? (4 points) /2The council is responsible for:- promoting higher standards of living, full employment, and economic and social progress- identifying solutions to international economic, social and health problems- facilitating international cultural and educational cooperation- encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms 17. What 3 powers does the UN Economic and Social Council have and what percentage of all UN human and financial resources can it draw upon? /4The three powers the UN Economic and Social Council have consist of making/initiating studiesand reports on these issues, assisting the preparation and organization of major internationalconferences in the economic and social and related fields and to facilitate a coordinated follow-up to these conferences. The percentage of all UN human and financial resources it can drawupon is 70%.International Court of Justicehttp://www.icj-cij.org/court/index.php?p1=1&PHPSESSID=d163efdf759ec64b3e338656dae4e143 18. Where is it located? /1The seat of the Court is located at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands) and of the sixprincipal organs of the UN, it is the only one not located in New York (USA). 19. What is its main functions? /2
Sammi Lesyk Humanities 20-1March 14, 2011It’s main functions are to settle, in accordance with the international law, legal disputessubmitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it byauthorized UN organs and specialized agencies. 20. How many judges does it have and how long do they serve for? /2It has 15 judges and they serve for terms of nine years.Secretariat 21. Who is the head of the Secretariat? What is the main function of the Secretariat? /2The head of the Secretariat is the Secretary-General, who is Ban Ki-moon. The main function ofthe Secretariat is to carry out the diverse day-to-day work of the Organization. It services theother principal organs of the UN and administers the programmes and policies laid down bythem. 22. List 4 jobs that members of the Secretariat may perform as duties for the UN? /2Four jobs that members of the Secretariat may perform as duties for the UN include:- administering peacekeeping operations- mediating international disputes- surveying economic and social trends and problems- preparing studies on human rights and sustainable development 23. How many staff did the Secretariat have around the world as of 2010? /1As of 2010, the Secretariat had some 44 000 staff members around the world. 24. What is the gist of the oath that members of the Secretariat take? /1The gist of the oath that members of the Secretariat take is to swear they will not seek orreceive instructions from any Government or outside authority. 25. Where is the UN’s headquarters? Where are 7 other places in which the UN maintains a significant presence? /4The UN’s headquarters is located in a distinctive complex in New York City, United States. Theseven other places in which the UN maintains a significant presence include Addis Ababa,Bangkok, Beirut, Geneva, Nairobi, Santiago, and Vienna.