CANDIDATE NAME: Samantha KhanSCHOOL: St. Augustine Girls’ High SchoolCENTER NUMBER:CANDIDATE NUMBER:TERRITORY: Trinidad and TobagoSBA: Physical Education
Table of ContentsAcknowledgementsIntroductionHistory of Badminton -International History -Local HistoryRules of the Game -Standard Rules -Modified RulesMy Role in the TournamentReasons for choosing RoleOther Roles chosenInjury ReportInjury ReportInjury ReportPreventing InjuriesTreating Injuries -Soft Tissue -Hard Tissue
Reflections -Overall Reflections -Working with Group Members -Personal ReflectionsConclusionReferencesPicturesAppendices
Acknowledgements Firstly, I would like to acknowledge our school principal, Mrs.Kathleen Anderson for allowing us to be able to host the BadmintonCompetition for the S.B.A. Secondly, I would like to thank the Form Two department forenthusiastically taking part in the competition. Thirdly, I would also like to thank all of the other group members fortheir cooperation and for allowing the competition to be a success. In conclusion however, I would like to thank everyone who assistedme throughout the competition.
Introduction The School Based Assessment for Physical Education and Sportsinstructs that students are to host a competition with each student taking onthe responsibilities of one role as an official in the tournament. The studentswere required to manage every aspect of the tournament such as planningout games, raising money for prizes, advertising, as well as umpiring eachgame. For the S.B.A., the class was divided into groups and each group wasasked to decide upon a sport for which the tournament must be hosted. Eachmember of the group was responsible for a certain aspect of the tournament.Our group choose the sport of Badminton. Badminton was chosen because the group decided that it would be anexciting sport on which to hold a tournament. Also, the sport Badminton waschosen because each member of the group had prior knowledge of the gameas well as experience of playing it. The tournament catered to the students inform one, as they were all eager and enthusiastic about participating in thecompetition and also it would be much easier for the coaches to train them. Throughout the competition, each student was required to fulfill theresponsibilities of their respective role and report on what they had done.My S.B.A. is based on the role of the First Aid Officer.
History of BadmintonINTERNATIONAL HISTORY Badminton got its name from the Badminton House inGloucestershire, England, the home of the Duke of Beaufort where the sportwas played in the last century. Before Badminton House, there was a gamecalled ‘Poona’ which was a game played by British army officers stationedin India. The origins of Badminton dated back at least two thousand years.Worldwide popularity for the sport surged only after Badminton’s Olympicdebut at Barcelona in 1992. The first major tournament was the Thomas Cup(World’s Men Championship) in 1948. Although the history of Badminton originated in England, thisinternational sport has been largely dominated by Asian countries andDenmark over the last few decades, countries including Malaysia, China,South Korea and Indonesia have all produced world class players.In 1995, Badminton was first played at the Pan American Games.
LOCAL HISTORY Trinidad and Tobago is a nation that greatly promotes and encouragessports among all the sports-minded individuals. Badminton is one of themany games played in Trinidad and Tobago, but not many people know therole this game has played over the years, nor even how it first begun. Badminton, first called ‘Poona’ was played in India in the 1860’s. Inthe 1870’s English soldiers stationed in India introduced the game toEngland. Badminton became a popular sport in the Caribbean through thePan American Games in the year 1995. Badminton in Trinidad is clearly an outstanding sport played by manypeople. Many successful and outstanding Badminton players came fromTrinidad and Tobago such as Anil Seepaul, Kerwyn Pantin and severalothers. Anil Seepaul was the only player from Trinidad and Tobago to defeata top Jamaican in the last decade at the Pan American Games in Winnipeg,Canada. There were also some fine performances from Seepaul at theCaribbean Championship in Barbados. Kerwyn Pantin was the Triple Crown winner at both the 2004 and2005 Solo Open Badminton Championship in Trinidad and Tobago. He wonthe men’s singles and doubles and the mixed doubles final matches. He hasbeen playing Badminton since the year 1997. Badminton has gainedimmense popularity in both primary and secondary schools, and there arecompetitions held every year for the students to participate in.
Rules of the GameSTANDARD RULESObjective of the Game The object of the game is the hit the shuttlecock back and forth over anet without permitting it to hit the floor in bounds on your side of the net. 1) A player may not hit net with a racket or any body part during play. 2) A shuttle may not come to rest or be carried on the racket. 3) A shuttle may hit the net on its way across during play and the rally can continue. 4) A term of service is called an inning. 5) A player may not reach over the net to hut the shuttle. 6) A loss of serve is called a side out. 7) In class games it will be played to 15 points and a match is 2 out of 3 games. 8) Some types of shots are the lob, drop shot, smash and drive.Serving 1) A coin toss or spin of the racket determines who will serve first. 2) The serve must travel diagonally to be good. 3) A serve that touches the net and lands in the proper court is called a let serve and is reserved, otherwise only one serve is permitted to each court until a side out occurs. A serve that is totally missed may be tried again. 4) The racket must make contact with the shuttle below the waist on a serve. 5) The server and receiver must stand within their respective service courts until the serve is made. 6) Points may only be scored when serving. 7) All lines are considered bounds. 8) In singles, when the server’s score is an even number, the serve is taken from the right side. When the server’s score is an odd number it is taken from the left. (Serving in a doubles game is different).
MODIFIED RULES In the tournament, the ‘smash’ was eliminated as the game was beingplayed at an amateur level. Footwork is a major part in Badminton as it helps the player to bemore accurate at their shot at the shuttle. However, in the tournament, thefootwork of the player was not greatly emphasized on.
My Role in the TournamentI chose the role of the first aid officer.ROLES OF THE FIRST AID OFFICER1) To maintain a First Aid Kit, and apply first aid when required.2) To work with relevant personnel to devise appropriate procedures in eventof serious of fatal injuries.3) To distribute information related to prevention and care of sports injuries.4) To write up reports which detail the cause, and type of injuries andsuggest actions that would prevent future injuries.5) To identify possible hazards on the field and report to competitionmanagers.6) To supply competitors adequately with water.
REASONS FOR CHOOSING ROLE First Aid is being able to provide emergency care to a person who isinjured or ill until professional medical treatment is available. First Aid isvery important as it can even help to save someone’s life. Since this tournament was school based and was not being played atan international level, the likelihood of major injuries such as fractures anddislocations were quite minimal. I choose this role because I always wanted to get the experience ofapplying first aid and being able to help injured persons. Also, first aidapplication was something I understood both in theory and real lifesituations.
Other Roles ChosenCompetition Director: Ayisha JosephCompetition Manager: Christine SankarCompetition Secretary: Jannah HuntEvent officials: Jemima Robin Jodie Persad Shridevi MohanTeam Managers: Ariesa Du Quesnay Sajida RampersadCoaches: Felice Bowyer Naomi Roach Nequita Ramirez Kirsty LourencoSports Journalist: Anu BissessarFirst Aid Officers: Samantha Khan Alexis Prabhudial
Injury ReportDATE:A player from Team E fell down and hit her knee on an attempt to hit theshuttle.INJURY TYPE: Soft Tissue The player was hit on the knee. No discoloration noted, but a lot of pain was experienced by the player.TREATMENT: Application of the RICE method. Player was temporarily rested wit Ice Packs being applied to the affected area. The area was bandaged, then elevated.FURTHER ACTIONS TO PREVENT INJURY: Review of the game. Players should be reminded that if they are unable to hit the shuttle, let their partner hit it. Also if they are falling, fall on your behind as less damage would occur.
Injury ReportDATE:One of the players in Team A received a minor scratch on the face.INJURY TYPE: Soft Tissue A small shallow scratch about one inch long seemed to have been caused by contact with a racket. It appeared on the left cheek.TREATMENT: The cut was washed with disinfectant and covered with an adhesive plaster.FURTHER ACTION TO PREVENT INJURY: Review of rules. Player should be conscious of their partners at all times and try to avoid contact with them. Also, coaches should go over the rules of the games with the players.
Injury ReportDATE:A player in Team E sprained her ankle on an attempt to hit the shuttle.INJURY TYPE: Soft Tissue The player sprained her ankle. Slight discoloration was noted and a lot of pain was experienced by the player.TREATMENT: Application of the RICE method. The player was temporarily rested, with ice packs being applied to the affected area. The area was bandaged and then elevated.FURTHER ACTIONS TO PREVENT INJURY: Review of the game. Players should wear proper footwear so injuries would be less likely sustained.
Preventing InjuriesSafety Precautions 1) Competitors were told to eat lunch at least two hours before their games were to be played so the food would be absorbed by the body therefore reducing the risk of the player feeling upset during game play. Also, by eating before, the players would have adequate energy to play their games. 2) Competitors were encouraged to wear proper clothing (short pants and loose T. shirt) to play their games. This would give the players freedom of movement. 3) Absolutely no jewellery was worn during the games. 4) Competitors warmed up and cooled down properly before and after the games to reduce the risk of a muscle injury.
Treating InjuriesSoft Tissue Injuries 1) Bruises: A bruise happens when capillaries under the skin break, causing bleeding. Usually, the area becomes discolored, swollen and painful. Apply a cold compress to the affected area. Elevate and support the bruised area. 2) Cuts and Abrasions: An abrasion happens when the top layer of the skin has been removed due to friction with a rough surface. Clean with soap and running water. Pat the cut dry, then cover with an adhesive bandage. 3) Stitches: A stitch is a sharp pain caused by the sudden contraction of the diaphragm in the abdominal area. Treat by resting and sitting down. 4) Cramps: A cramp is the sudden, painful contraction of a muscle. Massage and gently stretch the muscle. If cramps occur after intense activity, in which a lot of fluid was lost, drink fluid as well.RICE Treatment: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.The RICE treatment is for sprains, which is the over-stretching or tearing ofa ligament, and strains which is the tearing or pulling of a muscle or tendon.Rest- Movement keeps the blood leaking. So stay still.Ice- Apply an ice pack around the injured part for 20-30 minutes. The coldmakes the blood vessels constrict, and this therefore reduces internalbleeding and pain.Compression- Bandage the injured part firmly using a crepe bandage. Thisalso reduces internal bleeding.Elevation- Support the limb in an elevated position. This reduces blood flowto the limb because the blood has to flow against gravity.
Hard Tissue Injuries 1) Fractures: A fracture is a break in the bone which is of two types. Simple fractures do not break through the skin, whereas compound fractures break through the skin layer. Compound fractures often damage nerves and surrounding muscle tissue. The casualty is kept still, while the injured part is supported, and if necessary, bleeding should be stopped. Urgent medical help should be sought immediately. 2) Stress Fractures: A stress fracture is a common overuse injury. These are small cracks on the bone. The area is usually tender, swollen and painful. Use ice treatment and get rest immediately. To prevent, check footwear, and running action for problems. Also, running on very hard surfaces for prolonged periods of time should be avoided. 3) Dislocations: A dislocation occurs when a bone at a joint has been forced out of its normal position. The area looks deformed and the player experiences severe pain. Dislocations should be treated as a fracture. The player should be kept still while the injured part is supported. Medical help should be sought immediately.
ReflectionsOVERALL REFLECTIONS Our badminton tournament turned out to be quite successful despite afew problems. As the First Aid Officers, I didn’t have much to do unlesssomeone got injured. Throughout the Badminton tournament, only threepersons were injured. After ensuring that the team members warmed upproperly, and were wearing absolutely no jewellery, I had the chance toobserve each player on court, and generally watch the game. Tournament game play turned out to be quite aggressive andcompetitive as each team really wanted to win and be on top. However, there seemed to be some bias to some teams by theofficials, who were umpiring the games as the teams were sometimesawarded a point, even though there was a fault in their service. Also, eventhough the shuttle sometimes hit the ceiling which was however anobstruction, the team was sometimes awarded a point if the shuttle happen toland on their opponents side. That was somewhat unfair to the other teamsbecause there was obstruction in the service. Honestly, I felt that the tournament could have been better organized,and fair to all the competitors. It could have been better organized in that theumpiring being less biased and by both the officials and competitors havinga better understanding of the rules of the game.
WORKING WITH GROUP MEMBERS Honestly, I do not particularly like to work in groups, but I alwaysgive my full cooperation whenever I have to work with others. In our group,most of the members cooperated while quite a few did not. Aside from doing first aid, I also decided to help out in some coachingsessions before the tournament. I did this because some of the players werehaving difficulty mastering a certain shot and they needed someone toslowly go through the steps with them. However, considering the number of people who genuinely helped,the tournament was a success. It ran rather smoothly except for a few minorglitches.
PERSONAL REFLECTION It was really a great experience to work on this S.B.A. it took me awhile to gather all the necessary information, and guidelines to write up thisS.B.A. It also took me a while to get the appropriate pictures to include inthe S.B.A. This S.B.A. was somewhat fun because we, the members of the groupgot the experience of hosting a sports tournament. I really enjoyed doing thisS.B.A. because we were allowed to express our opinions which I liked a lot. A few recommendations would be better organizational skills at themanagement level, more consistency among the group members eventhough they may not totally agree with each other. Also, if you want thetournament to run perfectly without any glitches, all the group membersmust do what he/she was assigned to do.
Conclusion At the end of the tournament, our group as well as the form one’sgained an overall better insight of badminton through the badmintoncompetition. The competition was a great success in that everything ranrather smoothly. I believe that everyone who was a part of the competitionboth management and participants enjoyed it immensely.
Reference* Gallagher R.M., Fountain S., Gee L. (1997). (Physical Education throughdiagrams). (2nd Edition). (Oxford University Press.).* Beashel P., Sibson A., Taylor J. (2001). (The World of Sports Examined).(2nd Edition). (Nelson Thornes ltd.).* Lai G. (Caribbean Physical Education 1-2-3)* www.officialbadminton.com/history_of_badminton.php* www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/F/fractures_and_dislocations.html