The History of Educational Technology Samanta Prieto Noelia Dolenc
What is it? Educational technology is the application oftechnology in education. Nowadays, educators tend to think ofeducational or instructional technology asequipment (i.e. electronic equipment). …but before getting into detail, let’s have a look at a brief version of the educational technology’s history.
Back to roots… Educational technology in away could be traced back to theemergence of very early tools,e.g., paintings on cave walls. But usually its history starts with educational film(1900s) or Sidney Presseys mechanical teaching machinesin the 1920s.
The first administrative organizations in schools to manage instructional media wereschool museums. The first school museum was established in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1905. Its purpose was to collect and loan: • portable museum exhibits, • films, • photographs, • charts, • stereographic slides, etc.
First decade of 20th: Silent films were being produced forinstructional use. Despite efforts, films neverreached the level of influence in schools due to: teachers lack of skill in usingequipment. the cost of films, equipment inaccessibility of equipmentwhen it was needed. time involved in finding theright film for each class.
Ring, Ring. Knock, Knock. Buaaa, Sniff…In 1910,more than 1,000titles of films could berented by schools.
Radio was the next technology to gain attention.Benjamin Darrow, imagined that radiowould provide "schools of the air“.In 1920, the Radio Divisionof the U.S.A began tolicense commercial andeducational stations. Soon schools, colleges, departments of education, and commercial stations were providing radio programming to schools.
During the World War II (1945): - overhead projectors - slide projectors - audio equipment Were used by the military and then by schools in the decades to follow.Instructional television was the focus during the 1950s and the 1960s. Rapid development of educational television stations The aim was to provide instructional programs to school system in their viewing area. A lot of money was invested by The Ford Foundation .
Around 1950s and the 1960s: The next technology to capture the interest of educators was the computer. 1980s microcomputers appeared and many educators became enthusiastic about computers.1995 : the Office ofTechnology Assessmentestimated that the optimumratio of computers to studentswas five to one.2000, an average of onecomputer for every fivestudents, with 97 percent ofschools having Internetconnections.
Some traditional and educational technology tools include: the chalkboard, overhead projector or classroom maps and globes.Today, we think of computers, the internet mobile computing, electronic books, among others.
What can I do with it? Educational technology is more than just tools. Teachers can design, deliver, facilitate and manage instruction for global learners of all ages. With these tools and techniques you can improve and enhance student’s learning.
Bibliography… “School Technology in Education” [online]. http://www.answers.com/topic/school-technology-in-education What is Educational Technology? — Presentation Transcript http://www.slideshare.net/joh5700/what-is-educational-technology What is educational technology by By M.D. Roblyer|A. H. Doering http://www.education.com/reference/article/what-educational-technology/ Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGY2cwWC8Ag Wikipedia, Educational Technology http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_technology