HOW & WHY WE  CLASSIFY
What is TAXONOMY?
What is TAXONOMY?   Study of classifying & naming organisms
What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?
What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?       Brings order to tremendous biodiversit...
What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?       Brings order to tremendous biodiversit...
What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?       Brings order to tremendous biodiversit...
What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?       Brings order to tremendous biodiversit...
What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or           CLADOGRAM?
What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or           CLADOGRAM?
What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or               CLADOGRAM?   Reflects hypotheses about evolutionary    relationships & commo...
What is the order of the groups in  the taxonomic hierarchy?                Eukarya                           Animalia    ...
What is the order of the groups in       the taxonomic hierarchy?   DOMAIN           Eukarya                             ...
What is the order of the groups in      the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN            Eukarya KINGDOM                      ...
What is the order of the groups in      the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN            Eukarya KINGDOM                      ...
What is the order of the groups in      the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN            Eukarya KINGDOM                      ...
What is the order of the groups in      the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN            Eukarya KINGDOM                      ...
What is the order of the groups in      the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN            Eukarya KINGDOM                      ...
What is the order of the groups in      the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN            Eukarya KINGDOM                      ...
What is the order of the groups in      the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN            Eukarya KINGDOM                      ...
Which are most closely related?
Domains  Archaea  Bacteria  Eukarya
What are the 3 DOMAINS?
Archaea
Prokaryotes-no cell nucleusSimilar to Bacteria but have   different evolutionary           history    Single celled species
Bacteria
Single Celled organismsCan live in multiple habitats        all over earth  Form much of the earths biomass (five nonillio...
EukaryaEverything Else
Eukaryotes -having a truenucleus-organisms withcomplex structures andenclosed with membranesMulticellular (most)Encompasse...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular     Other?               or            or           eukaryote? ...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular     Other?               or            or           eukaryote? ...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular     Other?               or            or           eukaryote? ...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular     Other?               or            or           eukaryote? ...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular     Other?               or            or           eukaryote? ...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular     Other?               or            or           eukaryote? ...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular     Other?               or            or           eukaryote? ...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular             Other?               or            or           euk...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular             Other?               or            or           euk...
What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN     Prokaryote   Unicellular             Other?               or            or           euk...
MAKE A VENN DIAGRAM IN YOURNOTES TO SHOW MAJORDIFFERENCES BETWEEN THETHREE DOMAINS
What is BINOMIALNOMENCLATURE?
What is BINOMIAL            NOMENCLATURE?   Used to create 2-word scientific name for an    organism
What is BINOMIAL         NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an  organism Why in Latin?
What is BINOMIAL         NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an  organism Why in Latin? Genus species
What is BINOMIAL         NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an  organism Why in Latin? Genus speci...
What is BINOMIAL         NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an  organism Why in Latin? Genus speci...
What is BINOMIAL         NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an  organism Why in Latin? Genus speci...
What is BINOMIAL           NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an  organism Why in Latin? Genus spe...
Classification power point_with_domain
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  • Classification power point_with_domain

    1. 1. HOW & WHY WE CLASSIFY
    2. 2. What is TAXONOMY?
    3. 3. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms
    4. 4. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?
    5. 5. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth
    6. 6. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth How do we do it?
    7. 7. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth How do we do it?  Currently based on structural & chemical (e.g. DNA) similarities that show how closely related organisms are
    8. 8. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth How do we do it?  Currently based on structural & chemical (e.g. DNA) similarities that show how closely related organisms are An ever-changing field!
    9. 9. What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or CLADOGRAM?
    10. 10. What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or CLADOGRAM?
    11. 11. What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or CLADOGRAM? Reflects hypotheses about evolutionary relationships & common ancestry based on similar structures, DNA, etc.
    12. 12. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
    13. 13. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
    14. 14. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
    15. 15. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
    16. 16. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
    17. 17. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
    18. 18. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates FAMILY Hominidae Homo sapiens
    19. 19. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates FAMILY GENUS Hominidae Homo sapiens
    20. 20. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates FAMILY GENUS Hominidae SPECIES Homo sapiens
    21. 21. Which are most closely related?
    22. 22. Domains Archaea Bacteria Eukarya
    23. 23. What are the 3 DOMAINS?
    24. 24. Archaea
    25. 25. Prokaryotes-no cell nucleusSimilar to Bacteria but have different evolutionary history Single celled species
    26. 26. Bacteria
    27. 27. Single Celled organismsCan live in multiple habitats all over earth Form much of the earths biomass (five nonillion 5 X 10^30) Prokaryotes
    28. 28. EukaryaEverything Else
    29. 29. Eukaryotes -having a truenucleus-organisms withcomplex structures andenclosed with membranesMulticellular (most)Encompasses all organismsexpect bacteria andarchaebacteria
    30. 30. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?BacteriaArchaeaEukarya
    31. 31. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria PArchaeaEukarya
    32. 32. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria PArchaea PEukarya
    33. 33. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria PArchaea PEukarya E
    34. 34. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1Archaea PEukarya E
    35. 35. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1Archaea P 1Eukarya E
    36. 36. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1Archaea P 1Eukarya E usually many
    37. 37. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1 less DNA , smaller ribosomesArchaea P 1Eukarya E usually many
    38. 38. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1 less DNA , smaller ribosomes more DNA, largerArchaea P 1 ribosomes, tolerate extreme environmentsEukarya E usually many
    39. 39. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1 less DNA , smaller ribosomes more DNA, largerArchaea P 1 ribosomes, tolerate extreme environmentsEukarya E usually more DNA, larger many ribosomes
    40. 40. MAKE A VENN DIAGRAM IN YOURNOTES TO SHOW MAJORDIFFERENCES BETWEEN THETHREE DOMAINS
    41. 41. What is BINOMIALNOMENCLATURE?
    42. 42. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism
    43. 43. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin?
    44. 44. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species
    45. 45. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens
    46. 46. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens Why is name 2 words?
    47. 47. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens Why is name 2 words?
    48. 48. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens Why is name 2 words? Use Greek and Latin words given to decipher Dinosaur names!!!!
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