Western and Asian Musical Instruments
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Western and Asian Musical Instruments

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  • Instruments normally played by bowing (see below) may also be plucked, a technique referred to by the Italian term pizzicato.--banjo from africa-- ukulele from hawaii--guitar europe-- harp in persia
  • Bassoon from italyClarinet from germanySaxophone from Belgium
  • Flutes from Germany
  • Larsosones– lip-vibrated instruments
  • Valve- diverts air down tubes of varying length, thereby altering the pitch.Trumpet-
  • Some instruments are pitched while others are unpitched.

Western and Asian Musical Instruments Western and Asian Musical Instruments Presentation Transcript

  • Western and Asian Musical Instruments
  • Western Musical Instruments • Strings • Woodwinds • Brass • Percussion
  • -- produce sound from one or more vibrating strings -- sounded by bowing and plucking – Bowing String Instruments
  • • The bow consists of a stick with many hairs stretched between its ends. Bowing the instrument's string causes a stick-slip phenomenon to occur, which makes the string vibrate.
  • -- produce sound from one or more vibrating strings -- sounded by bowing and plucking – Bowing – Plucking String Instruments
  • a method of playing on instruments by a finger or thumbther quills (now plastic plectra) to pluck the strings.
  • -- musical instrument that produces sound by vibration of mouthpiece reeds Woodwind Instruments
  • • Bassoon • Clarinet • Saxophone
  • • -- musical instrument that produces sound by vibration of mouthpiece reeds or by passage of air over the mouthpiece. Woodwind Instruments
  • a flute is a reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening.
  • -- musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips -- came with two families: – Valved Brass Instruments
  • • use a set of valves operated by the player's fingers
  • -- a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips -- came with two families: – Valved – Slide Brass Instruments
  • • use a slide to change the length of tubing
  • -- a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater, or rubbed by hand, or struck against another similar instrument. Percussion Instruments
  • • Clapstick • hang • Xylophone
  • • Flutes • Stringed Instruments • Percussion Instruments Asian Musical Instruments
  • Musicians play this instrument by placing their lips at the top end of the flute and blowing softly. F L U T E S
  • • Shakuhachi flute • Nose flute
  • • flutes made from the wing bones of red- crowned cranes
  • -- The pipa player plucks the strings with his right hand and uses the fingers on his left hand to manipulate the strings to create melodies and sound effects. Stringed Instruments
  • • Asian percussion instruments not only provide rhythmic accompaniment, but may also perform dramatic solos. Percussion instruments may also represent specific character roles in productions. • Asian percussion instruments are divided into three categories: – Wood – Brass – Leather Percussion
  • • Wooden xylophone • muyu
  • • Yunlos (cymbals)
  • • The frame of this drum consists of thick pieces of hard wood fastened together in a circle and enclosed with a metal band. The bell-shaped drum has an open bottom, while the top gets covered with pig or cow hide. Jing Bangu