Definition Epilepsy is a chronic condition that is a sign of an underlying neurologic disorder. Consists of recurrent seizures of varying degrees of intensity and duration.
Definition continuation Seizures are the result of a temporary alteration of one or more brain functions.
Characteristics GENERALIZED SEIZURES 1. Tonic-Clonic (Grand Mal): -Usually lasts from 30 sec to 5 min -Loss of unconsciousness -Jerky muscle contractions -Loss of bladder and bowel control -Irregular breathing or temporarily ceases -Event may not be recalled by the person
Generalized Seizures continuation 2. Absence Seizure (Petit Mal): -It starts with a blank stare -Chewing movements and rapid blinking -No abnormal movements of the body -Momentary loss of consciousness -Lasts less than a minute; for this reason teachers often mistake this as student’s lack of attention
Characteristics continuation PARTIAL SEIZURES 1. SIMPLE SEIZURES (Sensory or Jacksonian): -May have no warning and last several minutes -Abnormal twitching may lead to a convulsive seizure -Unexplained feelings of anger, joy, fear, and nausea -No loss of consciousness but may hear or see nonexistent things
Partial Seizures continuation 2. COMPLEX SEIZURES (Psychomotor or Temporal Lobe): -Person may not respond to others -Inappropriate and uncoordinated actions -Sudden fear and struggle against any resistance -Hearing or seeing distortions -No recall of the event -Starts in a limited area of the brain but it may expand