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  • 1. Epilepsy by Salo Gonzalez
    A neurological disorder
  • 2. contents
    • Definition
    • 3. Characteristics
    • 4. Strategies for Educators
  • Definition
    Epilepsy is a chronic condition that is a sign of an underlying neurologic disorder.
    Consists of recurrent seizures of varying degrees of intensity and duration.
  • 5. Definition continuation
    Seizures are the result of a temporary alteration of one or more brain functions.
  • 6. Characteristics
    GENERALIZED SEIZURES
    1. Tonic-Clonic (Grand Mal):
    -Usually lasts from 30 sec to 5 min
    -Loss of unconsciousness
    -Jerky muscle contractions
    -Loss of bladder and bowel control
    -Irregular breathing or temporarily ceases
    -Event may not be recalled by the person
  • 7. Generalized Seizures continuation
    2. Absence Seizure (Petit Mal):
    -It starts with a blank stare
    -Chewing movements and rapid blinking
    -No abnormal movements of the body
    -Momentary loss of consciousness
    -Lasts less than a minute; for this reason teachers often mistake this as student’s lack of attention
  • 8. Characteristics continuation
    PARTIAL SEIZURES
    1. SIMPLE SEIZURES (Sensory or Jacksonian):
    -May have no warning and last several minutes
    -Abnormal twitching may lead to a convulsive seizure
    -Unexplained feelings of anger, joy, fear, and nausea
    -No loss of consciousness but may hear or see nonexistent things
  • 9. Partial Seizures continuation
    2. COMPLEX SEIZURES (Psychomotor or Temporal Lobe):
    -Person may not respond to others
    -Inappropriate and uncoordinated actions
    -Sudden fear and struggle against any resistance
    -Hearing or seeing distortions
    -No recall of the event
    -Starts in a limited area of the brain but it may expand
  • 10. Strategies for Educators
  • 11. Strategies for Educators
    • Be aware and know all the information regarding the student’s history with epilepsy.
    • 12. Be aware and document any changes or behaviors of the student.
    • 13. Teach other students about epilepsy to alleviate any misunderstanding and fears.
  • Strategies for Educators
    • Do not overprotect the student.
    • 14. Teacher and students should treat the student with respect and acceptance so that the student’s psychological and social growth wont be affected.
  • What to do during a seizure
    • Keep calm and don’t try to revive the student.
    • 15. Ease student to the floor and don’t restrain any movement.
    • 16. Turn student to the side, keep airway open.
    • 17. Move objects that could be a hazard.
    • 18. Loosen student’s clothing.
    • 19. Don’t put anything in student’s mouth
    • 20. Don’t try to help by doing anything to the student’s mouth or tongue
    • 21. If student walks aimlessly, clear the way
  • Resources
    • Nielsen, Lee Brattland. Brief Reference of Students Disabilities.
    Thousand Oaks, Ca; Crowin Press, 2002
    • Epilepsy Foundation of America
    • 22. National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities