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Disability gonzalez






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    Disability gonzalez Disability gonzalez Presentation Transcript

    • Epilepsy by Salo Gonzalez
      A neurological disorder
    • contents
      • Definition
      • Characteristics
      • Strategies for Educators
    • Definition
      Epilepsy is a chronic condition that is a sign of an underlying neurologic disorder.
      Consists of recurrent seizures of varying degrees of intensity and duration.
    • Definition continuation
      Seizures are the result of a temporary alteration of one or more brain functions.
    • Characteristics
      1. Tonic-Clonic (Grand Mal):
      -Usually lasts from 30 sec to 5 min
      -Loss of unconsciousness
      -Jerky muscle contractions
      -Loss of bladder and bowel control
      -Irregular breathing or temporarily ceases
      -Event may not be recalled by the person
    • Generalized Seizures continuation
      2. Absence Seizure (Petit Mal):
      -It starts with a blank stare
      -Chewing movements and rapid blinking
      -No abnormal movements of the body
      -Momentary loss of consciousness
      -Lasts less than a minute; for this reason teachers often mistake this as student’s lack of attention
    • Characteristics continuation
      1. SIMPLE SEIZURES (Sensory or Jacksonian):
      -May have no warning and last several minutes
      -Abnormal twitching may lead to a convulsive seizure
      -Unexplained feelings of anger, joy, fear, and nausea
      -No loss of consciousness but may hear or see nonexistent things
    • Partial Seizures continuation
      2. COMPLEX SEIZURES (Psychomotor or Temporal Lobe):
      -Person may not respond to others
      -Inappropriate and uncoordinated actions
      -Sudden fear and struggle against any resistance
      -Hearing or seeing distortions
      -No recall of the event
      -Starts in a limited area of the brain but it may expand
    • Strategies for Educators
    • Strategies for Educators
      • Be aware and know all the information regarding the student’s history with epilepsy.
      • Be aware and document any changes or behaviors of the student.
      • Teach other students about epilepsy to alleviate any misunderstanding and fears.
    • Strategies for Educators
      • Do not overprotect the student.
      • Teacher and students should treat the student with respect and acceptance so that the student’s psychological and social growth wont be affected.
    • What to do during a seizure
      • Keep calm and don’t try to revive the student.
      • Ease student to the floor and don’t restrain any movement.
      • Turn student to the side, keep airway open.
      • Move objects that could be a hazard.
      • Loosen student’s clothing.
      • Don’t put anything in student’s mouth
      • Don’t try to help by doing anything to the student’s mouth or tongue
      • If student walks aimlessly, clear the way
    • Resources
      • Nielsen, Lee Brattland. Brief Reference of Students Disabilities.
      Thousand Oaks, Ca; Crowin Press, 2002
      • Epilepsy Foundation of America
      • National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities