H.P.V. Human Papillomavirus What You Need To Know -Ashleigh Williams-
What is H.P.V.? Human Papilloma Virus is a Sexually Transmitted Infection There are over 100 different types of HPV with approximately 40 that spread through sexual contact. Most infections occur without any symptoms and go away without treatment within a few years. Certain strains of HPV may lead to cervical cancer.
How is H.P.V. spread? Men and Women are at equal risk of catching and spreading HPV! Most commonly spread through skin-to-skin contact below the waist.(Genital area) Sexual intercourse is not necessary to spread HPV. Can also be spread through oral sex. In very rare cases a pregnant woman with HPV may transfer the infection to her baby during delivery.(Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis/RRP)
Symptoms Genital HPV does not cause health problems for most people. Those infected rarely display visible symptoms. Low-risk HPV infections can cause painless genital warts. Women with HPV might have warts on the vagina, vulva, or cervix. Men with HPV might have warts on the penis, scrotum, or groin. High-risk HPV infections may develop into cancer of the cervix. The types of HPV that can cause cancer are not the same as the types that can cause genital warts.
Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for a sexually transmitted HPV infection!!
The lifetime risk of acquiring HPV is as high as 70%.
Studies show that 60% of college females will contract HPV by their junior year.(CDC)
Cervical Cancer & Genital Warts High Risk (Cancerous) Low-Risk (Wart Causing)
Treatment HPV treatment focuses on treating the symptoms of the infection. HPV virus without genital warts is the cause of cervical cancer. Treatment focuses on treating the symptoms of the infection. Cryotherapy-Warts are frozen using liquid nitrogen. LEEP-Abnormal Cells are removed using electrical current. Conization- Removes areas of the cervix containing abnormal cells In most women, cervical HPV infection clears on its own within two years of detection.
Vaccination The Good The Bad Protects against the types of HPV that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts. Recommended for girls and women ages 9 to 26. Protects against viral types 16 & 18, which cause 70 percent of cervical cancer. and against types 6 and 11, which cause 90 percent of warts in both men and women Typically costs $360 for three shots taken over six months.(more than 46 million Americans are uninsured, including 27 percent of women ages 19 to 26) Ineffective in individuals already infected with HPV. Vaccine may increase risk of cancer in women previously affected with certain types of HPV.