H.P.V.<br />Human Papillomavirus<br />What You Need To Know<br />-Ashleigh Williams-<br />
What is H.P.V.?<br />Human Papilloma Virus is a Sexually Transmitted Infection <br />There are over 100 different types of HPV with approximately 40 that spread through sexual contact. <br />Most infections occur without any symptoms and go away without treatment within a few years.<br />Certain strains of HPV may lead to cervical cancer.<br />
How is H.P.V. spread?<br />Men and Women are at equal risk of catching and spreading HPV!<br />Most commonly spread through skin-to-skin contact below the waist.(Genital area)<br />Sexual intercourse is not necessary to spread HPV.<br />Can also be spread through oral sex. <br />In very rare cases a pregnant woman with HPV may transfer the infection to her baby during delivery.(Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis/RRP) <br />
Symptoms<br />Genital HPV does not cause health problems for most people.<br />Those infected rarely display visible symptoms.<br />Low-risk HPV infections can cause painless genital warts. <br />Women with HPV might have warts on the vagina, vulva, or cervix. <br />Men with HPV might have warts on the penis, scrotum, or groin. <br />High-risk HPV infections may develop into cancer of the cervix.<br />The types of HPV that can cause cancer are not the same as the types that can cause genital warts. <br />
Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for a sexually transmitted HPV infection!! <br /><ul><li>The lifetime risk of acquiring HPV is as high as 70%.
Studies show that 60% of college females will contract HPV by their junior year.(CDC)</li></li></ul><li>Cervical Cancer & Genital Warts<br />High Risk (Cancerous)<br />Low-Risk (Wart Causing)<br />
Treatment <br />HPV treatment focuses on treating the symptoms of the infection. <br />HPV virus without genital warts is the cause of cervical cancer. Treatment focuses on treating the symptoms of the infection.<br />Cryotherapy-Warts are frozen using liquid nitrogen. <br />LEEP-Abnormal Cells are removed using electrical current.<br />Conization- Removes areas of the cervix containing abnormal cells<br />In most women, cervical HPV infection clears on its own within two years of detection.<br />
Vaccination<br />The Good<br />The Bad<br />Protects against the types of HPV that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts.<br />Recommended for girls and women ages 9 to 26.<br />Protects against viral types 16 & 18, which cause 70 percent of cervical cancer.<br />and against types 6 and 11, which cause 90 percent of warts in both men and women<br />Typically costs $360 for three shots taken over six months.(more than 46 million Americans are uninsured, including 27 percent of women ages 19 to 26) <br />Ineffective in individuals already infected with HPV.<br />Vaccine may increase risk of cancer in women previously affected with certain types of HPV.<br />