HPV

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HPV Spring 2011 JT

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HPV

  1. 1. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Jessica Turcios Dr. Raskoff Sociology May 25, 2010
  2. 2. What is HPV? <ul><li>A sexually transmitted infection that is transmitted by skin-to-skin contact, particularly genital contact. May occur in both males and females. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common STI, more than 100 types of HPV have been identified. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How is it Spread? <ul><li>Passed on through genital contact with a person infected with HPV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most often during vaginal and anal sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May also occur during </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Penile-vaginal sex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oral-genital sex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oral-anal sex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genital-anal sex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May spread between contact of hands and genitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rarely can a pregnant woman with HPV pass it to her baby during delivery. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Symptoms <ul><li>Most people do not develop any symptoms or health problems </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms can show up weeks or months after contact with an infected person </li></ul><ul><li>The few that do develop warts (in males and females) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the anus, cervix, scrotum, groin, thigh, penis or throat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearances: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat, pink, or flesh colored </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be a single wart or multiple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(cauliflower shaped) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Problems as a Result of HPV <ul><li>Some types of HPV may cause certain cancers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cervical cancer, cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis and anus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some may develop cancers of the head and neck </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of RRP recurrent respiratory papillomatosis a condition that results from warts in the throat. Causing blocked airways, hoarse voice or trouble breathing </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treatment <ul><li>There is no treatment for HPV </li></ul><ul><li>There are treatments for the diseases that are caused by HPV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visible genital warts can be </li></ul></ul><ul><li>removed (cut, freeze, burn) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cervical cancer and other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>types of cancers can be </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>treated if diagnosed early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with regular screenings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RRP can be treated with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>medications or surgery. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Occurrence <ul><li>~ 20 million Americans are currently infected with HPV </li></ul><ul><li>~ 6 million Americans become infected each year </li></ul><ul><li>So common that at least 50% of sexually active males and females with get HPV at some point in their lives </li></ul>
  8. 8. Who’s at risk? <ul><li>Gay men and bisexual men </li></ul><ul><li>People with weak immune systems including those who have HIV or AIDS. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Bad News About HPV <ul><li>There is currently no treatment for the disease </li></ul><ul><li>Most people who are infected with the disease do not even know they have it because most people don’t show signs or symptoms and may pass it on to their partner without knowing it. </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to get more that one type of HPV </li></ul><ul><li>Sex for those with genital warts is painful </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Good New About HPV <ul><li>In 90% of cases the body’s immune system clears HPV naturally within 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Regular screenings like pap smears for women can detect cervical cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccines have been developed to protect males and females against some of the most common types of HPV. </li></ul><ul><li>The vaccines are most effective when taken before a persons first sexual contact but can still be taken later. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gardasil protects males and females </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cervarix protects females </li></ul></ul>

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