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F10 herpes jr F10 herpes jr Presentation Transcript

  • HERPES By: Juan Ramblas Sociology 21 Professor : RaskoffWednesday, December 15, 2010
  • Herpes  is a sexually transmitted disease cause by the herpes simplex (HSV). TYPES OF HSV  HSV-type 1 commonly causes fever blisters on the mouth or face (oral herpes).  HSV-type 2 typically affects the genital area ( genital herpes).Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  • However, both vital types can cause eithergenital or oral infections.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  • HSV-type 1  usually causesoral herpes, an infection of the lips and mouth. Symptoms are commonly known as cold sores or fever blisters. In the past, HSV-1 was not known to cause genital herpes, but that is changing, especially among people who begin having sex at a young age.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  •  lives in the nerves. When its active, it travels to the surface of the infected area skin or mucous membrane and makes copies of itself. This is called "shedding" because these new viruses can, at this time, rub off on another person. Then the virus travels back down the nerve to a ganglion mass of nerve tissue, usually at the base of the spine, where it lies dormant for a while.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  • HSV-2 VirusWednesday, December 15, 2010
  • WHO GETS HERPES?  About one-fifth of all people aged 12 and up in the U.S. are infected with the HSV-2 virus that causes genital herpes, but as many as 90% dont know it. By comparison, experts estimate 50% to 80% of adults have oral herpes.  More women than men are infected. One in four women compared with one in five men. One reason may be that the virus can infect a womans genitals more easily than it can a mans. Genital herpes is more commonWednesday, December 15, 2010
  • According to the latest  Women and African-Americans were the most likely to be infected. HSV-2 prevalence was nearly twice as high among women (21%) as men (11%), and more than three times higher among African-Americans (39%) than whites (12%).   The infection rate among African-American women was 48%   The infection rate was roughly 4% among people who reported having just one sex partner ever, compared to almost 27% for those who reported 10 or more partners. Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  •  HSV-1 is usually passed from person to person by kissing. HSV-1 can also spread from the mouth to the genitals during oral sex (fellatio, cunnilingus, analingus). If this happens, it becomes a case of genital herpes.  HSV-2 is most often passed by vaginal sex and anal sex. But just as HSV-1 can infect the genitals and cause genital herpes, HSV-2 can pass from one persons genitals to another persons mouth, resulting in oral herpes.  HSV-2 cannot survive long on a non-livingWednesday, December 15, 2010
  • Problems with herpes  A pregnant woman can pass genital herpes on to her baby, so its particularly serious during pregnancy. If you get infected near the end of pregnancy, the risk is highest. At least 30% and as many as 50% of newly infected pregnant women give the virus to their babies. For moms who were infected long before delivery, the risk is much lower. Less than 1% of babies born to mothers with an older genital herpes infection get the virus. And if a woman has an outbreak at delivery, aWednesday, December 15, 2010
  •  Genital herpes is a lifelong condition for which there is no cure. Having it can force you to make inconvenient changes in your life, particularly in your sex life, and it can cause you a lot of pain and discomfort.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  • GET TESTED  The common way to find out whether youve got the virus is through genital herpes blood tests.  Genital herpes blood tests show whether you have herpes -- and whether its type 1 or type 2. They cant show where in the body the herpes is likely to break out. But if a test shows that you have herpes type 2, most likely your genitals are infected.  Blood samples are usually used to see if your immune system has produced antibodies against the herpes virus. Results take severalWednesday, December 15, 2010
  • NEWS  There are no good news as for now with the people who suffer from herpes.  Herpes is that it can increase the risk of being infected with HIV virus that causes AIDS, and can cause problems with people living with HIV. People who have genital herpes sores are more likely to be infected with HIV during intercourse. When you develop a sore, your immune system tries to heal it so there are many immune cells concentrated in the spot. Those are the cells that HIV infects. If HIV in semen, vaginal fluid, or blood comes in contact with a herpes sore, the risk for infection is high.  The bad news about herpes is that you just get toWednesday, December 15, 2010
  • TREATMENTS  Treatment with antiviral drugs can help people who are bothered by genital herpes outbreaks stay symptom-free longer. These drugs can also reduce the severity and duration of symptoms when they flare up. Drug therapy is not a cure, but it can make living with the condition easier.  There are three major drugs commonly used to treat genital herpes symptoms: acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir), and valacyclovir (Valtrex). These are all taken inWednesday, December 15, 2010
  • WAYS TO REDUCE  1. Use a condom every time you have sex.  A condom may protect you from the herpes virus if it covers the infected area.  2. Ask your partner if he or she has ever had a sexually transmitted disease.  Most people who have genital herpes dont know theyre infected, so ask whether he or she has had any other sexually transmitted disease. People with a history of STDs are more likely to have genital herpes.  It may be awkward, but its important to be honest with each other. Your partner may be afraid to tell you the truth if he or she fears a negative reaction. If your partner feels comfortable talking with you, youll be more likely to get straight answers.  3. Ask your partner about his or her sexual history.  Someone who has had many sexual partners is more likely to be infected with the herpes virus.  4. Limit the number of sexual partners you have.  The fewer sexual partners you have in your lifetime, the less likely you are to be exposed to the herpes virus.  5. Dont have sex with a partner who has sores on his or her genitals.  If you know your partner has genital herpes, always abstain from sex when symptoms are present. Or, if you see a sore on someones genitals, dont have sex with that person until youre sure he or she doesnt have genital herpes.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  •  6. Dont receive oral sex from somebody with a cold sore.  Oral herpes, which causes sores on the mouth (known as cold sores of fever blisters), can be passed to the genitals through oral sex.  7. Ask your partner to be tested for genital herpes.  If you think your partner is at high risk for genital herpes, you may consider asking him or her to be tested. In that case, you should be tested, too.  8. Dont have sex while intoxicated.  Alcohol and illicit drugs lower inhibitions and impair judgment. People tend to be less careful about practicing safer sex while intoxicated and they often regret it later.  9. Abstain from sex until you have a life-long monogamous partner.  The only way to be 100% certain you wont get a sexually transmitted disease is to have just one sex partner who has no STDs -- and only if both of you stay monogamous for life.  10. Try alternate forms of sexual intimacy.  If you dont want to be monogamous or totally celibate until you find a life partner, you could greatly reduce your risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease by doing things that dont involve genital-genital contact or oral-genital contact, such as mutual masturbation.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  • SOURCES:  WebMD Medical News: "More Genital Herpes From Cold Sore Virus." Fleming, et al. The New England Journal of Medicine, Oct. 16, 1997; vol 337: pp 1105-1111. American Social Health Associations National Herpes Resource Center. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. MEDLINEplus Medical Encyclopedia.  CDC Report on Genital Herpes, presented March 9, 2010 at the National STD Prevention Conference, Atlanta.  Kevin Fenton, MD, PhD, director, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.  John M. Douglas, Jr., MD, director, Division of STD Prevention, CDC.  Anderson J, Dahlberg L. High-risk sexual behavior in the general population. Results from a national survey 1988-90. Sex Transm Dis 1992; 19:320-325.  Aral SO, Wasserheit JN. 1995. Interactions among HIV, other sexually transmitted diseases, socioeconomic status, and poverty in women. In: OLeary A, Jemmott LS, editors. Women at Risk: Issues in the Primary Prevention of AIDS. New York: Plenum Press.  Fleming DT, McQuillan GM, Johnson RE, Nahmias AJ, Aral SO, Lee FK, St. Louis ME. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 in the United States, 1976 to 1994. NEJM 1997; 16:1105-1111.  Laumann EO, Gagnon JH, Michael RT, Michaels S. 1994a. The number of partners. In: The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 174-224.  Laumann EO, Gagnon JH, Michael RT, Michaels S. 1994b. Sexual networks. In: The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 225-268.  Moran JS, Aral SO, Jenkins WC, Peterman TA, Alexander ER. 1989. The impact of sexually transmitted diseases on minority populations in the United States. Public Health Rep 104:560-565.  Seidman SN, Aral SO. 1992. Race differentials in STD transmission. Am J Public Health (letter) 82:1297.  "More Genital Herpes From Cold Sore Virus." Fleming, et al. The New England Journal of Medicine, Oct. 16, 1997; vol 337: pp 1105-1111. American Social Health Associations National Herpes Resource Center.Wednesday, December 15, 2010