Minnesota Plant Press The Minnesota Native Plant Society NewsletterVolume 29 Number 4 Fall 2010 Monthly meetings Thompson Park Center/Dakota Lodge Election will affect Thompson County Park 360 Butler Ave. E., environmental legacy by Scott Milburn, MNNPS president West St. Paul, MN 55118 We live in a state that has had a reputation as a place of ubiquitous Programs natural resources. It’s a legacy we hope will continue for future generations, The Minnesota Native Plant and public support, such as the recent constitutional amendment, is Society meets the first Thursday encouraging. in October, November, December, February, March, April, May, and Yet the overall political process seems counterintuitive when it comes June. Check at www.mnnps.org to protecting and overseeing those natural resources. Ideally, the heads for more program information. of agencies that oversee our natural resources would be chosen on merit 6 p.m. — Social period and experience rather than political favor. However, that is not the usual 7 – 9 p.m. — Program, Society pattern. We obviously have an election for the next governor of Minnesota business this November, and my concern is this trend will continue regardless of Nov. 4: “Characterizing who presides over our state.patterns of natural disturbance There are other issues dominating this election, and debate has neglectedin Minnesota’s wet mesicsouthern boreal mixed wood detailed thought and discussion about natural resources. Instead, the debateforest ecosystems,” by Michael has focused the attention on jobs, taxes, and regulation due to the sourReinikainen, master of science economy. These are important issues, but this should not deter action fromstudent, Department of Forest other important concerns.Resources, U of M. Plant-of- Unfortunately, we are often thinking only of today as dictated by thisthe-Month: Naked miterwort current political system. The majority of our politicians serve under the(Mitella nuda), “a good indicator banner of entitlement, all too often compromising to protect their politicalfor my research sites,” by Michael careers. The reason I bring this up is that it does affect the mission of theReinikainen. Seed exchange. Society. We continue to see a changing landscape that brings a series of Dec. 2: To be announced. challenges. We face a growing population, which puts added pressureSeed exchange Nov. 4 on our resources. We should be optimistic, however, because we have In this issue opportunities to be creative and The annual seed exchangeprovides an opportunity for members solve problems before they appear.to obtain seeds of native plants at This goes back to the issue of Conservation Corner ................2no cost. Seeds must be placed in putting the best and the brightest Native plant seed guidelines ....3envelopes and labeled. No bulk in positions of leadership. So as Prairie research grants .............3piles of seeds will be accepted. November approaches, members Emerald ash borer fight ...........3 of the Society need to consider Proposed bylaw changes ........4MNNPS website such issues and hope that the next Boundary Waters plant search ..5 For information about Society governor will appoint true leaders, New members ..........................5field trips, meetings and events, rather than continuing our current Book reviews ...........................6check the website: www.mnnps.org system. Plant Lore: Speckled alder .......7
Conservation Corner MNNPS Boardby Elizabeth Nixon The MNNPS Blog on Conservation topics is two quick clicks away of Directorsfrom the Society’s Internet home page. Issues include legislative status President: Scott Milburn, scott.on funding invasive species control, the ecological price of holiday email@example.com, and the need to have a voice for native plants at the Lessard-Sams Outdoor Heritage Council decisions on allocating the Minnesota Vice President: Shirley Mahlegacy amendment dollars. Kooyman, shirley.mah.kooyman@ Clicking on the Education Blog brings to your attention both a crucial mnnps.orgeducation and conservation initiative, that of No Child Left Inside. I Secretary, program coordinator:hope you will consider what you can do to support this initiative. The Andrés Morantes, andres.MNNPS has helped by funding urban school buses to transport kids to an firstname.lastname@example.org schoolchildren’s bird festival in Ramsey County. Sad as it sounds, Treasurers, membership data base:education dollars are not available for this. Ron and Cathy Huber, ron.huber@ Experiential learning in the natural world by children has been taken on as mnnps.orga serious outdoor conservation strategy by federal, state, and local decision-makers. The federal government hosted a national road trip this year called Derek Anderson, board member,America’s Great Outdoors (www.doi.gov/americasgreatoutdoors/index. email@example.com). I learned that top agency leaders are seriously soliciting programmatic Ken Arndt, board member, fieldideas for getting urban (the vast majority) kids outdoors. Our state DNR trip chair, firstname.lastname@example.org a very successful “More Kids in the Woods” inaugural season (www. Michael Bourdaghs, board member,dnr.state.mn.us/forestry/education/morekidsinthewoods/index.html). Two-state invasive email@example.com You don’t have to be an expert species conference Elizabeth Heck, board member,to volunteer as a chaperone getting The first collaborative Minnesota- webmaster, firstname.lastname@example.org kids out in nature in your Wisconsin Invasive Species orgcommunity. We hope you will read Conference will be held Nov. 8 - 10 Daniel Jones, board member,more about No Child Left Inside at the Crowne Plaza Hotel, St. Paul. email@example.com at the MNNPS Blog, and It will cover invasive aquatic andconsider what you can do to help terrestrial plants, animals, pests, and Dylan Lueth, board member, dylan.advance the ideas at any level of pathogens.Information is at www. firstname.lastname@example.org that you can give. minnesotaswcs.org Elizabeth Nixon, board member, conservation committee chair, beth. email@example.com Minnesota Native Plant Society’s purpose Erika Rowe, board member, erika. (Abbreviated from the bylaws) firstname.lastname@example.org This organization is exclusively organized and operated for Russ Schaffenberg, board member, educational and scientific purposes, including the following. email@example.com 1. Conservation of all native plants. Field Trips: fieldtrips.mnnps@ 2. Continuing education of all members in the plant sciences. mnnps.org 3. Education of the public regarding environmental protection of plant life. Memberships: memberships. firstname.lastname@example.org 4. Encouragement of research and publications on plants native to Minnesota. Historian-Archives: Roy Robison, 5. Study of legislation on Minnesota flora, vegetation, ecosytems. historian-archives.mnnps@mnnps. 6. Preservation of native plants, plant communities, and scientific and org natural areas. Technical or membership 7. Cooperation in programs concerned with the ecology of natural inquiries: contact.mnnps@mnnps. resources and scenic features. org 8. Fellowship with all persons interested in native plants through Minnesota Plant Press Editor: meetings, lectures, workshops, and field trips. Gerry Drewry, 651-463-8006; email@example.com
Three agencies work together, Weapons to fightset restoration guidelines for emerald ash borer are testednative plant communities Biological and chemical controls are being tested in two areas asby Dan Shaw, BWSR vegetation Outdoor Heritage Council grant Minnesota fights the invasivespecialist/landscape ecologist, and programs. New Mn/DOT seed emerald ash borer.Ken Graeve, Mn/DOT botanist. specs have also been developedThis is a summary of their talk at the for construction projects. These Stingless waspsJune 3, 2010, MNNPS meeting. specs incorporate the new list of On Sept. 22, scientists from state seed mixes and bring Mn/DOT the Minnesota Department of As an increasing number of Agriculture’s Plant Protectionrestoration projects are underway in requirements in line with the BWSR native seed guidelines. Division released two species ofthe state, Board of Water and Soil stingless, predatory wasps on aand Resources (BWSR), Mn/DOT Examples of new restoration dozen ash trees on a Mississippiand DNR staffs have been working resources include a Mn/DOT Native River island in Houston County.to develop a new list of state Seed Mix Design Manual to assist Different proportions of male andseed mixes as well as new native the development of site-specific female wasps were let loose on thevegetation standards and restoration seed mixes (www.bwsr.state.mn.us/ trees. The wasps search out ashresources to guide professionals. native_vegetation/); the Minnesota borer larvae or eggs and insert their The new list of state seed mixes Wetland Restoration Plant ID Guide; own eggs into them. The developinghas been developed to combine the Minnesota Wetland Restoration wasps then consume their hosts.mixes from the three agencies, keep Guide Vegetation Section, and the BWSR What’s Working Website Release of the wasps wasspecies within their native ranges, approved by the U.S. Department ofeliminate confusion, and create (www.bwsr.state.mn.us/grants/ WhatsWorking.html#veg) Agriculture. It will be several yearsmore consistency for restoration before scientist can analyze theefforts. A new seed-mix numbering results. The stingless wasps weresystem and a substitution table thatlists pre-approved substitutions for Prairie research reared in a Michigan laboratory. The wasps and ash borers are bothspecies in mixes have also been grants are available native to Asia.developed. The substitution table Prairie Biotic Research (PBR)will allow vendors more flexibility Chemical control has announced its 2011 competitive Minneapolis parks officialsin preparing mixes, which will help small grants program which fundsto keep costs down and will also are testing the effectiveness of grants of up to $1,000 to individuals insecticide injections on aboutpromote landscape-scale diversityin the use of these standard mixes. for the study of any grassland taxon three dozen ash trees in the Lowry anywhere in the United States. Hill and Whittier neighborhoods. New BWSR “Native Vegetation There are no known infestations inEstablishment and Enhancement Proposals must be received by Jan. 7, 2011. these areas, but they are consideredGuidelines” were developed through vulnerable to the emerald ash borer.a collaborative effort by BWSR PBR is an all-volunteer The treatment costs about $17 perpartners. These partners included Wisconsin non-profit established tree and must be repeated everyfederal, state and local agencies, in 2000 to foster basic research in three years.vendors, consultants, non-profits and prairies and savannas. Grants areuniversities. These guidelines were funded by donations. Since 2002, Treasurers’ reportwritten to meet legislative language, PBR has awarded 100 grants worth Treasurers Ron and Cathy Huberwhile developing consistent report that on Sept. 30, 2010, thestandards for native vegetation seed $94,849 to people in 24 states. Many of these grants supported graduate Society had assets of $24,115.40,and plant sources, diversity levels, which included $8,867.30 inand quality. students. They expect to award at certificates of deposit. Since they were finalized last least 12 grants of up to $1,000 each Total income for the first ninewinter, the guidelines have been in 2011. months of 2010 was $9,186.78.adopted by the DNR, Legislative- For additional information on the Expenses totaled $9,700,18.Citizen Commission on Minnesota grants or to make a donation, go to Estimated expenses for theResources, and Lessard-Sams prairiebioticresearch.org remainder of the year are $1,543. 3
Bylaw changes proposed accounting of the corporation’s receipts and expenditures which shall be published in the next newsletter. The MNNPS Board of Directors choice of receiving back issues Chairpersons shall report on theirhas proposed changing the of the newsletter for that year, or committee’s activities. A dinnerorganization’s bylaws. Members applying the membership for the may be held in conjunction as thewill be asked to vote on the revisions full following calendar year. Board of Directors shall determine.at the December and February SECTION I. Special assessments to Notice of the Annual Meeting shallmonthly meetings. cover agenda may be proposed at any be given by the Secretary via the The proposed changes are shown monthly meeting by the President Minnesota Plant Press newsletter.below. Additions are underlined for vote upon by the membership. A Directors will be elected by a simplelike this; deletions are indicated two-thirds majority of the members majority.by a strike-through line like this. present shall carry. A quorum of 20 SECTION E. Directors will beIf only the title letter of a section is percent of the general membership elected by a simple majority. Anchanged, and content of that section is necessary.is unchanged, that change is not identified absentee ballot may beshown. ARTICLE IV - MEETINGS cast by mail. An absentee ballot may 5. BYLAWS OF MINNESOTA SECTION B. Regular meetings be obtained from the Secretary andNATIVE PLANT SOCIETY of the Board of Directors shall be must be returned to the Secretary(adopted 1983, revised 1988, 1989, held quarterly in June, September, before the election. Voting by proxy1998, 2003) December, and March at such shall not be permitted. Election time and place as the President results shall be immediatelyARTICLE III - MEMBERSHIP shall determine. The Secretary or announced by the President andSECTION A. There shall be seven Program Chair shall give due notice published in the Minnesota Planteight classes of membership: of all meetings via the website, Press by the Secretary.[1. Individual, 2. Family, 3. Student, Minnesota Plant Press newsletter, ARTICLE V - BOARD OF4. Senior] e-mail or by telephone. The meetings DIRECTORS5. Institutional. A legal organization. shall be conducted by the President SECTION D. Board membersTwice the Individual rate. Entitled with assistance from other officers are expected to attend three of theto one vote and one mailing as requested and the Secretary shall four board meetings, includingof newsletter, does not include take and record minutes. mandatory attendance at Juneprivilege of holding office. SECTION C. Special meetings of meeting, and are expected to actively6. Donor. Those individuals or the Board of Directors may be called participate in the operations of theorganizations who make a gift, by the President at such time and Society.devise or memorial of $25.00 three place as he or she shall determine. SECTION F. G. The Board oftimes the Individual rate, or more. The Secretary shall give due notice Directors shall each year appoint aSame privileges as individual. of all meetings by e-mail, post card, Nomination Committee of not less7, Lifetime. Twenty times the or telephone as appropriate. Said than three persons, chaired by theIndividual rate. Same privileges as meetings shall be conducted by the Vice President, to propose a slate ofIndividual. President and the Secretary shall three new directors, with notice of the[8. Honorary.] take and record minutes. proposed slate being mailed at leastSECTION B. Dues are payable SECTION D. The Annual meeting 30 days prior to the annual meeting.upon application for membership of the membership shall be during The Nomination Committee shalland annually on the first of the March meeting or at such time propose a slate of new officers toOctober. Membership is based and place as the President shall the Board of Directors.upon the calendar year with dues determine in the month of March.payable in January. Any person SECTION G. All members in Notice of the Annual Meeting shallwith delinquent dues shall not be a good standing are welcome to be given by the Secretary via themember in good standing entitled to attend meetings of the Board of Minnesota Plant Press newsletter.mailing of newsletter, voting rights Directors and have standing to The election of Directors to theor privileges of holding office. make suggestions deemed in the Board and transaction of pertinent best interests of the corporation bySECTION H. New members business shall be conducted by the the President.joining after April June first shall be President. and the Secretary shall takeconsidered paid through September and record minutes. The Treasurer SECTION H. Directors shall serveof the following year. have the shall prepare and give an annual from the time of the June Board4
meeting following their electionto the June meeting following the Searching for plants in the Boundary Waters Canoe Areaelection of their successor.SECTION I. In case any Directorshall by death, incapacity,resignation or absenteeism fail toserve his or her full three-year term,the Board of Directors shall appointa successor to serve out the balanceof such term.SECTION J. Whenever a vacancyshall occur in any office, it shall beimmediately filled by the Board ofDirectors.ARTICLE VI – OFFICESSECTION C. The Vice-Presidentshall actively assist the President,shall preside in the President’sabsence, shall chair the nominationscommittee and may be consideredfor the next presidency.SECTION D. The Secretary shall Mike Lee, botanist/ecologist fortake and record minutes of all board the Minnesota County Biologicalmeetings and shall give due notice Survey, studied plants in theof the Monthly and Board meetings Boundary Waters Canoe Areavia the Minnesota Native Plant this summer. His work includedPlant Press newsletter. identifying plants and drying the specimens he collected. This is partARTICLE VIII - STANDING of the ongoing work by MCBS toCOMMITTEES document plant communities andThe standing committees of the rare flora in the Border Lakes area.corporation are as follows: The photo above shows how Mike1. Program, Education, and Lee used solar power when pressingLectures. and drying plant specimens. In the2. Membership and Outreach. photo at the left, he is examining a2. Publications (Minnesota Plant rock face, looking for potential areasPress newsletter) with rare plants. Both photos are by3. Conservation Scott Milburn, MNNPS president.4. SymposiumARTICLE IX – NEWSLETTER MNNPS welcomesThe Minnesota Plant Press new membersnewsletter shall be published at least The Society gives a warmthree times a year. in September welcome to five new members who(fall), January (winter), and May require a two-thirds majority vote joined during the third quarter of(spring) and at such other times that of the membership. present at two 2010. Listed alphabetically, theythe Board of Directors determines. consecutive Monthly meetings. are: Members shall be notified by the Nancy Lizette Berlin, RedARTICLE XI - AMENDMENTS Minnesota Plant Press newsletter Wing;A quorum to transact business of any change proposed by the Donald A. Doeksen, St. Paul;shall be 20 percent of the general Board of Directors. Voting shall Daniel and Diane Stauner, Newmembership. Changes to the Articles be by secret ballot. or an identified Hope;of Incorporation or the Bylaws shall absentee ballot. Barbara Wieman, Burnsville. 5
Prairie ecology, Helzer believes that invasive species removal needs to be Book exploresmanagement are prioritized. He feels that preventing state wild places new weeds from becoming a “Our Neck of the Woods:new book topics problem should always be first. Exploring Minnesota’s Wild Places,” The Ecology and Management He states that the reason grassland edited by Daniel J. Philippon,of Prairies in the Central United birds are so scarce is because they published by the University ofStates, by Chris Helzer, published need a very large area for nesting. Minnesota Press, 2009; paperback,for the Nature Conservancy by the Their predators come in from the 277 pages, $19.95.University of Iowa Press, 2010, edges of the prairie, especiallypaperback, 208 pages, illustrated, when trees are present. A greenway Review by Gerry Drewry$29.95. patchwork of areas that are close or Most of these 57 personal “SenseReview by Arlene Kjar, MNNPS connected can provide corridors for of Place” essays were published inmember; president of Prairie their movement. issues of Minnesota ConservationPartners of Cannon Valley, a In the last half of the book, he Volunteer since November 1994.volunteer group in Northfield that identifies different ways to manage Each article reflects the strong sensehelps others with nature areas; a the prairie. Patch-burn grazing is a of place felt by the author.member of Prairie Smoke Chapter system in which a third of the prairie Some are by well known writers,of The Prairie Enthusiasts; and a is burned. Cattle (or the grazing including Paul Gruchow, Sigurd F.retired teacher. animal of choice) will eat from that Olson, Peter M. Leschak, Bill Holm, The Ecology and Management of area and leave the rest of the prairie and Greg Breining. Some writers arePrairies in the Central United States to grow. This allows the grasses and members of the Minnesota Nativeis an excellent book that provides forbs to recover. Every year another Plant Society, including Erika Rowe,background knowledge about how third of the prairie is burned, and the Nancy Sather, Kathleen Weflen, andprairies work. The author provides grazing animals will move to the Vera Ming Wong.information on how to mix and new area without being fenced. It is easy to find specific essays.match management techniques in This is an excellent book to add The table of contents sorts themways that will help to keep prairies to your nature library. It is published by category: Making Camp,vigorous and viable. for the Nature Conservancy by the Encountering Wildness, Getting Chris Helzer is the program University of Iowa Press. Wet, Embracing Winter, Doingdirector for The Nature Science, Practicing Conservation,Conservancy’s Eastern Nebraska Bell Museum opens and Finding Home. A geographicalProject Office in Aurora, Nebraska.He oversees the management and exhibit on shelter index groups the essays by biome: Sustainable Shelter: Dwelling Coniferous Forest, Deciduousrestoration of approximately 5,000 within the Forces of Nature opened Forest, and Prairie Grassland.acres of conservancy-owned land. Oct. 16 and runs through May 15, Some of the essays are lyrical, The first part of the book consists 2011. Just as birds gather local especially Sigurd Olson’s Trapper’sof a description of the complex materials for their nests, humans Cabin. Some are informative, suchworkings of prairies. Grasslands build homes that use natural as Anne M. Dunn’s Sugar Bushthat are dominated by only a few resources to meet their needs and Journal and Eric Hanson’s Countplant species, especially non-native desires. But while shelters in the Your Loons. Some paint contrastinggrasses, lack the ability to support animal kingdom work in tandem pictures of the same topics,the majority of prairie-dependent with natural cycles, most human including Lake Superior in winterspecies and, in Helzer’s opinion, shelters consume more natural and the Boundary Waters Canoeare not prairies. He defines a plant resources and energy than they Area. Some praise specific aspectscommunity as all the plants that need. of nature, from winter to nativegrow and interact together in a This exhibit explores innovative plants to exploring a cave.particular place. The strategies the home building technologies andplants develop to survive strengthen strategies that can help restore the In summary, if you enjoythe community’s ability to respond viability of natural systems; contrasts Minnesota’s outdoors, you will findto drought, flooding, intense grazing, human dwellings with those of other essays that reflect your experiences,fire and other disturbances. A high animals; looks at housing around the inspire you to visit other locations,quality prairie can have as many as world, and changes in U.S. houses or make you feel that you are there150 - 300 species of plants. over the past 150 years. with the author.6
Is it part of any other “lore?”Plant Loreby Thor Kommedahl Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, in his Midnight Ride of Paul Revere, wrote:What is speckled alder? “And under the alders that skirt its Speckled alder is Alnus incana edge,subsp. rugosa, and native to Now soft on the sand, now loud onMinnesota. It belongs in the birch the ledge,family. Is heard the tramp of his steed as heHow did it get its names? rides.” Alder is an ancient name for Right: Stalked speckled aldertree. The Old English name was terminal bud. Below, top:alor. Alnus is the Latin name for Male and female speckledalder. Incana means gray (stem alder catkins, in winter.color), and rugosa means wrinkled Below, bottom: Leaves,(network of sunken veins on female catkins of speckledundersides of leaves). It is called alder. Photos are by Peterspeckled because of the numerous Dziuk.warty lenticels on the stem that arepale yellow or orange.What does the plant look like?It is a thicket-forming shrub,occasionally a small tree, withsimple and alternate leaves. Theterminal bud is stalked. It producesyellowish male flower clusters(catkins or aments) and reddishfemale, cone-like inflorescencesbearing small, one-seeded, winged fruits (samaras). Wind dispersessamaras. This female catkin remainson the plant in winter — useful foridentification.Where does the shrub grow?It grows in wetlands or moistlowlands in the wooded areas ofMinnesota, often as an understoryin forests.Is it poisonous or medicinal? It is not poisonous or edible,but American Indians used a barktea for diarrhea treatment, as adiuretic, for toothache, anemia, andmany other problems.Is it ecologically significant? Alder roots fix nitrogencomparable to that by legumes. Asan understory plant in forests, alderpromotes growth of many deciduousand coniferous trees. Songbirds eatthe “seeds,” and it is the larval hostfor the green comma butterfly; italso attracts the tent caterpillar mothand other moths. 7
Minnesota Native Plant SocietyP.O. Box 20401Bloomington, MN 55420Fall 2009 Directions: Take MN Hwy. 52 to the Butler Ave. E. exit in West St. Paul. Go west on Butler 0.2 mile to Stassen Lane. Go south on Stassen Lane to Thompson County Park.