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  • 1. My country: PortugalI’m going to talk a little bit of the country I was born in and that after allits problems, injustices and crisis I am still proud. It’s called PortugalPopulation:The population in Portugal, both continental and with the islands ofAçores and Madeira is about 10 561 614.- 5 047 387 men- 5 514 227 womenAçores has a population of 246 746 and Madeira of 267 785.Lisbon, Portugal’s capital it’s the city with most population in the country,thanks to its economic development, counting on about 545 245 citizens.Major citiesThe three most important cities in Portugal are:-Lisbon-Oporto-BragaBecause of their economic, cultural, social and technologicaldevelopment.I was born in Oporto and I can say it has lots of lush churches, calmgardens (I visited “Arca de água”, a garden very often when I wasabout 5 years old, especially to sit down and feed the ducks in thelake),imposing flats, houses, etc. and very good schools.However I hated the car noises and all the factories there, it’s an overmoving city with too many people.Actually I Iive in Guimarães, a city in Braga and in my opinion it’s waybetter than Oporto, it’s much more calming, it has more “green”landscapes and more villages (which I love).
  • 2. AutonomyPortugal is a republic in which the predominant figure is the Presidentwhich enforces the Constitution (Basic Law). It has an executive powerheaded by the 1st Minister, elected by the Parliament. It is the leader ofthe party with the most members of the parliament, which meets in theParliament in S. Bento, Lisbon.LanguagesThe main and official languagein Portugal is Portuguese, there are somelittle dialects spoken in certain places for example Mirandês.Education There are 12 years of obligatory education. After those school yearsthere professional courses or university. The obligatory subjects are Maths,Portuguese, PE, English, History, Geography, French, Spanish or German,Science, Physics and Chemistry. In high school we can choseTechnological Sciences or Humanities and languages courses.TraditionsI am going to talk about three important dates for Portugal that maketraditions.25 April: The revolution that stopped the dictatorship and started thedemocracy. We celebrate it with cultural manifestations, singing politicalmusics (by Zeca Afonso and other singers) and distributing carnation.13 May: We celebrate a religious holiday where allegorical to theappearing of Fátima to the three little pastors. There is a huge mass atFátima where pilgrims of all the country and not only (some of themcovering many km walking) and the pilgrims will thank to the saint for allthe gifts given to your requests.10 June: Portugal Day and Camões (a very famous Portuguese poet)Day.