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Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur
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Definitions and mcqs on branches of Biology by Sajid Ali Talpur

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  • 1.  Definitions and  MCQs on Branches of BiologyBiology: 1 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 2. The Branches1. Zoology: - the scientific study of animals is called zoology2. Botany: - the scientific study of plants is called botany.3. Microbiology: - the scientific study of microorganisms (e.g. virus, bacteria, protozoan etc.) is called microbiology.4. mycology: -the scientific study of fungi is called mycology5. Phycology: - the scientific study of algae is called phycology.6. Entomology: -the scientific study of insects is called entomology.7. Ichthyology: -the scientific study of fishes is called ichthyology.8. Ornithology: -the scientific study of birds is called ornithology.9. Virology: - the scientific study of virus is called virology.10. Bacteriology: -the scientific study of bacteria is called bacteriology.Biology: 2 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 3. 11. Physiology: -the scientific study of functions of the body parts is called physiology.12. Parasitology: -the scientific study of parasites, including their life cycle, mode of transmission & interaction with host.13. human biology: -the scientific study of humans regarding their evolution, anatomy, physiology, health, genetics etc14. Biotechnology: -biotechnology can be defined as the use of living organisms for the welfare of mankind.15. Genetics: -the scientific study of inheritance and the genetic constitution of an organism is called genetics.16. Paleontology: - the scientific study of fossils (the remains of the organisms of the past) is called paleontology.17. Anatomy: - the scientific study of internal structures of an organism is called anatomy.18. Morphology: -the scientific study of external body structures is called morphology.19. Social biology: - the scientific study of social interactions of organisms is called social biology.20. Marine biology: the scientific study of organisms inhabiting sea and ocean and effect of their environment on them.Biology: 3 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 4. 21. Fresh water biology: the scientific study of fresh water life is called fresh water biology.22. Environmental biology or ecology: -the scientific study of environment and its effects on organisms.23. Ethology: -the scientific study of behavior of an organism is called ethology.24. Gerontology: -the science of aging is called gerontology.25. Embryology: - the scientific study of embryo i.e. from zygote to the formation of complete organism26. Cytology or cell biology: - it is the scientific study of cell.27. Biochemistry: -the science dealing with biomolecules and their interactions within the living system is called biochemistry.28. Molecular biology: -the scientific study of molecules that are found within the living system.29. Taxonomy: -the branch of biology dealing with the classification of organisms is called taxonomy.30. histology: -the scientific study of tissues is called histology.Biology: 4 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 5. Multiple Choice Questions1. The vector of malaria is studied in: a) Microbiology b) Parasitology c) Entomology d) anatomy2. The lion in the zoo is not as aggressive as it is in wild. The statement refers to a) zoology b)ethology c) evolution d)ecology3. About half of the birds of world live in tropical rain forest, they evolved from reptiles, have Para bronchi in their lungs; are the headings of: a) ecology b) evolution c) Anatomy d) ornithology.4. The cause of malaria is studied in a) Microbiology b) parasitology c) Entomology d) anatomy5. The organisms that can interbreed would be called a) species b)population c) community d)A.O.T6. There are 10 horses and 10 donkeys inhabiting an area of 10 km2 produce 7 mules after interbreeding. Which statement is true? a) Horses and donkeys are same species b) They are different species c) they are different species because they can not interbreed d) They are same species because they can interbreed.Biology: 5 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 6. 7. It is difficult to define a) cell b)biology c) life d)living things8. In a pond there are 10 fishes, 5 frogs, 20 amoeba and 28 algae. They constitute excluding pond: a) species b)population c) community d)ecosystem9. The pH of a pond is 7, its temperature 25oC, and 2.5 m deep, containing 12 fishes, 2 snakes, 4 frogs and 28 paramecium. The most appropriate word defining pond is a) freshwater b)ecosystem c) population d)community10. They evolved earlier a) bacteria b)humans b) plants d)amoeba11. The sub-cellular living machinery of cell is called a) inclusions b)organelles c) cytosol d)A.O.T12. These days chemotherapy is successfully treating diseases like a) AIDS b)cancer c) T.B d) common cold e) Both a & b13. The basic entity of matter a) Electron, proton, neutron b) atom c) Cell d) moleculeBiology: 6 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 7. 14. The basic entity in which life can exist a) Electron, proton, neutron b) atom c) Cell d) molecule15. The cause of hepatitis is a virus (HIV). It would be studied under a) virology b)parasitology c) microbiology d)both a & b16. The microscopic virus attacks bacteria and kills it. The bacteria ought to be studied under the disciplines of: a) Microbiology b) parasitology c) Molecular biology d) genetics17. Virus, bacteria and protozoa are studied in a) Microbiology b) parasitology c) Molecular biology d) genetics18. The insects may be biting and chewing, piercing and sucking, sponging, siphoning and lapping. This refers to: a) physiology b)entomology c) evolution d)A.O.T19. Cure for diabetes and growth hormones for dwarfs are now possible with the advancement in a) biochemistry b)biotechnology c) medicine d)genetics20. Fish living in river is studied in a) ichthyology b)freshwater biology c) marine biology d)ecologyBiology: 7 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 8. 21. The study of environmental effects on organisms is a) environmental biology b)ecology c) both a & b d)paleontology.22. The life cycle, mode of transmission and interaction of plasmodium with its hosts is studied in a) microbiology b)parasitology c) both a & b d)ecology23. The bacteria living in the roots of plants and in the intestine of animals help their host grow better, their life cycle, mode of transmission and interaction with their host is studied under a) microbiology b) parasitology c) both a & b d) ecology24. In an area of 5 km2, 3m deep water there were 20 hag fishes after 2 days 30 star fishes and 40 salmon fishes occupied the region. Which statement is not true a) their study is ichthyology b) they form a community c) they belong to different species d) they nutrition requirement is not same25. The above mentioned animals are studied in a) fresh water biology b) marine water biology c) may be in fresh water or marine water biology d) ichthyology26. DNA is composed of nucleotides and the amino acids are the monomers of proteins. The statement comes from a) Molecular biology b) microbiology c) Biotechnology d) geneticsBiology: 8 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 9. 27. Group of similar cells form some structures that in turn combine to generate a) tissues b)organs c) cells d)organism28. Bone is a type of a) cell b) tissue c) organ d) a hard structure.29. Heart pumps, brain memorize, kidneys excrete. The statement come from. a) physiology b)anatomy c) morphology d)cardiology30. The study of the unit formed by similar cells is called a) cytology b) cell biology c) both a and b d) histology Answer key:1 C 2 B 3 D4 B 5 A 6 B7 C 8 C 9 B10 A 11 B 1213 B 14 C 15 D16 A 17 A 18 D19 B 20 A 21 C22 B 23 A 24 A25 B 26 A 27 B28 B 29 A 30 DBiology: 9 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 10. Biology: 10 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 11. Biology: 11 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  • 12. Biology: 12 Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur

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