Islamic Republic Of PakistanThe Islamic republic of Pakistan emerged as an independent sovereign stateon 14th August 1947, as a result of the division of former British India
Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a twentieth-century lawyer, politician andstatesman who is known as being the founder of Pakistan. He is popularly andofficially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam (lit. Great Leader) and Baba-e-Qaum (lit. Father of the Nation).
Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)Sir Muhammad Iqbal also known as Allama Iqbal (Urdu: ,)اق بال ع المہwas aphilosopher, poet and politician in British India who is widely regarded ashaving inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the mostimportant figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu andPersian languages.
IslamabadIslamabad is the capital of Pakistan and the tenth largest city in the country.Located within the Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), the population of the cityhas grown from 100,000 in 1951 to 1.152 million in 2011. The greaterIslamabad-Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area is the third largest conurbation in
Pakistan with a population of over 4.5 million inhabitants.
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest cityin the country. With a rich history dating back over a millennium, Lahore is amain cultural centre of Pakistan. One of the most densely populated cities inthe world, Lahore remains an economic, political, transportation,
Karachiis the largest city, and the main seaport and financial centre of Pakistan, aswell as the capital of the province of Sindh. Karachi is the most populous cityin the country, one of the worlds largest cities in terms of population andalso the 10th largest urban agglomeration in the world
WORLD TOP POPULATED CITY1. Tokyo, Japan 32,450,0002. Seóul, South Korea 20,550,0003. Mexico City, Mexico 20,450,0004. New York City, USA 19,750,0005. Mumbai, India 19,200,0006. Jakarta, Indonesia 18,900,0007. Sáo Paulo, Brazil 18,850,0008. Delhi, India 18,680,0009. Õsaka/Kobe, Japan 17,350,00010. Shanghai, China 16,650,00011. Manila, Philippines 16,300,00012. Los Angeles, USA 15,250,00013. Calcutta, India 15,100,00014. Moscow, Russian Fed. 15,000,00015. Cairo, Egypt 14,450,00016. Lagos, Nigeria 13,488,00017. Buenos Aires, Argentina 13,170,00018. London, United Kingdom 12,875,00019. Beijing, China 12,500,00020. Karachi, Pakistan 11,800,00021. Dhaka, Bangladesh 10,979,00022. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 10,556,00023. Tianjin, China 10,239,00024. Paris, France 9,638,00025. Istanbul, Turkey 9,413,00026. Lima, Peru 7,443,00027. Tehrãn, Iran 7,380,00028. Bangkok, Thailand 7,221,00029. Chicago, USA 6,945,00030. Bogotá, Colombia 6,834,00037. Lahore, Pakistan 6,030,000
Peshawar is the capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, and the administrative centre andcentral economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.Peshawar is situated in a large valley near the eastern end of the KhyberPass. Known as "City on the Frontier", Peshawars strategic location on thecrossroads of Central Asia and South Asia has made it one of the mostculturally vibrant and lively cities in the greater region. Peshawar is irrigatedby various canals of the Kabul River and by its right tributary, the Bara River.
Quettais the largest city and the provincial capital of the Balochistan Province ofPakistan. Known as the Fruit Garden of Balochistan due to the diversity of its
Gilgit is the capital city of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. Gilgit City forms a tehsil ofGilgit, within Gilgit District. Its ancient name was Sargin, later to be known asGilit, and it is still called Gilit or Sargin-Gilit by local people. In the Burushaskilanguage, it is named Geelt and in Wakhi and Khowar it is called Gilt. Ghallatais considered its name in ancient Sanskrit literature. Gilgit City is one of thetwo major hubs in Gilgit Baltistan for mountaineering expeditions to the
Karakoram and other the peaks in the Himalayas, the other hub being Skardu.
Muzaffarabadis the capital of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is located in Muzaffarabad Districton the banks of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers. city of Muzaffarabad serves asthe cultural, legislative and financial capital of what is presently known asAzad Jammu and Kashmir.
Population6th In WorldCountry PopulationChina 1,336,718,015India 1,189,172,906United States 313,232,044Indonesia 245,613,043Brazil 203,429,773Pakistan 187,342,721Bangladesh 158,570,535Nigeria 155,215,573Russia 138,739,892Japan 126,475,664
Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces in the world
PakistanNationalFlag Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistans profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.
NationalAnthem Approved in August, 1954 Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla Duration: 80 seconds
Tourists resortsMurreeMurree was the summer capital of the British Raj in the Punjab Province(British India). A popular tourist destination, Murree is often referred to asthe "Queen of Hills," a term coined by the British. Located in the north-westHimalayas at an average altitude of 2,291 metres (7,516 ft), the city ofMurree, draped in forests of pine, and oak, experiences pleasant summersand cold, snowy winters. The city is famous for its buildings styled intudorbethan and neo-gothic architecture dating from the colonial era.
Murree is located along the Islamabad-Murree Highway, some 58.3 km(36.2 mi) northeast of Islamabad.
HunzaThe Hunza Valley is a mountainous valley in the Gilgit–Baltistan region ofJammu and Kashmir. The Hunza valley is situated to the north of the HunzaRiver, at an elevation of around 2,500 metres (8,200 ft). The territory ofHunza is about 7,900 square kilometres (3,100 sq mi). Aliabad is the maintown with Karimabad as a popular tourist destination because of thespectacular scenery of the surrounding mountains like Ultar Sar, Rakaposhi,Bojahagur Duanasir II, Ghenta Peak, Hunza Peak, Passu Peak, Diran Peak andBublimotin (Ladyfinger Peak), all 6,000 metres (19,685 ft) or higher.
Ziarat is the capital of Ziarat District, Balochistan, Pakistan. is a famous holidayresort of Balochistan and nearly every trip from Karachi to Quetta stops atZiarat. Ziarat (literally ziarat is an Islamic shrine) was the summer residence ofthe chief commissioner of Baluchistan, and sanatorium for the Europeantroops at Quetta: 8,850 ft (2,700 m). above the sea and 33 m. by cart-roadfrom the railway. There is a good water supply, and the hills around are well-wooded and picturesque.
KALAMKalam Valley is a valley along the upper reaches of the Swat River in Swat, inthe Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
Kalam Valley is known for its waterfalls, lakes and lush green hills, and is a270 km drive from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. It is a populardestination for tourists.At 29 kilometres (18 mi) from Bahrain and about 2,000 meters (6,800 ft)above sea level, the valley opens out, providing rooms for a small but fertileplateau above the river. In Kalam the Ushu and Utrot rivers join to form the
Swat River. Here, the metalled road ends and shingle road leads to the Ushuand Utrot valleys. From Matiltan one gets a breathtaking view of the snow-capped Mount Falaksir 5918 meters (19,415 ft), and of another unnamedpeak 6096 meters (20,000 ft.) high.
SWATSwat is a valley and an administrative district in the Khyber PakhtunkhwaProvince, located close to the Afghan-Pakistan border. It is the upper valley ofthe Swat River, which rises in the Hindu Kush range. The capital of Swat isSaidu Sharif, but the main town in the Swat valley is Mingora. The valley isalmost entirely populated by ethnic Afghans/Pashtuns . The language spokenin the valley is Pashto/Pakhto. With high mountains, green meadows, andclear lakes, it is a place of great natural beauty and is popular with tourists as"the Switzerland of South Asia".
The Kaghan Valley is a valley in the north-east of Mansehra District of theKhyber Pakhtunkhwa The Kaghan valley is named after the town of Kaghanrather than for the Kunhar River which flows through the length of the valley.The valley extends 155 km, rising from an elevation of 2,134 feet (650 m) toits highest point, the Babusar Pass, at 13,690 feet (4,170 m). Popularlanguages are Hindko and Gojri, while Urdu, Pakistans national language isalso familiar among the locals. The region is Alpine in geography and climate,with forests and meadows dominating the landscape below peaks that reachover 17,000 feet.
The Dudipatsar Lake is at an altidude of 3800 m above sea level. It issurrounded by mountain peaks with an elevation of about 4800 metres.
Pakistan 1970, Lake Saiful Muluk and Malika Parbat in the background.The Malika Parbat at 5290 m is the highest mountain in the Kaghan valley.
Chitral District (population around 300,000) is in the extreme northwestpart of Pakistan where it faces Afghanistan on its north, south and west sides.A famous narrow strip of Afghan territory called Wakhan separates ChitralDistrict from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, former members of the Soviet Union
Shandur Top "World Highest Polo Ground "It is often called the Roof of the World where the Hindukush,Pamir, andKarakoram and ranges meet. The top is flat, a plateau and can be crossedbetween late April and early November.Polo Annual Festival
This verse is extolled on a stone tablet next to a polo ground in Gilgit, andmodern day polo players in Pakistan have taken the saying to heart. "Letother people play other things – the king of game is still the game ofkings".Historically, polo being the king of games was played between smallkingdoms,
Fairy MeadowsFairy Meadow is a lush green plateau, at 3300 m, offering a breath takingview of Majestic Nanga Parbat (The Killer Mountain). Many people havecalled it the "Heaven on Earth". These lush, green meadows and forests lie atthe base of Nanga Parbat at the western edge of the Himaliyan range inPakistan. Fairy Meadows is a very peaceful and relaxing place to enjoy themountain atmosphere and hospitality of the local people. The name FairyMeadows is part of the legend that Fairies have their heaven on this lushgreen plateau. Hermann Buhl, the Austrian climber who made the first ascentof Nanga Parbat in 1953, named it Fairy Meadow due to its wonderfulscenery.
Archaeological sites:Indus Valley CivilizationThe Indus Valley Civilization was at its peak from the 3rd till the middle of the2nd millennium BC. Discovered in 1922, Moenjodaro was once a metropolisof great importance, forming part of the Indus Valley Civilization withHarappa (discovered in 1923) Kot Diji and Mehrgarh (discovered in 1984).Moenjodaro is considered as one of the most spectacular ancient cities of theWorld. It had mud baked bricks buildings, an elaborate covered drainagesystem, a large state granary, a spacious pillared hall, a College of Priests, apalace and a citadel. Harappa, another major city of the Indus ValleyCivilization, was surrounded by a massive brick wall fortification. Otherfeatures and plan of the city were similar to that of Moenjodaro.
Mohenjo-daro Mound of the Dead. is an archeological site situated in theprovince of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BC, it was one of the largestsettlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the worldsearliest major urban settlements, existing at the same time as the civilizationsof ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. Mohenjo-daro was abandoned inthe 19th century BC, and was not rediscovered until 1922. Significantexcavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which wasdesignated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.[1
Harappa,Harappa is an archaeological site in Punjab, northeast Pakistan, about 35 km(22 mi) west of Sahiwal. The site takes its name from a modern village locatednear the former course of the Ravi River. The current village of Harappa is6 km (4 mi) from the ancient site. Although modern Harappa has a trainstation left from the British times, it is today just a small (pop. 15,000)crossroads town.The site of the ancient city contains the ruins of a Bronze Age fortified city,which was part of the Cemetery H culture and the Indus Valley Civilization,centered in Sindh and the Punjab. The city is believed to have had as manyas 23,500 residents—considered large for its time. The ancient city of Harappa was greatly destroyed under the British Raj, whenbricks from the ruins were used as track ballast in the making of the Lahore-Multan Railroad.
In 2005, a controversial amusement park scheme at the site was abandonedwhen builders unearthed many archaeological artifacts during the earlystages of construction work. A plea from the prominent Pakistaniarchaeologist Ahmed Hasan Dani to the Ministry of Culture resulted in arestoration of the site
Taxila,Gandhārais the name of an ancient kingdom (Mahajanapada), located in northernPakistan and eastern Afghanistan. Gandhara was located mainly in the vale ofPeshawar, the Potohar plateau (see Taxila) and on the Kabul River. Its maincities were Purushapura (modern Peshawar), literally meaning City of Manand Takshashila (modern Taxila).The Kingdom of Gandhara lasted from the early 1st millennium BC to the 11thcentury AD. It attained its height from the 1st century to the 5th centuryunder the Buddhist Kushan Kings. The Hindu term Shahi is used by historywriter Al-Biruni to refer to the ruling Hindu dynasty that took over from theTurki Shahi and ruled the region during the period prior to Muslim conquestsof the 10th and 11th centuries. After it was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazniin 1021 CE, the name Gandhara disappeared. During the Muslim period the
area was administered from Lahore or from Kabul. During Mughal times thearea was part of Kabul province.
TOP COTTON PRODUCER OF WORLD Peoples Republic of China 33.0 million bales India 27.0 million bales United States 18.0 million bales Pakistan 10.3 million bales Brazil 9.3 million bales Uzbekistan 4.6 million bales Australia 4.2 million bales Turkey 2.8 million bales Turkmenistan 1.6 million bales Greece 1.4 million bales
TOP TEN RICE PRODUCERProduction of rice by country — 2007 (million metric ton) Peoples Republic of China 197 India 131 Indonesia 64 Bangladesh 45 Vietnam 39 Thailand 31 Myanmar 31 Philippines 16 Brazil 13 Japan 11 Pakistan 10 United States 10
SUGARCANETop ten sugarcane producers — 2009 Country Production Footnotes (Tons) Brazil 672,157,000 India 285,029,000 Peoples Republic of China 116,251,272 Thailand 66,816,400 Pakistan 50,045,400 Mexico 49,492,700
World total milk production in 2009 FAO statisticsRank Country Production (106 kg/y) World 696,5541 India 110,0402 United States 85,8593 China 40,5534 Pakistan 34,362
Famous Mountain Peaksworlds four famous mountain ranges meet - the Himalayas, theKarakorams, the Hindukush and the Pamirs.K-2 (Chagori) 8616 m 2ndNanga Parbat 8125 m 8thGasherbrum-I 8068 m 11thBroad Peak 8065 m 12thGasherbrum-II 8047 m 14thGasherbrum-III 7952 m 15thGasherbrum-IV 7925 m 16thDisteghil Sar 7885 m 20thKunyang Kish 7852 m 22ndMasherbrum (NE) 7821 m 24thRakaposhi 7788 m 27thBatura I 7785 m 28thKanjut Sar 7760 m 29thSaltoro Kangri 7742 m 33rdTrivor 7720 m 36thTirich Mir 7708 m 41st
The K2 Mountains have a dangerous reputation in the mountain-climbing world. Known as the “Savage Mountain,” it is one of the world’smost difficult mountains to ascend. The savagery of this mountain is due tothe fact that it has the 2nd highest fatality rate among the ‘eight thousanders’mountain ranges, only to be surpassed by the Annapurna Mountains, whichhas been climbed during winter. K2 is so dangerous to climb, no one hasattempted to climb it in the winter.
Nanga Parbat, which means "naked mountain" in Urdu, is the worlds ninthhighest mountain. It is also called Diamir, the "Dwelling Place of the Fairies".
German mountaineers once dubbed it their "Mountain of Destiny". TheNanga Parbat massif is the western corner pillar of the Himalayas. It is anisolated range of peaks springing up from nothing, and is surrounded by therivers Indus and Astore (map). Its vast snowy face is a powerful spectaclewhen seen from the arid Indus Valley, approaching the mountain from thewest. Here the mountain towers in isolation over 22,000 feet from the valleyfloor. Nanga Parbat (main peak) has a height of 8126 meters/26,660 ft. It hasthree vast faces. The Rakhiot (Ra Kot) face is dominated by the north andsouth silver crags and silver plateau; the Diamir face is rocky in the beginning.It converts itself into ice fields around Nanga Parbat peak. The Rupal face isthe highest mountain face in the world: it rises an incredible 4,600 m (15,000feet) above its base.
GasherbrumGasherbrum is a remote group of peaks located at the northeastern end ofthe Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram range of the Himalaya on the border ofthe Chinese Shaksgam Valley and the Gilgit-Baltistan territory of Pakistan. Themassif contains three of the worlds 8,000 metre peaks (if one includes BroadPeak). Gasherbrum is often claimed to mean "Shining Wall", presumably areference to the highly visible face of Gasherbrum IV; but in fact it comesfrom "rgasha" (beautiful) + "brum" (mountain) in Balti, hence it actuallymeans "beautiful mountain".
MasherbrumMasherbrum (also known as K1) is located in the Gilgit Baltistan of Pakistan.At 7,821 metres (25,659 ft) it is the 22nd highest mountain in the world andthe 9th highest in Pakistan. It was the first scaled and mapped peak in theKarakoram mountain range, hence its name.The meaning of the name "Masherbrum" is not entirely clear. It may comefrom mashadar (muzzle-loading gun) plus brum (mountain), from theresemblance of the double summit to an old muzzle-loader. It may also comefrom masha (queen or lady), giving "queen of peaks." Other meanings havealso been suggested.
Famous Mountain Passes The Khyber Pass, is a mountain passconnecting Afghanistan and Pakistan, cutting through the northeastern partof the Spin Ghar mountains. An integral part of the ancient Silk Road, it is oneof the oldest known passes in the world. Throughout history it has been animportant trade route between Central Asia and South Asia . The summit ofthe pass is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) inside Pakistan at Landi Kotal.
Khunjerab Pass (elevation 4,693 metres or 15,397 feet) is a highmountain pass in the Karakoram Mountains in a strategic position on thenorthern border of Pakistans Gilgit–Baltistan region within the region ofKashmir and on the southwest border of the Xinjiang region of China. Itsname is derived from Wakhi for Blood Valley.[
Lowari Pass (or Lowari Top) (el. 10,230 ft.) is a high mountain passthat connects Chitral with Dir in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Lowari Top isa relatively low pass, by far the lowest pass to enter Chitral, the rest all being12,000 to 15,000 feet.Lowari Top is closed by snow from late November to late May every year.During this time, jeeps cannot cross so men must travel by foot. This isdangerous, as there are high mountains on each side of Lowari Top, and adeadly avalanche can come at any moment without warning.
BOLAN PASSThe Bolan Pass is a mountain pass through the Toba Kakar Range ofBalochistan province in western Pakistan, 120 kilometres from theAfghanistan border.Strategically located, traders, invaders, and nomadic tribes have also used itas a gateway to and from the South Asia. The Bolan Pass is an importantpass on the Baluch frontier, connecting Jacobabad and Sibi with Quetta,which has always occupied an important place in the history of Britishcampaigns in Afghanistan.
The Indus Riveris a major river which flows through Northern India, Pakistan and has coursesthrough Western Tibet.Originating in the Tibetan plateau in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar, the riverruns a course through the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit,Baltistan and flows through Pakistan in a southerly direction along the entirelength of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachiin Sindh. The total length of the river is 3,180 km (1,980 mi). It is Pakistanslongest river.
The 25 Longest Rivers in the WorldNumber River Length in Miles Where Found1. Nile 4,135 miles North/East Africa2. Amazon 3,980 miles South America3. Chang Jiang (Yangtze) 3,917 miles China4. Mississippi-Missouri 3,870 miles USA5. Yenisey 3,434 miles Russia6. Huang He 3,395 miles China7. Ob-Irtysh 3,354 miles Russia8. Congo 2,914 miles Central Africa9. Amur 2,744 miles Northeast Asia10. Lena 2,734 miles Russia11. Mackenzie 2,635 miles Canada12. Mekong 2,600 miles Southeast Asia13. Niger 2,590 miles Africa
14. Parana 2,485 miles South America15. Volga 2,266 miles Russia16. Shatt al-Arab-Euphrates 2,236 miles Asia17. Purus 2,100 miles Brazil18. Murray-Darling 2,094 miles Australia19. Madeira 2,013 miles Brazil20. Yukon 1,980 miles Alaska/Canada21. Indus 1,976 miles Pakistan
The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in theHimalaya Mountains at about35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E35.421226°N 77.109540°E, just north of the Line ofControl between India and Pakistan. At 70 km (43 mi) long, it is the longestglacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the worlds non-polar areas.It falls from an altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above sea level at its head atIndira Col on the China border down to 3,620 m (11,875 ft) at its terminus.
Batura Glacier (57 km(35 mi) long) is one of the largest and longest glaciers outside the polarregions. It lies in Batura Valley Passu in Gojal region of the Gilgit-Baltistan ofPakistan, just north of Batura (7,795 m (25,574 ft)) and Passu (7,500 m(24,600 ft)) massifs. It flows west to east. The lower portions can be described
as a grey sea of rocks and gravelly moraine, bordered by a few summervillages and pastures with herds of sheep, goats, cows and yaks and whereroses and juniper trees are common.
The Baltoro Glacier, at 62 kilometers long, is one of the longest glaciersoutside the polar regions. It is located in Baltistan, in the Gilgit-Baltistanregion of Pakistan, and runs through part of the Karakoram mountain range.The Baltoro Muztagh lies to the north and east of the glacier, while theMasherbrum Mountains lie to the south. At 8,611 m (28,251 ft), K2 is thehighest mountain in the region, and three others within 20 km top 8,000 m.
ConcordiaConcordia is the name for the confluence of the Baltoro Glacier and theGodwin-Austen Glacier, in the heart of the Karakoram range of Pakistan. It islocated in Baltistan region of Pakistan. The name was applied by Europeanexplorers, and comes from this locations similarity to a glacial confluence,also named Concordia, in the Bernese Oberland, part of the Central Alps.Around Concordia are clustered some of the highest peaks in the world. Fourof the worlds fourteen "eight-thousanders" are in this region, as well as anumber of important lower peaks.Concordia offers the regions best place to camp for mountain enthusiasts notinvolved in climbing. With breathtaking views, it also offers short hikes toseveral important base camps: K2 (three hours), Broad Peak (two hours) andthe Gasherbrums (three hours). An alternative exit to returning down theBaltoro Glacier is available by climbing the Gondogoro Pass (5450 meters).
Visitors to the region are advised to carefully monitor their water intake withconcern. To avoid often painful and sometimes debilitating stomach upsets athigh altitude, water should be obtained from clear water sources and broughtto a rolling boil, or purified before consumption. Notable peaks in this areainclude: K2, second highest in the world at 8,611m. Gasherbrum I (K5), 11th highest in the world at 8,080m. Broad Peak (K3), 12th highest in the world at 8,047m. Gasherbrum II (K4), 13th highest in the world at 8,035m. Gasherbrum III, 7,952m. Gasherbrum IV, 17th highest in the world at 7,925m. Masherbrum (K1), 22nd highest in the world at 7,821m. Chogolisa, 36th highest in the world at 7,665m. Muztagh Tower, 7,273m. Snow Dome, 7,160m.
DesertsThe Thar Desert is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of theIndian subcontinent and forms a natural boundary running along the borderbetween India and Pakistan. With an area of more than 200,000 km² (77,000sq mi), it is the worlds 9th largest subtropical desert.It lies mostly in the Indian State of Rajasthan, and extends into the northernportion of Haryana and Punjab states and into southern Gujarat state. InPakistan, the desert covers eastern Sindh province and the southeasternportion of Pakistans Punjab province. The Cholistan Desert adjoins the Thardesert spreading into Pakistani Punjab province.
Cholistan Desert (Urdu,Saraiki: ,)چول س تان صحرائ ےalso locally known as Rohi ( )روہ یsprawls thirtykilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of26,300 km². It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India.
The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which meansDesert. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. The people of Cholistan leada semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water andfodder for their animals. The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through thearea, along which many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization have beenfound.The Desert also has an Annual Jeep Rally, known as Cholistan Desert JeepRally. It is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan.
The Thal desert (Urdu, Saraiki: )ت ھلis situated in Punjab, Pakistan. Itis vast area mainly between the Jhelum and Sindh rivers near the PothoharPlateau. Its total length from north to south is 190 miles, and its maximumbreadth is 70 miles (110 km) while minimum breadth is 20 miles. This regionis divided into the districts of Bhakkar, Khushab, Mianwali, Jhang, Layyah, andMuzaffargarh. Its part in Jhang is on the left bank of the river Jhelum.Geographically, it resembles the deserts of Cholistan and Thar. Main towns ofThal are Roda Thal, Mankera, Hyderabad Thal, Dullewala, Mehmood Shaheed,Shah Wala, Shahi Shumali, Piplan, Kundian, Kot Aazam, Sarai Muhajir, Jiasal,Rangpur, Adhi Kot, Jandanaala, Mari Shah Sakhira, Noorpur Thal, Kapahi,Goharwala
LakesManchar LakeLake Manchar (Sindhi: ) is the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan andone of Asias largest. It is located west of the Indus River, in Dadu District,Sindh. The area of the lake fluctuates with the seasons from as little as350 km² to as much as 520 km². The lake collects water from numerous smallstreams in the Kirthar Mountains and empties into the Indus River.
KeenjarKalri Lake (Urdu: , جھ یل ک لریUrdu: )) ڍن ڍ ڪ لڙيcommonly called as KeenjharLake (Sindhi: ) is located in Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan.Kalri Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan. It plays a substantialecological role in the functioning of the Indus River basin. It is extremelyimportant for a wide variety of breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds.The mid-winter waterbird counts of the late 1980s averaged 140,000 birdsper winter.The Sindhi legend of Noori Jam Tamachi took place around the lake, and tothis day there is a shrine in the middle of the lake marking Nooris grave.Everyday hundreds of devotees visit the shrine.
Hanna Lake (Urdu: نہ )جھ يل ہis a lake near Quetta city in Pakistan and isone of the main attractions in the city and a reservoir was Constructed by theBritish Empire.Hanna Lake is very attractive for holidaymakers, and is crowded with hikersand campers in holidays. You can hire a boat and paddle on the lake andround the island in the middle.
Lake Saiful Muluk is a lake located at the northern end of the KaghanValley near Naran. It is in the north east of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. At an altitude of 3,224 m (10,578 feet)above sea level it is amongst one of the highest lakes in Pakistan.The weather here is moderate during day time while the temperature dropsto minus degrees at night.A fairy tale called Saiful Muluk, written by the famous sufi poet MianMuhammad Bakhsh, is associated with the lake. It is the story of the princeof Persia who fell in love with a fairy princess at the lake. The impact of thelake beauty is of such extent that people believe that fairies come down tolake in full moon. A poet and writer from Balakot Dr Mujahid hussain wrotethe story of Saiful Muluk in prose depicting the local version.
Satpara Lake is a natural lake near Skardu, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, whichsupplies water to Skardu Valley. It is fed by the Satpara Stream.Satpara Lake is situated at an elevation of 2,636 meters (8,650 ft) above sealevel and is spread over an area of 2.5 km².Since 2003, Satpara Dam is being constructed downstream of the lake and,upon completion, will enlarge the size of Satpara Lake.
Kachura Lakes are two of the lakes in Skardu (nearly 2,500 m or 8,200 feet);the Upper Kachura Lake and Lower Kachura Lake. The latter is also known asShangrila Lake and is inside a tourist resort called Shangrila Resort.