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Recent Medical Adventures

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  • 1. Recent Medical Adventures
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 2.
    • Medicine is the science or practice of the treatment and prevention of disease.
    • 3. This art of healing is developed in every second using technology and clinical researches.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 4. Immunological Adventures
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 5. Adventures in Surgery
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 6. Adventures in Forensic Medicine
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 7. Adventures in Genetics
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 8. Immunological Adventures
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 9. Small Pox
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 10.
    • Smallpox is a viral infectious disease unique to human.
    • 11. By the mid 18th century it spread all over the world.
    • 12. Thousands of people were killed.
    • 13. In 1967 WHO launched vaccination program.
    By now it is completely eradicated.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 14. Avian Flu
    • Avian flu is H5N1 viral infective disease.
    • 15. Whole world was shocked .
    • 16. But 2007, vaccination process was begun successfully.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 17. Adventures in Surgery
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 18. Heart Transplantation
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 19.
    • The first human heart transplant was performed by Dr. Christian Barnard.
    • 20. Mr. Tony Huesman was the long lived heart transplant recipient.
    • 21. The first successful paediatric heart transplant was performed in 1984.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 22. Mattew Green was the first patient to leave hospital with an artificial heart in 2010.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 23. Plastic Surgery
    Plastic surgery is a,
    surgical repair of congenital or acquired deformities and the restoration of contour to improve the appearance and function of tissue defects.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 24. Applications of Plastic Surgery
    Severe Burns
    Skin Cancers
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 25. Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 26. Facial Surgery
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 27. Adventures in Forensic Medicine
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 28. Finger Print
    For What?
    • Use as a signature - The Ancient Babylonian Civilization.
    • 29. Identification of the criminals - After the 19th century
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 30. Why?
    The patterns which are made by epidermal ridges are unique from person to person.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 31. Evolution
    Traditional ink fingerprints typically contain rolled and flat prints
    Today, digital scanners capture an image of the fingerprint. To create a digital fingerprint, a person places his or her finger on an optical or silicon reader surface and holds it there for a few seconds. The reader converts the information from the scan into digital data patterns. The computer then maps points on the fingerprints and uses those points to search for similar patterns in the database.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 32. New technique
    Finger print reveals NOT ONLY YOUR IDENTITY, If you have,
    • history of illegal drug abuse.
    • 33. handled explosives and armed weapons.
    • 34. Even specific medical conditions.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 35. Detectable Drugs
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 40. Medical condition can be revealed
    • Cancers
    • 41. Diabetes conditions
    • 42. Heart disease conditions
    There are specific chemicals produced in these conditions & they also secreted in sweat and sebum.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 43. New Gene Therapy to Reverse Heart Failure
    The therapy works by raising diminished levels of the protein S100A1, a calcium-sensing protein in the diseased heart muscle cell, to normal.
    Previous research suggests this will prevent against heart failure development, particularly in people who have had a heart attack
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 44. profile of S100A1 is a unique one as it targets and reverses the underlying causes of heart failure:
    • deterioration of contractile performance
    • 45. electrical instability
    • 46. energy deprivation.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 47. Gene therapy reversesParkinson”s symptoms
    In patients with Parkinson's disease, their brains get overactive after losing the normal supply of a chemical called GABA.
    Scientists have developed a novel gene therapy called NLX-P101.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 48. For patients who got the gene therapy, doctors drilled a hole into their brains while they were still awake.
    Doctors then slipped in a virus engineered to bring in billions of copies of a gene to help the brain pump out more GABA.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 49. Patients who received NLX-P101 showed a significant reduction in the motor symptoms of Parkinson”s, including
    tremor
    rigidity
    difficulty initiating movement
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 50. Adventures in Nanotechnology
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 51. Nanotech Medicine to Rebuild Damaged Parts of Human Body
    A team of European scientists are able to rebuild damaged parts of human body from scratch & burns using latest developments in nanotechnology
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 52. Rice University, has developed a new method to connect and reconstruct blood vessels by using nanotechnology.
    The flesh welder could weld the artery perfectly.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 53. There is a successful research going on at Rutgers University to produce nanorobots that will be injected into the bloodstreamand administer a drug directly to an infected cell.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 54. SRI LANKA ???Are there any modern medical adventures?
    • With poor financial ability…..
    • 55. Mere facilities…….
    • 56. But, with great human resources.
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 57. Liver transplantation
    • Date:27th June 2010
    • 58. Venue: General Hospital, Colombo
    • 59. Head: Prof. MandikaWijeyaratne
    • 60. Duration:14 ½ hrs
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 61. Cataract Eye Surgery
    • By Dr. ShaminthaAmarathunga
    • 62. 20 cataract surgeries were done within an hour.
    • 63. spent 2min. and 20 sec. per surgery.
    • 64. Venue – Wijaya Kumaratunga Memorial Hospital , Seeduwa
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 65. Miraculous 'ectopic' baby born
    June 29.
    Dr. TilakDissanayake,
    21 year old H.M.D. Chathurika
    he Castle Street Hospital for women might have the first baby in Sri Lanka, who successfully grew to full term outside her mother's womb and was delivered alive and well.
    bit late at 33 weeks
    in the abdominal cavity
    General Hospital that the visiting obstetrician gynaecologist, Dr. Prasad Wickremasinghe, identified
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 66. Amazing Discoveries in Medical Field
    • Prof. MalikPeiris, Sri Lankan pathologist who discovers ,
    • 67. Cytokine storm theory of avian influenza
    • 68. SARS corona virus
    • 69. Significant findings of dengue virus pathogenesis
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 70. Future………
    • Can man live forever????
    • 71. Can robot perform a sophisticated surgery without a surgeon????
    • 72. Can man live in space????
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna
  • 73. THANK YOU
    We are,
    32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna