Dr tim kelly , mobile application lab brainstorming

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This presentation was presented by Dr Tim Kelly via Skype at the Africa Mobility Foresight Workshop on 1 July 2010 at Pretoria. The event was sponsored by SAFIPA.

This presentation was presented by Dr Tim Kelly via Skype at the Africa Mobility Foresight Workshop on 1 July 2010 at Pretoria. The event was sponsored by SAFIPA.

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  • 1. Mobility in Africa Foresight Workshop, June 1-2, 2010
    Mobile Africa 2049:What role for applications?
    Tim Kelly, Lead ICT Policy Specialist, infoDev / World Bank
  • 2. A brief history of typewriters
    Mobiles in 2010 = Typewriters in 1950:Current focus is on the device rather than the applications
    Typewriter first commercialized in US in 1870s – important innovations included the QWERTY keyboard, carbon paper, portability etc
    From 1960s onwards, computers began to be integrated into computers – a similar analogy would be the transition of mobiles into smartphones with addition of memory, IP capability, keyboards etc
    By 1980s, typewriters were transitioning to “word processors” – typewriters becoming “keyboards” on other devices like mobile is a “communications capability” for other devices
    By 2010s, typewriter keyboards are becoming “invisible” – the typewriter is now a device application than can be turned on when required
  • 3. What lessons for mobile 2049?
    Mobile communication embedded into universal communicator device
    Mobiles in 2049 = Typewriters in 2010:Mobiles will be impossible to “count” because they appear in so many different forms
    The focus will be on the application not the device – Could we have imagined, in 1950, the uses of keyboards in 2010?
    Non-human mobile “users” will greatly outnumber human ones – machine to machine communications in an “Internet of Things”
    Usage costs will approach zero – Flat-rate, rather metered, pricing will be the norm within the next 10 years
    Everything over IP
    Navigation Mobile updates real-time traffic and weather conditions
    On-board mobiles communicate with similar devices in other vehicles for collision avoidance
    Mobiles report real-time vehicle data for automated carbon tax collection
  • 4. Why are mobile applications so important for Africa today?
    Mobile already represents the largest delivery platform for development applications – e.g., M-Pesa in Kenya
    No adequate substitutes are available – mobiles outnumber PCs by >16:1
    Low barriers to entry – Standard-based tools are available free of charge
    Market is highly segmented and localized – industry has not yet had its “Google moment”
    High export potential – compare with India’s success in offshore s/w development
    Growth of fixed and mobile connections in Africa, 1998-2008, in millions
    Source: ITU World Telecom Indicators Database.
  • 5. Creating Sustainable Businesses in the Knowledge Economy
    A public-private partnership, launched on Dec 17 2009
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Finland
    infoDev / World Bank
    Nokia
    Other partners include Mobile Monday, Korea ICT4D Fund, MCT Mozambique
    Three key areas of focus
    Agribusiness
    Mobile communications
    Innovation, SME creation and supporting technology entrepreneurs
    Three regions
    Africa
    Asia
    Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (ECA)
  • 6. Track 1: Mobile Applications
    Regional Mobile applications laboratories
    Three labs to be established in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe
    Labs intended to develop between 8-10 mobile applications
    Possible Lab functions
    Training and accreditation
    Certification
    Competition for Ideas
    Replication of successful applications
    Mentoring of start-ups and SMEs (via incubators)
    Repository of knowledge and best practice cases
    Consumer behaviour research
    Facilitating access to finance / access to markets
    Mobile social networking
    Working with Mobile Monday to extend the model of an innovation network to extend the reach of mobile applications
    Launch of MoMo Kampala on 8 March
    Launch of MoMo Nairobi on 11 March
    Other planned launches in Mozambique and Tanzania
  • 7. Creating Sustainable
    Businesses
    in the Knowledge Economy