GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, JALGAON 425002
Department Of Instrumentation Engineering
CERTIFICATE

This is to certif...
DECLARATION
I hereby declare that the project/ dissertation entitled, “AIR POWERED CAR” was
carried out and written by me/...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I wish to extend my sincere gratitude to my seminar guide, S. S. NERKAR Sir, Asst.
Professor, Department ...
ABSTRACT
Light utility vehicles are becoming very popular means of independent transportation
for short distances. Cost an...
LIST OF FIGURES

Figure No.

2.1
2.2
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
7.1
7.2
8.1
10.1
11.1
11.2

Title

Page No.

Some ear...
LIST OF TABLES
Table No.

Title

Page No.

4.1

Technical Specifications of MINICAT by TATA MOTORS

9

9.1

Comparison Wit...
CONTENTS
Chapter
No

Title

Page No

Certificate
Declaration
Acknowledgement
Abstract
List of Figures
List of Tables

i
ii...
7

REFILLING OF AIR
7.1 Three Models For Fueling Tank
7.1.1 Air Stations
7.1.2 Domestic Electric Plug
7.1.3 Dual Energy Mo...
ix
ix
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2 "AIR POWERED CAR" BY SAINATH GANGADHAR PASHAWAR (BE INSTRUMENTATION)

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2 "AIR POWERED CAR" BY SAINATH GANGADHAR PASHAWAR (BE INSTRUMENTATION)

  1. 1. GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, JALGAON 425002 Department Of Instrumentation Engineering CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project/ dissertation entitled, “AIR POWERED CAR”, which is being submitted herewith for the award of B.E. Instrumentation is the result of the work completed by SAINATH GANGADHAR PASHAWAR under my supervision and guidance within the four walls of the institute and the same has not been submitted elsewhere for the award of any degree. ( S. S. NERKAR ) Asst. Professor in Instrumentation Guide ( Dr. G. G. BHUTADA) Head of Instrumentation Department ( Prof.Dr. R. P. BORKAR ) Principal Examiner i
  2. 2. DECLARATION I hereby declare that the project/ dissertation entitled, “AIR POWERED CAR” was carried out and written by me/ us under the guidance of Prof. S. S. Nerkar, Asst. Professor, Department of Instrumentation Engineering, Govt. College of Engineering, Jalgaon. This work has not been previously formed the basis for the award of any degree or diploma or certificate nor has been submitted elsewhere for the award of any degree or diploma. Place: Jalgaon Date SAINATH G. PASHAWAR (Roll No. ) ii
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I wish to extend my sincere gratitude to my seminar guide, S. S. NERKAR Sir, Asst. Professor, Department of Instrumentation, for his valuable guidance and encouragement which has been absolutely helpful in successful completion of this seminar. I would also like to thank our staff-in-charge P. J. GAIDHANE, Asst. Professor, and Department of Instrumentation for his valuable guidance throughout. I am indebted to Dr. G. G. BHUTADA Sir, Professor and Head of Department, Department of Instrumentation for his valuable support. I am thankful to Principal Prof. Dr. R.P. BORKAR Sir for giving this opportunity to represent this project. I am also grateful to my parents and friends for their timely aid without which I wouldn’t have finished my seminar successfully. I extend my thanks to all my well wishers and all those who have contributed directly and indirectly for the completion of this work. And last but not the least; I thank God Almighty for his blessings without which the completion of this seminar would not have been possible. SAINATH G. PASHAWAR (B.E,INSTRUMENTATION) iii
  4. 4. ABSTRACT Light utility vehicles are becoming very popular means of independent transportation for short distances. Cost and pollution with petrol and diesel are leading vehicle manufacturers to develop vehicles fuelled by alternative energies. Engineers are directing their efforts to make use of air as an energy source to run the light utility vehicles. The use of compressed air for storing energy is a method that is not only efficient and clean, but also economical. The major problem with compressed air cars was the lack of torque produced by the "engines" and the cost of compressing the air. Recently several companies have started to develop compressed air vehicles with many advantages and still many serious bottlenecks to tackle. Gasoline is already the fuel of the past. It might not seem that way as you fill up on your way to work, but the petroleum used to make it is gradually running out. It also pollutes air that's becoming increasingly unhealthy to breathe, and people no longer want to pay the high prices that oil companies are charging for it. Automobile manufacturers know all of this and have spent lots of time and money to find and develop the fuel of the future. Air never runs out. Air is non-polluting. Best of all, air is free. Thus Air Driven cars are an eco-friendly engine which operates with compressed air. An Air Driven car uses the expansion of compressed air to drive the pistons of an engine. It is a pneumatic actuator that creates useful work by expanding compressed air. There is no mixing of fuel with air as there is no combustion. It makes use of Compressed Air Technology for its operation The Compressed Air Technology is quite simple. If we compress normal air into a cylinder the air would hold some energy within it. This energy can be utilized for useful purposes. When this compressed air expands, the energy is released to do work. So this energy in compressed air can also be utilized to displace a piston. Keywords - Compressed air, pollution free, no heat generation, chassis construction, air powered car. iv
  5. 5. LIST OF FIGURES Figure No. 2.1 2.2 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 7.1 7.2 8.1 10.1 11.1 11.2 Title Page No. Some early Compressed Air Vehicle MDI Vehicles Working of Air Car Working of Compressed Air Engine Compressed Air Engine The Graph for Working of Engine Compressed Air Tank & Material Used The Body The Air Filter The Chassis Refueling of Air Car at Air Station Refueling of Air Car by using Air Compressor at Home Facilities in Air Powered car Modern Air Cars MDI Co. France Few Models by MDI Co. France Air Car in INDIA by TATA MOTORS 4 5 10 11 12 12 14 15 16 17 19 19 21 24 27 28 v
  6. 6. LIST OF TABLES Table No. Title Page No. 4.1 Technical Specifications of MINICAT by TATA MOTORS 9 9.1 Comparison With Compitition 23 vi
  7. 7. CONTENTS Chapter No Title Page No Certificate Declaration Acknowledgement Abstract List of Figures List of Tables i ii iii iv V vi 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 What? An Air Powered Car? 1 1 2 2 BRIEF HISTORY 4 3 COMPRESSED AIR TECHNOLOGY 6 4 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF AIR CAR 8 5 WORKING 5.1 How it Works 5.2 The Basic Principles of CAT’s 34 Engine 9 9 11 6 PARTS OF AIR CAR 6.1 Compressed Air Tank 6.2 Brake Power Recovery 6.3 The Body 6.4 The Air Filter 6.5 The Chassis 6.6 Electrical System 6.7 Distribution And Valves 6.8 The Solenoid Valve 14 14 14 14 16 17 17 18 18 vii
  8. 8. 7 REFILLING OF AIR 7.1 Three Models For Fueling Tank 7.1.1 Air Stations 7.1.2 Domestic Electric Plug 7.1.3 Dual Energy Mode 19 19 19 19 19 8 SPECIAL FEATURES 8.1 Computer Screen Showing The Speed 8.2 Internet Connection 8.3 GPS Device 21 21 21 21 9 COMPARISON WITH COMPITITION 9.1Running Cost 23 23 ADVANTAGES OF AIR POWERED CAR 10.1 Advantages of Compressed Air Engine 10.2 Advantages of Air Powered Car 10.3 Disadvantages of Air Powered Car 24 24 25 25 FUTURE SCOPE 11.1 The Dual Energy System 11.2 Eew Models 11.3 Air Car INDIA by TATA MOTORS 27 27 27 28 12 CONCLUSION 29 13 REFERENCES 10 11 30 viii
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