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Technology and Equity Issues Presented By:
 

Technology and Equity Issues Presented By:

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    Technology and Equity Issues Presented By: Technology and Equity Issues Presented By: Presentation Transcript

    • Technology and Equity Issues Presented By: Jennifer Jerger Ginny Miller Jenni Lisk
    • Introduction
      • Digital Equity/Facts
      • Problems
        • Inequities in computer access is not just the issue.
      • Solutions
    • What is Digital Equity?
      • All students have adequate access to information and communications technologies for learning regardless of:
        • Socioeconomic status
        • Physical disability
        • Language
        • Race
        • Characteristics linked with unequal treatment
    • Equity Importance
      • What students do with technology
        • Influences effectiveness of education experience
        • Should have access to high-quality content in both software and online
        • More and more students using technology to learn
      • Does technology help students learn?
        • Study reports technology’s positive effects on student achievement in all subjects
    • Facts
      • Investment in technology
        • 1994 Elementary and Secondary Education Act
        • Benton Foundation Reports
          • U.S. spent $38 billion over past ten years
          • $10 billion to poor and rural schools/libraries
          • Total Spending for 2000-2001 school year approximately $5.35 billion.
          • ESEA authorizes as much as $1 billion each year for a new educational technology block grant
      • Ratio of multimedia computers that support higher-end applications
        • 1997 - 21 students per computer
        • 2001 - 6.9 students per computer
    • Problems: Inequities in computer access
      • Despite progress making a significance is not easy
      • Poverty remains the major factor inhibiting students’ technology access
      22% 78% $75,00 and above 33% 67% $50,00-$75,000 48% 52% $30,00-$50,000 69% 31% Less than $30,000 Do not have internet access Have internet access Household income
    • Problems: Quality of Hardware and Connections
      • Access to new tools and instructional methods
      • Many schools caught in digital divide time warp
      • Stakes are getting higher
    • Problems: Preparing Educators
      • Not just about access
        • All the best equipment and content make little difference to learning without experienced educators and teachers
      • Study findings :
        • effective use of educational technology depends most strongly on the human element
      • Teacher preparation is key
        • 94% claim familiarity with computers but say they lack skills to integrate technology into teaching
    • Problems:Leadership
      • Key administrators need to have clear vision of how technology can make a difference in student learning
      • Need to provide on-going support
        • Requires policy, budget, finance, and other organizational mechanisms
        • Key influences in funding
    • Access Solutions
      • Lab open after hours
      • Loaner computers
      Laptops to loan!
    • Quality of Hardware/Leadership Solutions
      • Partnerships between schools and businesses
      • Fundraisers
      • Motivated leaders to push for funding
    • Teacher Experience Solutions
      • Teacher training
        • Starting at College Level
        • Special Technology Trainings
    • Conclusion
      • By having strong, motivated, educated teachers and administrators, building community partnerships, and making access to technology more availble to students, the gap between the “haves” and “have nots” will receed.
    • Works Cited
      • Martinez, Micheal. (1994). “Access to Information Technologies Among School-Age Children: Implications for a Democratic Society”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science .
      • Natiello, Gary. (2001). “Bridging the Second Digital Divide: What Can Sociologists of Education Contribute?”. Sociology of Education . Vol. 74.
      • Solomon, Gwen. (2002). “Digital Equity: It’s Not Just About Access Anymore. Technology & Learning . Vol. 22.