Technology and Equity Issues Presented By:Presentation Transcript
Technology and Equity Issues Presented By: Jennifer Jerger Ginny Miller Jenni Lisk
Inequities in computer access is not just the issue.
What is Digital Equity?
All students have adequate access to information and communications technologies for learning regardless of:
Characteristics linked with unequal treatment
What students do with technology
Influences effectiveness of education experience
Should have access to high-quality content in both software and online
More and more students using technology to learn
Does technology help students learn?
Study reports technology’s positive effects on student achievement in all subjects
Investment in technology
1994 Elementary and Secondary Education Act
Benton Foundation Reports
U.S. spent $38 billion over past ten years
$10 billion to poor and rural schools/libraries
Total Spending for 2000-2001 school year approximately $5.35 billion.
ESEA authorizes as much as $1 billion each year for a new educational technology block grant
Ratio of multimedia computers that support higher-end applications
1997 - 21 students per computer
2001 - 6.9 students per computer
Problems: Inequities in computer access
Despite progress making a significance is not easy
Poverty remains the major factor inhibiting students’ technology access
22% 78% $75,00 and above 33% 67% $50,00-$75,000 48% 52% $30,00-$50,000 69% 31% Less than $30,000 Do not have internet access Have internet access Household income
Problems: Quality of Hardware and Connections
Access to new tools and instructional methods
Many schools caught in digital divide time warp
Stakes are getting higher
Problems: Preparing Educators
Not just about access
All the best equipment and content make little difference to learning without experienced educators and teachers
Study findings :
effective use of educational technology depends most strongly on the human element
Teacher preparation is key
94% claim familiarity with computers but say they lack skills to integrate technology into teaching
Key administrators need to have clear vision of how technology can make a difference in student learning
Need to provide on-going support
Requires policy, budget, finance, and other organizational mechanisms
Key influences in funding
Lab open after hours
Laptops to loan!
Quality of Hardware/Leadership Solutions
Partnerships between schools and businesses
Motivated leaders to push for funding
Teacher Experience Solutions
Starting at College Level
Special Technology Trainings
By having strong, motivated, educated teachers and administrators, building community partnerships, and making access to technology more availble to students, the gap between the “haves” and “have nots” will receed.
Martinez, Micheal. (1994). “Access to Information Technologies Among School-Age Children: Implications for a Democratic Society”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science .
Natiello, Gary. (2001). “Bridging the Second Digital Divide: What Can Sociologists of Education Contribute?”. Sociology of Education . Vol. 74.
Solomon, Gwen. (2002). “Digital Equity: It’s Not Just About Access Anymore. Technology & Learning . Vol. 22.