THE GLOBAL FORUM FOR SPORT
“Mainstreaming the environment
in major sports events”
30 November to 1 December 2006
Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary ………………………………...
2. Welcome Session ……………….….………………...
2.1. Message by Mr. Eric Falt
UNEP Director of Communications and Public Information …...
2.2. Message by Mr. Tatsuo Okada
Executive Director, Global Sports Alliance (GSA) ……………………
2.3. Message by Mr. Tommy Sithole
Director of International Cooperation and Development
International Olympic Committee (IOC) …………………………..……..
3. Keynote address
Mr. Glenn Bourke, CEO Volvo Ocean Race ……….……………
4. Forum programme ……..……………………………...
5. Summaries of Panel Discussion ……………
5.1. Panel 1 ……………………………………………………………
5.2. Panel 2 ……………………………………………………………………….
5.3. Panel 3 ……………………………………………………………………….
5.4. Panel 4……………………………………………………………………….
5.5. Panel 5 ……………………………………………………………………….
5.6. Panel 6 ……………………………………………………………………….
5.7. Panel 7 ……………………………………………………………………….
5.8. Panel 8 ……………………………………………………………………….
6 Closing Session ……………………………………………………………
6.1. Speech by Mr. Pal Schmitt, IOC Member and Chairman of
the Sport and Environment Commission of the IOC …………….....
6.2. Speech by Mr. Ibrahim Thiaw, Acting Director-General, The
World Conservation Union (IUCN) ……………………………………….
6.3. Speech by Mr. Adolf Ogi, UN Secretary General’s Special
Adviser on Sport for Development and Peace ……………………..
6.4. Speech by Mr. Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary
General and UNEP’s Executive Director ……………………..
1. Executive Summary
The Global Forum for Sport and Environment (G-ForSE) is organized every
two years by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the
Japan-based Global Sports Alliance (GSA). G-ForSE brings together
international sports organizations and federations, sports clubs, sporting
goods manufacturers, civil society organizations, the media and sport
G-ForSE provides a platform for sport and the environment stakeholders to
review sports impact on and contribution to the environment. Specifically,
the Forum provides a platform to discuss the integration of environmental
issues in the development of sports facilities and equipment and the running
of sports events. It also provides a platform to discuss the role of sport in
promoting environmental awareness and action and to recognize and
promote best practices.
The 2006 Global Forum for Sport and the Environment (G-ForSE 2006) was
held at the Olympic Museum in Lausanne, Switzerland, from 30 November
and 1 December 2006. Sponsored by Volvo, the Pentland Group and Nestle/
Power Bar, G-ForSE 2006 brought together 162 participants representing
international sport organizations and federations, organizers of major sport
events, NGOs, the private sector and other stakeholders.
The Forum reviewed efforts by sport organizations to mainstream the
environment in major sports events, based on the experience of recent
sport events - the Helsinki 2005 IAAF World Championships, the Torino
2006 Winter Olympic Games and the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
The forum had eight panel discussions on issues related to sport and the
environment ranging from eco-designs of sport venues; water management
in sport events; raising environmental awareness through sport; NGO
involvement in the organization of sport events; the offsetting and reduction
of carbon dioxide emissions; to renewable energy, transport, waste and
recycling in sport events.
Based on the presentations and discussions, the participants exchanged
several ideas on how to further improve and integrate environmental
considerations in major sport events.
G-ForSE 2006 was also used to launch the final Sustainability Report of the
Torino 2006 Winter Olympic Games and the 2006 FIFA World Cup Green
Goal Legacy Report.
On the margins of the Forum, several bilateral discussions on cooperation
were held. These include meeting with senior officials from the world of
sport, representatives of the private sector, meeting between
representatives of the Beijing 2008 Organizing Committee and NGOs to
discuss ways and means by which NGOs could support BOCOG preparations
of the 2008 Olympic Games, as well as the signing of a Memorandum of
Cooperation with the Understanding Fédération Internationale de
2. Welcome Session
2.1 Message by Mr. Eric Falt, UNEP Director of
Communications and Public Information
On behalf of the United Nations Environment Programme, I would like to
welcome you all to this Global Forum for Sport and Environment.
Before we start I would like to express our appreciation to Tatsuo Okada,
Executive Director of the Global Sports Alliance, for his organization’s
longstanding partnership with UNEP, and his personal commitment to
linking the world of sport with caring for the environment.
I would also like to thank our sponsors, Volvo, Pentland and Power Bar, for
helping us to organise this event.
I would also like to acknowledge our other major partner in our sport and
environment activities, the International Olympic Committee, represented
here this morning by Tommy Sithole, Director of International Cooperation
The Olympic Movement and UNEP have worked together since 1994.
Together we have come a long way. I would like to thank them for hosting
Last November UNEP and the IOC co-hosted a very successful World
Conference on Sport and Environment at UNEP’s headquarters in Nairobi.
I am confident that this meeting will be just as successful in moving
forward the sport and environment agenda.
Ladies and gentlemen,
The theme for discussion is ‘Mainstreaming the Environment in Major
We are fortunate to have a wide variety of experienced men and women
with us to share experiences and come up with new ideas of how we can
not only make major sporting events environmentally friendly, but use
them to spread the message of sustainability to the massive audience that
the world of sport commands.
In preparation for this conference, we collected a number of best practices,
some of which have featured in the series of posters that you will see as
you participate in this forum.
In compiling the information, I was impressed by the range of existing
initiatives, and the potential there is for replication, both in the sporting
world and beyond.
Major events, such as the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup, make
an significant mark on a city. They present a wonderful opportunity for
showcasing the best in architecture, urban planning and event
By making sure that environmental care is evident in everything that is
done, that the planning and the assessment of results is transparent, and
that the goals and achievements are proudly advertised, event organizers
can help to firmly embed the principles of sustainability in the minds of the
public, of event planners, of business people and of local governments far
beyond the immediate vicinity of the events themselves.
This, I believe, is something that has been achieved by the organizers of
the Torino Olympic Winter Games and the 2006 FIFA world Cup, both of
whom will be launching their reports at a press conference here today.
One of the central themes of both events was climate change. I think this
is an issue whose time has finally come.
As the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Anna said two weeks ago at
2.2 Message by Mr. Tatsuo Okada, Executive Director,
Global Sports Alliance (GSA)
On behalf of the co-organizer, Global Sports Alliance, I would like to
express my sincere welcome to the 4th Global Forum for Sport and the
Environment. Our aim here is to share and apply the knowledge and
experiences on the environmentally friendly activities in the field of sports.
Since 2001, Global Sports Alliance has been constructing a unique and
open data-base “g-forse.com” in order to compile actions actually taken by
people in sports for the environment so that anyone can learn from
I believe that humans are smart. We have enough knowledge on the
earth’s environment, such as it is the rich natural ecosystem that cleans
the air and water. But the problem is that we don’t apply the knowledge in
the real society, which is short-sighted economic-centered society.
We who love sports, however, are different. We are aware how important
it is to have clean and healthy environment.
Through our discussion today and the data-base “g-forse.com” we can
learn from each other and apply the knowledge in our own sporting scene
as well as at work and everyday lives.
So, let’s all join forces to challenge the global environmental problems
Thank you very much!
2.3 Message by Mr. Tommy Sithole, Director of
International Cooperation and Development -
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
On behalf of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), I would like to
welcome you to the Olympic Museum which is the universal home of the
written, visual and graphic memory of the Olympic Games, as well as
meeting place of history, culture, art and all those who are interested in to
the future of our society.
Today, I am particularly pleased to see so many of you at this important
Global Forum for Sport and the Environment (G-ForSE). I want to
congratulate the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the
Japan-based Global Sports Alliance (GSA) for creating such a platform for
different stakeholders to discuss the links between sport and the
We are very honoured for hosting this event and occasions like these ones
can only strengthen our joint efforts for environmental stewardship that is
also a part of the Olympic development programme as the all-important
I wish you every success as you discuss the challenges and opportunities
for the integration of environmental considerations into sports events.
3. Keynote address
By Mr. Glenn Bourke, CEO Volvo Ocean Race
I am very honoured to be the keynote speaker of this Global Forum for
Sport and the Environment (G-ForSE). I want to thank the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Japan-based Global Sports
Alliance (GSA) for inviting me to speak at this magnificent home of the
The Olympic Museum is pretty apt venue! Having been through several
incantations as fan, athlete, coach and more recently organiser, some,
including my own staff, consider me to be a bit of an Olympic dinosaur!
I spent 42 years of my 45 listening to stories of myth and legend about the
Olympics from my father, as an ex Olympic swimmer himself, seen here
with two of his girlfriends, endlessly told me about the legends like Nurmi,
Koen, Mark Spitz, Al Oerter and Bob Beamon. At some point, almost
immediately after my birth, he decided in his great wisdom, that I should
follow in his footsteps and take to the pool with the same verve that he
had always felt for it. He also decided much to my horror “that he would be
So from the age of 4 to 14 I ploughed up and down this seawater pool in
Manly, trying initially not to get distracted by passing schools of fish, and
later on by the girls in small bikinis
During these years this pristine and homespun environment was going
through massive change. As the population of Sydney grew, ever-
increasing amounts of sewerage were being pumped into the ocean at the
north and south cliff faces of the harbour.
Raw sewerage blown in on the winds was poisoning the harbour, and all its
inhabitants and users.
Ear infections, colds and flu were becoming par for the course, as were
dead fish floating bloated on the surface. At some point in my mid teens
they built a freshwater Olympic pool nearby, so we moved to this man
You know how it goes, light blue tiles and with the black line up the middle
of the lane, 20 degrees all year round, your hair turning green from the
chlorine. It was then when I realised how boring it was looking at that
black line kilometre after kilometre. Finally one day, I said to my dad “dad
I just don’t want to swim anymore” He said “what would you like to do?”
Thinking about these years of purgatory, I said to him “what sport don’t
you know anything about” and he said “sailing”. Good, then that’s what I
want to do!
I took up sailing and loved it and over the next few years I returned to
Sydney Harbour often to train. But the harbour was becoming even sicker
than before. By the time I was 18 and heading out through Sydney Heads
in preparation for the 1980 Olympic trials, you would have to hold your
breath every time a wave smashed the bow and spewed its putrid bile into
the air. Well it didn’t take too long before the harbour users started to
scream about the state of the environment. Don’t forget it was only 20
years before that it had been clean and perfect. It was then the Authorities
realised action was required. Over the course of the next decade.
Treatment plants were upgraded. Ocean outfalls were moved offshore into
This overflow tube was built running for 30 kms under Sydney used as a
catchment during heavy rain when the sewers became overloaded.
It took nearly 20 years but by the time of the Olympics came in 2000 the
4. Programme of the Forum
Thursday 30 November
15:00 – 17:00 Visit to the Olympic Museum
18.20 Departure from the Royal Savoy Hotel to the Boat
“Montreux” - (Ouchy Area), Loading Dock.
18:30 – 22:30 Dinner on the Montreux
22:45 Departure from Loading Dock to the Royal Savoy Hotel
Friday 1 December
08:30 Departure from the Royal Savoy Hotel to the Olympic
09:00 – 10:00 Welcome Session (Auditorium, Olympic Museum)
Welcome messages by Mr. Eric Falt, UNEP Director of
Communications and Public Information,
Mr. Tatsuo Okada, Executive Director, Global Sports
Mr. Tommy Sithole, Director of International Cooperation
and Development, International Olympic Committee (IOC).
Keynote address Mr. Glenn Bourke, CEO Volvo Ocean Race
Panel 1 Eco design: How organizers of sport events are
(Auditorium, Olympic looking at the environmental aspect of their designs
Museum) – from site selection to the development of venues
Moderator Mr. Tore Brevik
10:00 – 11:00
Rapporteur Mr. Hartmut Stahl
Panellists Mr. Geraint John, Senior Advisor, Hok Sport Architecture
- Incorporating the environment in the design of sport
venues – case study 1
Ms. Miranda Kiuri Popova, Architect, Spanish Olympic
- Incorporating the environment in the design of sport
venues – case study 2
Mr. Julius de Heer, Senior Consultant, Sustainable Sport
- Eco-designs for future sport events
Mr. Michael Kleiner, Coordinator, Euro 2008 Organizing
- Environmental activities of the Euro 2008 Organizing
Committee with emphasis on eco-designs
Panel 2 Water related issues: From rainwater harvesting to
(Athens Room) efficient management of water in sport venues
Moderator Mr. Nick Nuttall
Rapporteur Mr. Jason Chare
Panellists Mr. Matt Smith, Executive Director, International Rowing
- Environmental activities by the International Rowing
Mr. Stephane Latxague, CEO, Surfrider Foundation, Europe
- The Surfrider Foundation and water related issues;
Mr. David Crawford, Managing Director, Sustainability Sport
and Event Consulting
- Sport venues and efficient use of water
11:00 – 11:30 Coffee Break
Panel 3 Environmental awareness: The example of the
(Auditorium, Olympic Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) and
Museum) how to use sport to promote actions for the
Moderator Mr. Tatsuo Okada
11:30 – 12:30
Rapporteur Mr. Wondwosen Asnake
Panellists Mr. Tony Diamantidis, Executive Director, Athens
- Environmental activities by the Athens Environmental
Foundation and the World Olympians Association
Mr. Leigh Steinberg, President, Leigh Steinberg Enterprises
- Promoting environmental awareness through events of
the National Football League, USA
Mr. Vito Ippolito, President, Fédération Internationale de
- The Environmental Code of FIM and the impact on FIM’s
events and Presentation of the Environmental Award of FIM
Ms. Daniela Ruby PAPI, President, The PEPY Ride
Panel 4 NGOs: The challenges and successes of NGO
(Athens Room) involvement in the preparations and staging of sport
11:30 – 12:30 Moderator Mr. Eric Falt
Rapporteur Mr. Theodore Oben
Panellists Mr. Carlos Paula Cardoso, Secretary General, European
Non-governmental Sport Organization
- NGO involvement in sports in Europe
Ms. Susan Brown, Policy Analyst, WWF
- The WWF experience on NGO involvement in mass sport
Mr. Paolo Revellino, Head of Sustainability, Torino 2006
- Torino 2006 and NGO involvement
Mr. Leon Larson, Chairman, Environment Committee,
International Water Ski Federation
- Involvement of NGOs in the work of the Water Ski
12:30 – 14:00 Lunch
13:00 – 14:00 Press Conference (Athens Room)
Launch of the Torino 2006 final Sustainability Report
and the FIFA 2006 Green Goal Legacy Report
Moderator: Mr. Nick Nuttall
Panel 5 Carbon Dioxide and Ozone Depleting Substances: The
(Auditorium, Olympic Torino example and how this should be integrated in
Museum) future sport events
Moderator Mr. Theodore Oben
14:00 – 15:00
Rapporteur Ms. Sophie Ravier
Panellists Mr. Paolo Revellino, Head of Sustainability, Torino Olympics
- The Torino Experience
Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Deputy Director,Oeko Institute
- CO2 offset and the FIFA 2006 World Cup
Mr. Simon Lewis, Development Officer, WWF UK
- Low carbon in a One Planet Olympics
Mr. Jim Curlin, Information Manager, UNEP
- Integrating Ozone Layer protection in sport events
Panel 6 Renewable energy: The Helsinki 2005 model and why
(Athens Room) this could shape the future of sport events
14:00 – 15:00 Moderator Mr. Wondwosen Asnake
Rapporteur Mr. Timothy Challen
Panellists Ms. Salla Koivasalo, Helsinki 2005
- The Helsinki 2005 model
Mr. Herbert Aichinger, Head of Unit of DC Environment G2,
- The EU’s efforts to green sport events with an emphasis
on renewable energy
Mr. Bruno Moretti, President, Alternative Energy
Commission, Fédération Internationale de L’Automobile
- FIA and renewable energy
Panel 7 Transport: The FIFA 2006 World Cup experience and
ways of minimizing the impact of transport around
Moderator Mr. Ian Jarman
15:00 – 16:00
Rapporteur Mr. Hamoudi Shubber
Panellists Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Oeko Institute
-The FIFA 2006 World Cup and sustainable transport
Mr. Yu Xiaoxuan, Deputy Director, Environment, Beijing
2008 Olympic Organizing Committee (BOCOG)
- The vision of BOGOC on sustainable transport
Mr. Patrick François, President, European Cycling
- Sustainable transport and traffic management in sport
Mr. Erwin Lauterwasser, Environment Advisor, International
Water Ski Federation
- FIS Nordic World Ski Championship 2005 Oberstdorf
Panel 8 Waste and recycling as an overriding concern –
managing waste in sport events and recycling used
Moderator Mr. Tore Brevik
15:00 – 16:00
Rapporteur Ms. Elizabeth Odera
Panellists Mr. Jack Groh, Director, National Football League (NFL),
Waste and recycling activities by the NFL
Mr. Jason Chare, Deputy Director, Global Sports Alliance
Recycling of used sport equipment
Mr. Roberto Iglesias, President Quebrantahuesos
Cycling for all and waste management
Mr. Jonathan Smith, Executive Director, Golf Environment
Europe Waste Management in the World of Golf
16:00 – 16:30 Coffee Break
16:30 – 17:30 Plenary (Auditorium, Olympic Museum)
Synthesis of discussions and the way forward for
strengthening partnerships on sport and the
Reports from moderators and rapporteurs and discussions
Moderators: Mr. Eric Falt and Mr. Tatsuo Okada
17:30 – 19:00 Closing session (Auditorium, Olympic Museum)
Masters of Ceremonies: Mr. Eric Falt and Mr. Tatsuo Okada
Speeches Mr. Pal Schmitt, IOC Member and Chairman of the Sport
and Environment Commission of the IOC
Mr. Ibrahim Thiaw, Acting Director General, IUCN
Mr. Adolf Ogi, UN Secretary General’s Special Adviser on
Sport for Development and Peace
Mr. Achim Steiner, UNEP’s Executive Director
Signing of the Memorandum of Understanding
between UNEP and the Fédération Internationale de
19:00 – 21:30 Cocktail at the Olympic Museum
21:35 Departure from the Olympic Museum to the Royal
5. Summaries of Panel Discussion
5.1. Panel 1:
Eco design: How organizers of sport events are looking
at the environmental aspect of their designs – from site
selection to the development of venues:
Moderator: Mr. Tore Brevik
Rapporteur: Mr. Hartmut Stahl
Mr. Geraint John, Senior Advisor, Hok Sport Architecture
Ms. Miranda Kiuri Popova, Architect, Spanish Olympic Committee
Mr. Julius de Heer, Senior Consultant, Sustainable Sport Development
Mr. Michael Kleiner, Coordinator, Euro 2008 Organizing Committee
Statement: Incorporating the environment in the design of sport venues
costs money. Economic assessment of environmental action often leads to
the result in not taking the necessary action because it seems to be too
expensive. However is it ever considered how much it costs not to act?
Answer: A general statement is “The more the sports facility costs the
higher is the environment impact”.
Environmental costs of venues are not now calculated. The problem is the
LOCs finish their work immediately after the event has ended and no one is
left to consider environmental impacts of the operation of sport facilities
afterwards. Monitoring environmental costs will be an important task for
Statement: Green Goal is the first environmental programme in the world
of football. The next football tournament will be the EURO 2008 in Austria
and Switzerland. Is it too late to have a comprehensive environment
concept for the EURO 2008?
Answer: After the 2006 FIFA World Cup has ended the focus shifts towards
the EURO 2008 and at the same time more pressure is coming up to
consider environmental issues. Although there a projects going on in
Austria and Switzerland it is late for a comprehensive concept but hopefully
not too late.
Statement: The Rugby World Cup 2007 and 2011 take place in France and
New Zealand. Are there any environmental concepts for these Rugby World
Answer: There is some work going on in France. Action for greening the
Rugby World Cup 2007 and developing a concept are in progress. However
nothing has been communicated so far. Carbon offset will become one of
the relevant issues.
Statement: New developments in urban planning of sport facilities can be
noticed in the last years. Public rights of the citizens and social
responsibilities of the municipalities (e.g. access to sport facilities,
participation of NGOs) become more important. The need for a specific
sport facility, the sustainable operation and an alternative temporary
construction of a facility are questioned.
5.2 Panel 2:
Water related issues: From rainwater harvesting to
efficient management of water in sport venues
Moderator: Nick Nuttall
Rapporteur: Jason Chare
Mr. Matt Smith, Executive Director, International Rowing Federation
Mr. Stephane Latxague, Executive Director, Surfrider Foundation, Europe
Mr. David Crawford, Managing Director, Sustainability Sport and Event
Mr. Matt Smith, Executive Director of the International Rowing Federation
opened the session by outlining the active measures taken by FISA to
reduce the sport’s impact on the natural environment. Understanding the
importance of clean water and air to rowing, FISA is committed to rowing
practices that encourage a culture of responsibility for protecting and
sustaining the aquatic environment.
FISA established an Environmental Working Group in 2001, whose
guidelines and policies for sustainable development were completed in April
2004. Those guidelines include the protection of habitat and bio-diversity;
conservation of water resources; reduction of the production of waste and
pollutants; and promotion of healthy conditions for those involved in the
As a concrete example of these principles in action, Mr. Smith pointed to
the Regatta Course in Lucerne, which despite holding a number of major
international events, closely monitors the environmental impact of the
events, and strictly limits the number of events held.
FISA also uses environmental slogans as part of an awareness campaign,
such as “THINK CLEAN – enjoy rowing” and “THINK GREEN – enjoy
Mr. Stephane Latxague, Executive Director of Surfrider Foundation, Europe
began his presentation by showing TV commercials the organization has
made that dramatically demonstrate the impact that pollution is having on
the ocean environment. Surfers, he suggests, make a great indicator
species for ocean health because they are constantly immersed in the
ocean and their health is immediately affected by the quality of the water.
TV ads, travelling exhibitons, videos, audio, and online games are just
some of the multimedia tools the organizations uses to educate young
audiences on water management issues.
Found in the USA, Japan, Brazil, Australia, Argentina, Canada, New
Zealand and Europe, Surfrider works to serve the entire ocean community,
and the organization’s 60,000 members and volunteers work to address
water management issues in a great variety of ways. Surfrider Europe has
focused on local operational programs to fight ocean pollution; education of
the young and the general public on water quality issues; and the lobbying
of institutions to orientate the laws towards protection and sustainable
development of the oceans and coastlines.
To back up its case, the organization has also set up 2 laboratories in
5.3 Panel 3:
Environmental awareness: The example of the
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) and
how to use sport to promote actions for the
Moderator: Mr. Tatsuo Okada
Rapporteur: Mr. Wondwosen Asnake
Mr. Tony Diamantidis, Athens Environmental Foundation
Mr. Leigh Steinberg, Leigh Steinberg Enterprises
Mr. Vito Ippolito, Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM)
Ms. Daniela Ruby Papi, The PEPY Ride
Mr. Tatsuo Okada, moderator of the panel introduced the topic by
highlighting that we are the first generation with enough knowledge, know-
how and information about the state and trends of the world’s
environment, but having the biggest difficulty in translating the body of
knowledge into action.
Despite the wealth of knowledge we have become the instrument for
destroying the planet. We should no longer threat the planet as an
abundant source to meet our daily needs while disrupting the functioning
of the ecosystems. He raised the fundamental question of how to take this
challenge to the hearts and minds of people, and also how to turn back the
environmental clock to where it was before and reverse the negative
The answer to the challenge rests in education and public awareness as the
key to success. The world of sport has a major role to play in increasing
public awareness and knowledge about environmental issues and
Mr. Tony Diamantidis, Executive Director, Athens Environmental
Foundation took stoke of the environmental activities of the Athens
Environmental Foundation and the World Olympians Association, in using
Athletes/Olympians to be champions for the environment. They are role
models and can be an important vehicle to reach out to the wider audience
with environmental messages and the changes we need to make in our
daily lives. If done properly they can lead by example and many can easily
follow their footsteps.
Mr. Leigh Steinberg, President, Leigh Steinberg Enterprises presented the
efforts put in place to promoting environmental awareness through events
of the National Football League. Besides the direct involvement of sport
personalities, he reiterated that stadiums are also role modules for people
of all ages. The message we put on the billboards of our stadiums and
other sport arenas will have significant impact on the way people and
communities react as they go to their daily routine. A positive message
means a positive impact. Simply carrying out a role demonstrating values,
ways of thinking and acting, which are considered good in that role. Others
hopefully will follow the example.
Mr. Vito Ippolito, President of Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
(FIM) presented the Environmental Code of FIM and the impact on FIM’s
events. He talked about the Environment Commission of FIM that was
created in 1998 to oversee and ensure FIM events are organized in a safe
5.4 Panel 4 :
NGOs: The challenges and successes of NGO
involvement in the preparations and staging of sport
Moderator: Mr. Eric Falt
Rapporteur: Mr. Theodore Oben
Mr. Carlos Paula Cardoso, European Non-governmental Sport Organization
Ms. Susan Brown, WWF International
Mr. Paolo Revellino, Torino 2006
Mr. Leon Larson, International Water Ski Federation
Paolo Revellino Head of Sustainability the Torino Olympics
Paolo strongly suggested sporting organizers set up institutional,
formalized and transparent partnerships with NGOs. He related his
experiences with NGOs as starting with opposition, but over a 5 year
period working towards a number of solutions to a very positive and
constructive dialogue. He said overtime, the issues at odds with
conservationists could be put on the table and worked out and that the
Torino organizers had found this very beneficial. If you have a structure
you can pose questions and give answers he said. His main message was
that it is better to give NGOs a formalized role and work together through
Leon Larson, Chair, Environment Committee Internatioanl Water
The Waterski Federation have started to work on sustainability issues from
an event perspective and are growing their engagement over a series of
events and activities. They are increasingly interested in waterway
preservation using tools such as wave buffers or publicly available
educational materials and seminars for participants and spectators.
Carlos Cardoso, Secretary General, European Non-Governmental
Carlos noted a considerable number of sports are coming under scrutiny as
the federation looks for environment savings. From tennis to kick boxing
to handball to motorcycling to fishing the organization is now exploring
ways to reduce impact. One recent innovative solution involved suing an
abandoned ground for a cross country event, to minimize harm to the
natural environment. By upgrading an unsightly, unsafe and neglected
area it became a legacy after the event which is now used for joggers and
as a public sports facility.
Susan Brown, International Policy Analyst, WWF International
Susan pointed out honest dialogue with NGOs was essential as
organizations like hers were increasingly asked to either be third party
arbiters by the media or to become more formally involved in some way
with international sporting events either by organizing committees, by
sponsors, by governments or by host cities. She said WWF because of its
long term technical expertise and because it is an organization seen as an
honest broker were fielding increasing inquiries and requests. Recently
there has been Olympics engagement in Athens, Torino, Vancouver,
5.5 Panel 5:
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) offset: The Torino example and
how this should be integrated in future sport events
Moderator: Mr. Theodore Oben
Rapporteur: Ms. Sophie Ravier
Mr. Paolo Revellino, Torino 2006
Mr. Christian Hockfeld, FIFA 2006 World Cup
Mr. Simon Lewis, WWF UK
Mr. Jim Curlin, UNEP
The issue of Climate change and offsetting carbon dioxide emissions were
high priorities for the Torino Winter Games. TOROC 2006 adopted a project
called HEritage Climate TORino or HECTOR to create awareness of the
problem of climate change and to compensate for the emission of
greenhouse gases produced during the period of the Olympic event
(heating and energy needs for sport facilities and accommodation;
transportation in and out of the Olympic venues; and teams and athletes
flying to and from Torino).
Several initiatives were undertaken including an investment of five million
Euros by the Piemonte regional administration in renewable and energy
saving projects such as district heating projects.
Internationally, HECTOR was used to purchase carbon credits linked with a
reafforestation project in Mexico; renewable energy projects in Indian and
Sri Lanka and an energy efficiency scheme in Eritrea.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup that had an
environmental concept with ambitious objectives. Green Goal, the
environmental programme, comprised measures for the economical use of
water, the reduction of waste, an increase in energy efficiency, sustainable
transport and climate neutrality. Green Goal was founded on the voluntary
involvement of the Organizing Committee, participating cities, stadiums
and World Cup partners. A three-stage strategy was pursued to achieve
the ambitious objective of hosting a climate-neutral World Cup: energy
efficiency/ energy-saving means of transport, use of renewable energy
sources (solar cells and green electricity), and offset through
investment/support clean energy schemes in India and South Africa. These
offsets saved an estimated 100,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide entering the
WWF UK talked about the London 2012 preparations which has embraced
the concept of the ‘One Planet Olympics’ and based on a strong sense of
the concept of sustainability - a concept which is the essence of delivering
a lasting legacy, benefiting sport, the environment and the local and global
community. The 500-acre site will be transformed from being one of the
most under-developed in the country to one with restored natural ecology
and new infrastructure providing the setting for sustainable communities.
WWF also insisted on the fact that it is important to look at the overall
ecological footprint of the event which takes into account several other
environmental aspects than just only CO2 emissions. London 2012
encompasses everything from zero carbon, zero waste, sustainable
transport, local and sustainable materials, local and sustainable food,
sustainable water, natural habitats and wild life, culture and heritage,
equity and fair trade, to health and happiness.
WWF UK noted that in the past an important sector has been forgotten in
the calculation of CO2 emissions. That sector is the food industry, which
has a huge stake during the event (e.g. food consumption, energy
consumption by the agriculture sector and food transportation), which are
important issues to consider.
The preparations for London 2012 will see the urban regeneration of east
London, cross-city transport improvements in London, encourages people
across the country to take up sport and develop active, healthy lifestyles,
opportunities for a vast array of businesses. This kind of approach not only
helps the environment but the broader objectives of sustainable
Carbon offsets allows individuals and businesses to reduce the CO2
emissions they are responsible for. Emission offsets work in different ways,
and include investments in renewable energy, energy efficiency systems
and engaging in reforestation projects.
During the different presentations it was noted that achieving emission
offsets is not that easy, even if there is a strong will to do so. It takes time
(even lots of years) to reach at the projected objective or goal. It also
requires the availability of financial resources and fundraising
opportunities, finding sponsors to finance to invest in emission reducing
projects in developing countries. The same time, carbon offsets should not
been seen as easy and cost effective way for any person or business to
take action to stop global warming. What would be more appropriate would
be to make very effort to reduce the amount of energy we burn in our
homes and businesses, our cars, flights and to be mindful of the food,
clothes and other things we buy and consume every day.
At the institutional level, international environment agreements can
provide the foundation for establishment of an environmental programme
of action and for countries to work on and implement together global
environmental issues and concerns. One such agreement is the Montreal
Protocol, which is a landmark international agreement designed to protect
the stratospheric ozone layer that shields the planet from damaging UV-B
radiation. The Protocol outlines states' responsibilities for protecting human
health and the environment against the adverse effects of ozone depletion.
Finally, it was emphasized that it is important to live up to the
commitments made and develop a reporting mechanism to track progress,
share information and knowledge, assess impact and be accountable for it.
When such set up is put in place it can be used as the basis for future
5.6 Panel 6
Renewable energy: The Helsinki 2005 model and why this could
shape the future of sport events
Moderator: Mr. Wondwosen K. Asnake
Rapporteur: Mr. Timothy Challen
Ms. Salla Koivasalo, Helsinki 2005/ Helsinki University of Technology
Mr. Herbert Aichinger, European Commission
Mr. Bruno Moretti, Fédération International d’Automobilisme
Mr. Wondy Asnake, the moderator of the panel opened the session by
making reference to energy as an engine of development and also a source
of many of the problems which the world faces today. He noted that
billions around the world lack modern fuels for cooking and heating, as well
as do not have access to electricity. Yet human activities, primarily the
combustion of fossil fuels, have caused the Earth to warm and its climate
to change on both global and regional scales. He stressed that global
warming represents an ecological time bomb that threatens our own
existence and that of countless animal and plant species throughout the
Ms. Salla made her presentation on the outcome of the 2005 IAAF World
Championships of Athletics in Helsinki. The 9 days event saw 3,000
Athletes from 200 countries, 3,500 Media representatives, 3,000
Volunteers, 200,000 Spectators and Mass event like these ones create
significant CO2-emissions and serious impact on energy use.
The organizing committee applied four energy saving methods from the
bidding process until after the games had taken place: energy-saving
investments and actions; use of the renewable energy; logistics
optimization, promoting the use of low-emission vehicles and the use of
public transport; and compensating the remaining CO2-emissions.
The total CO2-emission load created by Helsinki 2005 was equivalent to 17
% of the annual traffic’s emissions in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area -
36,000 tons. Roughly, 97 percent of these emissions were created by
traffic related activities directly linked to the event and around 3 % were
created by energy-use.
She also underlined the role of education and awareness building during
the event. For example, teaching drivers how to drive in an ‘energy saving’
way. The organizers also created green pathways across the city to
sensitize the public to environmental considerations and choices like biking,
walking, use of public transport system and low emission vehicles.
Particularly the public transport services in the city of Helsinki, the usage
reduces the CO2 emissions and frees up urban space. Ms. Salla indicated
that the use of renewable was also very important.
Finally, Ms. Salla explained that in terms of infrastructures, three points
were important to reduce their impact on the environment: Their long term
usage; easy access; and the quality of their maintenance.
It was very impressive to note that energy used during the Championship
in the Stadium was wind energy that led to the reduction of 32 tons of the
carbon dioxides emissions. And if all the energy used during the event had
been green energy, the total CO2-emission would have been over 300 tons
less (= driving car around globe 40 times).
Mr. Aichinger, of the European Commission spoke about EMAS’s eco-label
and how it played a part in the Winter Olympics of Turin in 2006. Its
development system is based on: Ecologic procurement; Zero emissions;
and ecological buildings, infrastructures, transport and welcome centers.
It is a system that enables the registration of EMAS with local authorities
and helped integrate the Eco-Label in hosting centre. This encouraged: the
participations of employees; transparency; a legal framework; and
encourage a public and political conscience.
Mr. Moretti of the Fédération International d’Automobilisme explained that
automobile sports enable the creation and support of ecological
motorization systems. He did this by using the example of various
machines, including one car that beat the world speed record of 100 Km
per hour, with an electric engine, already in 1884.
In regards to Formula One, Mr. Moretti explained that constructors met
after the last Grand Prix in China and decided to put into place, in the
coming seasons, a system of energy recuperation, thereby limiting the
amount of pollution.
Mr. Moretti concluded by saying that motor sports were not only a
spectator sport but could also be used to send out an ecological message
to the public.
Finally, there seemed to be a consensus that all the various reports
concerning such matter should be made accessible to all, a platform of
information that would benefit organizations and individuals.
Mr. Wondy Asnake, closed the session by emphasizing access to energy
services and resources play a central role in achieving sustainable
developments goals. However, the way we use and produce our energy
resources will have significant risks and effects on human health and the
planet. We have a number of good examples on how to share and make
use of environmentally sound energy services and resources. As we have
see from the different presentations the world of sports is setting an
example. If we work towards applying a combination of energy efficiency
methods, we can make a progress in reducing the global green-house gas
5.7 Panel 7:
Transport: The FIFA 2006 World Cup Experience and
ways of minimizing the impact of transport around
Moderator: Mr. Ian Jarman
Rapporteur: Mr. Hamoudi Shubber
Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Oeko Institute
Mr. Yu Xiaoxuan, Beijing 2008 Olympic Organizing Committee (BOCOG)
Mr. Patrick François, President, European Cycling Association
Mr. Erwin Lauterwasser, International Ski Federation
Mr. Ina Jarman, moderator of the panel introduced the topic by
highlighting that transports played a major role for the environment at in
the preparatory, delivery and long-terms phases of sports events.
Mr. Hartmut Stahl, presenting the experience of the 2006 FIFA World Cup,
said that, within the framework of the “Green Goal” initiative, the focus
had been on an increase of public transport and a reduction of CO2
emissions. Improvement of the public transport infrastructure, capacity
and comfort had been undertaken in preparation of the event. During the
World Cup, game ticket holders were able to freely use public transports
and incentives were made for people to walk to stadiums. The widespread
use of trains allowed for a significant reduction of CO2 emissions, including
by increasing their number, using combined tickets and by providing travel
information and incentives to spectators.
Mr. Yu Xiaoxuan, explained that in preparation of the 2008 Olympic Games
in Beijing and its 15 million inhabitants, transport of course was a major
concern. In order to reduce the emissions during and after the Olympics,
standards have been set and private car were tested and inspected by local
authorities throughout the city. The construction of 4 additional rain lines
was underway in order to facilitate access to the Olympic sites, while
parking for private cars would not be permitted there. The use of public
transports will be encouraged, including by free use for ticket holders, in
order to reduce the number of used vehicles by 20%.
Mr. Lauterwasser noted that since1998 the International Ski Federation
has worked with environment guidelines to be used for World Ski
Championships and Winter Olympic Games, including for the assessment of
candidatures of hosts of these events. Environment management was an
important requirement before, during and after these events and covered
measures such as prevention of damage to the landscape, guarantees of
long term use of infrastructure, minimization of traffic. The 2005 World Ski
Championships in Oberstdorf provided an example in which the promotion
of public transport, the restriction of private transports, the use of regional
food resources and sound water management could positively affect sports
events and transport management.
Mr. Patrick François, presented the “Cycling for all” events which are mass
public competitions which allow participants of all ages and level to cycle
through rural or mountainous areas and to discover magnificent sceneries.
The organisation of these events in protected areas brought an added
value to leisure and competitive sport events. The “Ardechoise”, one of
such events taking part in France’s Ardèche region, was presented as a
success story. During this event, sound waste and traffic management
measures were respected by participants who also spontaneously imposed
themselves environment-friendly behaviours.
The panel thus highlighted that transport in sports events was a crucial
area for environment protection and that no sport event could be
organised without an environment transport scheme. Early preparation and
development were seen as key elements in order to obtain long term
5.8 PANEL 8:
Waste and recycling as an overriding concern:
managing waste in sport events and recycling used
Moderator: Mr. Tore Brevik
Rapportuer: Dr. Liz Odera
Mr. Jack Groh, National Football League (NFL), USA
Mr. Jason Chare, Global Sports Alliance
Mr. Roberto Iglesias, Quebrantahuesos
Mr. Jonathan Smith, Golf Environment Europe
NFL Environmental Program
Jack Groh, Director, National Football League (NFL)
The Super Bowl is broadcast: 234 different countries, including a US
Audience: 141.4 million viewers. The total audience is nearly 1 Billion
viewers, and attracts more than 3,400 reporters. The charge for
advertising is $2.5 Million per 30 seconds. The economic impact: SBXL
$261 Million. The Super bowl can therefore offer a very special opportunity
can take place. The NFL Environmental Program began in the Pasadena
1993, Super Bowl XXVII, when a Pilot Recycling Project took place.
Obstacles included no recycling infrastructure, equipment, no event
recycling experience, no background information to base on, results,
The mission of the NFL Environmental Program is to incorporate
environmental principles into the management of special events consistent
with sound business practices. Projects that have been initiated within the
stadiums that run the events include solid waste management and
recycling, material recovery & donation and prepared food recovery. The
Program intends to involve the community more and more in all its
The project mangers have learned that every situation is unique and it is
important to include the communities around the NFL in order to create a
win-win solution to every problem.
Larger projects to be included are climate change – GHG Mitigation,
Emission Credit Offset, Tree Planting
Partners: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US DOE), U.S. Forest Service,
Princeton University (Carbon Research Centre), National Arbor Day
Foundation, Local, county, and state governments, Private non profits
G-ForSE 2006: Recycling Of Sports Equipment
Jason Chare, Deputy Director, NPO Global Sports Alliance
Global Sports Alliance (GSA) is a non profit organization established in
1999 that is working to unite over one billion sports enthusiasts in solving
global environmental problems through the creation of a sustainable
society. To achieve this GSA is forming partnerships with sporting
organizations and establishing GSA Teams worldwide. Using the formula
‘Power for change= People × Awareness × Action’, GSA has initiated
the Ecoflag Movement - a global drive by sport enthusiasts to secure a
healthy eco-system for all future generations. GSA works closely with the
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and our activities
focus on three main projects: The Ecoflag, G-ForSE and Sport-Eco.Net
The Ecoflag is a symbol of the commitment of sports enthusiasts to the
environment. Flown at sporting events-from school sports days to world
championships-the flag is used in combination with messages to increase
awareness among athletes and spectators and simple environmental
actions. The response to this project has been very strong and as a result a
global network of GSA Team have developed in both developing and
The G-ForSE Project has two clear functions: The Global Forum for Sports
and Environment (G-ForSE) and the Sports-Eco.Net. G-ForSE website
gives up-to-date "sports and environment" news and is the largest
database on environmental action in sports. A search of the G-ForSE
archive (www.g-forse.com) shows what sports clubs, events, sporting
goods manufacturers, federations and associations are doing to promote
environmental awareness and action through sport.
Sports-Eco.Net is a network for promoting the 'reduction, reuse and
recycling' of sports equipment. The program is involved in sharing sports
equipment with developing nations, donating old or unused sports
equipment to art projects (RECYCL'art) and by far its most successful
program, sending old and unused tennis balls to schools around Japan.
Since 2000, the tennis ball reuse program has been sending used tennis
balls to schools around Japan, where they are fixed to the bottom of desk
and chairs to reduce noise and create a better atmosphere to learn. The
scheme has been especially popular with schools enrolling hearing-
impaired children, as hearing aids are sensitive to sudden loud noises.
Teachers have also adopted this activity as a practical action to accompany
environmental education programs. Program participants receive a
certificate signed by Global Sports Alliance (GSA) and the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) in recognition of their environmental
efforts. As of September 2006, GSA has redistributed over 2 million tennis
balls to schools around Japan, and plans to expand the program
Sharing Across Borders
Sports-Eco.Net is also involved in sharing sports equipment with
developing nations. To date GSA has shared equipment with groups in
Kenya, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia and Cuba. Our biggest partner
in this endeavor is the Sadili Oval Sports Centre in Nairobi, Kenya, which
runs ‘Nature and Sport Camps’ that provide professional coaching and
environmental education to young sporting hopefuls.
Equipment that is no longer usable for its original purpose can still have
value through an art project called RECYCL’art. GSA runs workshops for
young people, who get a ‘hands-on’ chance to apply their creativity and
make their own art pieces, while understanding the environmental concept
behind the initiative.
NPO Global Sports Alliance (GSA) http://www.gsa.or.jp/
RECYCL’art run by IGFY Corporation http://www.igfy.net/
Cycling for All and Waste Management
Roberto Ingelsias, President Quebrantahuesos
Cycling is quite different from many sports because it offers every
individual an opportunity to travel around the countryside and enjoy the
beauty of nature. One could say that cyclists tend to gain the most from
the aesthetic experience from nature. A cyclist is very mobile and will
therefore be a fluid and ever-chaning environment. Cyclists use some of
the safest machines that do not pollute the environment, and a cycling
race and not be compared to, for example a Formula One event.
This said, there is still a lot of responsibility that the cyclist must have and
be constantly aware of. Cyclists have the largest tendency to dump waste
material in the environment when they move, and must be made to feel
the responsibility of taking care of their environment better. It is cyclists
who can see what damage is done to the environment most easily and can
blow the first whistle when things go wrong.
Quebrantahueso use various methods to promote environmental
awareness, such as popular wrist tags, radio and tv advertisments and use
of famous cyclists to talk on behalf of the environment.
Golf Environment Europe: Waste management in the World of Golf
Jonathan Smith, Executive Director, Golf Environment Europe
Golf in Europe has a membership of 6000 existing courses (over 34,000
world-wide), 6 million registered golfers, covering 300,000 ha of land and
water, with another 500 courses under planning and construction. Golf
development market is worth over €15 billion, with 27 European Tour
professional tournaments in Europe (49 worldwide), 3 million European
tournament spectators each year, up to 24 million TV audience.
Foundation for Golf and Environment is an independent, non profit
organisation formed by Senior figures from golf and environment, who
understand the impact of golf on environment and the need to manage golf
courses their development and events better. Golf clubhouses can be
valuable places to raise awareness amongst members and visitors
Resource management issues apply to:
Golf Development – planning, design and construction of new
Golf Facility Management – golf course, maintenance facilities,
clubhouses and hotels
Golf Events – 27 x European Tour Events and Ryder Cup
Golf Facility Development needs to include careful master-planning and
design to reduce resource consumption and wastes during construction and
long term management. Sensitive construction will manage waste, avoid
pollution from hazardous wastes, separating out re-usable and
compostable materials. Developers can utilise materials from re-cycled
sources and sustainable drainage systems are particularly important.
Golf Facility Management include minimising resource consumption in golf
course maintenance and putting in place robust procedures for hazardous
wastes, separation areas for solid wastes and composting of green wastes,
reducing energy consumption via use of renewable energy conservation
Golf Events can serve as flagship and high profile demonstration projects
on beter environmental procedures. There is a huge potential to
communicate to golfers via Tournament TV bulletins (on site) and golf
channels and therefore Gof Environment Europe can play a valuable role in
consolidating objectives and enthusiasm amongst golfing organisations.
6 Closing Session ……………………………………………………………
6.1. Speech by Mr. Pal Schmitt, IOC Member and Chairman
of the Sport and Environment Commission of the IOC.
Allow me, first of all, to convey the best wishes and greetings of the
President of the International Olympic Committee, Dr Jacques Rogge, who
was not able to join us today being in Kuwait for the Executive Board
The IOC is delighted to have had the opportunity to host the biennial
Global Forum for Sport and Environment, organised by our long standing
partner the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the
Japan-based Global Sports Alliance (GSA).
It is a pleasure to have welcomed here today so many representatives of
international sports organizations and federations, sports clubs, sporting
goods manufacturers, civil society organizations, media and sports
personalities, united to discuss “mainstreaming the environment in major
I am convinced that you have made valuable recommendations on how to
improve and integrate environmental considerations in major sports events
and I look forward to seeing these being implemented to further “green”
them and help sport assume social responsibility.
We have heard many examples today of the tremendous work already
carried by such events as the Torino 2006 Winter Games, the FIFA 2006
World Cup and the Helsinki Athletics World Championships to name just a
few. The standard for sports events has clearly been raised to a new high
and it will require considerable effort to continue improving. This is
however the goal we must set ourselves.
Environmental issues are becoming a general concern all over the world,
as they affect the daily lives of each and every one of us. Sport, like
recreation and physical education activities, is now an integral part of
society. And as one of the many human activities, it cannot ignore
environmental issues. Indeed sport is affected by environment just as
environment directly affects sport.
Of course, the contribution of the IOC and the Olympic Movement and its
numerous volunteers cannot solve such an international issue as the
protection of our environment and heritage. Our contribution must be
complementary, as the basic responsibility for protecting the environment
lies with governments. But let me reaffirm today the IOCs willingness to
play its role in the long-term development and to fulfil its social
responsibility by contributing through its main field of expertise: SPORT.
As you all know, sport is a formidable educational tool and a universal
language. Through sport, we can draw people’s attention to the beauty of
nature, and thus educate them and raise their awareness to the danger of
This has its roots in the fundamental principles of Olympism that aim to
place sport at the service of the harmonious development of mankind, an
approach that was strongly advocated by our founder and renovator of the
modern Olympic Games, Pierre de Coubertin. In this sense, a healthy
global and local environment is a natural partner of the Olympic ideals and
the promotion of Olympism. This is why the environment is considered the
third pillar of Olympism, alongside sport and culture.
As the coordinator of the Olympic Movement, the IOC has assumed a
leading position in this field and has worked in many different domains to
raise awareness and change behaviours among the Olympic family and
sport generally, from the adoption of an Agenda 21 for the Olympic
Movement, to the organization of world conferences and regional seminars
in this subject, to the launch of the new IOC Guide to Sport, Environment
and Sustainable Development.
The IOC also ensures that the Olympic Games are held in conditions which
demonstrate a responsible concern for environmental issues. Indeed this
has become an important bid issue and Organising Committees go to great
lengths to place environment issues at the top of their agendas. We
strongly believe that from the beginning of a city’s desire to stage an
Olympic Games, through to the long-term effects of those Games,
environmental protection and, more importantly, sustainability, are prime
elements of Games planning and operations in order to leave a green and
positive legacy to the host country.
The IOC similarly defends and promotes an educational programme among
the members of the Olympic Family advocating for environmental sport
practice, in particular through its 202 National Olympic Committees.
But to succeed, the IOC and other sports organizations have not been
alone in this work. We have counted on the expertise and guidance of
experiences organizations and institutions, such as UNEP and others too
numerous to be mentioned, which guided us in ensuring that environment
protection and sport could be combined, while taking into account specific
circumstances and available means of the sport community.
Our challenge is to prove that, through a reinforced partnership of all
sectors and a better mutual understanding, sustainable development
through sport can enable us to achieve our common goals.
Let my conclude by the wish to welcome many of you, in Beijing, China, in
October 2007 for the 7th World Conference on Sport and Environment,
organised by the IOC and the Beijing Organising Committee for the Games
of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG) in partnership UNEP.
6.2. Speech by Mr. Ibrahim Thiaw, Acting Director-General,
TheWorld Conservation Union (IUCN).
Distinguished guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
IUCN, The World Conservation Union, is delighted to address this important
Global Forum on Sport and the Environment. IUCN unites and represents
over 1,000 members worldwide, comprising States, International NGOs,
and National NGOs. Our mission is to conserve nature within the context
of sustainable world’s environment, but having the biggest difficulty in
translating the body of knowledge into action.
Despite the wealth of knowledge we have become the instrument for
destroying the planet. We should no longer threat the planet as an
abundant source to meet our daily needs while disrupting the functioning
of the ecosystems. He raised the fundamental question of how to take this
challenge to the hearts and minds of people, and also how to turn back the
environmental clock to where it was before and revgreening large sports
The efforts to make the FIFA World Cup carbon neutral reduce the
ecological footprint of the Winter Olympics or the pledge of London to hold
green Olympics in 2012 set a standard for other national and regional
sporting events to follow.
Of course, we need to ask ourselves the question how we enable countries
that are less developed to make the same commitment, and what systems
of support the international sports community can develop to ensure that
future events in developing countries are as green as possible.
Today’s Forum underlines a strong commitment to ensure the environment
is carefully considered in relation to major sporting events. This implies
careful planning at all stages of such events and the inclusion of clear
environmental targets in bids to host future sporting events. I am sure
that the discussions have made a major contribution to achieving these
Ladies and gentlemen,
I would here like to highlight specific concerns and contributions for the
future of sports in relation to the environment which must be addressed.
The first is site selection. We have in the past seen that valuable natural
areas have been designated for the construction of facilities, or that events
have been held in or close to protected areas, and areas with unique and
already threatened biodiversity.
We certainly do understand the difficulties of host countries or cities to find
suitable locations for events, but it would certainly be wise for organizers
to consider biodiversity values when choosing a site. Effective
environmental impact assessment must be an essential requirement of
host countries or cities hosting major sporting events. Further, major
sporting events should not be held within existing protected areas.
IUCN is committed to working with the sports community to develop the
capacity required to address these and other environmental challenges
But apart from such vital attention to the environment in the planning and
organizing of major events, I think there are deeper connections between
sports and the environment that allow for a positive contribution of
sporting events to the environment.
Athletes may already dread the air quality of the Olympics of 2008 in
Beijing – reason why the Chinese authorities are contemplating a ban on
driving cars prior to the games. Clean air is vital to the best performance.
Skiers should be worried about climate change, and I am told that here in
Switzerland it is a major concern. Sailors and surfers are concerned with
the quality of water. Mountain bikers love to race through well-conserved
forests on a rugged hillside.
The list goes on. Many sports are performed outdoors and certainly many
athletes use nature as the preferred place for practice. There is a
fundamental connection between the health resulting from sports and the
health of our environment.
There is also a clear link between outdoor recreation in nature and human
health. Recent research from the State of Victoria in Australia has shown
that recreation in nature can make a major contribution to health, through
reducing risk factors for cardio vascular disease, such as stress and blood
pressure. This innovative programme, referred to as “Healthy Parks,
Healthy People”, shows the clear links between sport, nature, and health.
Nature offers some of the best places to perform and compete in clean
sports, and the environmental community can help to make those efforts
cleaner, whilst the sport community can help to conserve unique
landscapes on this planet.
It would be wonderful if we were to celebrate our connections together.
Opportunities are plenty. The internationally agreed target to reduce the
loss of biodiversity by 2010 could be directly connected to the World Cup of
2010 in South Africa, where that same target was agreed, or to the Beijing
Olympics. Similarly, we share a common agenda in peace and security.
While we try to avoid conflict by managing natural resources in a
sustainable way, sports has the unique power to overcome conflicts by
building on joint passions. These could be ways for the sports community
to demonstrate its support for healthy people, peace, and a healthy
environment and show it also takes its social and environmental
In such ways, IUCN would like to join forces with UNEP and other actors in
being a real partner of the sports community to ensure a cleaner and
greener planet as well as better sporting events. We look forward to
working closely towards this common goal.
6.3. Speech by Mr. Adolf Ogi, UN Secretary General’s Special
Adviser on Sport for Development and Peace.
It is a great pleasure and honour for me to address you here in Lausanne
at the closure of the “Global Forum for Sport and Environment”. I would
like to thank the organizers for their kind invitation to participate in this
distinguished gathering. As Special Adviser to the United Nations
Secretary-General on Sport for Development and Peace, I appreciate the
existence of such a valuable platform enabling us to share our respective
experiences and lessons learnt in the promotion of environmental
sustainability through sport.
Ladies and Gentlemen, the relationship between sport and the environment
is interlinked across multiple facets. It includes both the impact of sport on
the environment and the impact of the environment on sport. No matter
what sport is practiced, it requires the use of the land to play, the air to
breath and the water to swim or sail. An active and healthy lifestyle relies
ultimately on the environmental conditions within which we practice our
physical activity. Environmental pollution prevents us from enjoying and
benefiting from a truly healthy lifestyle. We must all work together to
ensure that the environment is protected from harm. A shortsighted view
and way of acting will prevent – if not us – then undoubtedly the next
generation from living, playing and enjoying sport in a healthy and
Recent giant sports events such as the FIFA World Cup in Germany or the
Olympic and Paralympic Games in Torino have attracted worldwide
attention. We are all now awaiting the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008 and
the 2010 Football World Cup in South Africa. No other events come close
to the popularity sport events enjoy. Such events should stand as
examples, not only regarding physical performance, but also with regard to
the protection of the environment. The goal is clear: assuring a sustainable
and healthy environment and enabling nations and peoples to improve
their quality of life without comprising that of future generations.
The environmental values of sport are numerous including the contribution
of sports facilities to local physical infrastructures, providing a social focus
and affecting people’s perception of their neighborhood. The maintenance
of underused local facilities and recreation-related environmental
improvements can play a significant role in the development of the quality
of life of communities. Consideration may also be made of the use of some
sport forms associated with specific minorities as vehicles for visitor
attraction, either through social tourism (promoting the opportunity for
ethnic minority groups to meet, creating links between such groups in
various communities) or for economic purposes. Sport tourism may be
instrumental in enhancing the social conditions in areas of high
concentration of ethnic minorities.
Every actor in a sporting initiative – be it an athlete, a host city, or a
member of an organizing committee – can contribute to supporting and
upholding certain essential values through sport. Sports champions can be
important role models, especially for youth, and therefore serve as ideal
ambassadors for environmental causes by communicating the importance
of sustainability and the protection of the environment. They have the
ability to mobilize millions of people to support and participate in
sustainable development issues. Organizing committees, on the other
hand, also have to assume their responsibility in the organization of mayor
sport events. The Olympic movement, for instance, has incorporated the
environment in its charter. Alongside sport and culture, the environment
has become the third dimension of the Olympic philosophy and a Sport and
Environment Commission has been established to advise the Olympic
Movement on environmental-related policy. IOC’s “Green Games” project
in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is
exemplary of a partnership to ensure environmentally sustainable sporting
The Olympic Games can serve important environmental outcomes if they
are planned and conducted in a circumspect way. They should provide
sustainable environmental legacies such as rehabilitated sites, increased
environmental awareness and serve as best practices for future sporting
initiatives. In recognition of the growing importance of environmental
issues in mayor sport events, the environment has become one of the key
criteria in the selection of venues for the Olympic Games. The organizing
committees of the Olympic Games are asked to build effective
partnerships, especially with the local community, the private sector and
civil society. In doing so, a mayor contribution is made to meet the eighth
Millennium Development Goal, i.e. the establishment of a global
partnership for development. Furthermore, sport events also present the
opportunity to address other social and economic priorities such as the
fight against poverty, the spread of HIV/AIDS and to promote human
development. To meet these challenges, sport can undoubtedly play a
Awareness and action must be taken by all actors to prevent or minimize
the negative cumulative effects that can ensue from sports activities,
events, facilities and the manufacture of sporting goods, such as excessive
energy consumption, air pollution, emissions of greenhouse gases and
ozone-depleting substances, waste disposal, erosion, waste use and
impacts on biological diversity. Sport must be pursued in an
environmentally sustainable manner with a healthy environment necessary
for healthy sport. Participants must learn to respect and appreciate their
natural environment, and hence become more willing to take a stake in
Sport and the Millennium Development Goals
Much has been achieved in progress towards enhanced acceptance and
utilization of sport as a tool to assist in the achievement of the development
goals, particularly the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In 2003, we
published a United Nations inter-agency report, exploring the value of Sport
for Development and Peace entitled “Towards achieving the Millennium
Development Goals”. The report identified that well-designed sport-based
initiatives are practical and cost-effective tools to achieve objectives in
development and peace and called upon United Nations agencies to:
*Develop a strategic approach within the United Nations to foster
Sport for Development and Peace partnerships;
*Mainstream sport into the work of the United Nations;
*Incorporate sport in United Nations coordination mechanisms to
better integrate sport into United Nations strategic planning
*Look for ways to use sport for communication and social
Following this report, the power and influence of sport has continued to
grow. The United Nations system has sought to utilize the prominence
given to sport to sensitize and expand on the objectives identified by the
United Nations and to increase its use as a tool to impact positively on
society, to promote public health, create employment and unite
communities. In the report presented by the Secretary-General to the
General Assembly on 3 November 2006 (A/61/373), initiatives were
identified which used sport to help achieve the MDGs. These have included
a treeplanting project carried out by the Burkina Faso National Olympic and
Sport Committee to combat desertification and to work towards Goal 7 of
the MDGs of ensuring environmental sustainability.
Evidence of the power and impact of sport has been made very real in
communities throughout the world, particularly during the International
Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005. Allow me to first give you a
brief update on the progress achieved in the promotion of sport as a means
to advance the Millennium Development Goals and the broader aims of
development and peace.
United Nations General Assembly
The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a number of resolutions
on sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace
including resolution 58/5, proclaiming 2005 as the International Year of
Sport and Physical Education; resolution 59/10; and resolution 60/9. At the
World Summit at United Nations Headquarters in September 2005, the
Outcome Document, agreed on by this largest-ever gathering of Heads of
State and Government, highlighted the role of sport, stating:
“We underline that sports can foster peace and development and
can contribute to an atmosphere of tolerance and understanding,
and we encourage discussions in the General Assembly for proposals
leading to a Sport and Development Plan of Action.”
The General Assembly followed up by unanimously adopting a landmark
resolution on 3 November 2005 to build on the momentum generated by
IYSPE 2005. On 3 November 2006, at the 61st Session of the General
Assembly, resolution 61/L.12 was adopted which acknowledged that:
“Sport and physical education can present opportunities for
solidarity and cooperation in order to promote tolerance, a culture of
peace, social and gender equality, adequate response to the special
needs of persons with disabilities, intercultural dialogue, social
cohesion and harmony”.
Also on 3 November 2006, the Secretary-General presented an Action Plan
on Sport for Development and Peace in report 61/373. The Action Plan
encourages the United Nations and its partners to move from awareness to
greater implementation and action and urges all stakeholders to integrate
Sport for Development and Peace in the development agenda at every
Such resolutions and reports by the General Assembly are evidence of the
rising importance of sport and development on the international agenda
and represent a clear signal from Governments in recognition of the unique
role of sport in the promotion of education, health, development and peace.
International Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005
Despite our limited financial and institutional means, the
International Year of Sport and Physical Education (IYSPE 2005)
can be considered a success. During IYSPE 2005, a growing
network of Governments, organizations, groups and individuals
around the world were made aware of sport and physical
education’s vital role in contributing to education, health,
development and peace. Particular achievements during IYSPE
1. 122 out of 192 United Nations Member States were active with 70
Member States establishing National Committees or National Focal
2. Commemorative IYSPE 2005 activities were reported by:
a. 16 United Nations funds, programmes and specialized
b. 28 sports organizations;
c. 33 governmental and non-governmental agencies;
The majority of activities have continued into 2006, reflecting
sustainability of initiatives and increasing acceptance of the power
and potential of sport as a development tool.
3. 20 international and over 18 regional conferences were organized
during the year, connecting the role of sport with the issues of
development, health, culture, environment, peace, gender and
4. The Sport for Development and Peace International Working Group
(SDP IWG) was established, a four-year policy initiative that strives to
develop policy recommendations on incorporating sport as a tool for
development and peace was launched as part of IYSPE 2005 at the
5. Thousands of international and local projects, using sport and physical
education as tools for education, health, development and peace have
6. Actors which were not involved prior to the year are now involved.
7. Millions of people have been sensitized to our goals and objectives.
During IYSPE 2005, major efforts were made by Olympic Games
organizers, the Global Sports Alliance and other organizations to
incorporate environmental sustainability in the planning and conduct of
major sporting events. Two conferences on sport and the environment were
held, namely, the “Sixth World Conference on Sport and Environment” in
Kenya and the “Sports Summit for the Environment” in Japan.
IYSPE 2005 has been a launching pad. The United Nations has proved it has
the ability to help Governments and communities harness the positive
aspects of sport and channel them in a coordinated way. The Year
illustrated the role of sport and physical education for a quality education
with mandatory physical education recognized in a number of countries as
a universal pillar to foster education, health and personal development.
Sport and physical education have been recognized for the important role
they play in improving public health; and sport as a universal language has
been found to bridge social, religious, racial and gender divides, hence
contributing to lasting peace.
Despite the benefits for society through sports programmes, specific
difficulties and obstacles encountered have been identified. In our
continuing efforts to implement Sport for Development and Peace
initiatives, it is important to:
1. Recognize sport for all and physical education as national
priorities. One major inconsistency we have encountered is the fact that
on one hand there is consensus about the important role sport can play
regarding the resolution of social problems such as obesity, discrimination,
marginalization and gender inequalities; yet, on the other hand, sport is
being accorded reduced budgetary allowances, or in the worst case, is
being entirely cut out of policies and budgets. The most obvious example is
the simultaneous growth in acknowledgement of the value of physical
education/school sport in improving health, holistic development and social
inclusion and its marginalization within the educational systems of many
2. Implement sustainable sports programmes to address social
problems. We know that specific issues such as the increasing problem of
obesity and a general lack of movement in large parts of the populations of
many countries are identified and can be partly resolved by using sport as
a tool to improve health, promote holistic development, peace and national
harmony. But the implementation of adequate and sustainable
programmes and campaigns necessitates community ownership and the
allocation of adequate resources not solely to elite sport but rather to
community sports activities.
3. Use sport as a vehicle for combating discrimination, achieving
gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. Sport
can provide a basis to develop the participation of all sectors of society,
including the disabled, women and girls, the impoverished, the aged, and
other marginalized individuals and communities, in sport at all levels.
4. Coordinate sport for development and peace programmes and
policies using an agreed institutional framework. The international
community, including the United Nations, has identified the need for a
structure within which to govern and coordinate programmes and policies
related to sport. The role of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General
on Sport for Development and Peace, the Sport for Development and
Peace International Working Group (SDP IWG), inter-governmental
organizations, national sports committees and various platforms contribute
to the institutional framework necessary to enable coherent policy and the
implementation of successful programmes.
5. Enhance global "Sport for Development and Peace"
coordination. Stronger collaboration and coordinated strategies for
partnerships are needed between governments, sports organizations, the
private sector and NGOs on the local, regional, national and international
levels. This is a precondition for agreements to help countries gain
expertise and share experiences in order to work against regional
imbalances in sport programmes and policies. Sports organizations must
be encouraged to promote professionalism in sport instruction and to help
countries increase participation in sport.
Particular obstacles encountered in implementing sport for all policies and
-A lack of adequate resources, and in some cases competition
among stakeholders for limited funding;
-Insufficient monitoring and evaluation to gauge the effectiveness of
-A lack of awareness of the positive benefits of sport to encourage
greater public participation;
-The increasing costs of participating in sport and excessive focus
on sport for the talented;
-Regional imbalances in sport programmes; and
-In schools, a lack of capacity among teachers and principals to
introduce effective physical education curricula, and a lack sports
and physical education infrastructure.
With the adoption on 3 November 2006, by the United Nations General
Assembly, of the report of the Secretary-General and Plan of Action on
Sport for Development and Peace, the international community has been
provided a framework within which to move forward Sport for Development
and Peace initiatives. The Plan of Action is an important next step in
advancing Sport for Development and Peace within the United Nations
system and by all stakeholders. It encourages stakeholders across a broad
spectrum to expand their activities and increase their cooperation. The
Plan of Action particularly encourages private sector sports companies and
sports industry organizations to address social and environmental impacts
of operations and across supply chains.
However, while the Plan of Action is a critical step forward, more definite
benchmarks for national governments, as well as the United Nations,
together with a monitoring and reporting framework are still needed in
order to fully galvanize governments and United Nations agencies to realize
the tremendous power that sport offers as a tool for development and
One of my main objectives is to persuade governments everywhere in the
world, but especially in developing and least developing countries, to
maintain the momentum created by IYSPE 2005. By mainstreaming sport
into development strategies, including the Poverty Reduction Strategy
Papers, and by integrating the principles of sustainable development into
policies concerning sport and physical education, governments are using a
truly unique potential to promote health, education, development and
peace. The value of sport as a tool to strengthen national unity and
solidarity among regions and population groups, and its peace building
potential needs to be further explored by the United Nations Member
States and agencies.
The momentum gained during IYSPE 2005 will continue moving forward by
the United Nations Offices on Sport for Development and Peace,
established in Geneva and New York, through the efforts of the United
Nations Communications Group on Sport for Development and Peace, and
other initiatives, including the SDP IWG. Active outreach and advocacy
efforts to secure sport’s place on the development agendas must continue
with greater vigour and determination. I call upon you to maintain the
momentum and to help increase our efforts to make this world a better
place through sport.
6.4. Closing Speech by Mr. Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary
General and UNEP’s Executive Director
UNEP’s sport and environment strategy recognizes two core facts:
It is therefore extremely gratifying to see such a broad-based gathering
here for the Global Forum for Sport and Environment.
I would like to thank our partner, the Global Sports Alliance, our sponsors,
Volvo, Pentland and Power Bar, and our hosts here at the Olympic Museum
for organising this event.
I would also like to acknowledge my colleagues who have preceded me
here as speakers today:
- Pal Schmitt, Chairman of the IOC’s Sport and Environment Commission
(who played such a key role in the success of the VI World Conference on
Sport and Environment held last November at UNEP’s headquarters in
- Ibrahim Thiaw, Acting Director General of IUCN.
- Adolf Ogi, UN Secretary-General’s Special Advisor on Sport for
Development and Peace. (The theme of last year’s World Conference on
Sport and Environment was Sport, Peace and Environment, making explicit
the links between environmental sustainability and human security and the
important role that sport can play in achieving both.)
Earlier today, Mr. Ogi and I were at the press conference to launch the
Torino Olympic Winter Games final sustainability report and the FIFA Green
Goal legacy report.
These are just two examples from 2006 of how organisers of sports events
can incorporate environmental sustainability into their planning and
practice, doing so in a transparent manner, and leave a legacy not only for
the cities in which the events are held, but for society as a whole, by
setting an example and creating awareness of what can be achieved with a
little commitment and forethought.
Ladies and gentlemen,
The agenda and participants list for this meeting demonstrate both the
sophistication of the discussion, and your commitment to incorporating the
principles of environmental care into the world of sport.
You are not here to be converted. You came here to exchange experiences
about what you are doing to protect the environment through your own
activities, and to swap ideas about how to build on this excellent
I am sorry I was not able to be here for much of the proceedings, but I am
glad I have been able to attend this afternoon’s plenary and hear the
synthesis and outcomes of the discussions.
I would like to wrap up with a few words of my own about what I see as
the major environmental challenges that we face and how I think you and
event organisers and manufacturers of sporting goods can make a
The first and main challenge I would like to highlight is climate change.
Failure to slow down global warming, and to adapt to its already apparent
effects, will make dealing with all the other environment and development
challenges that much harder.
The Torino experience and the Green Goal legacy launched today both
show that there are many ways that we can make a difference.
Offsetting emissions by investing in reforestation and afforestation
schemes makes an important contribution. On that note I encourage
everyone here to get involved in UNEP’s Billion Tree Campaign.
Even more important is investing in energy efficiency and the use of clean
and renewable fuels.
This covers everything from using solar panels in stadium design to
sustainable transport initiatives such as we saw this year in Germany, and
that are planned for the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics and the 2010
FIFA World Cup.
It is important that we use the opportunities provided by the infrastructure
improvements that major sports events bring to embed environmental
consciousness further into the minds of local governments and city
planners wherever we can.
Climate change is not the only environmental challenge. How we use water
is another major issue.
Declining availability and quality of freshwater resources are relevant to all
regions and all sectors. It is important that we use our water resources
Again, we have the examples to build on: rainwater harvesting; re-use of
grey water; waterless urinals in stadiums; using raw water to irrigate golf
courses, as well as planting less thirsty varieties of grasses and trees.
Let’s make sure we take all the examples that are available, make use of
them and publicize them so others can follow.
How we deal with waste generation and disposal is another important
issue. Yesterday I was at the closing of the Basel Convention on Hazardous
Wastes, which highlighted the hazardous wastes generated by the
electronic and computer industries.
All the waste products created in our daily lives need to be minimized and,
where possible, recycled or reused. Again, there are good examples to
build on that have been brought to the table at this Global Forum for Sport
We all have a part to play in addressing these environmental issues, and I
am glad to see that sporting goods manufacturers and organisers of major
sporting events are increasingly playing a role and looking at their own
responsibility for environmental care.
At this conference we have discussed these issues and showcased
examples that can provide inspiration for others.
The challenge for all of us is twofold:
First we have to look inwards and ask: Are we keeping our promises? Are
we really practicing the principles of sustainability? Could we be doing
Second, we have to look outwards. How can we use our considerable
influence—in UNEP’s case as a global organisation that works with a wide
variety of stakeholders, including government; in your case as event
organisers and manufacturers with a massive global reach—to spread the
message of environmental responsibility and care throughout the world.
I am a parent of two young children. I suspect most of you are parents,
even grandparents. We all want the best world for our children and their
children. That means a healthy environment in which they can live, learn
and play sport.
8 List of participants