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  1. 1. REPORT __________________________ THE GLOBAL FORUM FOR SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT __________________________ “Mainstreaming the environment in major sports events” __________________________ 30 November to 1 December 2006 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND __________________________
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary ………………………………... 2. Welcome Session ……………….….………………... 2.1. Message by Mr. Eric Falt UNEP Director of Communications and Public Information …... 2.2. Message by Mr. Tatsuo Okada Executive Director, Global Sports Alliance (GSA) …………………… 2.3. Message by Mr. Tommy Sithole Director of International Cooperation and Development International Olympic Committee (IOC) …………………………..…….. 3. Keynote address Mr. Glenn Bourke, CEO Volvo Ocean Race ……….…………… 4. Forum programme ……..……………………………... 5. Summaries of Panel Discussion …………… 5.1. Panel 1 …………………………………………………………… 5.2. Panel 2 ………………………………………………………………………. 5.3. Panel 3 ………………………………………………………………………. 5.4. Panel 4………………………………………………………………………. 5.5. Panel 5 ………………………………………………………………………. 5.6. Panel 6 ………………………………………………………………………. 5.7. Panel 7 ………………………………………………………………………. 5.8. Panel 8 ………………………………………………………………………. 6 Closing Session …………………………………………………………… 6.1. Speech by Mr. Pal Schmitt, IOC Member and Chairman of the Sport and Environment Commission of the IOC ……………..... 6.2. Speech by Mr. Ibrahim Thiaw, Acting Director-General, The World Conservation Union (IUCN) ………………………………………. 6.3. Speech by Mr. Adolf Ogi, UN Secretary General’s Special Adviser on Sport for Development and Peace …………………….. 6.4. Speech by Mr. Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary General and UNEP’s Executive Director ……………………..
  3. 3. 7 Presentations ..………………………..…..…………. 7.1. Panel 1 …………………………………………………………… 7.2. Panel 2 ………………………………………………………………………. 7.3. Panel 3 ………………………………………………………………………. 7.4. Panel 4………………………………………………………………………. 7.5. Panel 5 ………………………………………………………………………. 7.6. Panel 6 ………………………………………………………………………. 7.7. Panel 7 ………………………………………………………………………. 7.8. Panel 8 ………………………………………………………………………. 8 List of participants …………………….………………
  4. 4. 1. Executive Summary 1.1. The Global Forum for Sport and Environment (G-ForSE) is organized every two years by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Japan-based Global Sports Alliance (GSA). G-ForSE brings together international sports organizations and federations, sports clubs, sporting goods manufacturers, civil society organizations, the media and sport personalities. G-ForSE provides a platform for sport and the environment stakeholders to review sports impact on and contribution to the environment. Specifically, the Forum provides a platform to discuss the integration of environmental issues in the development of sports facilities and equipment and the running of sports events. It also provides a platform to discuss the role of sport in promoting environmental awareness and action and to recognize and promote best practices. The 2006 Global Forum for Sport and the Environment (G-ForSE 2006) was held at the Olympic Museum in Lausanne, Switzerland, from 30 November and 1 December 2006. Sponsored by Volvo, the Pentland Group and Nestle/ Power Bar, G-ForSE 2006 brought together 162 participants representing international sport organizations and federations, organizers of major sport events, NGOs, the private sector and other stakeholders. The Forum reviewed efforts by sport organizations to mainstream the environment in major sports events, based on the experience of recent sport events - the Helsinki 2005 IAAF World Championships, the Torino 2006 Winter Olympic Games and the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The forum had eight panel discussions on issues related to sport and the environment ranging from eco-designs of sport venues; water management in sport events; raising environmental awareness through sport; NGO involvement in the organization of sport events; the offsetting and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions; to renewable energy, transport, waste and recycling in sport events. Based on the presentations and discussions, the participants exchanged several ideas on how to further improve and integrate environmental considerations in major sport events. G-ForSE 2006 was also used to launch the final Sustainability Report of the Torino 2006 Winter Olympic Games and the 2006 FIFA World Cup Green Goal Legacy Report. On the margins of the Forum, several bilateral discussions on cooperation were held. These include meeting with senior officials from the world of sport, representatives of the private sector, meeting between representatives of the Beijing 2008 Organizing Committee and NGOs to discuss ways and means by which NGOs could support BOCOG preparations of the 2008 Olympic Games, as well as the signing of a Memorandum of Cooperation with the Understanding Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM).
  5. 5. 2. Welcome Session
  6. 6. 2.1 Message by Mr. Eric Falt, UNEP Director of Communications and Public Information On behalf of the United Nations Environment Programme, I would like to welcome you all to this Global Forum for Sport and Environment. Before we start I would like to express our appreciation to Tatsuo Okada, Executive Director of the Global Sports Alliance, for his organization’s longstanding partnership with UNEP, and his personal commitment to linking the world of sport with caring for the environment. I would also like to thank our sponsors, Volvo, Pentland and Power Bar, for helping us to organise this event. I would also like to acknowledge our other major partner in our sport and environment activities, the International Olympic Committee, represented here this morning by Tommy Sithole, Director of International Cooperation and Development. The Olympic Movement and UNEP have worked together since 1994. Together we have come a long way. I would like to thank them for hosting today’s event. Last November UNEP and the IOC co-hosted a very successful World Conference on Sport and Environment at UNEP’s headquarters in Nairobi. I am confident that this meeting will be just as successful in moving forward the sport and environment agenda. Ladies and gentlemen, The theme for discussion is ‘Mainstreaming the Environment in Major Sports Events’. We are fortunate to have a wide variety of experienced men and women with us to share experiences and come up with new ideas of how we can not only make major sporting events environmentally friendly, but use them to spread the message of sustainability to the massive audience that the world of sport commands. In preparation for this conference, we collected a number of best practices, some of which have featured in the series of posters that you will see as you participate in this forum. In compiling the information, I was impressed by the range of existing initiatives, and the potential there is for replication, both in the sporting world and beyond. Major events, such as the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup, make an significant mark on a city. They present a wonderful opportunity for showcasing the best in architecture, urban planning and event organization. By making sure that environmental care is evident in everything that is done, that the planning and the assessment of results is transparent, and that the goals and achievements are proudly advertised, event organizers can help to firmly embed the principles of sustainability in the minds of the public, of event planners, of business people and of local governments far beyond the immediate vicinity of the events themselves. This, I believe, is something that has been achieved by the organizers of the Torino Olympic Winter Games and the 2006 FIFA world Cup, both of whom will be launching their reports at a press conference here today. One of the central themes of both events was climate change. I think this is an issue whose time has finally come. As the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Anna said two weeks ago at
  7. 7. 2.2 Message by Mr. Tatsuo Okada, Executive Director, Global Sports Alliance (GSA) On behalf of the co-organizer, Global Sports Alliance, I would like to express my sincere welcome to the 4th Global Forum for Sport and the Environment. Our aim here is to share and apply the knowledge and experiences on the environmentally friendly activities in the field of sports. Since 2001, Global Sports Alliance has been constructing a unique and open data-base “g-forse.com” in order to compile actions actually taken by people in sports for the environment so that anyone can learn from advanced examples. I believe that humans are smart. We have enough knowledge on the earth’s environment, such as it is the rich natural ecosystem that cleans the air and water. But the problem is that we don’t apply the knowledge in the real society, which is short-sighted economic-centered society. We who love sports, however, are different. We are aware how important it is to have clean and healthy environment. Through our discussion today and the data-base “g-forse.com” we can learn from each other and apply the knowledge in our own sporting scene as well as at work and everyday lives. So, let’s all join forces to challenge the global environmental problems together. Thank you very much! 2.3 Message by Mr. Tommy Sithole, Director of International Cooperation and Development - International Olympic Committee (IOC) On behalf of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), I would like to welcome you to the Olympic Museum which is the universal home of the written, visual and graphic memory of the Olympic Games, as well as meeting place of history, culture, art and all those who are interested in to the future of our society. Today, I am particularly pleased to see so many of you at this important Global Forum for Sport and the Environment (G-ForSE). I want to congratulate the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Japan-based Global Sports Alliance (GSA) for creating such a platform for different stakeholders to discuss the links between sport and the environment. We are very honoured for hosting this event and occasions like these ones can only strengthen our joint efforts for environmental stewardship that is also a part of the Olympic development programme as the all-important sport itself. I wish you every success as you discuss the challenges and opportunities for the integration of environmental considerations into sports events. Thanks you.
  8. 8. 3. Keynote address By Mr. Glenn Bourke, CEO Volvo Ocean Race I am very honoured to be the keynote speaker of this Global Forum for Sport and the Environment (G-ForSE). I want to thank the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Japan-based Global Sports Alliance (GSA) for inviting me to speak at this magnificent home of the IOC. The Olympic Museum is pretty apt venue! Having been through several incantations as fan, athlete, coach and more recently organiser, some, including my own staff, consider me to be a bit of an Olympic dinosaur! I spent 42 years of my 45 listening to stories of myth and legend about the Olympics from my father, as an ex Olympic swimmer himself, seen here with two of his girlfriends, endlessly told me about the legends like Nurmi, Koen, Mark Spitz, Al Oerter and Bob Beamon. At some point, almost immediately after my birth, he decided in his great wisdom, that I should follow in his footsteps and take to the pool with the same verve that he had always felt for it. He also decided much to my horror “that he would be my coach!” So from the age of 4 to 14 I ploughed up and down this seawater pool in Manly, trying initially not to get distracted by passing schools of fish, and later on by the girls in small bikinis During these years this pristine and homespun environment was going through massive change. As the population of Sydney grew, ever- increasing amounts of sewerage were being pumped into the ocean at the north and south cliff faces of the harbour. Raw sewerage blown in on the winds was poisoning the harbour, and all its inhabitants and users. Ear infections, colds and flu were becoming par for the course, as were dead fish floating bloated on the surface. At some point in my mid teens they built a freshwater Olympic pool nearby, so we moved to this man made environment. You know how it goes, light blue tiles and with the black line up the middle of the lane, 20 degrees all year round, your hair turning green from the chlorine. It was then when I realised how boring it was looking at that black line kilometre after kilometre. Finally one day, I said to my dad “dad I just don’t want to swim anymore” He said “what would you like to do?” Thinking about these years of purgatory, I said to him “what sport don’t you know anything about” and he said “sailing”. Good, then that’s what I want to do! I took up sailing and loved it and over the next few years I returned to Sydney Harbour often to train. But the harbour was becoming even sicker than before. By the time I was 18 and heading out through Sydney Heads in preparation for the 1980 Olympic trials, you would have to hold your breath every time a wave smashed the bow and spewed its putrid bile into the air. Well it didn’t take too long before the harbour users started to scream about the state of the environment. Don’t forget it was only 20 years before that it had been clean and perfect. It was then the Authorities realised action was required. Over the course of the next decade. Treatment plants were upgraded. Ocean outfalls were moved offshore into the currents. This overflow tube was built running for 30 kms under Sydney used as a catchment during heavy rain when the sewers became overloaded. It took nearly 20 years but by the time of the Olympics came in 2000 the
  9. 9. 4. Programme of the Forum Thursday 30 November 15:00 – 17:00 Visit to the Olympic Museum 18.20 Departure from the Royal Savoy Hotel to the Boat “Montreux” - (Ouchy Area), Loading Dock. 18:30 – 22:30 Dinner on the Montreux 22:45 Departure from Loading Dock to the Royal Savoy Hotel Friday 1 December 08:30 Departure from the Royal Savoy Hotel to the Olympic Museum 09:00 – 10:00 Welcome Session (Auditorium, Olympic Museum) Welcome messages by Mr. Eric Falt, UNEP Director of Communications and Public Information, Mr. Tatsuo Okada, Executive Director, Global Sports Alliance Mr. Tommy Sithole, Director of International Cooperation and Development, International Olympic Committee (IOC). Keynote address Mr. Glenn Bourke, CEO Volvo Ocean Race Panel 1 Eco design: How organizers of sport events are (Auditorium, Olympic looking at the environmental aspect of their designs Museum) – from site selection to the development of venues Moderator Mr. Tore Brevik 10:00 – 11:00 Rapporteur Mr. Hartmut Stahl Panellists Mr. Geraint John, Senior Advisor, Hok Sport Architecture - Incorporating the environment in the design of sport venues – case study 1 Ms. Miranda Kiuri Popova, Architect, Spanish Olympic Committee - Incorporating the environment in the design of sport venues – case study 2 Mr. Julius de Heer, Senior Consultant, Sustainable Sport Development - Eco-designs for future sport events Mr. Michael Kleiner, Coordinator, Euro 2008 Organizing Committee - Environmental activities of the Euro 2008 Organizing Committee with emphasis on eco-designs Panel 2 Water related issues: From rainwater harvesting to (Athens Room) efficient management of water in sport venues
  10. 10. Moderator Mr. Nick Nuttall Rapporteur Mr. Jason Chare Panellists Mr. Matt Smith, Executive Director, International Rowing Federation - Environmental activities by the International Rowing Federation Mr. Stephane Latxague, CEO, Surfrider Foundation, Europe - The Surfrider Foundation and water related issues; Mr. David Crawford, Managing Director, Sustainability Sport and Event Consulting - Sport venues and efficient use of water 11:00 – 11:30 Coffee Break Panel 3 Environmental awareness: The example of the (Auditorium, Olympic Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) and Museum) how to use sport to promote actions for the environment Moderator Mr. Tatsuo Okada 11:30 – 12:30 Rapporteur Mr. Wondwosen Asnake Panellists Mr. Tony Diamantidis, Executive Director, Athens Environmental Foundation - Environmental activities by the Athens Environmental Foundation and the World Olympians Association Mr. Leigh Steinberg, President, Leigh Steinberg Enterprises - Promoting environmental awareness through events of the National Football League, USA Mr. Vito Ippolito, President, Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) - The Environmental Code of FIM and the impact on FIM’s events and Presentation of the Environmental Award of FIM Ms. Daniela Ruby PAPI, President, The PEPY Ride Panel 4 NGOs: The challenges and successes of NGO (Athens Room) involvement in the preparations and staging of sport events
  11. 11. 11:30 – 12:30 Moderator Mr. Eric Falt Rapporteur Mr. Theodore Oben Panellists Mr. Carlos Paula Cardoso, Secretary General, European Non-governmental Sport Organization - NGO involvement in sports in Europe Ms. Susan Brown, Policy Analyst, WWF - The WWF experience on NGO involvement in mass sport events Mr. Paolo Revellino, Head of Sustainability, Torino 2006 - Torino 2006 and NGO involvement Mr. Leon Larson, Chairman, Environment Committee, International Water Ski Federation - Involvement of NGOs in the work of the Water Ski Federation 12:30 – 14:00 Lunch 13:00 – 14:00 Press Conference (Athens Room) Launch of the Torino 2006 final Sustainability Report and the FIFA 2006 Green Goal Legacy Report Moderator: Mr. Nick Nuttall Panel 5 Carbon Dioxide and Ozone Depleting Substances: The (Auditorium, Olympic Torino example and how this should be integrated in Museum) future sport events Moderator Mr. Theodore Oben 14:00 – 15:00 Rapporteur Ms. Sophie Ravier Panellists Mr. Paolo Revellino, Head of Sustainability, Torino Olympics Organizing Committee - The Torino Experience Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Deputy Director,Oeko Institute - CO2 offset and the FIFA 2006 World Cup Mr. Simon Lewis, Development Officer, WWF UK - Low carbon in a One Planet Olympics Mr. Jim Curlin, Information Manager, UNEP - Integrating Ozone Layer protection in sport events Panel 6 Renewable energy: The Helsinki 2005 model and why (Athens Room) this could shape the future of sport events
  12. 12. 14:00 – 15:00 Moderator Mr. Wondwosen Asnake Rapporteur Mr. Timothy Challen Panellists Ms. Salla Koivasalo, Helsinki 2005 - The Helsinki 2005 model Mr. Herbert Aichinger, Head of Unit of DC Environment G2, European Commission - The EU’s efforts to green sport events with an emphasis on renewable energy Mr. Bruno Moretti, President, Alternative Energy Commission, Fédération Internationale de L’Automobile (FIA) - FIA and renewable energy Panel 7 Transport: The FIFA 2006 World Cup experience and ways of minimizing the impact of transport around sport events Moderator Mr. Ian Jarman 15:00 – 16:00 Rapporteur Mr. Hamoudi Shubber Panellists Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Oeko Institute -The FIFA 2006 World Cup and sustainable transport Mr. Yu Xiaoxuan, Deputy Director, Environment, Beijing 2008 Olympic Organizing Committee (BOCOG) - The vision of BOGOC on sustainable transport Mr. Patrick François, President, European Cycling Association - Sustainable transport and traffic management in sport events Mr. Erwin Lauterwasser, Environment Advisor, International Water Ski Federation - FIS Nordic World Ski Championship 2005 Oberstdorf Panel 8 Waste and recycling as an overriding concern – managing waste in sport events and recycling used sport equipment Moderator Mr. Tore Brevik 15:00 – 16:00 Rapporteur Ms. Elizabeth Odera Panellists Mr. Jack Groh, Director, National Football League (NFL), Waste and recycling activities by the NFL Mr. Jason Chare, Deputy Director, Global Sports Alliance Recycling of used sport equipment Mr. Roberto Iglesias, President Quebrantahuesos Cycling for all and waste management Mr. Jonathan Smith, Executive Director, Golf Environment Europe Waste Management in the World of Golf 16:00 – 16:30 Coffee Break
  13. 13. 16:30 – 17:30 Plenary (Auditorium, Olympic Museum) Synthesis of discussions and the way forward for strengthening partnerships on sport and the environment Reports from moderators and rapporteurs and discussions Moderators: Mr. Eric Falt and Mr. Tatsuo Okada 17:30 – 19:00 Closing session (Auditorium, Olympic Museum) Masters of Ceremonies: Mr. Eric Falt and Mr. Tatsuo Okada Speeches Mr. Pal Schmitt, IOC Member and Chairman of the Sport and Environment Commission of the IOC Mr. Ibrahim Thiaw, Acting Director General, IUCN Mr. Adolf Ogi, UN Secretary General’s Special Adviser on Sport for Development and Peace Mr. Achim Steiner, UNEP’s Executive Director Signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between UNEP and the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) 19:00 – 21:30 Cocktail at the Olympic Museum 21:35 Departure from the Olympic Museum to the Royal Savoy Hotel
  14. 14. 5. Summaries of Panel Discussion
  15. 15. 5.1. Panel 1: Eco design: How organizers of sport events are looking at the environmental aspect of their designs – from site selection to the development of venues: Moderator: Mr. Tore Brevik Rapporteur: Mr. Hartmut Stahl Panellists Mr. Geraint John, Senior Advisor, Hok Sport Architecture Ms. Miranda Kiuri Popova, Architect, Spanish Olympic Committee Mr. Julius de Heer, Senior Consultant, Sustainable Sport Development Mr. Michael Kleiner, Coordinator, Euro 2008 Organizing Committee Statement: Incorporating the environment in the design of sport venues costs money. Economic assessment of environmental action often leads to the result in not taking the necessary action because it seems to be too expensive. However is it ever considered how much it costs not to act? Answer: A general statement is “The more the sports facility costs the higher is the environment impact”. Environmental costs of venues are not now calculated. The problem is the LOCs finish their work immediately after the event has ended and no one is left to consider environmental impacts of the operation of sport facilities afterwards. Monitoring environmental costs will be an important task for the future. Statement: Green Goal is the first environmental programme in the world of football. The next football tournament will be the EURO 2008 in Austria and Switzerland. Is it too late to have a comprehensive environment concept for the EURO 2008? Answer: After the 2006 FIFA World Cup has ended the focus shifts towards the EURO 2008 and at the same time more pressure is coming up to consider environmental issues. Although there a projects going on in Austria and Switzerland it is late for a comprehensive concept but hopefully not too late. Statement: The Rugby World Cup 2007 and 2011 take place in France and New Zealand. Are there any environmental concepts for these Rugby World Cups? Answer: There is some work going on in France. Action for greening the Rugby World Cup 2007 and developing a concept are in progress. However nothing has been communicated so far. Carbon offset will become one of the relevant issues. Statement: New developments in urban planning of sport facilities can be noticed in the last years. Public rights of the citizens and social responsibilities of the municipalities (e.g. access to sport facilities, participation of NGOs) become more important. The need for a specific sport facility, the sustainable operation and an alternative temporary construction of a facility are questioned.
  16. 16. 5.2 Panel 2: Water related issues: From rainwater harvesting to efficient management of water in sport venues Moderator: Nick Nuttall Rapporteur: Jason Chare Panellists: Mr. Matt Smith, Executive Director, International Rowing Federation Mr. Stephane Latxague, Executive Director, Surfrider Foundation, Europe Mr. David Crawford, Managing Director, Sustainability Sport and Event consulting Mr. Matt Smith, Executive Director of the International Rowing Federation opened the session by outlining the active measures taken by FISA to reduce the sport’s impact on the natural environment. Understanding the importance of clean water and air to rowing, FISA is committed to rowing practices that encourage a culture of responsibility for protecting and sustaining the aquatic environment. FISA established an Environmental Working Group in 2001, whose guidelines and policies for sustainable development were completed in April 2004. Those guidelines include the protection of habitat and bio-diversity; conservation of water resources; reduction of the production of waste and pollutants; and promotion of healthy conditions for those involved in the sport. As a concrete example of these principles in action, Mr. Smith pointed to the Regatta Course in Lucerne, which despite holding a number of major international events, closely monitors the environmental impact of the events, and strictly limits the number of events held. FISA also uses environmental slogans as part of an awareness campaign, such as “THINK CLEAN – enjoy rowing” and “THINK GREEN – enjoy nature” Mr. Stephane Latxague, Executive Director of Surfrider Foundation, Europe began his presentation by showing TV commercials the organization has made that dramatically demonstrate the impact that pollution is having on the ocean environment. Surfers, he suggests, make a great indicator species for ocean health because they are constantly immersed in the ocean and their health is immediately affected by the quality of the water. TV ads, travelling exhibitons, videos, audio, and online games are just some of the multimedia tools the organizations uses to educate young audiences on water management issues. Found in the USA, Japan, Brazil, Australia, Argentina, Canada, New Zealand and Europe, Surfrider works to serve the entire ocean community, and the organization’s 60,000 members and volunteers work to address water management issues in a great variety of ways. Surfrider Europe has focused on local operational programs to fight ocean pollution; education of the young and the general public on water quality issues; and the lobbying of institutions to orientate the laws towards protection and sustainable development of the oceans and coastlines. To back up its case, the organization has also set up 2 laboratories in
  17. 17. 5.3 Panel 3: Environmental awareness: The example of the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) and how to use sport to promote actions for the environment. Moderator: Mr. Tatsuo Okada Rapporteur: Mr. Wondwosen Asnake Panellists Mr. Tony Diamantidis, Athens Environmental Foundation Mr. Leigh Steinberg, Leigh Steinberg Enterprises Mr. Vito Ippolito, Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) Ms. Daniela Ruby Papi, The PEPY Ride Mr. Tatsuo Okada, moderator of the panel introduced the topic by highlighting that we are the first generation with enough knowledge, know- how and information about the state and trends of the world’s environment, but having the biggest difficulty in translating the body of knowledge into action. Despite the wealth of knowledge we have become the instrument for destroying the planet. We should no longer threat the planet as an abundant source to meet our daily needs while disrupting the functioning of the ecosystems. He raised the fundamental question of how to take this challenge to the hearts and minds of people, and also how to turn back the environmental clock to where it was before and reverse the negative trends? The answer to the challenge rests in education and public awareness as the key to success. The world of sport has a major role to play in increasing public awareness and knowledge about environmental issues and challenges. Mr. Tony Diamantidis, Executive Director, Athens Environmental Foundation took stoke of the environmental activities of the Athens Environmental Foundation and the World Olympians Association, in using Athletes/Olympians to be champions for the environment. They are role models and can be an important vehicle to reach out to the wider audience with environmental messages and the changes we need to make in our daily lives. If done properly they can lead by example and many can easily follow their footsteps. Mr. Leigh Steinberg, President, Leigh Steinberg Enterprises presented the efforts put in place to promoting environmental awareness through events of the National Football League. Besides the direct involvement of sport personalities, he reiterated that stadiums are also role modules for people of all ages. The message we put on the billboards of our stadiums and other sport arenas will have significant impact on the way people and communities react as they go to their daily routine. A positive message means a positive impact. Simply carrying out a role demonstrating values, ways of thinking and acting, which are considered good in that role. Others hopefully will follow the example. Mr. Vito Ippolito, President of Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) presented the Environmental Code of FIM and the impact on FIM’s events. He talked about the Environment Commission of FIM that was created in 1998 to oversee and ensure FIM events are organized in a safe
  18. 18. 5.4 Panel 4 : NGOs: The challenges and successes of NGO involvement in the preparations and staging of sport events Moderator: Mr. Eric Falt Rapporteur: Mr. Theodore Oben Panellists: Mr. Carlos Paula Cardoso, European Non-governmental Sport Organization Ms. Susan Brown, WWF International Mr. Paolo Revellino, Torino 2006 Mr. Leon Larson, International Water Ski Federation Paolo Revellino Head of Sustainability the Torino Olympics Organising Committee Paolo strongly suggested sporting organizers set up institutional, formalized and transparent partnerships with NGOs. He related his experiences with NGOs as starting with opposition, but over a 5 year period working towards a number of solutions to a very positive and constructive dialogue. He said overtime, the issues at odds with conservationists could be put on the table and worked out and that the Torino organizers had found this very beneficial. If you have a structure you can pose questions and give answers he said. His main message was that it is better to give NGOs a formalized role and work together through structured involvement. Leon Larson, Chair, Environment Committee Internatioanl Water Ski Federation The Waterski Federation have started to work on sustainability issues from an event perspective and are growing their engagement over a series of events and activities. They are increasingly interested in waterway preservation using tools such as wave buffers or publicly available educational materials and seminars for participants and spectators. Carlos Cardoso, Secretary General, European Non-Governmental Sport Organisation Carlos noted a considerable number of sports are coming under scrutiny as the federation looks for environment savings. From tennis to kick boxing to handball to motorcycling to fishing the organization is now exploring ways to reduce impact. One recent innovative solution involved suing an abandoned ground for a cross country event, to minimize harm to the natural environment. By upgrading an unsightly, unsafe and neglected area it became a legacy after the event which is now used for joggers and as a public sports facility. Susan Brown, International Policy Analyst, WWF International Susan pointed out honest dialogue with NGOs was essential as organizations like hers were increasingly asked to either be third party arbiters by the media or to become more formally involved in some way with international sporting events either by organizing committees, by sponsors, by governments or by host cities. She said WWF because of its long term technical expertise and because it is an organization seen as an honest broker were fielding increasing inquiries and requests. Recently there has been Olympics engagement in Athens, Torino, Vancouver,
  19. 19. 5.5 Panel 5: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) offset: The Torino example and how this should be integrated in future sport events Moderator: Mr. Theodore Oben Rapporteur: Ms. Sophie Ravier Panellists Mr. Paolo Revellino, Torino 2006 Mr. Christian Hockfeld, FIFA 2006 World Cup Mr. Simon Lewis, WWF UK Mr. Jim Curlin, UNEP The issue of Climate change and offsetting carbon dioxide emissions were high priorities for the Torino Winter Games. TOROC 2006 adopted a project called HEritage Climate TORino or HECTOR to create awareness of the problem of climate change and to compensate for the emission of greenhouse gases produced during the period of the Olympic event (heating and energy needs for sport facilities and accommodation; transportation in and out of the Olympic venues; and teams and athletes flying to and from Torino). Several initiatives were undertaken including an investment of five million Euros by the Piemonte regional administration in renewable and energy saving projects such as district heating projects. Internationally, HECTOR was used to purchase carbon credits linked with a reafforestation project in Mexico; renewable energy projects in Indian and Sri Lanka and an energy efficiency scheme in Eritrea. The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup that had an environmental concept with ambitious objectives. Green Goal, the environmental programme, comprised measures for the economical use of water, the reduction of waste, an increase in energy efficiency, sustainable transport and climate neutrality. Green Goal was founded on the voluntary involvement of the Organizing Committee, participating cities, stadiums and World Cup partners. A three-stage strategy was pursued to achieve the ambitious objective of hosting a climate-neutral World Cup: energy efficiency/ energy-saving means of transport, use of renewable energy sources (solar cells and green electricity), and offset through investment/support clean energy schemes in India and South Africa. These offsets saved an estimated 100,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide entering the global atmosphere. WWF UK talked about the London 2012 preparations which has embraced the concept of the ‘One Planet Olympics’ and based on a strong sense of the concept of sustainability - a concept which is the essence of delivering a lasting legacy, benefiting sport, the environment and the local and global community. The 500-acre site will be transformed from being one of the most under-developed in the country to one with restored natural ecology and new infrastructure providing the setting for sustainable communities. WWF also insisted on the fact that it is important to look at the overall ecological footprint of the event which takes into account several other environmental aspects than just only CO2 emissions. London 2012 encompasses everything from zero carbon, zero waste, sustainable transport, local and sustainable materials, local and sustainable food,
  20. 20. sustainable water, natural habitats and wild life, culture and heritage, equity and fair trade, to health and happiness. WWF UK noted that in the past an important sector has been forgotten in the calculation of CO2 emissions. That sector is the food industry, which has a huge stake during the event (e.g. food consumption, energy consumption by the agriculture sector and food transportation), which are important issues to consider. The preparations for London 2012 will see the urban regeneration of east London, cross-city transport improvements in London, encourages people across the country to take up sport and develop active, healthy lifestyles, opportunities for a vast array of businesses. This kind of approach not only helps the environment but the broader objectives of sustainable development. Carbon offsets allows individuals and businesses to reduce the CO2 emissions they are responsible for. Emission offsets work in different ways, and include investments in renewable energy, energy efficiency systems and engaging in reforestation projects. During the different presentations it was noted that achieving emission offsets is not that easy, even if there is a strong will to do so. It takes time (even lots of years) to reach at the projected objective or goal. It also requires the availability of financial resources and fundraising opportunities, finding sponsors to finance to invest in emission reducing projects in developing countries. The same time, carbon offsets should not been seen as easy and cost effective way for any person or business to take action to stop global warming. What would be more appropriate would be to make very effort to reduce the amount of energy we burn in our homes and businesses, our cars, flights and to be mindful of the food, clothes and other things we buy and consume every day. At the institutional level, international environment agreements can provide the foundation for establishment of an environmental programme of action and for countries to work on and implement together global environmental issues and concerns. One such agreement is the Montreal Protocol, which is a landmark international agreement designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer that shields the planet from damaging UV-B radiation. The Protocol outlines states' responsibilities for protecting human health and the environment against the adverse effects of ozone depletion. Finally, it was emphasized that it is important to live up to the commitments made and develop a reporting mechanism to track progress, share information and knowledge, assess impact and be accountable for it. When such set up is put in place it can be used as the basis for future events. 5.6 Panel 6 Renewable energy: The Helsinki 2005 model and why this could shape the future of sport events Moderator: Mr. Wondwosen K. Asnake Rapporteur: Mr. Timothy Challen Panellists: Ms. Salla Koivasalo, Helsinki 2005/ Helsinki University of Technology
  21. 21. Mr. Herbert Aichinger, European Commission Mr. Bruno Moretti, Fédération International d’Automobilisme Mr. Wondy Asnake, the moderator of the panel opened the session by making reference to energy as an engine of development and also a source of many of the problems which the world faces today. He noted that billions around the world lack modern fuels for cooking and heating, as well as do not have access to electricity. Yet human activities, primarily the combustion of fossil fuels, have caused the Earth to warm and its climate to change on both global and regional scales. He stressed that global warming represents an ecological time bomb that threatens our own existence and that of countless animal and plant species throughout the world. Ms. Salla made her presentation on the outcome of the 2005 IAAF World Championships of Athletics in Helsinki. The 9 days event saw 3,000 Athletes from 200 countries, 3,500 Media representatives, 3,000 Volunteers, 200,000 Spectators and Mass event like these ones create significant CO2-emissions and serious impact on energy use. The organizing committee applied four energy saving methods from the bidding process until after the games had taken place: energy-saving investments and actions; use of the renewable energy; logistics optimization, promoting the use of low-emission vehicles and the use of public transport; and compensating the remaining CO2-emissions. The total CO2-emission load created by Helsinki 2005 was equivalent to 17 % of the annual traffic’s emissions in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area - 36,000 tons. Roughly, 97 percent of these emissions were created by traffic related activities directly linked to the event and around 3 % were created by energy-use. She also underlined the role of education and awareness building during the event. For example, teaching drivers how to drive in an ‘energy saving’ way. The organizers also created green pathways across the city to sensitize the public to environmental considerations and choices like biking, walking, use of public transport system and low emission vehicles. Particularly the public transport services in the city of Helsinki, the usage reduces the CO2 emissions and frees up urban space. Ms. Salla indicated that the use of renewable was also very important. Finally, Ms. Salla explained that in terms of infrastructures, three points were important to reduce their impact on the environment: Their long term usage; easy access; and the quality of their maintenance. It was very impressive to note that energy used during the Championship in the Stadium was wind energy that led to the reduction of 32 tons of the carbon dioxides emissions. And if all the energy used during the event had been green energy, the total CO2-emission would have been over 300 tons less (= driving car around globe 40 times). Mr. Aichinger, of the European Commission spoke about EMAS’s eco-label and how it played a part in the Winter Olympics of Turin in 2006. Its development system is based on: Ecologic procurement; Zero emissions; and ecological buildings, infrastructures, transport and welcome centers. It is a system that enables the registration of EMAS with local authorities and helped integrate the Eco-Label in hosting centre. This encouraged: the participations of employees; transparency; a legal framework; and encourage a public and political conscience. Mr. Moretti of the Fédération International d’Automobilisme explained that
  22. 22. automobile sports enable the creation and support of ecological motorization systems. He did this by using the example of various machines, including one car that beat the world speed record of 100 Km per hour, with an electric engine, already in 1884. In regards to Formula One, Mr. Moretti explained that constructors met after the last Grand Prix in China and decided to put into place, in the coming seasons, a system of energy recuperation, thereby limiting the amount of pollution. Mr. Moretti concluded by saying that motor sports were not only a spectator sport but could also be used to send out an ecological message to the public. Finally, there seemed to be a consensus that all the various reports concerning such matter should be made accessible to all, a platform of information that would benefit organizations and individuals. Mr. Wondy Asnake, closed the session by emphasizing access to energy services and resources play a central role in achieving sustainable developments goals. However, the way we use and produce our energy resources will have significant risks and effects on human health and the planet. We have a number of good examples on how to share and make use of environmentally sound energy services and resources. As we have see from the different presentations the world of sports is setting an example. If we work towards applying a combination of energy efficiency methods, we can make a progress in reducing the global green-house gas emissions. 5.7 Panel 7: Transport: The FIFA 2006 World Cup Experience and ways of minimizing the impact of transport around sport events Moderator: Mr. Ian Jarman Rapporteur: Mr. Hamoudi Shubber Panellists Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Oeko Institute Mr. Yu Xiaoxuan, Beijing 2008 Olympic Organizing Committee (BOCOG) Mr. Patrick François, President, European Cycling Association Mr. Erwin Lauterwasser, International Ski Federation Mr. Ina Jarman, moderator of the panel introduced the topic by highlighting that transports played a major role for the environment at in the preparatory, delivery and long-terms phases of sports events. Mr. Hartmut Stahl, presenting the experience of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, said that, within the framework of the “Green Goal” initiative, the focus had been on an increase of public transport and a reduction of CO2 emissions. Improvement of the public transport infrastructure, capacity and comfort had been undertaken in preparation of the event. During the World Cup, game ticket holders were able to freely use public transports and incentives were made for people to walk to stadiums. The widespread use of trains allowed for a significant reduction of CO2 emissions, including
  23. 23. by increasing their number, using combined tickets and by providing travel information and incentives to spectators. Mr. Yu Xiaoxuan, explained that in preparation of the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing and its 15 million inhabitants, transport of course was a major concern. In order to reduce the emissions during and after the Olympics, standards have been set and private car were tested and inspected by local authorities throughout the city. The construction of 4 additional rain lines was underway in order to facilitate access to the Olympic sites, while parking for private cars would not be permitted there. The use of public transports will be encouraged, including by free use for ticket holders, in order to reduce the number of used vehicles by 20%. Mr. Lauterwasser noted that since1998 the International Ski Federation has worked with environment guidelines to be used for World Ski Championships and Winter Olympic Games, including for the assessment of candidatures of hosts of these events. Environment management was an important requirement before, during and after these events and covered measures such as prevention of damage to the landscape, guarantees of long term use of infrastructure, minimization of traffic. The 2005 World Ski Championships in Oberstdorf provided an example in which the promotion of public transport, the restriction of private transports, the use of regional food resources and sound water management could positively affect sports events and transport management. Mr. Patrick François, presented the “Cycling for all” events which are mass public competitions which allow participants of all ages and level to cycle through rural or mountainous areas and to discover magnificent sceneries. The organisation of these events in protected areas brought an added value to leisure and competitive sport events. The “Ardechoise”, one of such events taking part in France’s Ardèche region, was presented as a success story. During this event, sound waste and traffic management measures were respected by participants who also spontaneously imposed themselves environment-friendly behaviours. The panel thus highlighted that transport in sports events was a crucial area for environment protection and that no sport event could be organised without an environment transport scheme. Early preparation and development were seen as key elements in order to obtain long term benefits. 5.8 PANEL 8: Waste and recycling as an overriding concern: managing waste in sport events and recycling used sport equipment Moderator: Mr. Tore Brevik Rapportuer: Dr. Liz Odera Panellists Mr. Jack Groh, National Football League (NFL), USA Mr. Jason Chare, Global Sports Alliance Mr. Roberto Iglesias, Quebrantahuesos Mr. Jonathan Smith, Golf Environment Europe
  24. 24. NFL Environmental Program Jack Groh, Director, National Football League (NFL) The Super Bowl is broadcast: 234 different countries, including a US Audience: 141.4 million viewers. The total audience is nearly 1 Billion viewers, and attracts more than 3,400 reporters. The charge for advertising is $2.5 Million per 30 seconds. The economic impact: SBXL $261 Million. The Super bowl can therefore offer a very special opportunity can take place. The NFL Environmental Program began in the Pasadena 1993, Super Bowl XXVII, when a Pilot Recycling Project took place. Obstacles included no recycling infrastructure, equipment, no event recycling experience, no background information to base on, results, learning experience. Program Development The mission of the NFL Environmental Program is to incorporate environmental principles into the management of special events consistent with sound business practices. Projects that have been initiated within the stadiums that run the events include solid waste management and recycling, material recovery & donation and prepared food recovery. The Program intends to involve the community more and more in all its environmental activities. The project mangers have learned that every situation is unique and it is important to include the communities around the NFL in order to create a win-win solution to every problem. Larger projects to be included are climate change – GHG Mitigation, Emission Credit Offset, Tree Planting Partners: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US DOE), U.S. Forest Service, Princeton University (Carbon Research Centre), National Arbor Day Foundation, Local, county, and state governments, Private non profits G-ForSE 2006: Recycling Of Sports Equipment Jason Chare, Deputy Director, NPO Global Sports Alliance Global Sports Alliance (GSA) is a non profit organization established in 1999 that is working to unite over one billion sports enthusiasts in solving global environmental problems through the creation of a sustainable society. To achieve this GSA is forming partnerships with sporting organizations and establishing GSA Teams worldwide. Using the formula ‘Power for change= People × Awareness × Action’, GSA has initiated the Ecoflag Movement - a global drive by sport enthusiasts to secure a healthy eco-system for all future generations. GSA works closely with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and our activities focus on three main projects: The Ecoflag, G-ForSE and Sport-Eco.Net Projects Ecoflag Project The Ecoflag is a symbol of the commitment of sports enthusiasts to the environment. Flown at sporting events-from school sports days to world championships-the flag is used in combination with messages to increase
  25. 25. awareness among athletes and spectators and simple environmental actions. The response to this project has been very strong and as a result a global network of GSA Team have developed in both developing and developed countries. The G-ForSE Project has two clear functions: The Global Forum for Sports and Environment (G-ForSE) and the Sports-Eco.Net. G-ForSE website gives up-to-date "sports and environment" news and is the largest database on environmental action in sports. A search of the G-ForSE archive (www.g-forse.com) shows what sports clubs, events, sporting goods manufacturers, federations and associations are doing to promote environmental awareness and action through sport. Sports-Eco.Net Sports-Eco.Net is a network for promoting the 'reduction, reuse and recycling' of sports equipment. The program is involved in sharing sports equipment with developing nations, donating old or unused sports equipment to art projects (RECYCL'art) and by far its most successful program, sending old and unused tennis balls to schools around Japan. Since 2000, the tennis ball reuse program has been sending used tennis balls to schools around Japan, where they are fixed to the bottom of desk and chairs to reduce noise and create a better atmosphere to learn. The scheme has been especially popular with schools enrolling hearing- impaired children, as hearing aids are sensitive to sudden loud noises. Teachers have also adopted this activity as a practical action to accompany environmental education programs. Program participants receive a certificate signed by Global Sports Alliance (GSA) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in recognition of their environmental efforts. As of September 2006, GSA has redistributed over 2 million tennis balls to schools around Japan, and plans to expand the program internationally. Sharing Across Borders Sports-Eco.Net is also involved in sharing sports equipment with developing nations. To date GSA has shared equipment with groups in Kenya, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia and Cuba. Our biggest partner in this endeavor is the Sadili Oval Sports Centre in Nairobi, Kenya, which runs ‘Nature and Sport Camps’ that provide professional coaching and environmental education to young sporting hopefuls. RECYCL’art Equipment that is no longer usable for its original purpose can still have value through an art project called RECYCL’art. GSA runs workshops for young people, who get a ‘hands-on’ chance to apply their creativity and make their own art pieces, while understanding the environmental concept behind the initiative. REFERENCE NPO Global Sports Alliance (GSA) http://www.gsa.or.jp/ Ecoflag http://www.ecoflag.com/ G-ForSE http://www.g-forse.com/ Sport-Eco.Net http://www.sports-eco.net/ RECYCL’art run by IGFY Corporation http://www.igfy.net/
  26. 26. Cycling for All and Waste Management Roberto Ingelsias, President Quebrantahuesos Cycling is quite different from many sports because it offers every individual an opportunity to travel around the countryside and enjoy the beauty of nature. One could say that cyclists tend to gain the most from the aesthetic experience from nature. A cyclist is very mobile and will therefore be a fluid and ever-chaning environment. Cyclists use some of the safest machines that do not pollute the environment, and a cycling race and not be compared to, for example a Formula One event. This said, there is still a lot of responsibility that the cyclist must have and be constantly aware of. Cyclists have the largest tendency to dump waste material in the environment when they move, and must be made to feel the responsibility of taking care of their environment better. It is cyclists who can see what damage is done to the environment most easily and can blow the first whistle when things go wrong. Quebrantahueso use various methods to promote environmental awareness, such as popular wrist tags, radio and tv advertisments and use of famous cyclists to talk on behalf of the environment. Golf Environment Europe: Waste management in the World of Golf Jonathan Smith, Executive Director, Golf Environment Europe Golf in Europe has a membership of 6000 existing courses (over 34,000 world-wide), 6 million registered golfers, covering 300,000 ha of land and water, with another 500 courses under planning and construction. Golf development market is worth over €15 billion, with 27 European Tour professional tournaments in Europe (49 worldwide), 3 million European tournament spectators each year, up to 24 million TV audience. Foundation for Golf and Environment is an independent, non profit organisation formed by Senior figures from golf and environment, who understand the impact of golf on environment and the need to manage golf courses their development and events better. Golf clubhouses can be valuable places to raise awareness amongst members and visitors Resource management issues apply to:  Golf Development – planning, design and construction of new facilities  Golf Facility Management – golf course, maintenance facilities, clubhouses and hotels  Golf Events – 27 x European Tour Events and Ryder Cup Golf Facility Development needs to include careful master-planning and design to reduce resource consumption and wastes during construction and long term management. Sensitive construction will manage waste, avoid pollution from hazardous wastes, separating out re-usable and compostable materials. Developers can utilise materials from re-cycled sources and sustainable drainage systems are particularly important. Golf Facility Management include minimising resource consumption in golf course maintenance and putting in place robust procedures for hazardous
  27. 27. wastes, separation areas for solid wastes and composting of green wastes, reducing energy consumption via use of renewable energy conservation measures Golf Events can serve as flagship and high profile demonstration projects on beter environmental procedures. There is a huge potential to communicate to golfers via Tournament TV bulletins (on site) and golf channels and therefore Gof Environment Europe can play a valuable role in consolidating objectives and enthusiasm amongst golfing organisations. www.golfenvironmenteurope.org jonathan@golfenvironmenteurope.org 6 Closing Session …………………………………………………………… 6.1. Speech by Mr. Pal Schmitt, IOC Member and Chairman of the Sport and Environment Commission of the IOC. Allow me, first of all, to convey the best wishes and greetings of the President of the International Olympic Committee, Dr Jacques Rogge, who was not able to join us today being in Kuwait for the Executive Board meeting. The IOC is delighted to have had the opportunity to host the biennial Global Forum for Sport and Environment, organised by our long standing partner the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Japan-based Global Sports Alliance (GSA). It is a pleasure to have welcomed here today so many representatives of international sports organizations and federations, sports clubs, sporting goods manufacturers, civil society organizations, media and sports personalities, united to discuss “mainstreaming the environment in major sports events”. I am convinced that you have made valuable recommendations on how to improve and integrate environmental considerations in major sports events and I look forward to seeing these being implemented to further “green” them and help sport assume social responsibility. We have heard many examples today of the tremendous work already carried by such events as the Torino 2006 Winter Games, the FIFA 2006 World Cup and the Helsinki Athletics World Championships to name just a few. The standard for sports events has clearly been raised to a new high and it will require considerable effort to continue improving. This is however the goal we must set ourselves. Environmental issues are becoming a general concern all over the world, as they affect the daily lives of each and every one of us. Sport, like recreation and physical education activities, is now an integral part of society. And as one of the many human activities, it cannot ignore environmental issues. Indeed sport is affected by environment just as environment directly affects sport. Of course, the contribution of the IOC and the Olympic Movement and its numerous volunteers cannot solve such an international issue as the protection of our environment and heritage. Our contribution must be complementary, as the basic responsibility for protecting the environment lies with governments. But let me reaffirm today the IOCs willingness to play its role in the long-term development and to fulfil its social responsibility by contributing through its main field of expertise: SPORT.
  28. 28. As you all know, sport is a formidable educational tool and a universal language. Through sport, we can draw people’s attention to the beauty of nature, and thus educate them and raise their awareness to the danger of environmental degradation. This has its roots in the fundamental principles of Olympism that aim to place sport at the service of the harmonious development of mankind, an approach that was strongly advocated by our founder and renovator of the modern Olympic Games, Pierre de Coubertin. In this sense, a healthy global and local environment is a natural partner of the Olympic ideals and the promotion of Olympism. This is why the environment is considered the third pillar of Olympism, alongside sport and culture. As the coordinator of the Olympic Movement, the IOC has assumed a leading position in this field and has worked in many different domains to raise awareness and change behaviours among the Olympic family and sport generally, from the adoption of an Agenda 21 for the Olympic Movement, to the organization of world conferences and regional seminars in this subject, to the launch of the new IOC Guide to Sport, Environment and Sustainable Development. The IOC also ensures that the Olympic Games are held in conditions which demonstrate a responsible concern for environmental issues. Indeed this has become an important bid issue and Organising Committees go to great lengths to place environment issues at the top of their agendas. We strongly believe that from the beginning of a city’s desire to stage an Olympic Games, through to the long-term effects of those Games, environmental protection and, more importantly, sustainability, are prime elements of Games planning and operations in order to leave a green and positive legacy to the host country. The IOC similarly defends and promotes an educational programme among the members of the Olympic Family advocating for environmental sport practice, in particular through its 202 National Olympic Committees. But to succeed, the IOC and other sports organizations have not been alone in this work. We have counted on the expertise and guidance of experiences organizations and institutions, such as UNEP and others too numerous to be mentioned, which guided us in ensuring that environment protection and sport could be combined, while taking into account specific circumstances and available means of the sport community. Our challenge is to prove that, through a reinforced partnership of all sectors and a better mutual understanding, sustainable development through sport can enable us to achieve our common goals. Let my conclude by the wish to welcome many of you, in Beijing, China, in October 2007 for the 7th World Conference on Sport and Environment, organised by the IOC and the Beijing Organising Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG) in partnership UNEP. Thank you. 6.2. Speech by Mr. Ibrahim Thiaw, Acting Director-General, TheWorld Conservation Union (IUCN). Distinguished guests, Ladies and Gentlemen, IUCN, The World Conservation Union, is delighted to address this important Global Forum on Sport and the Environment. IUCN unites and represents over 1,000 members worldwide, comprising States, International NGOs,
  29. 29. and National NGOs. Our mission is to conserve nature within the context of sustainable world’s environment, but having the biggest difficulty in translating the body of knowledge into action. Despite the wealth of knowledge we have become the instrument for destroying the planet. We should no longer threat the planet as an abundant source to meet our daily needs while disrupting the functioning of the ecosystems. He raised the fundamental question of how to take this challenge to the hearts and minds of people, and also how to turn back the environmental clock to where it was before and revgreening large sports events. The efforts to make the FIFA World Cup carbon neutral reduce the ecological footprint of the Winter Olympics or the pledge of London to hold green Olympics in 2012 set a standard for other national and regional sporting events to follow. Of course, we need to ask ourselves the question how we enable countries that are less developed to make the same commitment, and what systems of support the international sports community can develop to ensure that future events in developing countries are as green as possible. Today’s Forum underlines a strong commitment to ensure the environment is carefully considered in relation to major sporting events. This implies careful planning at all stages of such events and the inclusion of clear environmental targets in bids to host future sporting events. I am sure that the discussions have made a major contribution to achieving these commitments. Ladies and gentlemen, I would here like to highlight specific concerns and contributions for the future of sports in relation to the environment which must be addressed. The first is site selection. We have in the past seen that valuable natural areas have been designated for the construction of facilities, or that events have been held in or close to protected areas, and areas with unique and already threatened biodiversity. We certainly do understand the difficulties of host countries or cities to find suitable locations for events, but it would certainly be wise for organizers to consider biodiversity values when choosing a site. Effective environmental impact assessment must be an essential requirement of host countries or cities hosting major sporting events. Further, major sporting events should not be held within existing protected areas. IUCN is committed to working with the sports community to develop the capacity required to address these and other environmental challenges But apart from such vital attention to the environment in the planning and organizing of major events, I think there are deeper connections between sports and the environment that allow for a positive contribution of sporting events to the environment. Athletes may already dread the air quality of the Olympics of 2008 in Beijing – reason why the Chinese authorities are contemplating a ban on driving cars prior to the games. Clean air is vital to the best performance. Skiers should be worried about climate change, and I am told that here in Switzerland it is a major concern. Sailors and surfers are concerned with the quality of water. Mountain bikers love to race through well-conserved forests on a rugged hillside. The list goes on. Many sports are performed outdoors and certainly many athletes use nature as the preferred place for practice. There is a
  30. 30. fundamental connection between the health resulting from sports and the health of our environment. There is also a clear link between outdoor recreation in nature and human health. Recent research from the State of Victoria in Australia has shown that recreation in nature can make a major contribution to health, through reducing risk factors for cardio vascular disease, such as stress and blood pressure. This innovative programme, referred to as “Healthy Parks, Healthy People”, shows the clear links between sport, nature, and health. Nature offers some of the best places to perform and compete in clean sports, and the environmental community can help to make those efforts cleaner, whilst the sport community can help to conserve unique landscapes on this planet. It would be wonderful if we were to celebrate our connections together. Opportunities are plenty. The internationally agreed target to reduce the loss of biodiversity by 2010 could be directly connected to the World Cup of 2010 in South Africa, where that same target was agreed, or to the Beijing Olympics. Similarly, we share a common agenda in peace and security. While we try to avoid conflict by managing natural resources in a sustainable way, sports has the unique power to overcome conflicts by building on joint passions. These could be ways for the sports community to demonstrate its support for healthy people, peace, and a healthy environment and show it also takes its social and environmental responsibility seriously. In such ways, IUCN would like to join forces with UNEP and other actors in being a real partner of the sports community to ensure a cleaner and greener planet as well as better sporting events. We look forward to working closely towards this common goal. Thank you. 6.3. Speech by Mr. Adolf Ogi, UN Secretary General’s Special Adviser on Sport for Development and Peace. It is a great pleasure and honour for me to address you here in Lausanne at the closure of the “Global Forum for Sport and Environment”. I would like to thank the organizers for their kind invitation to participate in this distinguished gathering. As Special Adviser to the United Nations Secretary-General on Sport for Development and Peace, I appreciate the existence of such a valuable platform enabling us to share our respective experiences and lessons learnt in the promotion of environmental sustainability through sport. Ladies and Gentlemen, the relationship between sport and the environment is interlinked across multiple facets. It includes both the impact of sport on the environment and the impact of the environment on sport. No matter what sport is practiced, it requires the use of the land to play, the air to breath and the water to swim or sail. An active and healthy lifestyle relies ultimately on the environmental conditions within which we practice our physical activity. Environmental pollution prevents us from enjoying and benefiting from a truly healthy lifestyle. We must all work together to ensure that the environment is protected from harm. A shortsighted view and way of acting will prevent – if not us – then undoubtedly the next generation from living, playing and enjoying sport in a healthy and sustainable environment.
  31. 31. Recent giant sports events such as the FIFA World Cup in Germany or the Olympic and Paralympic Games in Torino have attracted worldwide attention. We are all now awaiting the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008 and the 2010 Football World Cup in South Africa. No other events come close to the popularity sport events enjoy. Such events should stand as examples, not only regarding physical performance, but also with regard to the protection of the environment. The goal is clear: assuring a sustainable and healthy environment and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without comprising that of future generations. The environmental values of sport are numerous including the contribution of sports facilities to local physical infrastructures, providing a social focus and affecting people’s perception of their neighborhood. The maintenance of underused local facilities and recreation-related environmental improvements can play a significant role in the development of the quality of life of communities. Consideration may also be made of the use of some sport forms associated with specific minorities as vehicles for visitor attraction, either through social tourism (promoting the opportunity for ethnic minority groups to meet, creating links between such groups in various communities) or for economic purposes. Sport tourism may be instrumental in enhancing the social conditions in areas of high concentration of ethnic minorities. Every actor in a sporting initiative – be it an athlete, a host city, or a member of an organizing committee – can contribute to supporting and upholding certain essential values through sport. Sports champions can be important role models, especially for youth, and therefore serve as ideal ambassadors for environmental causes by communicating the importance of sustainability and the protection of the environment. They have the ability to mobilize millions of people to support and participate in sustainable development issues. Organizing committees, on the other hand, also have to assume their responsibility in the organization of mayor sport events. The Olympic movement, for instance, has incorporated the environment in its charter. Alongside sport and culture, the environment has become the third dimension of the Olympic philosophy and a Sport and Environment Commission has been established to advise the Olympic Movement on environmental-related policy. IOC’s “Green Games” project in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is exemplary of a partnership to ensure environmentally sustainable sporting events. The Olympic Games can serve important environmental outcomes if they are planned and conducted in a circumspect way. They should provide sustainable environmental legacies such as rehabilitated sites, increased environmental awareness and serve as best practices for future sporting initiatives. In recognition of the growing importance of environmental issues in mayor sport events, the environment has become one of the key criteria in the selection of venues for the Olympic Games. The organizing committees of the Olympic Games are asked to build effective partnerships, especially with the local community, the private sector and civil society. In doing so, a mayor contribution is made to meet the eighth Millennium Development Goal, i.e. the establishment of a global partnership for development. Furthermore, sport events also present the opportunity to address other social and economic priorities such as the fight against poverty, the spread of HIV/AIDS and to promote human development. To meet these challenges, sport can undoubtedly play a significant role. Awareness and action must be taken by all actors to prevent or minimize the negative cumulative effects that can ensue from sports activities,
  32. 32. events, facilities and the manufacture of sporting goods, such as excessive energy consumption, air pollution, emissions of greenhouse gases and ozone-depleting substances, waste disposal, erosion, waste use and impacts on biological diversity. Sport must be pursued in an environmentally sustainable manner with a healthy environment necessary for healthy sport. Participants must learn to respect and appreciate their natural environment, and hence become more willing to take a stake in community activities. Sport and the Millennium Development Goals Much has been achieved in progress towards enhanced acceptance and utilization of sport as a tool to assist in the achievement of the development goals, particularly the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In 2003, we published a United Nations inter-agency report, exploring the value of Sport for Development and Peace entitled “Towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals”. The report identified that well-designed sport-based initiatives are practical and cost-effective tools to achieve objectives in development and peace and called upon United Nations agencies to: *Develop a strategic approach within the United Nations to foster Sport for Development and Peace partnerships; *Mainstream sport into the work of the United Nations; *Incorporate sport in United Nations coordination mechanisms to better integrate sport into United Nations strategic planning instruments; and *Look for ways to use sport for communication and social mobilization purposes. Following this report, the power and influence of sport has continued to grow. The United Nations system has sought to utilize the prominence given to sport to sensitize and expand on the objectives identified by the United Nations and to increase its use as a tool to impact positively on society, to promote public health, create employment and unite communities. In the report presented by the Secretary-General to the General Assembly on 3 November 2006 (A/61/373), initiatives were identified which used sport to help achieve the MDGs. These have included a treeplanting project carried out by the Burkina Faso National Olympic and Sport Committee to combat desertification and to work towards Goal 7 of the MDGs of ensuring environmental sustainability. Evidence of the power and impact of sport has been made very real in communities throughout the world, particularly during the International Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005. Allow me to first give you a brief update on the progress achieved in the promotion of sport as a means to advance the Millennium Development Goals and the broader aims of development and peace. United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a number of resolutions on sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace including resolution 58/5, proclaiming 2005 as the International Year of Sport and Physical Education; resolution 59/10; and resolution 60/9. At the World Summit at United Nations Headquarters in September 2005, the Outcome Document, agreed on by this largest-ever gathering of Heads of State and Government, highlighted the role of sport, stating: “We underline that sports can foster peace and development and
  33. 33. can contribute to an atmosphere of tolerance and understanding, and we encourage discussions in the General Assembly for proposals leading to a Sport and Development Plan of Action.” The General Assembly followed up by unanimously adopting a landmark resolution on 3 November 2005 to build on the momentum generated by IYSPE 2005. On 3 November 2006, at the 61st Session of the General Assembly, resolution 61/L.12 was adopted which acknowledged that: “Sport and physical education can present opportunities for solidarity and cooperation in order to promote tolerance, a culture of peace, social and gender equality, adequate response to the special needs of persons with disabilities, intercultural dialogue, social cohesion and harmony”. Also on 3 November 2006, the Secretary-General presented an Action Plan on Sport for Development and Peace in report 61/373. The Action Plan encourages the United Nations and its partners to move from awareness to greater implementation and action and urges all stakeholders to integrate Sport for Development and Peace in the development agenda at every level. Such resolutions and reports by the General Assembly are evidence of the rising importance of sport and development on the international agenda and represent a clear signal from Governments in recognition of the unique role of sport in the promotion of education, health, development and peace. International Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005 Despite our limited financial and institutional means, the International Year of Sport and Physical Education (IYSPE 2005) can be considered a success. During IYSPE 2005, a growing network of Governments, organizations, groups and individuals around the world were made aware of sport and physical education’s vital role in contributing to education, health, development and peace. Particular achievements during IYSPE 2005 included: 1. 122 out of 192 United Nations Member States were active with 70 Member States establishing National Committees or National Focal Points. 2. Commemorative IYSPE 2005 activities were reported by: a. 16 United Nations funds, programmes and specialized agencies; b. 28 sports organizations; c. 33 governmental and non-governmental agencies; The majority of activities have continued into 2006, reflecting sustainability of initiatives and increasing acceptance of the power and potential of sport as a development tool. 3. 20 international and over 18 regional conferences were organized during the year, connecting the role of sport with the issues of development, health, culture, environment, peace, gender and education. 4. The Sport for Development and Peace International Working Group (SDP IWG) was established, a four-year policy initiative that strives to develop policy recommendations on incorporating sport as a tool for development and peace was launched as part of IYSPE 2005 at the
  34. 34. United Nations. 5. Thousands of international and local projects, using sport and physical education as tools for education, health, development and peace have been initiated. 6. Actors which were not involved prior to the year are now involved. 7. Millions of people have been sensitized to our goals and objectives. During IYSPE 2005, major efforts were made by Olympic Games organizers, the Global Sports Alliance and other organizations to incorporate environmental sustainability in the planning and conduct of major sporting events. Two conferences on sport and the environment were held, namely, the “Sixth World Conference on Sport and Environment” in Kenya and the “Sports Summit for the Environment” in Japan. IYSPE 2005 has been a launching pad. The United Nations has proved it has the ability to help Governments and communities harness the positive aspects of sport and channel them in a coordinated way. The Year illustrated the role of sport and physical education for a quality education with mandatory physical education recognized in a number of countries as a universal pillar to foster education, health and personal development. Sport and physical education have been recognized for the important role they play in improving public health; and sport as a universal language has been found to bridge social, religious, racial and gender divides, hence contributing to lasting peace. Despite the benefits for society through sports programmes, specific difficulties and obstacles encountered have been identified. In our continuing efforts to implement Sport for Development and Peace initiatives, it is important to: 1. Recognize sport for all and physical education as national priorities. One major inconsistency we have encountered is the fact that on one hand there is consensus about the important role sport can play regarding the resolution of social problems such as obesity, discrimination, marginalization and gender inequalities; yet, on the other hand, sport is being accorded reduced budgetary allowances, or in the worst case, is being entirely cut out of policies and budgets. The most obvious example is the simultaneous growth in acknowledgement of the value of physical education/school sport in improving health, holistic development and social inclusion and its marginalization within the educational systems of many countries. 2. Implement sustainable sports programmes to address social problems. We know that specific issues such as the increasing problem of obesity and a general lack of movement in large parts of the populations of many countries are identified and can be partly resolved by using sport as a tool to improve health, promote holistic development, peace and national harmony. But the implementation of adequate and sustainable programmes and campaigns necessitates community ownership and the allocation of adequate resources not solely to elite sport but rather to community sports activities. 3. Use sport as a vehicle for combating discrimination, achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. Sport can provide a basis to develop the participation of all sectors of society, including the disabled, women and girls, the impoverished, the aged, and other marginalized individuals and communities, in sport at all levels.
  35. 35. 4. Coordinate sport for development and peace programmes and policies using an agreed institutional framework. The international community, including the United Nations, has identified the need for a structure within which to govern and coordinate programmes and policies related to sport. The role of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Sport for Development and Peace, the Sport for Development and Peace International Working Group (SDP IWG), inter-governmental organizations, national sports committees and various platforms contribute to the institutional framework necessary to enable coherent policy and the implementation of successful programmes. 5. Enhance global "Sport for Development and Peace" coordination. Stronger collaboration and coordinated strategies for partnerships are needed between governments, sports organizations, the private sector and NGOs on the local, regional, national and international levels. This is a precondition for agreements to help countries gain expertise and share experiences in order to work against regional imbalances in sport programmes and policies. Sports organizations must be encouraged to promote professionalism in sport instruction and to help countries increase participation in sport. Particular obstacles encountered in implementing sport for all policies and programmes include: -A lack of adequate resources, and in some cases competition among stakeholders for limited funding; -Insufficient monitoring and evaluation to gauge the effectiveness of programmes; -A lack of awareness of the positive benefits of sport to encourage greater public participation; -The increasing costs of participating in sport and excessive focus on sport for the talented; -Regional imbalances in sport programmes; and -In schools, a lack of capacity among teachers and principals to introduce effective physical education curricula, and a lack sports and physical education infrastructure. Next Steps With the adoption on 3 November 2006, by the United Nations General Assembly, of the report of the Secretary-General and Plan of Action on Sport for Development and Peace, the international community has been provided a framework within which to move forward Sport for Development and Peace initiatives. The Plan of Action is an important next step in advancing Sport for Development and Peace within the United Nations system and by all stakeholders. It encourages stakeholders across a broad spectrum to expand their activities and increase their cooperation. The Plan of Action particularly encourages private sector sports companies and sports industry organizations to address social and environmental impacts of operations and across supply chains. However, while the Plan of Action is a critical step forward, more definite benchmarks for national governments, as well as the United Nations, together with a monitoring and reporting framework are still needed in order to fully galvanize governments and United Nations agencies to realize the tremendous power that sport offers as a tool for development and peace.

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