Personal Protective Equipment, Part 1

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Personal Protective Equipment, Part 1

  1. 1. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) TRAINING PART 1
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Importance of personal protective equipment (PPE) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory background </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA’s PPE Standard </li></ul><ul><li>BGSU’s written PPE Program </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation assistance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Importance of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) <ul><li>When hazards can not be eliminated through engineering and /or administrative controls, PPE must be used to protect the eyes, face, head, feet, hands, arms, body, ears, and lungs. </li></ul><ul><li>Preventable Injuries (BGSU History) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical burns to the eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical irritation to the eyes and skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Particulate matter in the eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat burns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slips, trips, and falls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuts and abrasions </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Importance of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) <ul><li>What is PPE? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment that workers wear to protect themselves from hazards in their work environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>hearing protection safety goggles </li></ul><ul><li>respirators safety glasses </li></ul><ul><li>hard hats safety shoes </li></ul><ul><li>gloves </li></ul>
  5. 5. Regulatory Background <ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Employees Risk Reduction Act of 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Employees Risk Reduction Program (PERRP) </li></ul>
  6. 6. OSHA’s PPE Standard 29 CFR 1910 Subpart I <ul><li>Requires protection devices be used and maintained when hazards can not be eliminated through engineering and/or administrative controls </li></ul><ul><li>Sets requirements for design and adequacy </li></ul><ul><li>Requires documented PPE hazard assessments and equipment selection </li></ul><ul><li>Requires documented training and retraining when necessary </li></ul>
  7. 7. OSHA’s PPE Standard 29 CFR 1910 Subpart I <ul><li>Establishes regulations for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye and Face Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foot Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical Protective Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appendix A – References for Further Information </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix B – Non-mandatory Compliance Guidelines for Hazard Assessment and Personal Protective Equipment Selection </li></ul>
  8. 8. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Policy Statement </li></ul><ul><li>Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Applicability </li></ul>
  9. 9. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management (Department Chairpersons and Directors) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Specialist Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>coordinating the PPE Program; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assisting departments with hazard assessments, analysis of injury / illness data, selection of PPE and training; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>considering and assisting in the implementation of engineering controls for recognized hazards and; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maintaining copies of hazard assessments, reassessments, and PPE selection documentation. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Management Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supplying PPE to employees at no cost and; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing employees with adequate training. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Supervisor Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>attending the PPE 1 training session offered by Environmental Health and Safety; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>performing hazard assessments and reassessments; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fitting employees with PPE, issuing PPE, and providing the manufacturers instructions for use, care, limitations, and warnings; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing documentation to Environmental Health and Safety of hazard assessments and reassessments; </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Supervisor Responsibilities (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ensuring all employees are trained on the PPE program and it’s requirements; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maintaining records of hazard assessments, reassessments, training, retraining, and PPE selection; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enforcing the PPE program by ensuring that all subordinates comply with all facets of BGSU’s PPE program, including inspection and maintenance and; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing a copy of the PPE Program to employees upon their request. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Employee Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>attending the PPE 2 training session offered by Environmental Health and Safety; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>properly wearing, cleaning, maintaining, and inspecting all assigned PPE, according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and following the PPE program requirements; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>returning all damaged PPE to their immediate supervisor, to receive a replacement and; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>only using the PPE provided by the university. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Introduction <ul><li>Program Enforcement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A violation of a University employee’s responsibility must be reported to the employee’s immediate supervisor for appropriate action. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>The hazard assessment used to determine hazards in the workplace include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penetration hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compression hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmful dust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optical radiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noise hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Impact hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Falling objects or potential for dropping objects. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Penetration Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Objects or machinery that may cause punctures, cuts, or abrasions. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Compression Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machinery/heavy objects that may roll over and crush or pinch feet. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Chemical Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical exposures from inhalation or contact with the skin and eyes. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Heat Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot work areas and sources of high temperature that could result in burns, eye injury, or ignition of PPE. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Harmful Dust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dust from sandblasting, sawing, grinding, or other generation of airborne dust. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Optical Radiation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources of light radiation (welding, cutting, lasers, high intensity lights). </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Biological Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposures to blood or other body fluids, mold, or other biological exposures. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Noise Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive noise (louder than a hair dryer). </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Electrical Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specify. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>In order to assess the need for PPE, the following steps must be taken: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each immediate supervisor shall conduct a hazard assessment for all positions under their supervision using the BGSU PPE Hazard Assessment form (see Appendix A). A copy of the completed report must be sent to Environmental Health and Safety. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering controls must be considered and implemented, where possible, to abate any hazards found. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The information found in the hazard assessment will be used to determine what tasks require PPE. </li></ul>
  28. 28. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Chemical Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas and departments must maintain a current list of hazardous chemicals used in their local operations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area and department supervisors are responsible for conducting, maintaining, and updating the inventory for the employees work location. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sample hazardous materials inventory is located in Tab 1. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment <ul><li>Material Safety Data Sheets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the responsibility of the supervisor to ensure that MSDSs for all hazardous substances identified on the hazardous materials inventory are available and accessible to all employees when they would be working with chemicals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MSDSs contain important information on appropriate PPE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sample MSDS and labeling information is located in Tab 1. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Re-Assessment <ul><li>Supervisors must periodically reassess the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>If job hazards or PPE have changed, simply indicate this on the PPE Hazard Assessment form and return to Environmental Health and Safety or contact the Occupational Safety and Health Specialist for re-evaluation. </li></ul>
  31. 31. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Re-Assessment <ul><li>Elements to consider in the reassessment include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>       Effectiveness of PPE Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       Injury and illness experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       Levels of exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       Adequacy of equipment selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       Number of hour's workers wear various PPE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       Adequacy of training/fitting of PPE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       Program costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       The adequacy of program records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       Coordination with overall safety and health program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>       New equipment and/or processes </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Hazard Assessment Example <ul><li>Example located in Tab 2 </li></ul>
  33. 33. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Selection Guidelines <ul><li>After completion of the hazard assessment, Environmental Health and Safety will assist in the following procedures used for selection of personal protective equipment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review possible engineering and/or administrative controls before deciding to use PPE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Match the potential hazards with the most appropriate types of PPE using the PPE Selection Guidelines found in Appendix B of this program. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If, during the hazard assessment, a noise or respiratory hazard is indicated, the Occupational Safety and Health Specialist will provide additional program information and evaluation. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Selection Guidelines <ul><li>Careful consideration must be given to comfort and fit. Departments must provide the user with proper, well-fitted protective devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Defective and damaged equipment or PPE shall not be used. </li></ul><ul><li>After the equipment has been purchased and issued, employees and supervisors will be required to attend the PPE 2 training session. </li></ul>
  35. 35. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Selection Guidelines <ul><li>Example located in Tab 3 </li></ul>
  36. 36. Hazard Assessment and PPE Selection Example <ul><li>Eye and Face Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Potential splash from chemicals while cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Protection Recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical goggles - i.e.: Econ 500 </li></ul>
  37. 37. Hazard Assessment and PPE Selection Example <ul><li>Foot Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for slips and falls on wet surfaces (i.e. cleaning showers, using scrubbers) </li></ul><ul><li>Protection Recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber shoes or boot covers should be worn on wet surfaces for traction </li></ul>
  38. 38. Hazard Assessment and PPE Selection Example <ul><li>Hand Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Potential penetration/abrasion/cut hazard during trash removal, moving bed springs and frames, working around sharp metal objects, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection Recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>Cut resistant gloves should be worn where there is a possible penetration hazard - i.e. Flex Tuff Gloves </li></ul>
  39. 39. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Training <ul><li>PPE1 training session (This Session) </li></ul><ul><li>PPE2 training session </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The importance of personal protective equipment; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An overview of BGSU’s written program and where it is located; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When PPE is necessary; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What PPE is necessary; </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Training <ul><li>PPE2 training session (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to wear assigned PPE; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of PPE and; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal of assigned PPE. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supervisors are responsible for fitting employees with PPE, issuing PPE, and providing the manufacturers instructions for use, care, limitations, and warnings (Example located in Tab 4). </li></ul>
  41. 41. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Re-Training <ul><li>Circumstances where retraining is required include, but are not limited to, situations where: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in the workplace or changes in the types of PPE to be used which would render previous training obsolete or; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequacies in an employee's or supervisor’s knowledge in the use of the assigned PPE. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Re-Training <ul><li>When retraining occurs, a written certification that contains the name of each employee trained, the date, and the subject of the certification is required. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Environmental Health and Safety for questions or concerns. </li></ul>
  43. 43. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Cleaning and Maintenance <ul><li>It is important that all PPE be kept clean and properly maintained by the employee assigned to the equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning is particularly important for eye and face protection. Dirty or fogged lenses can impair vision. </li></ul><ul><li>PPE is to be inspected, cleaned, and maintained by employees at regular interval and as stated in the manufacture’s instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  44. 44. BGSU’s Written PPE Program Cleaning and Maintenance <ul><li>If the piece of PPE is in need of repair or replacement, it is the responsibility of the employee to bring it to the immediate attention of his/ her supervisor. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use PPE if it is in need of repair or if it is not able to perform its intended function. </li></ul><ul><li>Contaminated PPE, which cannot be decontaminated, must be disposed of in a manner that protects employees from exposure to the hazard. To inquire about the proper disposal methods of contaminated PPE, contact Environmental Health and Safety’s Safety and Health Coordinator at 372-2171. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Environmental Health and Safety Implementation Assistance <ul><li>Environmental Health and Safety will assist departments with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hazard assessments and re-assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>implementation of engineering controls for recognized hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>selection of PPE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analysis of injury / illness data to aid in evaluation of selected PPE </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Summary <ul><li>Importance of personal protective equipment (PPE) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory background </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA’s PPE Standard </li></ul><ul><li>BGSU’s written PPE Program </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation assistance </li></ul>
  47. 47. Where to Get More Information <ul><li>http://www.osha.gov/ . Occupational Safety and Health Administration. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/envhs/ppe/documents/ppeprogram.pdf . Bowling Green State University. Hazard Communication Program. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/envhs/ppe/respiratory/documents/respiratory_protection_program.PDF . Bowling Green State University. Respiratory Protection Program. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/envhs/ppe/hearing/index.htm . Bowling Green State University. Hearing Conservation Program. </li></ul>

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