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Computer Software 7/2/10
 

Computer Software 7/2/10

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    Computer Software 7/2/10 Computer Software 7/2/10 Presentation Transcript

    • Computer Software
    • Objectives
      • Describe the software components of a typical software package
      • Describe the way an operating system manages each computer resource
      • Describe key features of popular software
      • List types of software available
      • Explain how to install and uninstall software
      • Describe rights associated with software: for users and programmers
    • Software
      • Software is the instructions and associated data, stored in electronic format, that direct the computer to accomplish a task.
      • Software includes
        • A computer program is a set of detailed, step-by-step instructions that tells a computer how to solve a problem or carry out a task
        • Main executable file
        • Support module
        • Data module
    • Programmers and Computer Languages
      • Computer programmers write the instructions for the computer programs
      • Software publishers distribute the software, they specialize in packaging, marketing, and selling commercial software
      • A computer language provides the tools that a programmer uses to create software
        • Source code
        • High-level languages
    • Programmers and Computer Languages
      • A compiler translates all of the instructions in a program as a single batch
      • The resulting machine language instructions are called the object code
      • An alternative to a compiler is an interpreter , that converts one instruction at a time while program is running
        • Scripts
          • JavaScript
          • VBScript
    • software Types
      • Software is categorized as either application software or system software
        • Application software is designed to be used for a purpose such as drawing designs, creating documents, etc.
        • System software is designed to help the computer carry out the basic operating functions
          • Operating systems, utilities, and drivers
    • Operating System
      • An operating system (OS) is the master controller for all of the activities that take place within a computer.
        • Microsoft Windows XP, Mac OS, Linux, UNIX
      • The operating system also interacts with the next functional layer called application software.
      • An operating system manages resources (any component that is required to perform work)
    • OS manage processor resources
      • It ensures the microprocessor doesn’t spin its wheels waiting for input while it could be working on other processing tasks
      • Ideally, the OS is able to help the microprocessor switch tasks so that everything seems to be happening at the same time
      • The OS also must ensure that the microprocessor does sit idle
    • OS keep track of storage resources
      • The OS acts as a filing clerk
      • It remembers the names and locations of all your files and keeps track of empty spaces where new files can be stored
      • OS controls peripherals to ensure input and output proceeds in an orderly fashion
    • User Interface
      • A user interface can be defined as the combination of hardware and software that helps people and computers communicate with each other
        • Graphical user interface (GUI)
        • Command-line user interface
    • Where is the operating system?
      • The OS’s small bootstrap program resides in ROM and provides the instructions to load the core parts into memory when system boots
      • This component is called the kernel
    • Operating System Types
      • Single-user operating system
      • Multi-user operating system
      • Network operating system
      • Multitasking operating system
      • Desktop operating system
        • Windows,
        • Mac OS,
        • Linux,
        • Unix, and
        • DOS
    • Application Software
      • Word processing software is used for producing reports, letters, papers, and manuscripts.
      • Desktop publishing software helps you use graphic design techniques to enhance the format and appearance of a document.
      • Web authorizing software helps you design and develop customized Web pages
    • Application Software
      • Accounting and Finance, Mathematical Modeling, and Statistical Software
        • Accounting and finance software
          • Personal finance software
        • Tax preparation software
        • Small business accounting software
        • Statistical software
        • Mathematical modeling software
    • Application Software
      • Data management software helps you to store, find, organize, update, and report information
        • File management software
        • Database management software
      • Graphics Software: a software you do need to work with drawings, photos, and other pictures?
    • Application Software
      • Graphics – refers to any picture, drawing, sketch, photograph, image or icon that appears on your computer screen
      • Graphics Software
        • Paint software
        • Photo editing software
        • Drawing software
    • Application Software
      • Music Software
        • Audio editing software – lets you make your own digital voice and music recording
          • MP3
          • MP3 Player
          • CD ripper
          • MP3 encoding software
          • Ear training software
          • Notation software
          • Computer-aided software
          • Midi sequencing software
    • Application Software
      • Video Editing Software
        • Video editing software provides a set of tools for transferring video footage, editing video, adding special effects, and adding a sound track
      • Educational and Reference Software
        • Educational software – helps you to learn and practice new skills
          • MindTwister Math
          • 3-D Froggy Phonics
          • SAT
          • GMAT
          • LSAT
    • Application Software
      • Reference software – provides you with a collection of information and a way to access that information
        • Encyclopedias
          • Microsoft Encarta
          • Grolier’s encyclopedia
          • Comptons encyclopedia
          • World Book
          • Britannica
        • Dictionaries
    • Application Software
      • Entertainment Software
        • Computer games
          • Role-playing games
          • Action games
          • Adventure games
          • Puzzle games
          • Simulation games
          • Sports games
          • Strategy games
    • Application Software
      • Business Software
        • Vertical market software
        • Horizontal market software
          • Payroll software
          • Accounting software
          • Project management software
        • Groupware
    • Why is it necessary to install software?
      • When you install software, the new software files are placed in the appropriate folders on your computer’s hard disk
        • Copy files from distribution disk
        • Uncompress files
        • Analyze computer’s resources
        • Analyze hardware components and peripheral devices
        • Look for any system files and players
        • Update necessary system files
    • Software Installation Issues
      • A setup program guides you through the installation process
      • Following the program will make installation easy
      • Sometimes files are zipped , so they must be unzipped
      • Other types
        • Self-installing software
        • Self-executing zip file
        • Manual download and install
      • Uninstall routine deletes the software’s files
      • A copyright is a form of legal protection
        • Purchaser has right to copy software to a computer’s hard disk in order to install it
        • Purchaser can make a backup copy
        • Purchaser is allowed to copy and distribute sections of a software program for use in critical reviews and teaching
      • Most software displays a copyright notice
      • A software license is a legal contract that defines the ways in which you may use a computer program
      • A shrink-wrap license goes into effect as soon as you open the packaging