NCCC assists the Government writing its policy and offer guidance on how to anticipate to the impacts of climate change and how to respond to the dynamics of the international commitments to fight global warming.
Stake holders Gov bodies 16 agencies Regional governments Research and education institutes NGOs
SLIDE 4 – National Committee In order to anticipate the recent changes in the national political orientation ( viz. greater autonomy of the local governments), as well as the ever-increasing international activity in climate change-related issues, we are now trying to reform the National Committee. It will be called as the National Committee on Climate Change or NCCC, to be chaired by the Minister of the Environment, which membership consists of 16 concerned government institutions. NCCC will be assisting the Government of Indonesia (GOI) to write its policy and general guidance on how to anticipate to the impact of climate change and how to respond to the dynamics of the international commitments to fight global warming. In relation to the CDM or other non-Kyoto’s emission-offset activity, NCCC will establish and guide the National Board on CDM or
When Annex I countries look to gain Carbon emission credits through CDM projects, indications of the host country’s preparedness are: Ratification of the Kyoto protocol, Appointment of a Designated National Authority (DNA), Approved Criteria for National approval of CDM projects, and a growing number of projects approved (“The Kyoto Protocol, the Carbon…”). Shortly after the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol the ministry of environment immediately took the necessary steps toward attracting CDM projects by setting up a DNA to oversee the CDM process. The DNA is comprised of a national CDM board that consist of state ministries for Environment, Energy and Mineral Resources, Forestry, Transportation, and Finance, representatives of local government and relevant representatives from the private sectors, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community groups(Napitupulu, Tanujaya, Soejachmoen. 2). These are considered the main stakeholders in CDM projects. The NDA also carries out day to day operations such as managing an internet data base, and building CDM capacity (NSS xvii). The job of the DNA is to agree on a national sustainability criteria for CDM projects and to approve nominated CDM projects (Napitupulu, Tanujaya, Soejachmoen 2). The system of approval takes about 10 weeks and proposals go through thorough review. The project is reviewed publicly on a website, reviewed by the CDM board and secretariat several times, undergoes technical evaluation, possibly undergoes evaluation by an expert group, reviewed in a stakeholder form meeting, possibly revised, then decided upon by the CDM board (Napitupulu, Tanujaya, Soejachmoen 14). The CDM board must make sure that it follows the criteria for sustainable development. Some of the guidelines found on the DNA’s official website are: not lowering the local community’s income, environmental sustainability by practicing natural resource conservation or diversification, not imposing any health risk, local community participation in the project, not triggering any conflicts among local communities, not causing dependencies on foreign parties in knowledge and appliance operation (transfer of know-how), enhancing the capacity and utilization of local technology (dna-cdm.menlh.go.id/en). Indonesia, with the financial and technical support from the World Bank and Deutsche Gasellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), has set up a policy permitting it to maximize potential benefits from CDM cooperation (NSS xii).
Consist of representatives from various government agencies, NGOs, academic and business communities.
Strengthen the coordination between government institutions.
Develop national institutions to anticipate climate change.
Evaluate the implementation of UNFCCC and KP.
Develop global cooperation and partnership in dealing with CC issues.
Represent Indonesia in the COP’s meetings and high level summits related to the convention and the protocol.
Encourage active participation of all stakeholders in dealing with CC.
Encourage and guide R&D in related sectors.
Encourage and guide technology transfers in order to reduce GHG in all sectors.
Secretary: Deputy Min. for Env. Conservation of MOE Vice Secretary: Head of AMG Chair: Minister of Environment Secretariat /Support. Unit: Climate & Atmospheric Affairs, MOE NDPA DOFA DOFO DOHRI DEMR DIT DOT DOA DOH DOHA DOFI MORT DMF NISA The National Committee on Climate Change MOE = Ministry of the Environment AMG = Agency for Meteorology and Geophysics NDPA = National Development Planning Agency DOFA = Department of Foreign Affairs DOFO = Department of Forestry DOHRI= Department of Housing and Regional Infrastructure DEMR = Department of Energy and Mineral Resources DIT = Department of Industry and Trade DOT = Department of Transportation DOA = Department of Agriculture DOH = Department of Health DOHA= Department of Home Affairs DOFI = Department of Finance MORT= Ministry of Research and Technology DMF = Department of Maritime and Fisheries NISA = National Institute for Space & Aeronautics
As oil prices rise the cost of subsidies increases causing major fiscal strain
Implications of subsidies on energy use
Since oil is under priced in Indonesia there is a tendency to overuse.
Energy use per GDP has increased slightly while in most countries it has decrease by approximately 1% a year reflecting increased efficiency.
Indonesian can increase the economic incentive for energy efficiency reducing CO2 emission
Side Note: While OPEC is the sworn enemy of the Kyoto Protocol and emission reduction measures, yet it has probably done the most to curb climate change by inflating prices and making cleaner option viable.