2003-2004 HES Extension
Campus Annual Report
Jo Britt-Rankin, MS, PhD, Associate Dean
College of Human Environmental Sciences
University of Missouri
• This year the second "Report on the State of Missouri Families" highlighting the
needs of Missouri families was released. This report included a website,
statewide brochure, a fact sheet for every Missouri county, news releases, and
county-specific PowerPoint presentations.
• In an effort to extend the reach of our programs to more people, the
MissouriFamilies website was created. At present, this website includes answers
to over 1,000 questions about health, human development, nutrition, fitness,
housing and personal finance. Findings from Internet search engines indicate that
online readers regularly seek our information about nutrition and divorce.
Currently, the website is accessed once every minute.
• The Building Strong Families Program continued collaboration with
internationally known family strengths researchers at the University of Nebraska.
We have 42 Nebraska Extension specialists and community partners as
facilitators. The Building Strong Families program design team has certified 350
Extension specialists and paraprofessionals and community agency staff to offer
the program statewide. This group has taught 3,246 (1,165 this year) individuals.
• The High School Financial Planning Program is a curriculum targeted at high
school students that teaches financial planning basics. In the 2002-2003 school
year, teachers/volunteer leaders in 136 schools taught 6,755 youth.
• In 2003, almost 2,803 people have requested home ownership information
through the Missouri Housing Partners Initiative (MHP). One of the current
objectives of MHP is to provide significantly enhanced program access by going
• Web-based learning has been a central theme in the work of the Missouri Textile
and Apparel Center as they expanded their online outreach resources to textile
manufacturers across the mid-west.
• The Focus On Kids (FOK) program is taught to divorcing parents in cooperation
with the local circuit courts. Seventeen extension regional specialists and eight
campus faculty provided FOK in 30 Missouri counties. During the last year, there
were over 3,000 participants. Most of the FOK participants indicated that they
planned to make a stronger effort to work with their former spouses for the sake
of the children, as a result of attending the program.
• Over 200 childcare providers, school personnel, healthcare professionals and
other professionals working with families were trained to support children
experiencing parental divorce and remarriage through the Families and divorce
program. Most participants agreed that the program helped them better
understand the needs and reactions of children of various ages to divorce,
provided helpful suggestions for supporting children experiencing parental
divorce, and increased their awareness of resources for divorcing parents.
• Child care providers are the critical link between program quality and children’s
experiences. Unfortunately, the field is plagued by alarmingly high rates of
turnover. Missouri is pilot-testing a workforce development initiative (WIN) that
pays bi-annual cash incentives to child care providers based on their educational
attainment, ongoing professional development, and continued employment in the
same early childhood program. To date, 767 early childhood professionals from
child care centers and family child care homes in select rural, urban, and suburban
counties are participating in the incentive program. Ultimately, we hope to
improve children’s child care experiences by strengthening the provider
• In 2002, professionals from across the nation were trained to address violence in
the lives of girls and young women during a national satellite downlink.
Materials from this program have been distributed to 26 states.
• Family Nutrition is a statewide nutrition education program bringing the latest
research-based information to low-income Missourians. Over 120
paraprofessional educators work with clients individually and in small groups—in
their homes, in schools and at agencies. About 199,000 Missourians learned ways
to prevent obesity and chronic diseases through nutrition and fitness.
• Food Power is a fun, interactive program that teaches K-5th grade students about
food and physical activity. It includes a walk-through exhibit, Food Power
Adventure, in which 45,526 elementary students in 182 schools participated.
More than 3,500 parents and other community volunteers were involved in
engaging the students in the activities in the nine lessons included in the exhibit.
Food Power Classroom Activities were presented by 2,648 teachers to prepare the
students for their Adventure experience and to reinforce the lessons learned.
Human Environmental Sciences (HES) Extension conducts educational programs in
support of the social, physical, environmental and financial well being of Missouri
citizens. In cooperation with our college’s academic departments, HES Extension creates
research-based programs that are designed to meet the needs identified by Missouri
residents. These programs consider the special needs of rural, suburban, and urban
populations in their own environments.
Values upon which we base our mission:
Human: Our work is people centered. Through education we reach out to diverse
individuals and families across the lifespan. Emphasis is placed on programs for
vulnerable populations to help them improve their life quality.
Environmental: Our goal is to improve the quality of life for people in the
environments in which they live, work, learn and relax.
Sciences: Our profession is based upon social and natural sciences. We provide
unbiased, research-based information and access to the knowledge base of the University
of Missouri System and Lincoln University.
The University of Missouri Human Environmental Sciences program is committed to
creating educational programs to improve the lives of Missouri families. Faculty address
needs in the areas of Consumer and Family Economics, Housing and Environmental
Design, Human Development and Family Studies, Nutritional Sciences, and Textile and
Faculty from the four University of Missouri campuses as well as regional HES
Extension specialists are committed to developing educational opportunities that best
meet the audience needs. Whether face-to-face, on the web, via interactive television, or
using media, HES programs are available when and where the audience is. This year
specialists were able to make over 1,775,000 educational contacts. This includes
approximately 45,000 children who participated in the Body Walk Program, over
190,000 persons who participated in the Family Nutrition Education Program, 3,000
divorcing parents who participated in the Focus on Kids Program. An additional 850,000
(over 2,300/day) visited the MissouriFamilies website which provides research-based
information and education 24 hours per day.
HES faculty collaborate extensively with local, state, and national partners to provide
seamless educational opportunities to Missouri families. Our faculty are dedicated to
“improving the lives of all Missourians.”
Consumer and Family Economics (CFE)
Sandra Huston, Assistant Professor and State Specialist
Brenda Procter, Associate State Specialist and Instructor
Lucy Schrader, Extension Associate
Robert Weagley, Department Chair
The mission of Consumer and Family Economics Extension is “improving people’s
financial lives and teaching families to identify and build on strengths.”
• The most recent IRS estimates based on 2002 tax filing data indicate that 75 million
earned income tax credit (EITC) dollars are unclaimed in the state of Missouri. In
addition, 68% of EITC filers used paid preparation services and about half pay
additional fees for costly refund advance loans. Providing these low income
individuals and families access to free tax preparation services would free up an
estimated additional 75 million dollars for consumption and asset building
opportunities for working families and individuals who qualify for the EITC.
• A survey sponsored by the Jumpstart Coalition for Personal Financial Literacy shows
that in 2002, on average 12th graders earned a failing grade in personal financial
literacy. Only 50.2% of personal finance questions were answered correctly, down
from 51.9% in the 2000 survey and 57.3% in 1997.
• According to the 2003 Retirement Survey, 61% of workers surveyed and more than
half of all worker households have not calculated how much money they will need to
save for retirement. Of those who have done a retirement calculation, 36% do not
know or remember how much they will need to save by the time they retire, and two-
thirds did the calculation more than a year ago. In addition, many who say they have
done a calculation have used less-than-reliable methods such as guessing or
estimating a figure based on the state of the economy or inflation.
• Nationwide over $95 billion is due in child support payments, with nearly $2 billion
of child support having gone unpaid to Missouri parents, according to the 2003
Preliminary Data Preview Report issued by the Office of Child Support Enforcement.
• According to U. S. Census Bureau report, Poverty in the United States: 2002, nearly 1
in 10 individuals in Missouri lived in poverty during 2000-2002.
• The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that the cost of raising a child to age 17
was $173,880 in 2002 (for middle income families).
• The Missouri Division of Finance reports over 2 million “payday loans” were
extended during the period from October 1, 2001 through September 30, 2002, with
an average APR of 391.07%.
Building Strong Families. The Building Strong Families Program continued
collaboration with internationally known family strengths researchers at the University of
Nebraska. We co-presented a Building Strong Families session at the Children, Youth
and Families At Risk Conference in May 2003. We continue to train facilitators in
Missouri and Nebraska. We provided five customized trainings this past year, adding 69
facilitators to our ranks.
Through the Taxpayer Education Initiative we have saved 1,300 taxpayers
approximately $227,500 in tax preparation fees and have processed approximately
$2.6 million in refunds. We have offered 14 money management workshops to
200 community action clients receiving energy assistance, and all clients have
been provided educational materials at our nine free tax preparation pilot sites.
High School Financial Planning Program. The High School Financial Planning Program
is a curriculum targeted at high school students that teaches financial planning basics.
The program is sponsored by the Cooperative Extension System and provided by the
National Endowment for Financial Education (NEFE). Teachers/volunteer leaders
receive the curriculum and student workbooks at no charge from NEFE. State and
Regional Consumer and Family Economics Specialists use and also market the program
to high school teachers in family and consumer sciences, math, economics, social studies,
and government and to youth groups.
In the 2003-2004 fiscal year, teachers/volunteer leaders in approximately 150
schools/programs were utilizing the curriculum reaching nearly 7,000 youth.
Money Action Plan. Money Action Plan (M.A.P.) is a seven-module curriculum
focusing on the basic practices and skills important to sound family financial
management. This train-the-trainer curriculum is directed to social service agency
personnel and other helping professionals who regularly work with low-income
households and households with limited financial experience. These professionals have
regular contact with the target audience, but often lack training in basic financial
management practices and skills to be of real help to their clients on financial matters.
This curriculum covers not only the necessary financial background for these
professionals to work effectively with their clients on financial matters, but also provides
training on the skills important to financial counseling and teaching in small groups.
The Money Action Plan was highlighted at the 21st Century Families Conference this
year and as a result has been ordered and adopted for use in Arkansas, Florida, and
Mississippi. Plans are currently being made to hold a statewide training for Missouri
Extension Specialists in the fall of 2004.
Building Strong Families: Challenges and Choices. Program Description: Building
Strong Families: Challenges and Choices draws from an interactive, 13-module
curriculum to provide a series of life skills workshops for working families with
dependents. Individual groups can customize the multi-session program by choosing
from the following topics: Family Strengths, Communicating, Managing Stress, Child
Self-Care, Food and Fitness, Working, Setting Goals, Positive Discipline, Money
Matters, Balancing Responsibilities, Consumer Beware, Healthy House, and Kids & Self-
The Building Strong Families program design team has certified 350 Extension
specialists and paraprofessionals and community agency staff to offer the program
statewide. To date, 3,246 (1,165 this year) individuals have participated in the program.
Overall, 95% of participants who complete end-of-session evaluation forms after each
workshop session state that they have gained new information or learned a new skill.
Seventy-five percent say they will try the new skill or use the information with their
After attending a series of Building Strong Families sessions, several people reported that
they have used the information from the program to help strengthen their families and to
increase the time they spend with their children.
From the Money Matters session, participants noted that they have discussed goals with
their families, have a better understanding of where their money goes every month, and
developed a spending plan and followed it for a month.
Many participants reported that after attending the program, they now spend more quality
time with their children, use better communication skills with their children, and
understand the communication process better.
Taxpayer Education Initiative. Program Description: This new taxpayer education
initiative builds on our previous efforts of providing free tax preparation services in
conjunction with the IRS Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Extension
faculty provide coordinate and support the efforts of community volunteers provide free
tax assistance to low income, elderly, English as a second language, and disabled
taxpayers. Volunteers are trained using IRS materials and must pass a qualifying exam.
University of Missouri Extension was invited to be part of a multi-state pilot project
including California, Georgia, Michigan, Oklahoma, New Hampshire, Kentucky, and
Missouri, to provide outreach to rural low-income taxpayers. CFE specialists worked
with community action agencies and the IRS to promote family tax credits, coordinate
VITA services, and provide financial education at nine pilot sites in the northeast,
southwest, and central Missouri, including a VITA site on the Columbia campus. A
research study was conducted through the pilot sites to inform initiative developments
and contribute to the body of knowledge regarding the EITC, America's largest anti-
poverty program. Data has been collected and will continue to be analyzed during the
summer of 2004.
Taxpayer information about family tax credits and VITA services was distributed
through the Missouri Families website which receives two visits per minute.
Through the Taxpayer Education Initiative we have saved 1,300 taxpayers
approximately $227,500 in tax preparation fees and have processed approximately
$2.6 million in refunds. We have offered 14 money management workshops to
200 community action clients receiving energy assistance, and all clients have
been provided educational materials at our nine free tax preparation pilot sites.
4-H, Caring Communities, Child Care Providers, Columbia College, Community
Action Agencies, Consumer Debt Counseling, Department of Corrections,
Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Health,
Division of Family Services, Domestic Violence Shelters, Faith Groups, Financial
Services Industry, Grass Roots Organizing (GRO), Head Start, Homeless
Shelters, Lincoln University, Missouri Association for Social Welfare, Missouri
Association for Community Action (MACA), Missouri Center for Budget and
Policy Priorities (MCBPP), National Endowment for Financial Education,
National Welfare Law Center, Probation and Parole, Public Schools, University
of Nebraska-Lincoln, North Dakota State University, Truman State University,
Kirksville Housing Authority, Kirksville TCRC, Northeast Missouri Community
Action Agency, Students in Free Enterprise, Central Missouri Counties Human
Development Corporation, Central Missouri Counties' Human Development
Corporation, Delta Theta Tau Philanthropic Sorority, Jim Sears Technical Center,
Green Hills Community Action Agency, Ozarks Area Community Action
Corporation (in both Stone and Taney County), College of the Ozarks, Healthy
Families Task Force, White River Electric Cooperative, Internal Revenue Service
St. Louis District Office, Internal Revenue Service National Office in Atlanta,
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, and Extension Services in California,
Georgia, Michigan, Oklahoma, New Hampshire, and Kentucky.
Case Histories and Testimonials
From a Building Strong Families Facilitator:
Good Samaritan Center for the Homeless—A facilitator reported that they have 30
families signed up to come to classes once a month. They have about 20-25 coming on a
regular basis. During one of the Building Strong Families workshops, participants started
asking each other questions about their children. Participants were reminding some of
the other mothers what they could do to best support their children. They were using the
program information to help each other look at their lives in different ways and to
improve their relationships with their kids.
A facilitator reported that after a communication class ended, the presenters could not get
participants to leave. About 8-10 of them stayed in class and kept talking about what
they had done in the session and about how they were going to use the skills. The
presenters needed to leave, but were impressed that the participants wanted to stay and
Impact Statements from the Free Tax Preparation Initiative
A community action partner told of a client who sat in her office and cried tears of
joy when she learned that she would receive a refund of over $6,000. A volunteer
in the southwest region told us that she sees VITA as a way of giving back to the
community who had helped her when her life was in crisis. A student volunteer in
Boone County told us that it is "the warm feeling in your heart" that makes the
work worth it to him. A middle age woman came in to one site with a W-2 that
showed a small amount paid in federal taxes. When (the volunteer) finished her
return and told her how much her refund would be, she said (the volunteer) must
have made a mistake because she had only paid in a specific amount and couldn't
get that much back. The volunteer explained to her about the earned income credit
and she said, "You are an angel. I didn't know how I was going to pay for my
insurance next month because of extra expenses this month. Now I can. Thank
you so very, very much."
Two national IRS program officers visited Missouri sites and told us that "(our)
work has far exceeded any expectations they had for the first year of this pilot
project." One of them said, "I am so impressed. Your numbers are great, and the
way you are setting this up in such an organized way will help others who come
on board as we expand. Missouri is further along than any of the other new
HES Campus-Based Specialist Award of Excellence 2004
Grass Roots Organizing Recognition Award 04
Grass Roots Organizing Recognition Award 04
External Leadership Roles and Memberships
National Community Tax Coalition
Grass Roots Organizing (GRO) Board of Directors, Chair
McNair Scholars Committee
MU Extension Diversity Catalyst Team
Director of Outreach and Logistics, Multi-State VITA Missouri Pilot Project
Presentation for Robert Wood Johnson Covering Kids and Families Initiative
MC+ Statewide Coalition
Campus Institutional Review Board
Head Start Conference Presentation
National Community Tax Coalition
American Council on Consumer Interests
High School Financial Planning Program Coordinator
Director of Research and Evaluation, Multi-State VITA Missouri Pilot Project
Environmental Design (EDn)
Ronald G. Phillips, State Extension Specialist and Associate Professor
Michael Goldschmidt, State Extension Specialist/Assistant Professor
Bobbi J. Hauptmann, Extension Assistant
Ruth Brent Tofle, Department Chair
• Indoor air quality and toxic homes are still important health issues this year in
Missouri. Due to changes in work and lifestyle patterns, most people in the US spend
at least 90 percent of their times indoors. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) reports a growing body of scientific evidence showing indoor air might be
more seriously polluted than outdoor air. Children in Missouri are also at high risk of
lead poisoning. The US EPA ranks Missouri 9th among all states for lead-based risks
for children. There is need for education to develop awareness of indoor air pollution
and preventative strategies to reduce risks associated with indoor air and other home
• The national homeownership rate in 2000 was 66.2 percent with Missouri showing a
slightly higher rate. The 2000 census data indicates that homeownership rates may be
increasing, but over 14 million households in the US are seriously cost-burdened and
pay over 50 percent of their income for rent and utilities. In many rural areas of
Missouri, a majority of available housing (for ownership or rental) is 40 years or
older. An average of 200 dollars per month is spent on weatherization and repairs to
maintain adequate livable conditions in these homes. In Missouri, an average of 18
percent of households are considered cost burdened .
• Minority homeownership is in the rise and they will grow even more important to the
housing market in the next 10 years, accounting for an estimated two-thirds of net
new households. Reaching out to these markets is vital to the goals of promoting
homeownership and reducing the number of cost-burdened and inadequately housed
people in the United States. There is a need for homebuyer education programs that
reach a diverse group of audiences.
• Housing Assistance Council report on the state of housing in rural areas show that
there is a shortage of quality affordable housing in rural areas. Two-thirds of the poor
quality housing in the country is in the rural areas. Thus, there is need for
programming that addresses quality affordable housing development in the non-urban
Reaching Underserved Audiences. Clients of the Greater Kansas City Housing
Information Center are more aware of the resources available through University of
Missouri Outreach and Extension because of the involvement of the housing specialist
with the Greater Kansas City Housing Information Center (HIC). Serving on the board
of directors since 1996, the housing and environmental design specialist has provided the
employees and clients of HIC with educational resources focused on specific information
pertinent to poverty stricken households.
The Housing Information Center is located in the heart of the inner city of Kansas City.
The center has been in operation since 1970. Its primary purpose is to assist low-income
individuals and families of all ethnic groups in meeting their housing needs. Their
services include housing counseling services, consumer education, and referral services.
In 1985, the Center expanded its program to include serving the Kansas City homeless
population; and for people living with HIV and their families. Many of the clients of
HIC have been referred to the agency through other agencies and networks knowing that
often HIC will have the contacts necessary for housing placement. Many of the clients
served are facing homelessness.
Working with the Housing Information Center has provided unique opportunities to reach
clientele that generally do not access University of Missouri Outreach and Extension
resources. In 2002, HIC served over 2000 of the poorest households in the greater
Kansas City area on a comprehensive basis with financial and counseling services. In
addition, HIC provided information, referral services and other program delivery to over
18,000 clients in the greater Kansas City metropolitan area. Educational resources
through University of Missouri Outreach and Extension were made available for use with
these individuals and families.
Most families and individuals served by the center are facing extreme financial hardships
and are seeking funding and informational resources to secure housing. Comprehensive
housing counseling, emergency assistance and home sharing provide some alternatives
for these individuals and families. Reaching these households with viable options can
often avoid homelessness. Supporting the HIC staff with useful information is vital to
the success of the Center’s outreach.
Environmental Health - Healthy Indoor Air for America’s Homes. This program is
a national effort to raise citizen awareness about indoor air pollutants and teach them
preventative strategies to improve the air in their homes. The topics covered by this
program include mold and mildew (and other biological pollutants), carbon monoxide
(and combustion pollutants), lead, radon, asbestos, volatile organic compounds,
household hazardous products, secondhand smoke and asthma. People learn about
sources of pollution in the home, health risks and control measures through this program.
USDA CRSEES and US EPA fund this project.
Extension IAQ programs help consumers improve the quality of the air in their home.
Information provided during educational programs helps people to identify common
indoor air pollutants, how they get into the home, their potential effect on the family’s
health, and steps to take to control or eliminate the hazards.
Three group sessions reached 21 individuals. Additional information was provided via
displays, the media and individual contacts. Participants who attended the training on
“Protect Yourself from Carbon Monoxide Poisoning” reported installing a carbon
monoxide alarm because of attending the training.
The participants in the training on Secondhand Smoke completing evaluations at the end
of the workshop indicated that because of attending the session, they could identify the
health risks of children exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke. They also reported they
learned ways to reduce children’s exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke.
The participants who attended training on “Radon in the Home” reported they had tested
their home for radon because of attending the training.
Forty-five fifth grade students participated in an essay contest on clean indoor air
sponsored by the Smoke Free Air for Everyone (SAFE) coalition. The winning essays
were published in the local newspaper and essays were posted in participating smoke-free
Responses to follow-up evaluations indicated that the participants in indoor air quality
training sessions have taken one or more of the following actions to improve the air
quality in their home: took steps to control humidity levels; detected and removed mold,
mildew and other biological hazards; improved/corrected moisture levels; installed a
carbon monoxide detector; tested for radon; and selected and used household products
and home pesticides more wisely. One hundred percent of those responding made at
least one change to improve the air quality in their home.
Rent Smart. Forty-nine agency administrators, caseworkers and landlords from Kansas
City, Independence, and Excelsior Springs and sixty-six people in the Green Hills area
participated in the Rent Smart train-the-trainer program. The program was targeted to
agencies and organizations that serve low-income clients in metropolitan Kansas City and
Green Hills areas.
Much of the housing stock available to low income renters is sub-standard with lead
contamination and other indoor air quality concerns frequently detected. Inadequate
housing has a detrimental effect on the individual household through increased health and
safety risks and higher energy costs. Another issue many low-income families face is
overcrowding with several families living in one unit. These conditions lead to serious
family conflicts and stresses.
Affordable housing is essential to the growth and stability of a community as well as a
basic need of families and individuals. For many families and individuals, finding and
obtaining safe, secure and affordable housing is one of their most difficult challenges.
The Rent-Smart program was designed to assist individuals who are likely to have
difficulty obtaining rental housing. This difficulty may arise from lack of experience,
stigma from previous residency in public housing, poor rental history, poor credit history,
discrimination, and other issues that cause potential landlords to perceive them as high-
Participants learned the basics of budgeting, the rental application process, the legal
aspects of renting a Missouri property, and fair housing rights. The participants also
learned strategies for accessing community resources in apartment searches, and how
to maintain positive landlord-tenant relationships. They also learned about lead
contamination and other indoor air quality hazards and how to keep a home clean
and safe in an economical way.
Each participant received a comprehensive package of resources that were
specifically selected for the end users, the clients. As many resources as possible
were made available in English and Spanish. Many of the resources were purchased
for the caseworkers and landlords to utilize as educational references as well as for
some distribution. Much of the information was developed for easy duplication by
agencies, as materials are needed in the future. A video entitled “Basic Skills: A
Clean and Healthy Home” was made available to checkout and for purchase by the
Most of the participants completed written evaluations following the conclusion of the
program. Evaluations indicated the participants were extremely pleased with the quality,
content, and educational resources received through the program. The participants
reported they expect to share the workshop information with a minimum of 3800 clients
in the next twelve months. Through the evaluation, every program topic covered during
the Rent Smart Seminar was identified by the participants as essential in their work with
low income and Latino clients. When asked specifically what were the most helpful
topics covered, the following responses were reported:
* how to assist clients in cleaning-up credit problems
* Missouri Landlord-Tenant Laws
* landlord/tenant rights and responsibilities
* credit reports and budgeting basics
* fair housing issues and dispute strategies
* renters insurance
* rental application process
* lease agreement information
* legal aspects of renting
* how to handle evictions
* home cleaning strategies
* indoor air quality information
* lead contamination information
* home safety information
* the contact information to community resources
A train-the-trainer model was utilized to implement the Rent Smart program
initiative to targeted communities. Collaboration with established agencies and
organizations serving low income and Latino communities was essential in
delivering the program. Landlords serving specific geographic communities were
encouraged to participate in the training program.
County Weatherization and Maintenance Programs. This program involves various
ways to weatherize and also do simple repairs to a home. It was originally developed and
implemented several years ago to be presented to clients of the Green Hills Community
Action Agency offices. It has also been an integral part of housing education programs in
the Northwest Missouri Region for Outreach and Extension. The program is also a
requirement for utility service clients to receive help with their utility bills over the
winter. Many of these residents are low income, and of various family types, such as
single mother, elderly/single, etc.
A total of 150 people participated in this program in Atchison, Holt, Nodaway, Gentry,
and Worth Counties and 135 participated in Linn, Sullivan, Putnam Grundy, Caldwell,
Daviess, Harrison, Livingston, and Mercer counties.
The lessons are educational, hands-on, informal, and two-way in communication. A
packet of information is given to all participants containing guide sheets with many
illustrations for weatherizing various parts of the home; hands-on examples of tools,
weather-stripping, caulk, etc. A walk through of the interior of the building then around
the outside of the building is done at the beginning of the program, pointing out what to
look for on and around doors, windows, and foundations.
Homebuyer Education - HomeWorks: Maintaining Your Housing Investment,
Missouri Housing Partners Initiative (MHP). Post-purchase education is an important
part of any home-ownership program to facilitate home maintenance and retention. The
HomeWorks program has been designed for first time homebuyers and other
homeowners and provides information about basic home repairs, maintenance and
financial management necessary to successfully maintain a home.
The HomeWorks program was implement in six regions of the state with 75 participants
attending the program. Short versions of this program were presented in the West
Central, Northeast and South Central region to family and consumer science teachers and
community action agencies. Standard PIE evaluation forms were modified and used for
program implementation. Further, modules from the program were adapted to develop a
home safety and security MAFCE leader’s lesson, “Is your home safe inside and out?”
An additional 42 participants received information about home maintenance and safety
through this MAFCE lesson. The evaluation results for both the longer and shorter
version of the program and the MAFCE lesson show that the participants found the
program helpful and informative.
Ninety percent rated the overall quality of program as excellent or good and found the
resource materials useful. All the participants said that they benefited from participating
in the program and rated the information presented as outstanding or good. Outcome
evaluation showed that their confidence level in doing basic maintenance had increased.
Most (75 percent) agreed that their home maintenance practices had improved as a result
of attending the program. Further, outcome evaluations showed that participants adopted
one or more home maintenance and/or post-purchase financial management practices
because of participation of this program. These practices include having an emergency
fund, doing regular basic preventative maintenance, doing pest control, improving
appliance care and energy management, installing smoke and carbon monoxide detectors,
managing mold and mildew in the house and developing an emergency exit plan.
Qualitative or open-ended responses in the evaluation surveys of programs show that they
were effective and helpful for the participants. Some of the open-ended comments are:
Did provide us with some resources to answer our home maintenance questions.
The handouts are very useful and helpful.
I feel I was well informed.
The instructors were well informed; the home inspection section was really good.
I learned about emergency fund, escrow accounts, how to budget for repair,
maintenance, and/or remodeling costs, etc.
Missouri Housing Partners Initiative (MHP). Missouri Housing Partners is an
interdisciplinary programming effort promoting interagency cooperation among
numerous local, state, and federal agencies and organizations. By streamlining access for
homeownership information, the program has provided resource availability and
programs to individuals and families in need of housing in Missouri. The program has
also expanded alternative funding for affordable housing in Missouri.
Population increase and economic growth have affected the demand for new housing in
Missouri. With these new jobs, unprecedented demands for affordable housing have
followed. Many of the newly established jobs are entry level and represent low annual
incomes. Missouri Housing Partner clients exemplify the lower annual incomes of many
families seeking affordable housing. For families seeking information through MHP, the
average reported annual family income for 2002 is $28,200 with a reported annual family
size of 2.92. For 2001, the average reported annual income was $26,437 with a reported
average family size of 3.07.
Research has indicated one of the biggest financial obstacles for first time homebuyers is
lack of money for a down payment. Conventional mortgages often require 20 percent
down payments. One of the specific objectives of MHP is to inform homebuyers of less
expensive options including current programs that often require three to five percent
down payments or less. For 2002, 79 percent of MHP clients have requested down
payment assistance information.
Missouri Housing Partners is specifically targeted for first-time homebuyers; however,
any potential homebuyer needing loan information is encouraged to participate. Most
clients are first time homebuyers and unfamiliar with home financing strategies. For
2002, 47.65 percent of the MHP clients have requested homebuyer education. In 2001,
86 percent of MHP clients requested homebuyer education.
The baseline study found that 24 percent of the respondents indicated they were not
eligible or did not qualify for financing. Based on that percentage, it is estimated that 673
of the 2803 MHP clients found they were not eligible for financing after reviewing MHP
Missouri Housing Partner members recognize the need to provide quality, timely
information to Missouri families seeking homebuyer assistance. Since the beginning of
the program in 1998, MHP members have routinely updated information that has been
provided to program clients. The baseline study found that 88 percent of those surveyed
indicated the information to be useful. The baseline study also indicated that 21.3 percent
of the respondents purchased a home since receiving information through MHP.
Missouri Housing Partners has been successful because each of the participating agencies
worked cooperatively to meet the major objective of the initiative: provide housing
information for potential homebuyers. MHP has established housing interagency
communication and opportunities resulting in resources and program initiatives reaching
far beyond the current program. Those opportunities are expected to grow in the future.
Of the 2803 individuals and families who have requested and received information
through MHP, the majority of request forms were obtained at local University Outreach
and Extension Centers and USDA Rural Development Centers throughout Missouri.
Program access has changed significantly since the request form went online in 2001 and
each month the number of applications received has increased. From January through
December of 2002, 81% of the applications were submitted online compared to 73% in
2001. From January through June of 2003, 85% of the applications have been received
online. The website is located at <http://outreach.missouri.edu/mhp/>.
Housing Alliance: Madison County. The shortage of affordable housing has been an
ongoing problem in Madison County. The flood of 1999 exacerbated the situation.
Some families were forced to move out of the county in order to find affordable adequate
housing. Much of the housing that is available is high cost and of uneven standard. A
housing alliance was formed to determine what the housing needs were in Madison
County. The Housing Alliance grew out of the local agency council (local social service
providers who meet monthly). After the housing issue was raised a number of times in
public meetings, the Housing alliance was formed to follow-up on the issue. The local
East Missouri Action Agency was charged with assisting the alliance. It was felt that as
many interested parties and stakeholders should have the opportunity to have input into
the housing needs of the County. Landlords, tenants, builders, bankers, social service
agencies and more were invited to attend brain-storming sessions.
The issues identified were: (1) there is a housing shortage, (2) this housing shortage
impacts (a) the elderly, (b) quality single or single parent housing (c) middle income
housing for families with an income between 15,000 and 20,000 per year, (3) not all
individuals are capable of living on their own, (4) a percentage of tenants may never be
responsible tenants regardless of the number of opportunities or education, (5) there is a
need for tenant education and possibly transitional housing, (6) there is a need for
landlord education - specifically for resources, (7) slumlords were identified as a
contributing to the housing problem
The housing alliance sends out follow-up information and resources to those who attend
workshops and sends related resources to landlords. A follow-up meeting is held for all
interested parties to discuss the immediate outcome and potential solutions. This process
helps foster a working relationship between landlords, tenants and agencies. It is
anticipated that this partnership will help begin to meet the housing needs, especially
those of low-income and low-income elderly, in the future.
Through group discussion, many of the myths surrounding low-income renters were
dispelled. Landlord discussion helped the landlords realize they were not alone, there
were resources that could help them help meet housing needs in the county and that their
perceptions of housing needs were similar. The majority of the landlords were willing
to make changes and build new homes or apartments or rehabilitate current housing once
they were made aware of some of the housing programs and resources for landlords and
became more aware of tenants needs.
Healthy Homes. The purpose of the program is to help people learn and practice
personal financial skills and in the end, improve their housing situation. The program
involves individual counseling and five workshops in the areas of financial planning,
wise use of credit, financial services, saving and investing, keeping records, taxes,
consumer contracts, and insurance. The counseling session provides time to review
credit reports, individual goals and the development of a financial plan.
Interest in financial education arose because of recognition that some of the clients in
homebuyer education programs needed more financial management skills to qualify for
loans and to be successful homeowners. In addition, some organizations were forming
Individual Development Account (IDA) programs, which require a financial literacy
One hundred eighty participants enrolled and 50 participants completed the Gateway to
Financial Fitness series of five workshops, set financial goals, developed spending plans
and met with budget counselors to evaluate their plans. Almost all of the participants
stated the information in the workshops was helpful and most said that is was very
helpful. Some of the things participants plan to do because of the information presented
in the workshops include: become free of all credit card debt and maintain a savings
account of at least $5,000 for a safety net, start keeping track of all spending not matter
how small, create a plan to get out of debt, start using automatic payments (for bills),
save money for emergencies, become more aware of spending habits, talk about setting
goals with others in the household, evaluate insurance coverage, get disability coverage,
better manage a checkbook, reassess retirement needs, make sure more than the minimum
balance on credit cards is paid, close some credit card accounts, make a will, always read
and understand what documents are signed, keep better records, teach children about
contracts, and expand tax deductions.
Sixty volunteer instructors attended half-day workshops and became aware of how adults
learn and how to apply that information to teaching financial management classes. The
volunteers also attended additional training in the use of the curriculum to prepare them
to facilitate the highly interactive classes.
The program targets several groups: aspiring homeowners with limited incomes and/or a
history of credit problems, current homeowners who are struggling financially because of
poor money management, low incomes or excessive debt; current homeowners who
cannot qualify for affordable home repair loans products; and current or potential
Individual Development Account Participants.
Gateway to Financial Fitness has been a success for many reasons. The idea for a
financial literacy program is timely. The partners are strongly committed and each is
able to contribute in ways that take advantage of their institutional strengths. In our
partnership, UOE was identified as the leader for curriculum development and training
for volunteers and participants.
The Catholic Commission on Housing has budget counselors on staff, therefore, they
were the logical source for individual counseling. The executive directors at NHS and
CCH are both expert grant writers and they took the lead in development of funding for
the coalition. The financial institutions have hundreds of employees who are encouraged
to give community presentations in order to meet Community Reinvestment Act
responsibilities or other corporate objectives; therefore, they are able to greatly expand
the workforce for this project. Organizations hosting the classes are responsible for
recruiting participants and local arrangements.
Evaluations are completed at the end of each workshop. An evaluation committee
consisting of UOE, CCH, and NHS personnel is developing a long-term evaluation to be
completed this summer and in two years. Information from a questionnaire and
individual credit reports that contain income, employment and debt information are used
to determine program effectiveness.
The Northeast Advisory and Access Group (NAAG)
Green Hills Community Action Agency
American Cancer Society
Barton County Health Department
Lamar School District and Community Betterment
Missouri Housing Development Commission
USDA Rural Development
Missouri Rural Opportunities Council
US Housing and Urban Development
US Veterans Administration
UMC School of Journalism - Center for Advanced Social Research
Catholic Commission on Housing (CCH)
Neighborhood Housing Services (NHS)
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
External Leadership Roles and Memberships
United States Green Building Council
American Institute of Architects
AIA Committee on the Environment
Construction Specifications Institute
UMC Institutional Review Board
Human Development and Family Studies
Sara Gable, State Specialist and Associate Professor
Kim Leon, State Specialist and Assistant Professor
Thomas Berger, State Specialist
Kim Webb, Extension Associate
Teresa Cooney, Department Chair
Adolescent Pregnancy Trends
• In 2002, the birth rate for teens in Missouri was 44 per 1,000 for 15-19 year olds.
• Approximately 60 percent of teen mothers report having been the victims of sexual
abuse earlier in their lives.
• The number of low birth weight infants increased in Missouri from 7.3 percent in
1994 to 7.8 percent in 2002.
• Nearly 60 percent of teens that become mothers are living in poverty at the time of
Child Care Trends
• There is a "silent crisis" in U.S. childcare, which includes deficits of quality child care
programs and a poorly prepared and under-compensated workforce.
• The annual turnover rate for center-based and home-based child care providers
averages approximately 30%.
• 64.5% of mothers with children under age 6 and 77.3% of mothers with children ages
6 to 17 are members of Missouri's workforce.
• In Missouri there were 23, 458 divorces in 2000.
• Approximately half of all divorces involve parents who have children under age 18.
• Approximately 25% of divorced parents cooperate in coparenting their child. For the
remaining 75%, there is either little communication between parents, one parent is not
involved, or there is a highly conflictual coparenting relationship.
Focus on Kids (FOK). The Focus On Kids program is taught to divorcing parents in
cooperation with the local circuit courts. The goal is to help parents focus on meeting the
needs of their children. Leadership is provided through HDFS Outreach and Extension.
Seventeen extension regional specialists and eight campus faculty are currently teaching
FOK in 30 Missouri counties. During the last year, there were over 3,000 participants in
FOK classes. The mean age of the participants was 34 years. Because FOK is a court-
mandated program for parents who have filed for divorce, their prevailing attitude at the
beginning of the class is not always very positive. However, at the end of the class, the
participants agree or strongly agree that the program was worthwhile, according to the
statewide evaluation data. In general, the participants also felt that the presenters were
effective and understood the needs of families going through divorce. Most of the FOK
participants indicated that they planned to make a stronger effort to work with their
former spouses for the sake of the children, as a result of attending the program.
Collection of six-month follow-up data from Focus on Kids participants began in 2003
and will continue over the next year. In addition, HDFS faculty (Larry Ganong, Marilyn
Coleman, and Kim Leon) collected survey data from fathers and mothers who have
participated in Focus on Kids to assess their attitudes about coparenting. Data analyses is
Families and Divorce. The Families and Divorce program for professionals (e.g.
teachers, child care providers, etc.) who work with families and children was developed
based on the results of a survey of 71 schools in 11 counties in Missouri, which
demonstrated that 82% perceived a need for training for teachers and other staff in
working with divorced parents and their children. The goals of the Families and Divorce
program are to familiarize professionals with the research on children's responses to
divorce and remarriage, provide suggestions for supporting children who are
experiencing parental divorce and remarriage, and assist professionals in working with
divorced and remarried parents. In the past year, over 200 childcare providers, school
personnel, healthcare professionals, and other professionals working with families were
trained to support children experiencing parental divorce and remarriage through the
Families and Divorce program. Most participants agreed that the program helped them
better understand the needs and reactions of children of various ages to divorce, provided
helpful suggestions for supporting children experiencing parental divorce, and increased
their awareness of resources for divorcing parents.
Step by Step: Creating Strong Stepfamilies. Approximately 75% of divorced adults
eventually remarry, and few educational programs exist to help parents adjust to the
remarriage transition and make stepfamily life smoother for their children. Thus, a new,
interdisciplinary program, combining HDFS and CFE content was developed to meet the
needs of Missouri stepfamilies. Step by Step, which provides information on stepfamily
dynamics (developmental stages, couple communication), stepparent-stepchild
relationships, and legal/financial issues for stepfamilies, is unique in that it provides more
in-depth legal and financial information than other programs that have been developed
for stepfamilies. Twenty-seven regional HES specialists were trained to provide this
program, and program implementation will begin during the next year.
Child Care Core Competencies. US children’s participation in child care has become
the norm and the quality of children’s experiences is linked with their development.
Research indicates that the best predictor of the quality of children’s experiences is
provider preparation and education. Well-prepared individuals understand how children
learn and grow, recognize the importance of appropriate learning environments and
activities, and pursue ongoing education and training. Thus, our Child Care Core
Competencies program centers on improving the qualifications and working conditions of
child care providers so that all young children and their families have greater access to
quality child care.
Educational Programs. Statewide, Extension Regional Faculty offered a variety of
educational programs to thousands of child care providers. Workshops focused on topics
such as Building Positive Self-Esteem, Positive Communication Skills, Promoting
Cognitive Development, Detecting Child Abuse and Neglect, Working with Toddlers,
Challenging Child Behaviors, Promoting Early Literacy in Young Children, Nutrition
Education, Helping Children Understand Divorce, Music – Happiness from the Heart,
Food Safety, Working with Puppets, Teaching Children to Deal with Stress, Disaster
Preparedness, Interactions with Children, and Child Observation and Assessment. In
general, participant evaluations indicate high satisfaction with University Outreach and
Extension's research-based information and great appreciation for the opportunity to
attend such high-quality programs locally. Additionally, since April 2002, more than
2000 child care providers have completed the MO Department of Health and Senior
Services Child Care Orientation Training; 5 Extension Regional Faculty are members of
the statewide trainer group who provides this critical, entry-level education for child care
To address child care providers' need for professional socialization and networking,
Extension Regional Faculty are actively involved in local and regional professional
organizations. Specifically, 4 Extension Regional Faculty are members of the National
Association for the Education of Young Children, Missouri; and, 5 Extension Regional
Faculty are members of Opportunities for Professional Education Network (OPEN)
Lastly, since the first edition of the Kansas and Missouri Core Competencies for Early
Care and Education Professionals appeared in January, 2001, 60,000 booklets have been
printed and over half have been distributed throughout the state. Extension has played an
important role in reviewing the original content, working on the design team, providing
funding, and distributing the publication to child care providers statewide.
Program Accreditation Facilitation. Three regional faculty assisted child care
programs with the accreditation process. Program accreditation involves a series of
steps: first, child care administrators complete a comprehensive self-study, next,
programs are visited by peers who observe actual practices and finally, the self-study and
observation are reviewed by a group who makes the ultimate accreditation decision.
Missouri's Workforce Incentive Program (WIN). Child care providers are the critical
link between program quality and children’s experiences. Unfortunately, because child
care is plagued by high rates of turnover, those who opt for a career in child care quickly
learn that they will be poorly compensated, have limited benefits, and few opportunities
for professional advancement. With these shortcomings in mind, Missouri is pilot-testing
a workforce development initiative (WIN) that pays bi-annual cash incentives to child
care providers based on their educational attainment, ongoing professional development,
and continued employment in the same early childhood program. To date, 767 early
childhood professionals from child care centers and family child care homes in select
rural, urban, and suburban counties are participating in the incentive program.
Additionally, to determine whether the effort makes a difference, a longitudinal
evaluation study is being conducted to determine if the cash incentives increase
workforce stability (i.e., reduces turnover) and educational attainment, and improve child
care quality and provider interactions with children.
Missouri's Professional Achievement and Recognition System. To facilitate
participation in the WIN project, a detailed application form is completed which
describes individual demographic characteristics, education, experience, professional
development activities, and personal and household income. This information is being
used to establish a database about Missouri's child care workforce and to monitor
ongoing professional development activities. As of June 30, 2003, 1732 child care
providers (some participating in WIN and some not) submitted enrollment forms.
Missouri's Early Childhood Trainer Registry. To better understand the credentials
and work experience of those individuals who provide training workshops to child care
providers, an assessment of Missouri's trainers is underway. As of June 30, 2003, 590
(15 from UO/E) trainer registry enrollment forms had been submitted; ultimately, these
data will be used to establish a state system for approving and categorizing trainers and
Missouri Volunteer Resource Mothers Mentoring Program (MVRM). Missouri
Volunteer Resource Mothers (MVRM) is a mentoring program for pregnant and
parenting adolescents that was field-tested and evaluated at the University from 1994 to
1997. Communities can purchase training manuals, videos, and research reports, as well
as contract with staff to receive ongoing technical assistance for MVRM implementation
and evaluation. As of July 1, 2003, technical assistance was provided to MVRM projects
in the following counties in Missouri: Audrain, Butler, Stoddard, Harrison, Phelps,
Ripley, and Jasper. Contracts with five out-of-state agencies continued with Hawaii, New
Mexico, Georgia, South Carolina, and New York. One new contract in Abilene, Kansas
was initiated. Marketing presentations were made in Dent, Jefferson, St. Charles, and
In October 2002, a Missouri Volunteer Resource Mothers Mentoring Program national
conference was held in Kansas City and a state-wide conference was held in Branson in
May, 2003. The MVRM list serve expanded to 40 members. Two grants were funded to
support a rigorous evaluation at six MVRM sites and early childhood education monies
were provided or parents and children at seven sites.
Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting Program (MAPPP). With
funding from the Missouri Children's Trust Fund, and the Helen Real Endowment in
University Outreach and Extension (Beginnings Endowment), a community awareness
manual and video called Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting or
MAPPP was developed. In 2000, fifteen regional specialists were trained on the use of
the MAPPP manual. The 16 counties in Missouri with the highest child abuse rates,
according to the 1998 Kids Count, have been targeted for training and technical
assistance to address violence in the lives of girls and young women. Through seven
regional MAPPP conferences and the downlink satellite broadcast, over 400
representatives from these counties have been trained in MAPPP. The conferences and
broadcast were aimed at identifying specific local projects to address violence and teen
pregnancy in their counties. The pre and post-test results on 80 representatives who
attended regional conferences showed a statistically significant improvement in their
understanding of the extent of violence experienced by many pregnant adolescents, the
nature of the injuries perpetrated on many pregnant adolescents, and the impact on the
unborn infant as a result of physical abuse of the adolescent mother during pregnancy.
Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting Program Downlink
Satellite Broadcast. CASPP produced a national satellite conference on the MAPPP
program on September 19, 2002. The conference broadcast reached 3,600 viewers at 90
sites in 26 states. The theme of the downlink conference was cultural awareness of the
varying pictures of violence and teen pregnancy. Experts, practitioners, and teen mothers
addressed cultural differences in perceptions of child abuse among Hawaiian/Pacific
Islanders, Latinos, Native Americans, and Vietnamese/Amerasians. Our web site
provided supplemental materials on cultural issues, fathering and engaging parents (see:
http://outreach.missouri.edu/hdfs/satconf). Materials from this conference continue to be
sold throughout the nation into 2004.
Effective Programs to Prevent Teen Pregnancy Initiative. In 1992, the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta began a process of identifying and
promoting the most effective school-based and community-based curricula for the
prevention of adolescent high-risk sexual behaviors. The CDC provided funding to the
Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education and the Department of
Human Development at the University of Missouri to support this effort, formerly labeled
the Programs That Work to Prevent Teen Pregnancy Initiative. Since 1996, regional
specialists from each region of Missouri have become trainers in six of these effective
curricula and, in turn, have trained school personnel from all over the state. Over 450
teachers, school nurses and administrators have been trained in six curricula: "Reducing
the Risk," "Becoming a Responsible Teen," "Get Real About AIDS," “Being a
Responsible Teen," “Making Proud Choices," and "Making A Difference."
Evaluation of Curricula. A four-year longitudinal research project has just been
completed which assessed the impact of the Reducing the Risk (RTR) curriculum on 1112
students in 20 school systems across Missouri. The Pharmacia & Upjohn Corporation and
the National Institutes of Health/U.S. Office of Population Affairs funded this research.
The results showed that 30 months after the curriculum, the RTR group was less likely to
be sexually active than the comparison group.
In addition, another longitudinal research project is currently underway which assesses
the impact of the abstinence-only curriculum Removing the Risk on approximately 700
students in 15 schools across the state. The Missouri Department of Health & Senior
Services is funding this research.
Adolescent Mother Journaling Program. After three years of field-testing, the Adolescent
Mother Journaling Program (AMJP) was launched with funding from the Children’s
Trust Fund. AMJP is an eight-lesson intervention that provides young parents with
relaxation and artistic expression strategies to reduce the likelihood of becoming
physically and verbally abusive. The strategies include meditation, guided imagery,
journal writing, and drawing. In fall 2002, 54 professionals from across the state began
training young parents on AMJP. To date, 50 young parents have completed AMJP and
have completed the pre and post-test. We will follow up with each young parent at 6 and
twelve months, as well as a matched comparison group. The test scores track them on
scales that measure anger management, child abuse potential, and parenting stress.
University Outreach and Extension's child care improvement efforts involve partnerships
with a wide array of statewide entities, including: the Missouri Child Care Resource and
Referral Network; Missouri Departments of Elementary and Secondary Education;
Health and Senior Services; Social Services, the Missouri Children’s Trust Fund; Head
Start; Parents As Teachers; Missouri institutions of higher education; Missouri Circuit
Courts; Office of State Courts Administration; the Association for the Education of
Young Children – Missouri; and the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.
Case Histories and Testimonials
Several Regional Faculty in southwest MO provided training workshops on tornado
recovery and dealing with stress after the weather-related tragedies of 2003.
One participant said that it was at this training that she had felt "the most support since
the tornado occurred" and that the training and connections she made helped her get
through this terrible experience. (Testimonial provided by Kim Allen, SW Human
Families and Divorce
The program provided a great avenue for teaching resources.
The handouts have great information I can share with families.
[The program is] very much needed, as we deal with all types of families.
Focus on Kids
The Focus On Kids parent education program provides a valuable resource for the court
in educating parents as to the possible detrimental effects of divorce proceedings on
children and how to avoid those negative effects.
Administrative Judge of the Family Court, 13th Judicial Circuit Court
The professionalism, experience and empathy of the Focus On Kids instructors are key
factors in the overwhelmingly positive response that has been received from 90 percent
of those parents who have attended the Focus On Kids program.
Former Legal Counsel & Assistant to the Court Administrator, 13th Judicial
I will try to consider how my kids feel first and get along with the other person. I didn’t
realize how much kids were hurt when they see the parents fighting or “downing” the
Missouri Volunteer Resource Mothers:
We really feel a big change has been being able to hire a local school nurse part-time to
recruit and do intake with the girls. She has freed up a lot of time and has a wonderful
rapport with the girls, especially as many knew her when they went to Jr. High. She also
has brought a much needed and used health focus to the program-the girls always get
good advice and monitoring from her regarding the baby's health. The girls enjoy the
journaling sessions. The jewelry especially always gets rave reviews. I think the program
is doing what it set out to do, reduce child abuse and neglect potential and increase early
childhood learning opportunities.
Program Coordinator, Butler County Resource Mothers
Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy Program:
After doing the activities, I feel like I can control my anger better and be a better parent
to my son.
After attending the MAPPP workshop, we realized that we need to work harder to bring
obstetrical care to our county so pregnant women will not need to drive two hours to the
Evaluation of Reducing the Risk:
I think this class is good because it will teach us the dangers of sex and how to say "no.''
Adolescent Mother Journaling Program:
From a sixteen-year-old mother who completed AMJP: You cannot love anybody till you
love yourself. I couldn't love my kids till I began to accept myself. I had to love myself
cause I couldn't love my babies.
External Leadership Roles and Memberships
Advisory Board Member, Missouri Head Start State Collaboration Office (1996 -
Member, Opportunities in a Professional Experiences Network (OPEN) (1997 -
Member, Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Child Care
Advisory Board (1997- present)
Member, Missouri Department of Social Services Accreditation Review Team
(1999 - present)
Member, National Network for Child Care (USDA, 1999 - present)
Adults and Children Section Co-Editor (2001-present)
Divorce Section Co-Editor (2001-present)
Ad Hoc Manuscript Reviewer:
Family Relations (2001-present)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2002-present)
Journal of Marriage and the Family (2003-present)
Conference Proposal Reviewer
National Council on Family Relations, Education and Enrichment Section
Member, Missouri Council for Adolescent and School Health (2003 – present)
National Chairman, PTSD/Substance Abuse Committee, Vietnam Veterans of
America (2003 – present)
Pike, L., Berger, T., Hewett, J., & Oleson, J. (in press). Evaluation of the ‘Reducing the
Risk’ curriculum: 18-Month Follow-Up. Journal of Adolescent Research.
Berger, Thomas J. 2004. Let's Talk – Body Art. Changes (3)1:2.
Blinn-Pike, L., Berger, T.J., Hewett, J. and A. Sherman. 2004. (in press). Sexually
Abstinent Early Adolescents: A 42-month Follow-Up. Journal for Research on
Pike, L., Berger, T., Hewett, J., & Oleson, J. 2004. Evaluation of the ‘Reducing the Risk’
curriculum: 18-Month Follow-Up. Journal of Adolescent Research 19(5).
Leon, K., & Cole, K. (2004). Helping Children Understand Divorce (GH 6600).
Columbia, MO: University of Missouri-Columbia, Extension Publications.
Leon, K., Jacobvitz, D. B., & Hazen, N. L. (2004). Maternal resolution of loss and abuse:
Associations with adjustment to the transition to parenthood. Infant Mental Health
Journal, 25, 130-148.
Gable, S. & Halliburton, A. (2003). Barriers to child care providers’ professional
development. Child and Youth Care Forum, 32(3), 175-193.
Halliburton, A. & Gable, S. (2003). Development during the School-Age Years (6 to 12)
(GH 6235). Columbia, MO: University of Missouri-Columbia, Extension Publications.
Leon, K. (2003). Risk and protective factors in young children’s adjustment to parental
divorce: A review of the research. Family Relations, 52, 258-270.
Leon, K., & Jacobvitz, D. B. (2003). Relationships between adult attachment
representations and family ritual quality: A prospective longitudinal study. Family
Process, 42, 419-432.
Leon, K. (2003). Domestic violence and divorce (GH 6608). Columbia, MO: University
of Missouri-Columbia, Extension Publications.
Stephen D. Ball, State Specialist/Assistant Professor
Jo Britt-Rankin, State Specialist/FNEP Administrative Director
Candance Gabel, Associate State Specialist/FNEP State Coordinator
Ann Cohen, Associate State Specialist/Body Walk Coordinator
Barbara Willenberg, Associate State Specialist/FNEP Special Projects
Amy Sigman, Extension Associate/FNEP Assistant Coordinator
Laura Hillman, Department Chair
• Lifestyle behaviors, including food selection and physical activity, are the major
causes of chronic disease and premature morbidity and mortality.
• Missourians are similar to most other Americans, in that, they are less physically
active than recommended by the U.S. Surgeon General Office and the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention.
• Missouri has one of the highest obesity rates in the nation. Americans spend over $30
billion a year on dieting, but 95 percent of the time lost weight is regained within five
• According to the 2001 Kids Count Data Book published by the Annie E. Casey
Foundation, several Missouri trends affecting children have improved, however, the
rate of low-birth weight infants increased. Nineteen percent (19%) of children under
the age of 18 live in working-poor families and 23 percent of these children lack
health insurance coverage.
Family Nutrition Education Program (FNEP). FNEP is a statewide nutrition
education program bringing the latest research-based information to low-income
Missourians. FNEP strives to assist clients in achieving lifelong health and fitness. Over
120 paraprofessional educators work with clients individually and in small groups—in
their homes, in schools and at agencies. FNEP reaches over 199,000 Missouri residents
annually. Each client receives an average of five lessons. Educators provide in-class
education in over 55% of the school districts throughout the state.
The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) reached 2,731 families,
which totaled 8,193 persons. The EFNEP youth program also served 4,940 youth during
fiscal year 2003. Eighty-eight percent (87%) of participants graduating from the EFNEP
adult program received 7 or more lessons from a standardized nutrition curriculum.
Food Power. Food Power is a fun, interactive program that teaches K-5th graders about
nutrition and making healthy lifestyle choices. Over 44,526 elementary students in 182
schools participated in this program during the year. The program also engaged 2,648
teachers and 3,580 volunteers. The Food Power exhibit provides a colorful, enticing
staging area for memorable learning experiences about healthy behaviors and choices.
Classroom activities and suggested resources for teachers are provided to prepare the
students prior to their walk through the exhibit and to reinforce the learning afterward.
Each student receives a take-home booklet so that the information can be read at home
with other family members.
Health for Every Body beyond Scales and Mirrors. Obesity is a known risk factor for
chronic conditions such as hypertension, heart disease, certain types of cancer, type 2
diabetes, stroke, and psychological disorders such as depression and bulimia. An
estimated 23.2% of Missourians are obese. The Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention estimates that Missouri spends $1.6 billion annually in extra health costs
related to obesity. However, short term diets and intensive exercise programs are not
viable solutions for most Missourians. When the diet stops the exercise stops and most
people regain weight that was lost. The information and skills needed for long term
behavior change are not learned. Health for Every Body beyond Scales and Mirrors
introduces a new framework for moving people away from diets to a gentler non-diet
approach to living in a healthy body. Using a variety of educational strategies such as
small group discussion, lectures, journaling, worksheets and goal setting, adults gain new
attitudes, learn new information and develop new skills related to healthful eating, active
living and body appreciation and respect. Participants complete a brief questionnaire at
the end of each session. A follow-up survey is completed three to six months later.
About 261 program participants reported increased awareness of strategies for promoting
health and reducing health risk factors; 123 reported learning new information; 122
reported gaining new skills; and 103 planned to adopt new behavior. Based on follow-up
data, 58 program participants adopted new practices; 22 continued to work on health
goals set during the workshop series and 20 established new health goals.
Diabetes Today. Diabetes is a serious chronic disease that can be managed through
lifestyle changes and medication. Left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious medical
complications including heart disease, amputation, stroke, kidney failure and blindness.
Diabetes Today a MDHSS/CDC grant-funded project was carried out in 11 counties in
Southeast and South central Missouri. Extension Specialists worked with 8 community
coalitions and 1 three-county task force in order to provide residents with information
and skills needed to reduce the risk factors for diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. The
coalitions with support from MU Extension carried out some of the following activities.
Flu/Pneumonia campaigns were conducted in 8 Ozark counties; 8,805 individuals were
immunized. Community surveys were conducted in nine counties and action plans were
developed. As a result of this planning process, coalitions will develop diabetes support
groups, raise awareness about diabetes and stroke, offer CPR/first aid classes, start
walking clubs, and increase awareness about existing walking and biking trails;
Educational programs were conducted and 249 residents received information about
diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Media messages helped to raise awareness about
diabetes, heart disease and stroke; an estimated 10,000 people were reached through the
radio, 35,000 through newspaper press releases and smaller numbers through church and
community bulletins and more personalized media efforts.
Dining with Diabetes. Individuals and families affected by diabetes regularly struggle
with understanding complicated diet recommendations and separating them from myths
and outdated advice. Dining with Diabetes is a cooking school for people with diabetes,
their families and their friends. This three-session series provides nutrition education,
food demonstrations and tasting of foods for individuals with diabetes and their families.
Participants learn how to better choose and prepare tasty, nutritious foods that are low in
sugar, fat and sodium. Guest diabetes educators are invited to provide additional
information and answer participants’ questions during a least one of the sessions. Dining
with Diabetes in Missouri is based on The Right Bite Diabetes Cooking School for
People with Diabetes and Those Who Love Them, Cooperative Extension Service of the
University of Georgia and Dining with Diabetes created by West Virginia University
Extension Service. The program was adapted for use in Missouri by Nutrition Specialists
from the East Central and Mid-Missouri Extension Regions.
Dining with Diabetes is a supplement to diabetes education delivered by qualified health
professionals such as Registered Dietitians and Certified Diabetes Educators. The series
is evaluated using pre/post and follow-up surveys. The long term outcome of this
program is improved quality of life and health for those with diabetes. Short term
outcomes are increased knowledge about healthy foods, diabetes and nutrition.
Intermediate outcomes are increased confidence about one’s ability to prepare healthy
meals for someone with diabetes and improved food preparation practices. The series’
comprehensive approach, which includes dietary factors for heart disease and high blood
pressure, is consistent with current recommendations from diabetes experts.
Dining with Diabetes has been offered in five of the eight extension regions and reached
486 people. In Southeast and South Central Missouri the series was offered as part of the
MDHSS Diabetes Today grant-funded project. In addition, an introduction to Dining
with Diabetes was taught in Hispanic neighborhoods in Kansas City; 59 individuals
participated. As a result, MU Extension was identified as a resource and worked on a
monthly basis with Seton Center’s diabetic clinic. Based on evaluation data, participants
increased their knowledge about fats, fibers, carbohydrates and sweeteners. They became
more confident about their ability to prepare healthy meals for someone with diabetes and
reported improved food preparation skills. Responses to follow-up surveys suggest that
participants continued to use the information at three months. Participants used the
information they learned to keep meals interesting, to prepare healthier meals, and to
shop more carefully.
Show-Me Shape Up. The Show-Me-Shape-Up is a five-month competition that
encourages Missourians to develop healthy activity and eating habits. Missourians are
encouraged to form teams and keep track of their activity amounts and weight loss. UM
Nutritional Sciences Extension partners with the Show-Me State Games to help promote
this program. Nutritional Sciences Extension plays a vital role in the planning and
promotion of the program and by providing expertise in physical activity and nutrition.
Nutritional Sciences Extension specialists and education assistants collaborate with
over 300 local, regional, and state agencies. Nutritional Sciences Extension serves as
one of the key partnering organizations in the Missouri Nutrition Network, providing
leadership in the design and implementation of Network activities. Nutritional
Science Extension staff work in over 88% of the local WIC offices throughout the
state and over 90% of the food stamp offices.
Case Histories and Testimonials
Family Nutrition Education Program (FNEP)
From a program participant:
In one of my first sessions, the instructor showed me the Power Point
presentation over anemia because I had just recently found out that I was anemic
again. Even though anemia is a common problem in a lot of pregnancies, it was
interesting to find out what might have led to my becoming anemic. When we
started the presentation all I knew about anemia was that it was a lack of iron
and made you fatigue fast. After the presentation I knew that your iron intake
would increase with consumption of read meats and by increasing the amount of
vitamin C and by decreasing your intake of caffeine. Who would have thought
that tea would limit the absorption of iron by your body? I sure didn't think about
it, but throughout the whole year tea is generally my main intake of fluids. That
explained why I have been prone to anemia for several years. Needless to say the
tea intake was cut down drastically.
From Nutrition Program Assistants:
A weight-conscious young lady was not tasting healthy foods offered in FNP.
After sending parent newsletters home, her lunches had more variety. Then she
taste-tested raspberry yogurt, and enjoyed it. Her scowl for healthy food changed
to a smile! She said she would ask for yogurt at home and make similar choices
A student reported,“Mrs. B! I made my physical activity goal!” This third-grader
kept her daily plan all summer. Instead of TV each morning, she rode her bike to
the park, played on the equipment and rode back home. She ate more fruits and
vegetables and less fried snack foods. The student reported that she had lost
weight, had more energy and was feeling great!
It’s rewarding to see the junior gardeners find and weigh their vegetables. Moms
tell me they have to cook those vegetables that day or their kids drive them nuts!
They try new vegetables or familiar vegetables prepared in new ways.
A student’s mother said her son told them that they were going to have to eat
more healthy foods and whole wheat foods. I am glad to know that there are
middle school kids concerned about their heath and their families.
From school teachers:
Children really enjoyed all of the activities! Excellent! Everyone did a wonderful
The material was excellent and well-organized.
Students began checking their cook’s menu to make sure she had something from
each food group.
Students now talk about healthy and unhealthy snacks.
One student said “I shouldn’t eat so much sugar!”
Students have been helping remind other students about germs on their hands. I
can hear the students singing the hand washing song in the bathroom as they
The Food Power Adventure was a wonderful experience for students – a chance
of a lifetime. Having this every year would make a big impact!
Thank you for this program that educates and reinforces necessary information
for children who often have health issues. This was an experience I can refer
back to when we re-visit nutrition and other health issues. Thank you!
Health for Every Body
· The program materials are not put up and forgotten. This is one of the few
classes I’ve taken where I pull out the materials and look at them when I want to
refer to good materials or use them as a resource.
· I am glad I took the class and definitely enjoy receiving the News Letter each
month. Thanks! I also read and re-read the literature you gave us at the class. I
learn something else each time I read it.
· I am now very much aware of what I am eating, nutrition wise, serving size, and
try to eat when hungry rather than just because food is available. I have recently
been diagnosed with high cholesterol (4 months ago) and put on Lipitor for 3
months but I have used a lot of your suggestions and now able to get off Lipitor!!
· Feel I am healthier physically and “ mentally”
Dining with Diabetes
· This class really helped me stop and think. I need to get with my doctor and keep
a check on myself.
· I’m pleased that this class was offered in my county. Usually residents have to go
to other cities for info of this type. Thank You.
· You can use common, everyday food—make it attractive but still good for anyone.
· The more I told to other people the more I learn how to keep the blood sugar
External Leadership Roles and Memberships
Stephen D. Ball
Member American College of Sports Medicine
Liaison to the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness
Member of the State Physical Activity Planning Committee
Associate Editor of Firefighter Research Journal
American Dietetic Association, Member
Missouri Coordinated School Health Coalition Conference Planning Committee, Co-
Chair, 2002 to present.
Missouri Action for Healthy Kids Team, Co-Chair, 2002 to present
Health Adventure Center, Exhibit and Program Chair, 2003 to present
Member, American Dietetic Association
NCR/MPR EFNEP/FSNEP Regional Conference Planning Committee, Chair, 2004
CSREES/FSNE National Conference Planning Committee, 2004
CSREES/National Program Advisory Board, 2004 to present
Core Planning Group Member, Missouri Nutrition Network
Member, Society for Nutrition Education
NCR/MPR EFNEP/FSNEP Regional Conference Planning Committee, Chair, 2003
Mountain Plains Food Stamp Regional Nutrition Education Awards Committee,
Core Planning Group Member, Missouri Nutrition Network
Adjunct reviewer, Journal of Nutrition Education, 1999-Present
Ball, S., Swan, P., & Altena, T. (In Press). Accuracy of anthropometry compared to dual
energy x-ray absorptiometry. A new generalizable equation for men. European Journal
of Clinical Nutrition
Ball, S. & Altena, T. (In Press). Comparison of the Bod Pod and dual energy x-ray
absorptiometry in men. Physiological Measurement
Ball, S., Swan, P., & Desimone, R. (In Press). Accuracy of anthropometry compared to
dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. A new generalizable equation for women. Research
Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Altena T.S., Michaelson, J.L., Ball, S.D., & Thomas, T.R. (In Press). Single sessions of
intermittent and continuous exercise and postprandial lipemia. Medicine and Science in
Sports and Exercise.
Ball, S., Thwaits, J., & Swan, PD. (In Review). Oral creatine supplementation does not
improve body composition in recreationally active men during strength training.
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism.
Ball, S. (In Review). Inter-device reliability of the Bod Pod. Medicine and Science in
Sports and Exercise.
Swan, PD., Ball, S., Pepin, V., & Britton, E. (In Review). Moderate intensity exercise
attenuates visceral fat gain in middle life women. Research Quarterly.
Ball, S. & Swan, PD. (2003). Accuracy of DXA measurement equations in predicting
visceral body fat in obese women. Journal of Exercise Physiology-Online, 6(3).
Rhea, M., Alvar, B., Burketty, L., and Ball, S. (2003). A meta-analysis to determine the
dose response for strength development. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,
35 (3), 456-464.
Rhea, M., Phillips, W., Burkett, L., Stone, W., Ball, S., & Alvar, B. (2003). A
comparison of linear and daily undulating periodized programs with equated volume and
intensity for muscular endurance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(1):
Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) Snacking Away Our Savings
Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) "Snacking Cents"
Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) Snacking Facts
Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) Breakfast Basics
Vetter, M., Gabel, C., (2003) What's Wrong with Caffeine?
Vetter, M., Gabel, C., (2003) Facts about Soft Drinks
Vetter, M., Gabel, C., (2003) Soft Drinks and Weight Gain
Bartels, E., Gabel, C., (2003) Facts about Super Sized Food
Bartels, E., Gabel, C., (2003) More Weight for Your Buck
Bartels, E., Gabel, C., (2003) Uncovering the Secrets of the Food Guide Pyramid
Heffel, C., Gabel, C. (2003) Facts About High Blood Pressure
Gabel, C., (2003) Nutrition and Fitness: What does it have to do with Aging?
Ball, S. (2003) Is Obesity a Disease? http://MissouriFamilies.org
Ball, S. (2003) Exercising in the Heat. http://MissouriFamilies.org
Ball, S. (2003) How is Fat Stored in the Body? http://MissouriFamilies.org
Ball, S. (2003) Do the Ab Roller, the Abdominizer, and the Ab Dolley really work?
Ball, S. (2003) Exercise Combats Fat Despite Weight Loss.http://MissouriFamilies.org
Ball, S. (2003). Exercise Questions and Answers. http://MissouriFamilies.org
Ball, S. (2003). Weight Lifting and Kids. http://MissouriFamilies.org
Textile and Apparel Management
Jana Hawley, Assistant Professor and State Specialist
Sharon Stevens, Resident Instruction Assistant Professor,
Associate State Specialist, Coordinator, MO-TAC
Kitty Dickerson, Department Chair
The Missouri Textile and Apparel Center (Mo-TAC) serves as the umbrella for textile
and apparel related issues in Missouri and beyond. It seeks to address the production,
distribution, and consumption of textile and apparel products by assisting manufacturers,
retailers, entrepreneurs, and consumers through consultation, education, and appropriate
• Increased expertise is needed in computer applications for both B2C and B2B
processes. Necessary processes include product sourcing, supply chain management,
marketing, in E-commerce, logistics, and distribution.
• The Internet will continue to impact the way that business is conducted. Companies
and consumers will increasingly embrace this medium.
• The number of entrepreneurs and micro-enterprise businesses is growing rapidly.
Support and training in making good decisions and assistance finding appropriate
resources for supplies and services will be key to their success.
• Issues of clothing economy, fit, and maintenance continue to be an important concern of
consumers from all socio-economic groups.
• There is increased interest in preserving items that represent personal heritage.
• There is continued concern with preservation of the earth's natural resources and the
role played by recycling.
• With increased emphasis on computer expertise and use, the digital divide has more
powerful impact on those families and individuals without access.
• Missourians are committed to environmental issues, yet much of the textile and apparel
waste continues to go to our landfills, even though 99% of it is recyclable.
MO-TAC provides reliable information, direct assistance and education to consumers and
to textile, apparel and sewn products businesses in the Midwest by providing specific
expertise, information, resources, and referrals with special emphasis on technology.
Over 100 businesses and consumers emailed or called Mo-TAC directly and received
answers to individual questions.
Apparel Technology Center. The Apparel Technology Laboratory now includes a
digitizer, plotter, single ply cutter, and twelve computer stations with state-of-the-art
apparel production and design software. The software and hardware is valued at nearly
one million dollars.
The Technology Laboratory is supported and used by both University of Missouri
Extension and the Department of Textile and Apparel Management for the benefit of both
students and industry. It is available to companies to explore and analyze sewn-products
technology in a neutral, low-pressure environment or to take advantage of the University
expertise to learn more about using the equipment and programs
Current technology used by the industry is incorporated into the curriculum so that
students who graduate from the program have experience with the technology and can
immediately contribute expertise to their new employers. During the past year,
approximately 150 students were exposed to at least some of the technology available in
the lab as part of their course work.
Body Scanning. The Textile and Apparel Management Department participated in a
nationwide sizing study and has acquired a [TC]2 body scanner. Approximately 50
students are body scanned each semester as part of their classroom curriculum. Future
plans include providing body scanning services and possible computer generated pattern
alteration service to the general public.
Fee-Based Services. Mo-TAC offers limited fee-based services in the areas of
marketing, product development and pre-production to sewn products companies. This
provides small companies an affordable, low-risk ways to explore new markets,
experiment with new products, and launch new ventures. The scope of this service is
extremely limited by the available personnel. One company sent employees for two days
to learn pattern grading and later employed MO-TAC to develop several sets of patterns
The Mid-America Mo-TAC Directory. The expanded Directory provides
comprehensive information about apparel and sewn products companies located in
Missouri, Indiana, Kansas, Iowa, Arkansas, Kentucky, and Oklahoma. It is in its seventh
edition. To date, approximately 100 copies of the Directory have been printed and
distributed to businesses, organizations, and students.
E-Commerce. MO-TAC provides information and advice on doing business on the
Internet and limited web page development services to small and start-up businesses.
The guidesheet, Put Your Company on The Web, was developed to assist companies with
making decisions about their web presence.
Information for consumers about safe use of the Internet for buying is under
Textile Recycling. Textile and Apparel Management students collected more than
16,000 pounds of used apparel over a weekend in 2004. The material was then sold to a
textile recycling company in St. Louis that sorts the used goods and recycles it into a
wide range of markets including exports, wiper rags, sound absorption materials, stuffing,
A primary purpose of the drive was to create public awareness. This was accomplished
through information disseminated in brochures, public service announcements and news
New relationships have been developed between MO-TAC and textile recycling
companies, manufacturing facilities, materials engineers, charitable organizations,
municipalities, and consumers as we move forward to heightened awareness of textile
recycling. University of Missouri Extension and MO-TAC are committed to further
developing this important program.
Missouri Small Business Development Centers
Business and Industry Extension Specialists
Missouri Department of Economic Development
Various Missouri-based manufacturers and other businesses
International Textile and Apparel Association
American Apparel Producers Network
Textile Clothing and Technology Corporation [TC]2
A MO-TAC client wrote: "The bottom line … is that because of your diligence and
resourcefulness we … were able to provide [a needed service] …. You helped avert a
major financial hardship on both [the company] and the remaining Missouri textile
Another client wrote: " The report on the study of our uniform was very informative
and reassuring of the quality of garment we currently receive…. Thank you very
much for the service you have provided the Missouri State [agency]."
External Leadership Roles and Memberships
International Textile and Apparel Association, member
Vice President of Operations, International Textile and Apparel Association
Chair of Public Relations, International Textile and Apparel Association
Kaufmann Entrepreneurship Initiative, Committee Member
Center for the Digital Globe, Executive Board
Council for Recycled Textiles, Board Member
Project Director, Textile and Recycling Systems—USDA Challenge Grant