A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions and other prompts for the purpose of gathering information from respondents. Although they are often designed for statistical analysis of the responses, this is not always the case. The questionnaire was invented by Sir Francis Galton
There are three main elements: The cover letter. The instructions. The main body.
The cover letter must have the following details; The main objectives and social significance of the study; The research team and its sponsors; The reasons why the respondent should complete the questionnaire; Assurance of anonymity and confidentiality; Requirements for completion such as maximum time, conditions, etc; Issues related to ethics.
How to fill the questionnaire? To remind the Ethics. To request the respondents not to please the researcher.
Itincludes questions. Be careful with regard to; Content. Structure. Format. Wording. Flow.
Itrefers to the general model which provides guidelines on hoe the questions should be placed? Logical Order Transition and Flow
The process of questionnaire construction goes through a number of interrelated steps as;Step 1: Preparation: Decision for the most suitable type of questionnaire. Determine the way how it will be managed? Literature Review. Proper Guidance from the Experts.
Formulation of the material. Implementation of decided method of questionnaire. Secondary and tertiary questions.
Testing of ; Relevance Symmetry Clarity Simplicity Accordance with the basic rules.
Expert’s inspection And suggestions. Addition…. Deletion…. Changing…
After changing …Re-examination by the experts. Implementation of the final changes.
Selection of the small sample. Filling up of the questionnaire. Analysis of the data.
Revision of the minor changes by the researcher himself. Revision of the major changes by the help of experts.
Revised questionnaire filling. Data analysis. Adjustments & revision.
Editorial work. Checking for spelling mistakes. Legibility. Instructions. Space for responses. Scaling issues General presentation.
Primary Questions • Directly related, as “Who is boss in your home?” Secondary Questions • Provides info on secondary issues
Tertiary Questions • Padding Questions (Breather) • Probes (Stimulating) Direct Questions • Do you believe in god? Indirect Questions • Do u think that ppl of ur age and status believe in god?
Suggestive Questions Filter and contingency Questions Fixed alternative & Open ended
Well presented, easy to follow. Good response categories Clear instructions Space for answers Relevancy Ambiguity What not to ask? The language
Logical progression Professional appearance Print and colors The size Ethics