The word Family is derived from the Latin word“Familia” which means “group of people”.The word family is derived from the Roman word“famulus” which means “a servant”.According to Samuel “The family Is a Latin word. This term includesparents, children’s and their close relationship.”According to Robert E. Riegel“ Family is a social institution which providesfoundations of every society.”
• According to Aristotle Family is “An indispensable seed bed of love, affectionand culture which enjoys the very fundamentalposition in cultivation and maintaining humancharacteristics of sociality or sociability”.
Basic Types of family• Extended family• Nuclear family
Types of Family Arrangements• On the basis of Mate selection Traditional Modern• On the basis of number of wives or husbandsPolygamy1-polygyny2-Polyandry3-Monogymy• On the basis of descent or inheritancePatrilinealMatrilinealBi-lneal
• On the basis of livingsPatrilocalMatrilocalNeo-local• On the basis of dominationPatriarchalMatriarchal
Functions of Family• Biological functions• Economic functions• Religious functions• Social functions