Z Tchoundjeu: Overview of ICRAF research activities in West and Central Africa
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Z Tchoundjeu: Overview of ICRAF research activities in West and Central Africa

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Session presentation by Zac Tchoundjeu, ICRAF

Session presentation by Zac Tchoundjeu, ICRAF

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Z Tchoundjeu: Overview of ICRAF research activities in West and Central Africa Z Tchoundjeu: Overview of ICRAF research activities in West and Central Africa Presentation Transcript

  • OVERVIEW OF ICRAF RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA PAPER PRESENTED AT Bamako Workshop Zac Tchoundjeu ICRAF REGIONAL DIRECTOR PO. Box 16 317 Yaoundé Cameroon Email: z.tchoundjeu@cgiar.org African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Articulations 1. Structure of ICRAF WCA Region 2. Main Projects being implemented in WCA 3. Way Forward 4. CONCLUSION African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • ICRAF IN THE WORLD African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • VISION & MISSION • Vision: Rural transformation of smallholder households by strategically increase their use of trees in agricultural landscapes to improve their food security, nutrition, income , health, shelter, energy resources and environmental sustainability. • Mission: Generate science-based knowledge about the diverse roles trees play in agricultural landscapes and to use research top advance policies and practices to benefit the poor and the environment. African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • ICRAF GLOBAL RESEARCH PRIORITIES • GRP1: domestication, utilization and conservation of superior agroforestry germplams • GRP2: Maximizing on-farm productivity of trees and agroforestry germplasm • GRP3: Improving tree product marketing for smallholders African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • ICRAF GLOBAL RESEARCH PRIORITIES • GRP4: Reducing risks to land health and targeting agroforestry intervention to enhance land productivity • GRP 5: Improving the ability of farmers, ecosystems and governments to cope with climate change • GRP 6: Developing policies and incentives for multifunctional landscapes with trees that provide environmental services African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • 21 countries 330 million people 1200 million ha African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • ECOSYSTEMS OF WCA REGION AHT is a hot spot with more than 1800 endemic plant species 31 endemic threatened birds 35 endemic threatened mammals Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre African Humid
  • Distribution of Area under Cultivation By Zone 5-year Average (2003-2007) 9 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Yield per hectare by Zone 5yr Average 2007 (2003‐2007) World  541  524  Africa  539  510  America  327  334  Asia & Oceania  772  786  10 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • FOREST IS NOT ONLY LOGS AND TIMBER Over two thirds of the 600 million people in Africa rely directly or indirectly on forest for their livelihoods African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Volatility of coffee price NTFPS can generate more income (FCFA) 250.00 230.00 1600 210.00 1400 1200 190.00 170.00 1000 U S c e n t s /lb 150.00 Cocoa 130.00 800 110.00 Irvingia 90.00 600 Ricinod. 70.00 400 200 50.00 30.00 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 0 calendar year 1996 1997 1998 1999 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Participatory Tree Domestication (PTD) Put simply PTD refers to: • the means communities select, propagate and manage high-value indigenous fruit trees and medicinal plants and integrate them in the various farming systems, • Species for domestication are mainly selected encompassing indigenous knowledge and genetic selection based on scientific principles • A strong partnership is developed with scientists, civic authorities and private companies. • PTD is a farmer driven and market lead process. It focuses on species farmers consume best with high potentials for local, regional and international markets African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • SPECIES UNDER DOMESTICATION Kola nitida Ricinodendron heudelotii Irvingia gabonensis Gnetum africanum African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • 60 Allanblackia Palm oil 50 Palm kernel Rape oil 40 30 20 10 0 ic c ei c ri c ic 8:2 it i ar i st l au ol lm C1 st e yr pa m Allanblackia floribunda African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • How to multiply Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre cuttings African the selected species: rooting
  • Grafting African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • How to multiply the selected species: Centre layering African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry air
  • Creation of a cultivar Dacryodes edulis Earlier fruiting, smaller trees and uniform quality African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • BAOBAB VEGETABLE BANK African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Farmer-Managed Vegetative Propagation Unit Shade house Humidity chamber Stockplant Non-mist rooting propagator African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • ENTREPRENEURIAL SPIRIT IN PILOT VILLAGES Nigeria DRC Cameroon African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Approaches for linking rural communities to markets 1. Integrating small farmers into value chains 2. Building local skills for improving competitiveness 3. Appraising market-led opportunities for rural communities 4. Strengthening service providers African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • 25000 20000 15000 HOW TO INCREASE FARMER INCOMES 10000 5000 0 Regional Local Local Local Regional Farmer (1-4) Retailer (3) Traders (4) Collectors (4) Collectors (3) Retailer (4) Profit margin received by market actors African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Njansang Examples Collectives action / Group Sales Sensitization Sensitization Meetings Meetings Group Dynamics Group Dynamics Improve harvest Improve harvest and post-harvest and post-harvest Guarantee Guarantee techniques techniques Farmer Funds Funds Enterprise Developme Farmers nt In Building linkages Cameroon Workshop & Workshop & Building linkages between farmers between farmers Training Training and traders and traders Market Market Survey Survey African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Some Results • In 2005, 4 farmers 2000000 1800000 enterprises generates 1600000 received 709,075 FCFA 1400000 from the sale of 1200000 Amount 2005 njansang. Am ount 1000000 Amount 2006 800000 Amount 2007 600000 • In 2006, they generated 400000 200000 2,826,000FCFA. 0 • In 2007 they generated en u k n ec do so el nd ou M as O ob pw 2,472,150FCFA. ol Ek Nk Villages enterprise African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • The Njansang Kernel Cracking machine: Percentage of success 90 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Cassava Processing Micro Enterprise African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Enhance agricultural Income Generating Options in West and North West regions of Cameroon African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Post harvest machines Ventilated dryers for drying tree, food and spice products Multipurpose mills African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • GENERALISED TREE SPECIES DOMESTIGRAM Documentation (Agroforestree Dbase) • Species trials PRIORITY SPECIES • Literature searches (and alternate species) • Expert input/meetings (historically) • Farmer surveys (indigenous knowledge) NARROW • On-farm/nursery tree inventories GERMPLASM • Market surveys Nomenclature Exploration Procurement (Bot. Nom. Dbase) (Tree Seed Suppliers Directory) Collection IPR, Access, Exchange & Benefit Sharing Actively Discourage (e.g. TSSD, DD, NGOs) Conservation, DIVERSE Diversity Assess. GERMPLASM IDENTIFICATION PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT ADOPTION selection EVALUATION PROPAGATION MULTIPLICATION Collaboration & linkages Laboratory On farm - marketing/process On station On farm On station Seed Vegetative On station On farm Village - outgrower scheme - germ. delivery - collective action - survival - survival - molecular - nursery practices - nursery practices - on farm - on farm - spacing - spacing - farmer exchanges - growth - growth - nutrition - propagule type - propagule type - on station - in community - watering - watering - repro. ecology - niche - processability - symbionts - indig. knowledge - Nat. Seed Cent.- on station - fertilizing - fertilizing - demonstrations - genetic variation - scale - seed quality - composition - Nat. Hort Cent. - thinning - thinning - targeting climate - assess. method - spacing - no. clones - coppicing - selection market, soils, popn - compatibility - thinning - mother blocks - pruning - coppicing - indig. knowledge - selection - selection - top working - pruning - policy - fruit set - forecasting - fruit set - top working - certification • training important for all aspects - forecasting - timing - pest/disease - fruit set - incentives - timing - reprod. ecology - pest/disease - conservation -environmental • species/techniques also for domesticating the landscape - indig. Know. service payments African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Conclusion • Early fruiting and capture of desired traits are great incentive for adoption. • Market of agroforestry products is being gradually developed with appropriate transformation and packaging methods. • Indigenous fruit trees have high potentials to improve livelihood of local populations helping to achieve the MDGs (Poverty eradication, hunger reduction, improved of health and nutrition) African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  • Conclusion… Indigenous fruit portfolio now at the heart of key global environmental processes • Convention to combat desertification Agroforestry for land regeneration • Biodiversity Convention Role of agroforestry in biodiversity conservation • Climate Change Convention Agroforestry as a key to adaptation Smallholder projects for carbon sequestration • UN Forum on Forests Key role of trees outside forests African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre